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Puerto Rico | History, Geography, & Points of Interest

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Head Of Government:
Governor: Pedro R. Pierluisi
San Juan
(2022 est.) 3,194,000
Currency Exchange Rate:
1 US dollar equals 1.005 euro
Head Of State:
President of the United States: Joe Biden

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Top Questions

What is Puerto Rico?

Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, is the self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of the U. S. state of Florida.

Should Puerto Rico be granted U.S. statehood?

Whether Puerto Rico should be granted U.S. statehood is widely debated. Some argue that the residents of Puerto Rico (who are American citizens) are treated like second-class people and that denying them statehood is a racist and hypocritical partisan ploy by conservatives to withhold voting rights to about 3.1 million voters. Others argue that Puerto Rico was never intended to be a U.S. state and that granting it statehood is a partisan ploy by liberals to unfairly gain more voters for the passage of legislation that the majority of Americans reject and which can’t win approval under existing laws. For more on the statehood debate, visit


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Puerto Rico, officially Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Spanish Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, self-governing island commonwealth of the West Indies, associated with the United States. The easternmost island of the Greater Antilles chain, it lies approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of the Dominican Republic, 40 miles (65 km) west of the Virgin Islands, and 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of the U.S. state of Florida. It is situated in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, its northern shore facing the Atlantic Ocean. Two small islands off the east coast, Vieques and Culebra, are administratively parts of Puerto Rico, as is Mona Island to the west. Compared with its Greater Antillean neighbours, Puerto Rico is one-fifth as large as the Dominican Republic, one-third the size of Haiti, and slightly smaller than Jamaica. It is roughly rectangular in shape, extending up to 111 miles (179 km) from east to west and 39 miles (63 km) from north to south. The capital is San Juan.

Puerto Ricans, or puertorriqueños, have an intermingled Spanish, U.S., and Afro-Caribbean culture. The island’s social and economic conditions are generally advanced by Latin American standards, partly because of its ties with the United States (including the presence of U. S.-owned manufacturing plants and military bases in the commonwealth). Although that relationship has become politically controversial, the vast majority of Puerto Rican voters have continued to favour permanent union with the United States, with a slightly greater number favouring the current commonwealth relationship rather than statehood. A small but persistent minority has advocated independence.

The land


Puerto Rico is largely composed of mountainous and hilly terrain, with nearly one-fourth of the island covered by steep slopes. The mountains are the easternmost extension of a tightly folded and faulted ridge that extends from the Central American mainland across the northern Caribbean to the Lesser Antilles. Although Puerto Rican relief is relatively low by continental standards, the island sits less than 100 miles (160 km) south of a precipitous depression in Earth’s crust: an extensive submarine feature of the Atlantic known as the Puerto Rico Trench, which descends to more than 5 miles (8 km) below sea level—the Atlantic’s deepest point—at a site northeast of the Dominican Republic. Powerful tectonic forces that over millions of years have created these features still occasionally cause earthquakes in Puerto Rico.

The island’s highest mountain range, the Cordillera Central, trends east-west and exceeds 3,000 feet (900 metres) in many areas; its slopes are somewhat gentle in the north but rise sharply from the south coast to the loftier peaks, topped at about 4,390 feet (1,338 metres) by Cerro de Punta, the highest point on the island. Near the island’s eastern tip, the partly isolated Sierra de Luquillo rises to 3,494 feet (1,065 metres) at El Yunque Peak.

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The northwestern foothills and lowlands are characterized by karst features, including sinkholes (sumideros), caverns, and eroded mogotes, or haystack hills (pepinos). There is a continuous but narrow lowland along the north coast, where most people live, and smaller bands along the south and west coasts that also include densely populated areas. The Caguas Basin, in the Grande de Loíza River valley south of San Juan, is the largest of several basins in the mountains that provide level land for settlements and agriculture. The islands of Mona, Vieques, and Culebra are generally hilly but ringed by narrow coastal plains; Vieques rises to 988 feet (301 metres) at Mount Pirata.

Drainage and soils

None of Puerto Rico’s rivers is large enough for navigation, but several northward-flowing rivers are harnessed for municipal water supplies, irrigation, and hydroelectricity, and along the south coast irrigation is essential for agriculture. Puerto Rico’s precipitation mainly falls on the north-facing mountain slopes, so that most of the permanent rivers flow from the interior to the north and west coasts, including the Grande de Loíza, Grande de Arecibo, and Grande de Añasco rivers—all of which are some 40 miles (65 km) long—and La Plata, which extends 46 miles (75 km). The river courses on the south coast are dry most of the year, carrying water only after rainfall. Pockets of alluvial soils on the south coast are somewhat fertile, but all farmlands there are fertilized. Many formerly cultivated and eroded areas in the mountains have been set aside as forest preserves.

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Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation, although local conditions vary according to elevation and exposure to rain-bearing winds. Northeast trade winds bring heavy rainfall to the north coast, while the south coast is in a rain shadow. San Juan receives about 60 inches (1,525 mm) of precipitation per year, whereas El Yunque Peak farther east receives 180 inches (4,570 mm), and Ponce on the south coast receives only 36 inches (914 mm). Rain falls each month of the year, but the heaviest precipitation occurs between May and December. The average daily temperature in the lowlands is about 78 °F (26 °C), but relatively high humidity makes daytime temperatures feel warmer. Highland temperatures average a few degrees lower. Hurricanes develop in the region between June and November and occasionally traverse the island, including a storm in 1899 that killed about 3,000 Puerto Ricans; other devastating but less lethal hurricanes occurred in 1928, 1932, 1956, 1989, 1998, and 2017.

Plant and animal life

Plant life is abundant and varied. Tropical rainforests cover parts of the north side of the island, and thorn and scrub vegetation predominates on the drier south side. Most of the island’s original vegetation was removed through centuries of agricultural exploitation, particularly during the first two decades of the 20th century, when farm settlers and plantation workers destroyed large tracts of coastal forest and used the lumber for railroad ties and fuel. Although some woodlands have been replanted since the mid-20th century, introduced varieties of trees, shrubs, and grasses now predominate.

The scarlet- and orange-flowered royal poinciana, or flamboyant (Delonix regia), and the African tulip tree (Spathodea campanulata) are among the flowering trees that dot the mountains with patches of vivid colour against a lush green background. The Caribbean National Forest in the Sierra de Luquillo southeast of San Juan preserves rare species of orchids and the small green Puerto Rican parrot, an endangered species. Puerto Rico has more than 200 species of birds, but land animals are mostly confined to nonpoisonous snakes, lizards, mongooses, and the coquí (Eleutherodactylus portoricensis), a frog whose name is onomatopoeic with its call (“co-kee!”) and which has become a kind of national mascot. Numerous varieties of fish abound in the surrounding waters, but edible and inedible species mingle together, limiting commercial fishing there.

Datos sobre Puerto Rico | Discover Puerto Rico

Conoce algunos datos básicos sobre Puerto Rico. 

Dado que Puerto Rico es un territorio de los Estados Unidos, los locales son ciudadanos estadounidenses y los viajeros estadounidenses pueden ingresar a la Isla sin tener un pasaporte. Los viajeros estadounidenses tampoco requieren planes de llamadas internacionales para sus teléfonos. La moneda utilizada en Puerto Rico es el dólar estadounidense. 


Puerto Rico es un territorio no incorporado de los Estados Unidos donde los idiomas oficiales son el español y el inglés. Es posible que te encuentres con personas que hablen una mezcla de ambos, o «spanglish», dada la influencia de los Estados Unidos en la Isla. 


Cuando planees tu vista a la Isla, no olvides darte una escapada a Culebra. 


Puerto Rico es la isla más pequeña de las Antillas Mayores en el Caribe, ubicada al este de la República Dominicana. 


La moneda utilizada en Puerto Rico es el dólar estadounidense. 

Viajeros estadounidenses no requieren pasaporte 

Dado que Puerto Rico es un territorio de los Estados Unidos, los ciudadanos estadounidenses no requieren pasaporte para ingresar a la Isla. Sin embargo, siempre deben viajar con una identificación válida. 


Cuando estés en Guánica, no olvides hacer una parada en Copamarina Beach Resort.  


Puedes llegar a Puerto Rico por aire o por mar. Aerolíneas como Delta, American Airlines, United, Southwest, Jet Blue y Spirit Airlines tienen vuelos directos a la Isla. Para que tengas una idea, la Isla recibe más de 1,300 vuelos sin paradas semanales y casi 1,000 vuelos directos. La mayoría de estos vuelos provienen de ciudades como Nueva York, Boston, Orlando, Filadelfia, Hartford, Dallas, Houston, Baltimore, Washington y Chicago. 


El clima en Puerto Rico es cálido y tropical (es decir, espera lluvias vespertinas durante los meses de verano). La temperatura varía entre 70 y 90 grados Fahrenheit durante todo el año. Puede bajar a unos 60 grados en la zona montañosa central durante diciembre y enero. 

Al estilo de Miami, Condado es el centro de entretenimiento en el área metropolitana.

Planes telefónicos 

Los viajeros estadounidenses no necesitan optar por planes internacionales para realizar llamadas ya que sus teléfonos funcionarán perfectamente en la Isla. En Puerto Rico hay una red 4GLTE; 5G está disponible en algunas ubicaciones. En áreas remotas de la Isla, el servicio celular y la cobertura de datos pueden ser irregulares, así que siempre planifica si vas a ir a las montañas, por ejemplo. 


Hay alrededor de 3.2 millones de personas en Puerto Rico y cerca de 5 millones de puertorriqueños viviendo en los Estados Unidos. 


Uno de los cócteles más populares del mundo, la Piña Colada.

Otros datos 

  • La edad legal para consumir bebidas alcohólicas en Puerto Rico es de 18 años. 
  • La Isla tiene casi 300 millas de costa y casi la misma cantidad de playas. 
  • Puerto Rico cuenta con el centro comercial más grande del Caribe, Plaza Las Américas, y la fábrica de ron más extensa a nivel mundial, Casa Bacardí
  • El Yunque es el único bosque tropical en el Sistema Forestal de los Estados Unidos y se encuentra en Puerto Rico. El bosque recibe más de 120 pulgadas de lluvia cada año. 
  • Aunque Puerto Rico es un territorio estadounidense, compite como país individual en los concursos de Miss Universo y las Olimpiadas. 
  • La playa Flamenco, en Culebra, ha sido reconocida como una de las 10 mejores playas del mundo en múltiples ocasiones. 
  • La piña colada se inventó en Puerto Rico. 
  • Los restos del explorador español Juan Ponce de León se encuentran en una tumba dentro de la Catedral de San Juan

Puerto Rico está lleno de hermosas joyas escondidas, experiencias culinarias y una cultura tan cálida y acogedora como nuestro clima tropical.

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All 🇵🇷 Puerto Rico on the world map — Geozen

Puerto Rico , officially — Freely Associated State of Puerto Rico or Commonwealth of Puerto Rico — an organized territory dependent on the United States with the status of «non-incorporated». The capital is in San Juan.

It is located in the Caribbean Sea on the island of Puerto Rico from the Greater Antilles group and on adjacent small islands.

Divided into 78 municipalities, which, in turn, are divided into districts, and those into sectors. 2GIS SCAMAMAMETROSTROVSTORCOVTURICAL Location of DPPPFOGOOGOGOSISIONAL CULTENCTIONSTICTIONSTICTION


Geographical Coordinates

  • Absolute in degrees, minutes and seconds:
    9006 ught
    900 666 666 666 66 longitude
  • in decimal degrees:
    18.415753° ; −66.057884°

The length of Puerto Rico from south to north is 90

Photographs of Puerto Rico taken from Google Maps. Click on the icon to download all photos. Click «Report» if the image is inaccurate. Did not find a suitable photo — use the panorama from Yandex or Google.

Exterior (outside view)

Interior (inside view)


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Puerto Rico on the world map with hotel prices, photo, island flag, weather

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Flag of Puerto Rico

The Freely Associated State is popular with travelers for good reason — decent service, magnificent nature and many historical sights of Enchantment Island really deserve to be personally touched, seen, imbued.

Puerto Rico on the world map with hotel prices

Puerto Rico Island on the world map or a detailed map of the island can be viewed using the navigation buttons (+/-). Caribbean islands on map

Commonwealth located in North America — the main island of the same name, several smaller islands and many reefs. The territory of the central island is one hundred and seventy kilometers long and about sixty wide. The highest point of the state (1338 m above sea level) is Mount Cerro de Punta. The capital of Puerto Rico — San Juan — is located in the northern part of the fabulous island.

The capital of Puerto Rico — San Juan

It is a sin to complain about the lack of water resources of Puerto Rico: the Atlantic Ocean is washed by the northern coast, the Caribbean Sea — the southern, more than fifty large and shallow rivers, fifteen lakes, none of which is of natural origin.

Puerto Rico Island

The state belongs to the United States, but the status of «unincorporated territory» allows it to have its own legislation and constitution. The closest neighbors are the US Virgin Islands and the Dominican Republic.

Holidays in Puerto Rico

Thanks to the interweaving of original color, fantastic taste of ancient history and ultra-modern lifestyle, tours to this state are extremely in demand. The most demanding travelers are delighted with high-class service, comfortable conditions, thoughtful service. Diving, gorgeous beaches, karting, numerous excursions, sea fishing, water parks, nightclubs, sports and shopping and entertainment centers are at the service of tourists.

It is not customary to give tips in «star» restaurants and hotels, because they are already included in the bill — ten to fifteen percent of the total amount. The Puerto Rican currency is US dollars, but on local price tags, USD can easily be designated as pesos.

It is advisable for tourists to avoid the outskirts — the criminal situation in some areas leaves much to be desired. Although tap water is treated, visitors are advised to drink only bottled water.

Nature Puerto Rico

The mesmerizing pristine beauty of nature is another factor that attracts connoisseurs of ecotourism. In humid, hot tropics, ideal conditions for relict plants — there are more than a hundred species of ferns alone on the island. The El Yunque National Forest, famous for its rich diversity of fauna and flora, has been given the status of a biosphere reserve. It is here that live symbols of the state live — small frogs «koki». In size, the largest individual of these amphibians rarely reaches five centimeters. Small dimensions are more than offset by deafening singing. On the island, you can hear the phrase «hellish chant», referring to amphibians, since even a few «chorus» of frogs is decibel-like as the roar of a supersonic fighter.

The road to the top of Cerro de Punta

Also of interest is the so-called dry tropical forest of Guanica, magnificent coral reefs, fragrant mango groves, echoing waterfalls, colorful limestone cape, Camuy cave system.


In addition to the chic nature, the island is also rich in historical sights: the functioning lighthouse of Punta Tunu, erected in the 19th century, the four-hundred-year-old church of Porto Coella in San Germán, the six-story powerful fortification in El Morro, built several centuries ago to protect from the attack of the Dutch and English conquerors, the place of rituals in the Caguana Ceremonial Park.

Modern attractions are as spectacular as excursions to historical sites. The most visited: Bacardi’s large-scale plant producing world-famous rum, art galleries, museums of Posters, Tobacco, Sports, Creole Music Center in the New City of San Juan, Arecibo Observatory. A flurry of positive emotions is guaranteed from participation in national holidays, music and gastronomic festivals, visits to salsa schools.

When is the best time to go to Puerto Rico

The climate on the island is mild almost all year round, seasonal temperature fluctuations are not too global — the average weather is +28 degrees. The cyclone season, which lasts from May-June to November, can spoil the impressions of the trip. This period is characterized by heat, very high humidity, hurricanes, sharp, up to one hundred and fifty km / h, winds. Therefore, it is better to plan a tour in Puerto Rico in any of the months from December to April-May.

Voyages to a hospitable state are not in vain considered universal — they are suitable for lovers of extreme sports, for families with children, as a honeymoon trip. The tour fully combines shopping, beach activities, and various excursions, so a fabulous vacation in Puerto Rico will not disappoint.

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