Porto de san juan puerto rico: Puerto Rico Travel Guide | Visitor Information

Puerto Rico Travel Guide | Visitor Information

Puerto Rico is a place where the Old World is mashed up with the new on an Island that is small in size but offers an immense bounty of one-of-a-kind experiences.

Rich history and culture, exceptional food, pristine beaches, majestic mountains, relaxation, adventure — all packed into one sun-kissed Caribbean paradise. Puerto Rico is full of people who are welcoming and buena gente (which is Boricua lingo for kind and friendly). Here, you’ll feel like you are family instead of just a visitor. Around every corner, you’ll find a celebration of life, a vibrant cultural experience, food for the soul, and a captivating rhythm.

Dare to discover the many treasures of Puerto Rico. Get inspired and start planning your trip. Let us be the first to say, bienvenidos.

Live Boricua!

In Puerto Rico, we call ourselves Boricua. It’s a unique name that honors our Island heritage, but it’s also a way of life, a state of mind, a rhythm and flavor that is distinctly Puerto Rico. Once you visit us, you’ll find that spirit in yourself, too. From our sparkling beaches to our rich and vibrant culture, we invite you to experience Puerto Rico the Boricua way.

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Puerto Rico’s Regions


Top Experiences

El Yunque is the only tropical rainforest in the U.S. National Forest Service.

Visit El Yunque National Forest

Plan a soul-refreshing escape to an enchanted rainforest park that occupies a special place in Puerto Rican culture.

Puerto Rican culture comes to life in its dishes, a celebration of flavors that visitors have the opportunity to enjoy.

Guide to Traditional Puerto Rican Food

Taste traditional Puerto Rican dishes like lechón asado, pasteles, and coquito.

Make the most of your glow-in-the-dark experience by visiting on a moonless night.

Exploring Puerto Rico’s Bioluminescent Bays

There are only five bioluminescent bays in the entire world, and Puerto Rico is lucky enough to have three of them.

The so-called «walled city» of Old San Juan holds over 500 years of history. 

Top Places to See in Puerto Rico

Historic sites, culinary experiences, outdoor adventures, and beautiful beaches.

A former railroad tunnel leads to stunning Guajataca Beach in Isabela.

Best Beaches in Puerto Rico

Soak up the sun, ride the waves, explore underwater life, and find your favorite beach.

The Fiestas de la Calle San Sebastián mark the end of Christmas in Puerto Rico. 

Annual Festivals in Puerto Rico

Almost every weekend, there is a festival or a celebration around the Island. These are some of the biggest and most popular.

Where to Stay 

Whether you want to hide away in a luxury resort, find a historic hotel in the heart of Old San Juan, experience traditional Puerto Rican hospitality at a parador, or post up with friends and family in a comfortable vacation rental, you’ll find no shortage of lodging options. 

Find places to stay



Explore Local Culture

Across the Island, you’ll find skilled artisans, vibrant festivals, and meaningful traditions. Experience the Island as more than just a visitor.

Discover Culture

Enjoy Natural Beauty

Home to dozens of protected parks and nature preserves across the Island, the beauty of Puerto Rico is awe-inspiring.

Explore Outdoors

Discover Island History

The history of Puerto Rico spans Indigenous tribes, Spanish conquistadors, enslaved Africans, and more.

Explore History

Get a Taste of Criollo

Puerto Rico’s culinary traditions blend Spanish, African, and Caribbean influences with a range of international flavors.

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Planning a Trip to Puerto Rico

Discover all the essentials for planning your perfect vacation to Puerto Rico.

Ready to enjoy a truly magical, enriching, and tasty travel experience in Puerto Rico? You’ve come to the right place! Get the latest travel deals and offers, find out how to get here and navigate the Island, explore restaurants and hotels, and browse sample itineraries to help inspire your trip. 

Explore our places to stay directory to find your dream hotel room.

By renting a car, you’ll have more liberty to explore the Island.

Puerto Rico is one of the Caribbean’s major shopping hubs.

Puerto Rico offers dozens of daily nonstop from two international airports, plus several other regional airports.

From beach-side fritters to fine dining experiences, you’ll love Puerto Rican cuisine.

For a thrilling experience, book a helicopter tour with a local operator like Puerto Rico Helitours.

Discover some of the Caribbean’s most scenic golf courses.

Planning Tools

Puerto Rico has daily nonstop flights to major cities throughout the United States.


Hundreds of direct flights per day, a dozen cruises per week, a plethora of car rentals, ferries, and more.

Facts about Puerto Rico

Learn some basic facts about the Island.

Special Offers

Find special deals on accommodations, activities and more.

Mountain valley at sunset.


The Island is composed of 78 municipalities that belong to six different regions, each with a unique identity.

Places to Stay

From mega-resorts to intimate paradores, there is no shortage of places to rest your head in Puerto Rico.

From seafood to meat cuts and specialty dishes, you can find flavors to entice your palate everywhere. 

Restaurants & Bars

Regardless of where you travel in Puerto Rico, you’ll find a variety of delicious dining and drinking options. 

The island of Culebra, off the coast of Puerto Rico. 

The Island

The Island territory is only 100 miles long, but it packs an amazing diversity of sights, scenery, and culture.

Puerto Rico is one of the most LGBTQ-friendly islands in the Caribbean.

LGBTQ Travel

Whether you want to play or get away, you’ll find the perfect spot in Puerto Rico.

Overlooking the beach from Mosquito Pier in Vieques.

Travel Advisors

When you’re looking to visit Puerto Rico, there are local experts who can help you plan the perfect trip.

Getting Here & Around

With two international airports and several smaller, regional airports, getting to Puerto Rico by air is easy. Millions of passengers also arrive in Puerto Rico each year by cruise, and the San Juan Cruise Port is ranked among the top 20 ports in the world.

Once you’ve arrived, you can comfortably get around San Juan by taxi, rideshare, or public transportation. Or, explore more of Puerto Rico by renting a car! You can drive all the way around the Island in about five or six hours, but you’ll want to stop and enjoy beaches, historic sites, and delicious food along the way. 

More About Transportation

From seafood to meat cuts and specialty dishes, you can find flavors to entice your palate everywhere. 

Restaurants in Puerto Rico

You’ll find a wide variety of dining experiences available in Puerto Rico. For visitors staying in the San Juan metro area, the city is home to elegant fine dining establishments that elevate local cuisine to a culinary experience alongside more humble establishments specializing in traditional Puerto Rican dishes, and a variety of international influences, including Asian, Italian, Mexican, and numerous other cuisines. Beyond San Juan there are many more delicious adventures awaiting you, including regional specialties (roasted pork in the mountains, various seafood preparations along the coast, numerous specialty fritters, and much more).

Find restaurants in Puerto Rico

Sample Itineraries

Enjoy some refreshing, cold coconut water while in Piñones. 

7 Days of Puerto Rico for First Time Visitors

Pack your first visit to the Island with adventure and fun.

Annie’s Place in Cabo Rojo overlooks the Caribbean

6 Days of Culinary Adventures in Puerto Rico

Get to know the Island through its cuisine.

5 Days of Relaxation and Luxury in Puerto Rico

A little pampering in paradise is just what your vacation needs.

4 Days of Romance and Fun in Puerto Rico

Make the most of your getaway with these recommendations.

Discover the stories behind the walls of Old San Juan. 

Five Days of History and Culture in Puerto Rico

There is so much more than just the beach.

Waiting for the perfect wave at Domes Beach in Rincón

A Weekend of Nautical Wonders in the West

Dive into Puerto Rico’s marine fun!

Enjoy a family beach day in Puerto Rico.

5 Days of Fun for Parents with Younger Kids

Discover just how family-friendly Puerto Rico can be.

There is nothing better than spending the day under the sun in one of the world’s most beautiful beaches!

6 Days of Family-Friendly Fun for Parents with Tweens or Teens

Explore Puerto Rico from the mountains to the sea.

Paseo de la Princesa, a seaside promenade in Old San Juan where you can step back 500 years in time.

5 Days for the Whole Family

No one gets bored with this action-packed itinerary.

San Juan. Photos, information, tours, recreation and attractions San Juan (Puerto Rico)

San Juan is the capital and largest city of Puerto Rico. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 433,373, making it the 42nd largest US-administered city. San Juan was founded in 1521 by Spanish colonists who named it Ciudad de Puerto Rico (City of Puerto Rico). It is not only the oldest city in Puerto Rico, but also the oldest European-founded city in the United States, even older than St. Augustine in Florida. The capital of Puerto Rico is almost the oldest city (in 2nd place after Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic) of European colonists in the Americas. San Juan is home to several historic structures; the most notable include Fort San Felipe del Morro (Spanish: Fort San Felipe del Morro) and Fort San Cristobal (Spanish: Fort San Cristobal), as well as La Fortaleza (Spanish: La Fortaleza) — the largest continuously used in the Americas executive mansion.

Today San Juan is one of the most important ports, industrial, financial, cultural and tourist centers of Puerto Rico. Metropolitan population including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón (Spanish: Bayamón), Guaynabo (Spanish: Guaynabo), Cataño (Spanish: Cataño), Canovanas (Spanish: Canóvanas), Caguas (Spanish: Caguas), Toa Alta (Spanish: Toa Alta), Toa Baja (Spanish: Toa Baja), Carolina (Spanish: Carolina) and Trujillo Alto (Spanish: Trujillo Alto), is about 2 million inhabitants — about half of the population of Puerto Rico lives and works in this area. This city hosted many important sporting events including the Pan American Games 1979, 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games, World Baseball Classic and 2006 Caribbean Series.


  • Country : Puerto Rico
  • Founded : 1509
  • Area : 199.2 km²
  • Climate type : Tropical
  • Official language : English, Spanish
  • Population : 381,931 people (2010)
  • Timezone : UTC-4

History of San Juan

San Juan is one of the oldest European settlements in the New World. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León founded the settlement of Caparra (named after the province of Cáceres in Spain, where the then governor of Spain’s Caribbean territories, Nicolás de Ovando, was from), which is now known as the Guaynabo Pueblo Viejo section to the west of the present metropolis of San Juan. A year later, the colony was moved to what was then called Puerto Rico (Spanish for «wealthy port» or «good port»), due to its geographic similarity to Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. In 1521, the new colony was given an official name, San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico, in honor of John the Baptist, continuing the tradition of naming towns with both the official name and the name that Christopher Columbus had originally given to the island.
The ambiguous use of San Juan Bautista and Puerto Rico for both the island and the city led to a reshuffle in practical usage by the locals: by 1746, the name of the city (Puerto Rico) had become the name of the entire island, while the name of the island (San Juan Bautista ) became the name of the city.
San Juan as a colony of the Spanish Empire was used by merchant and warships sailing from Spain as the first stop in the Americas. Because of its prominence in the Caribbean, a network of fortifications was built to protect the transport of gold and silver from the New World to Europe. Because of the rich traffic, San Juan became a target of foreign powers. The city witnessed attacks by the British, led by Sir Francis Drake in 1595 and George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland in 1598. The artillery at Fort San Juan, el Morro, repulsed Drake’s attack; however, Clifford managed to land his troops and besiege the city. After a few months of British occupation, Clifford was forced to abandon the siege when his troops began to suffer from fatigue and disease. In 1625 the city was sacked by Dutch troops led by Baudwin Hendrix, but El Morro withstood the assault and was not taken. The British attacked again in 1797, during the French Revolutionary Wars, with Sir Ralph Abercrombie (who had just conquered Trinidad). His army laid siege to the city, but was forced to retreat defeated, as the Puerto Rican fortifications proved more resistant than those of Trinidad. Various events and circumstances, including liberalized trade with Spain, the opening of the island to immigrants as a direct result of the Royal Decree of 1815, and colonial revolutions, led to the expansion of San Juan and other Puerto Rican colonies in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
In May 1898, US Navy ships, including USS Detroit, USS Indiana, USS New York, USS Amphitrite, USS Terror, and USS Montgomery, commanded by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson, bombarded San Juan during the Spanish American war, although the city was not occupied. On July 25, General Nelson A. Miles landed at Guanica (southeastern Puerto Rico) with 3,300 troops and captured the island without much resistance. Spain ceded the island to the United States later that year by signing the Peace of Paris.
Camp Las Casas, located in the Santurze area, served as the main training camp for Puerto Rican soldiers before World War I and World War II; most of the people who trained there were assigned to the 65th Infantry Regiment of the US Army. This regiment has been active since 1898, and it is still active today. The Las Casas camp was eventually closed, and in 1950 the Residencial Fray Bartolome de Las Casas, a community housing complex, was built on its former site.
Lieutenant Teofilo Marxuach (retired lieutenant colonel), native of Arroyo, Puerto Rico, was responsible for the first shot of American troops during World War I when he ordered the Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry to open fire on the Odenwald (German: Odenwald) , a German ship, as it tried to sail out of San Juan Bay. This event happened on April 6, 1917 years, the day the US declared war on Germany.


San Juan is located at 18°27′00″ N. sh. 66°04′00″ W (G) (O) and is located on the northeast coast of Puerto Rico. It lies south of the Atlantic Ocean, north of Guaynabo and Trujillo Alto, east of Bayamon and west of Carolina. The city covers an area of ​​199.2 km², of which 75.4 km² is water. Most of San Juan’s water area consists of San Juan Harbor and two natural lagoons, the Condado Lagoon and the San Jose Lagoon.


San Juan’s climate is tropical maritime. The average annual air temperature is 27 °C. With a southerly wind — above 33 ° C in any season. The average temperature in winter is 25 °C, in summer — 28 °C. The lowest (16 °C) was observed on March 3, 1957, the highest (37 °C) on October 9, 1981. The maximum precipitation is in May and November, the minimum is from February to March. Coastal water temperatures range from 26°C in January to 29°C from August to October.


San Juan is the most populated city in Puerto Rico. From 1899 to 1950 the municipality of San Juan did not include the Río Piedras area. For this reason, population and area data refer only to the districts (barrios) of Antigo San Juan (same as Old San Juan) and Santurche.
The old municipality of Río Piedras was the 3rd largest city in Puerto Rico in terms of population at the time of its incorporation in 1951. Its strategic location south of the capital made it the link to all of the island’s main transport routes and the geographical entrance to San Juan, which is factors that caused the dramatic growth of the city in the 20th century.


Due to technological advances in the development of airlines after World War II, coupled with the island’s climate and natural environment, San Juan became a springboard for tourism throughout the island and made the entire Caribbean Sea famous throughout the world for last 50 years. Today the capital boasts numerous hotels, museums, historical buildings, restaurants, beaches and shopping centers. San Juan has many attractions such as Old San Juan, Ocean Park, Isla Verde and Condado.
Sites and monuments highlighted in tourism campaigns consist of Old San Juan, which spreads the historical nature of its colonial period buildings and narrow streets covered with blue stones extracted from furnace scale; they were brought as ballast on Spanish ships. This includes the old defensive wall of the city and the forts, especially El Morro and San Cristobal Castle: January 23, 1984 they were entered in the catalog of the cultural heritage of mankind. Numerous restaurants and galleries are popular with visitors. Local universities are famous as historical sites, especially the University of Puerto Rico, located in Rio Piedras, which is the oldest university on the island, founded in 1903


San Juan is the birthplace of many artists and musicians, locally known as Sanjuaneros (Spanish: Sanjuaneros), who have greatly influenced Puerto Rican culture. During the 20th century, the musical side of the city was influenced by many performers, among them the Afro-Caribbean dancer and choreographer Sylvia del Villard (Spanish Sylvia del Villard) and José Enrique Pedreira (Spanish José Enrique Pedreira), who became the famous composer of Puerto Rican Danzas (Spanish .Danzas). International musicians such as renowned opera singer Justino Diaz and Grammy Award winners Raymond Ayala (Daddy Yankee) and Ricky Martin were born in this city. Other notable residents include writers Manuel A. Alonso and Tomás Blanco, actors and award winners Raul Julia and Benicio del Toro, and comedian José Miguel Agrelot. Rafael Cordero (1790–1868) influenced the development of Puerto Rican education and is known as the «Father of Public Education in Puerto Rico.» The city is also home to many modern and classical art museums. The Puerto Rico Museum of Art has the largest collection of contemporary art in Puerto Rico. It has over 1,100 works of art in permanent storage, and also exhibits numerous temporary exhibitions of works from different parts of Latin America.
Puerto Rico Museum of Contemporary Art, located in Santurce, specializes in contemporary art from Latin America and the Caribbean. The paintings stored and exhibited there are either purchased by the museum’s administrative staff or donated by artists and collectors. Before exhibiting, they are evaluated by a commission of artists, art critics and scientists.
Other museums such as the Pablo Casals Museum, the Museum of Books, the Museum of the Americas and the National Gallery display historical objects and works of art alongside contemporary art. A variety of museums such as the Children’s Museum and the Bacardi Factory (also known as the Roma Chair) in nearby Cataño attract a wide variety of audiences with interactive exhibitions.

Castillo de San Felipe del Morro

Castillo de San Felipe del Morro is one of the most popular places in the old town of San Juan. A truly breathtaking and beautiful landscape opens up from the walls of the castle. The castle is the most impressive place on the island. You can come here to dream and enjoy the presented beauty.
Construction of the castle began in 1539 and lasted 50 years. The castle, better known as «El Morro», got its name in honor of the future king of Spain, Philip II. Gradually, the castle was completed and now the height of the castle walls reaches 44 meters, and the castle itself has a structure of six levels. In 1961, the castle and its surrounding area were declared a National Park, and in 1983 the castle was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Now the museum and the castle grounds are open daily to the public.

Church of San Jose

Church of San Jose, built in Old San Juan in 1532, the second oldest church in all of America. This temple is one of the few surviving examples of 16th-century Spanish Gothic architecture in the Western Hemisphere.
San José Church is located in the historic city of San Juan, in northern Puerto Rico. The land on which the temple was built was donated by Governor Don Juan Ponce de Leon, who was the first to be buried here. First, the Dominican Order built the monastery of St. Thomas Aquinas on it, then it was renamed by the Jesuits who settled here in 1865. The first governor of Puerto Rico, Juan Ponce de León, was buried in the crypt of the temple in 1559year, but in 1836 his remains were transferred to the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista. Under the floor in the Church of San José is still a crypt where the grandson of Juan Ponce de Leon is buried, as well as the famous artist José Campeche. The Temple of San José is not in the best condition today, it has been closed for 13 years.

Culebra Island

Culebra Island, translated from Spanish means «Snake Island». Located in the east of Puerto Rico, near the island of Vieques. Culebra Island is part of the Spanish Virgin Islands. According to the administrative division, the island belongs to Puerto Rico, according to the geological division — to the Virgin Islands. Culebra Island is an archipelago consisting of a large island and twenty-three small islands. There are no rivers or streams on the islands of the archipelago. Fresh water is brought to the island from Vieques.
The island was discovered in 1493 by Christopher Columbus and at that time it was inhabited by the Taino Indians and was used by pirates as a refuge for more than three centuries. About two thousand local residents live on Culebra Island. The main city of this island is the city of Devey. The island has numerous beaches, among which stand out: Playa Resaca, the white sandy Flamenco Beach, the beautiful Playa Zoni and Playa Brava, which were founded in 1909. For lovers of diving, dive centers are organized here. Also among the attractions are the Culebra National Park, where you can see a large number of birds and turtles that are protected and protected by the island.
On this island, you can stay in a cozy family hotel, rent a villa lost in the mountains, or choose a luxurious new hotel. And most importantly, admire the beautiful reefs, some of which are natural areas with limited access.
The island has a small airport that allows you to get to the mainland and Vieques. To get to the island you can also take the ferry from Fajardo which is available 2 times a day.

Botanical Garden

The San Juan Botanical Garden is also known as the University of Puerto Rico Botanical Garden. It is an educational center for scientific research and a place for excellent rest and relaxation. Its territory, with an area of ​​121 hectares, serves to study and preserve more than 30 thousand local and exotic plants, trees, flowers.
The Botanical Garden is located in the center of the capital of Puerto Rico, the city of San Juan, in the northeast of the island. The idea of ​​creating such a place was voiced back in 1959, but only on March 10, 1971 the garden was officially opened. In 1991, the first visitors were able to enjoy the beauty of its botanical collections, lakes, waterfalls, cozy roads and sidewalks, allowing a better appreciation of native and tropical flora. The territory is divided into two parts — northern and southern, the latter contains most of the sights. In the south you can see the garden of heliconias, orchids, palms, herbarium.
Entrance to the botanical garden is free from 6 am to 6 pm.

Fort San Felipe del Morro

Fort San Felipe del Morro is a 16th-century Spanish stronghold on the northwest side of San Juan Island. For many years, the fortress guarded the entrance to the bay and protected the city from attacks from the sea. Today, San Felipe del Morro is the main attraction of Puerto Rico and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Fort San Felipe del Morro is named after King Philip II of Spain and is located on a high promontory overlooking the entrance to San Juan Bay. The fort is one of the largest forts built by the Spanish in the Caribbean over 200 years ago. It was built between 1539and 1589 years. Survived several wars. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, the lighthouse was destroyed, which was later restored. El Morro houses the National Museum dedicated to the history of the fort, which displays exhibits, historical photographs and artifacts found here.
Visitors can also enter the fortress, which consists of six levels and includes a labyrinth of tunnels, barracks, prison cells, passageways and warehouses. The cannons that still guard the harbor have been preserved in the ford. From the observation tower you can admire the magnificent view of the ocean. Here you can walk on the lawns where soldiers once marched. Children fly kites here on sunny days. And many townspeople come here for a picnic.

Fortress — Palace of Santa Catalina

Fortress — Palace of Santa Catalina is the oldest active residence and government house, in which the governor of the island of Puerto Rico now lives and works. The fortress was built between 1533 and 1540 to protect the harbor of San Juan from attacks. In October 1960, the fortress was declared a United States National Historic Landmark. In 1983, it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Palazzo Santa Catalina was the first defensive fortification built in the strategic territory of the Caribbean Sea to protect the city and the bay from the attacks of French, Dutch and British corsairs. The defensive system of the city included the fortresses of San Cristobal and Felipe del Morro. The construction was approved by Charles V to protect against attacks by Caribbean Indians. Initially, the fortification structure consisted of four walls and a patio adjacent to the Tower of Respect. Soon the South Tower was built. The castle is surrounded by high walls that overlook San Juan Bay, and within the northern part of the complex there are beautiful gardens and a swimming pool.

Monastery of the Convento de los Dominicos

Monastery of the Convento de los Dominicos is a former Dominican monastery in the center of the capital of Puerto Rico, a beautiful architectural landmark of the city of San Juan. This building was founded by Dominican priests in 1523.
The Monastery of the Convento de los Dominicos is located in the old part of San Juan, near the Church of San José. Considered a magnificent example of colonial architecture, this picturesque white domed building is in good condition after restoration.
The medieval building was used as a Dominican monastery for over a hundred years. In 1898, during the war between Spain and America, the building served as the barracks of the Spanish police, and after the military conflict, it housed the official headquarters of the United States. At present, the former Dominican monastery is the cultural center of San Juan, on its territory there is a museum, a chapel, a music and book store. Various art exhibitions and concerts are held in its courtyard.

Virtual tour of the city of San Juan (video)

Source. openarium.ru, wikipedia.org

To each his own (KKS). Trade and secrets

Map of the Corsairs To each his own: the island of Puerto Rico

On the island of Puerto Rico there is only one Spanish city San Juan .

In the previous part of the series, Corsairs: City of Lost Ships (CPC), he was quite famous for the side quest «The Story of the Beautiful Isabella». But in the Corsairs: To each his own (KKS) Puerto Rico hardly ever appears.

Here you will meet street vendors of all types, except for the native. Speaking of sea trade in Corsairs To each his own (Corsairs, KKS) in Puerto Rico, below is a table with prices of in the San Juan shop different from the standard ones.

The only interesting thing is that “green” prices for paprika , which in some cities is a scarce commodity.

Goods of the city San Juan to Corsair: To each his own (KKS)








(very expensive)


Shipbuilder. silk















Not available

The table with prices is relevant for version of the game Corsairs To each his own 1.

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