Castillo san cristobal san juan pr: Castillo San Cristóbal | Discover Puerto Rico

The Forts of Old San Juan, El Morro, and Fuerte San Cristobal

501 Calle Norzagaray, San Juan, 00901, Puerto Rico

https://www.nps.gov/saju/index.htm

Flash Parker

Old San Juan may look, at first glance, like a few other charming cities built during the height of Spanish colonialism—Havana or Santo Domingo, for example—but what sets it apart is the extent to which its architectural infrastructure from that era remains visible. It’s the only city that has its original colonial wall almost entirely intact, and both of its principal forts are in excellent condition, remain accessible to the public, and offer panoramic views of the Atlantic Ocean (so bring your camera). Both El Morro and Fuerte San Cristobal are run by the National Park Service; guided tours will leave you with greater knowledge about the era, as well as the forts’ construction and their role in Puerto Rican history. (There are other, smaller forts in and around the capital, next to the Caribe Hilton, and in Luís Muñoz Rivera Park, plus Fort San Juan de la Crúz in the nearby town of Cataño.)

Exploring El Morro

We visited El Morro during a brief cruise visit to San Juan, Puerto Rico. We only had from 3pm — 10pm in port, but we know the one thing on our must do list: El Morro. We arrived at El Morro & the fort’s sprawling lawn after a 20 minute walk from the port. The day we visited was a bank holiday & hundreds of families enjoyed their day off of work & school by running around the sprawling grass, flying kites high in the air. It took about 45 minutes to explore the fort, with plenty of stair climbing & squeezing in tight spaces to see the same vast sea view that a sentry from centuries ago saw as he kept watch in his garitas. Since it is now part of the U.S. National Park Service, there are guided tours on different topics available throughout the day. In addition, they have canon displays several times per week & on holidays you can see historic reenactments. A National Park site also means there is a charge for admission: $3 per adult or $5 per adult for a ticket to explore both forts.

El Morro

Have you been here? Tell us about it below!

Fri Jul 18 03:41:21 EDT 2014

Defense

Almost 500 years old, El Morro defended the bay of San Juan from the English, the Dutch, and everybody else.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:32 EDT 2014

Kneeling at El Morro

When exploring San Juan, notice the many religious statues and figurines hiding in windows, on doorsteps, and elsewhere. Someone still pays his respects near this statue of Jesus at El Morro, San Juan’s fort; the candles must have been lit by a worshiper.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:36 EDT 2014

Exploring the Corridors of El Morro

While diving deep down into the corridors of the old fort, I realized that I would have to navigate my way back up and out. Instead of doing that, we scaled a wall and ended up on the Atlantic with another set of obstacles involving a mile-long walk to the entrance. The walk was filled with great views, iguanas, and cats. It’s a must-do.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:44 EDT 2014

Touring Historic Forts In San Juan

Absolutely a must when in San Juan: to tour the Castillo San Felipe de Morro and Castillo San Cristobal Forts which make up The San Juan National HIstoric Site. These two historic sites are a part of the U.S. National Parks System and as a result, preserved so well with excellent way-finding to tour on your own. We definitely spent a good few hours going through both the forts and it was a lot of fun exploring all the ins and outs…which included a dungeon with drawings of ships on the walls, reading about the history, and seeing great views from the top. The forts were constructed under Ponce de Leon to help the Spanish Empire maintain its control of the Caribbean during the 1600s and 1700s when war and trade traveled on sailing ships. The architecture was an example of exemplarily military engineering at the time. We started at Castillo San Cristobal, and since it was incredibly hot, so we hopped the free tourist shuttle to take us to El Morro. When at El Morro, be sure to peek at the cemetery east of the site.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:59 EDT 2014

The Perfect Day in Old San Juan

It was a bright and sunny day in Old San Juan, and there were many local families out and about enjoying picnics and flying kites on the vast green grasses of Castillo San Felipe del Morro. From our vantage point we could see the waves crashing on the shore below, the beautiful Santa Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery nearby, and kites flying high through the skies. It was the perfect day to be in Old San Juan!

Tue Aug 19 20:27:01 EDT 2014

Fantastic view from El Morro

Puerto Rico is a great option for a weekend getaway. It’s not too far, the beaches are beautiful, and you don’t even need a passport. There’s also plenty of things to do beside the beach. My boyfriend and I have since gone on many trips together but San Juan is particularly memorable because it was our first real trip together. It was a lazy trip compared to our current norm but it was a beautiful setting to relax. We did make sure to explore Old San Juan a bit and on one of our walks we ended up at the old fort. The view was unexpected and we both savored that moment.

Flying a Kite at El Morro Lighthouse

Spend a lazy afternoon flying kites with the locals in the massive field in front of El Morro. Bring your own from a local shop, or purchase one on site from vendors. Nearby, explore the fortress itself, the Americas Museum, and Ponce de Leon’s Casa Blanca.

Climbing the Ramparts of an Old Fortress

Climb the ramparts and stroll the grounds at San Cristobal Castle, the largest fortification built by the Spanish in the New World. Built to protect against land-based attacks on San Juan, it covered 27 acres when it was finished in 1783. Visitors who prefer a tour with commentary can book a guide, but I would recommend wandering around the fortress and stopping occasionally to read information posted throughout and take in dusty exhibits on the history of the fort and of San Juan. A small gift shop offers cookbooks, leather goods stamped with images of the fort, and coquis (Puerto Rico‘s famous tree frogs), as well as postcards, T-shirts, and bottles of water. If you also plan on visiting El Morro, save a buck and buy a ticket to both fortresses (valid for 7 days including the day of purchase). On a side note, wear sunscreen or cover up. I don’t normally burn, but I came away from the few hours I spent at the fortress with the back of my hands quite red. Apparently, Puerto Rico is too close to the Equator to do without UVA protection.

Wandering the Wall

Old San Juan teems with the rich cultural history of Puerto Rico, and it should be part of anyone’s journey to this island. The country has done a great job of maintaining the old fort, El Morro, and the walls that guard the old city. You can walk from the fort down to the bay area (port side) just by following the outer wall. It’s worth the walk to see the beauty and envision the past. Ask any local to tell you stories and histories of the old city. You can even grab an apartment for the night downtown and sleep in the old architecture with indoor courtyards and balconies covered in plants. There are great spots for drinks and eats—wander the streets and try everything.

Fort San Cristóbal

While El Morro protected San Juan from attacks by sea, Fort San Cristóbal was built to protect the city from land attacks. Its construction started in 1634, after the Dutch successfully—though briefly—took the city by land. By the late 1700s, San Cristóbal had become massive, with walls that encompassed the old city. As part of the San Juan National Historic Site, Fort San Cristóbal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a U.S. National Historic Site. Visitors can explore the tunnels and dungeon, walk the walls with their garitas (sentry boxes) and see the Santa Barbara chapel.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:16 EDT 2014

Storming the Castle

The Castillo de San Cristóbal is a Spanish fort in San Juan. Built by Spain to protect against land-based attacks, it is now part of the San Juan National Historic Site.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:17 EDT 2014

Snowed In With Plenty To Do

After a week in Fajardo, I wound up stranded in Old San Juan (and later St. Thomas) for a few days while airports were shut down in Boston due to massive snows. The city is clean, safe, and affordable with plenty to see and do. There is captivating architecture, intriguing history, as well as great food and nightlife. I wish I could get snowed-in at places like this more often.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:32 EDT 2014

Getting Lost (in a Good Way) at El Morro

Wandering through the maze of corridors at El Morro, San Juan’s historic fort, I realized I had lost my traveling companion. Gazing at the pale, peaceful hallways, I felt at ease with being lost. Some things are best experienced on one’s own.

Fri Jul 18 03:41:44 EDT 2014

Stand in a Piece of History

Castillo de San Cristóbal in old San Juan: Don’t miss the opportunity to visit a piece of history standing over 500 years. Walk, marvel, inhale, and continue. .. Repeat…

Wed Dec 02 19:16:26 EST 2015

Castillo de San Cristóbal

Construction on El Castillo de San Cristóbal began in 1634 and it is the largest fort built by the Spanish in the New World! It was built to protect San Juan from enemy attacks by land, and climbing through the fort is quite a rewarding experience. The views from the top of the fort are spectacular, while cannon openings and barred windows offer beautifully framed views of San Juan.

Castillo de San Cristobal, San Carlos Ravelin, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

[ Drawings from Survey HABS PR-93  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS PR-93  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Castillo de San Cristobal, San Carlos Ravelin, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator

  • Klugh, T, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Latitude / Longitude

  • 18. 467272,-66.110018

Notes

  • — 

    Significance: It was built between 1765-1773 as part of the landward defensive ensemble of San Juan. Its design evolved into a non-classical configuration in order to strengthen the existing adjacent 17th century wall. The north rampart of San Carlos was oriented so as to flank a hill which permitted a covered approach to the walls of the city. The south rampart transformed an existing ridge into a fortified position dominating the approaches to the city gate. San Carlos, along with the other new ramparts, submitted any attacker to flank and enfilade fire along the approaches he could take…

  • — 

    Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N101

  • — 

    Survey number: HABS PR-93

  • — 

    National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 66000930

Medium

  • Measured Drawing(s): 14

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS PR,7-SAJU,44-

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D. C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Control Number

  • pr0116

Rights Advisory

  • No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html

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  • image

  • pdf

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    No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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    HABS PR,7-SAJU,44-

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Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator. Castillo de San Cristobal, San Carlos Ravelin, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR. San Juan San Juan Municipio Puerto Rico, 1933. translateds by Klugh, Tmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/pr0116/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C. (1933) Castillo de San Cristobal, San Carlos Ravelin, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR. San Juan San Juan Municipio Puerto Rico, 1933. Klugh, T., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/pr0116/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator. Castillo de San Cristobal, San Carlos Ravelin, San Juan, San Juan Municipio, PR. trans by Klugh, Tmitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/pr0116/>.

Villa Herencia Hotel

More housing Carthamet

8.7

Excellent

179 Reviews

23 Caleta Las Monjas

PR 00901 — San Juan

9000 8 82 USD

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How is Villa Herencia Hotel?

Featuring local art and a cozy terrace, Old San Juan is less than 3 km from Castillo de San Cristobal. The hotel also has a bar fridge.

Each exotic-style room at Villa Herencia has tiled floors and a patio. It also includes a flat-screen TV and a private bathroom with toiletries.

Guests at Villa Herencia can relax in the library. Staff at reception can provide maps and organize city tours.

Palazzo Santa Catalina is a 3-minute walk from the hotel. The Museum of the Americas is a 5-minute walk away.

Please inform Villa Herencia Hotel in advance of your expected arrival time. You can use the Special Requests box when booking, or contact the property directly using the contact details found on your Booking Confirmation.

Guests are required to show a valid photo ID and credit card upon check-in. Please note that special requests cannot be guaranteed and additional charges may apply.

Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this property is currently implementing additional health and safety measures.

Due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), food and beverage services at this property may be limited or unavailable.

Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this property is taking steps to protect guests and staff. Some amenities and services may not be available or may be limited.

Coronavirus (COVID-19)) at this property have reduced check-in and service hours.

Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), wearing a mask is mandatory in all common areas of this property.

Rooms

Queen Room max. 2 people

Stylish room with a flat-screen TV and a private bathroom with free toiletries.

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King Room max. 2 people

Stylish room with a flat-screen TV and a private bathroom with free toiletries.

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King Suite max. 2 people

This air-conditioned suite features a tile/marble floor, satellite TV, refrigerator and microwave. The suite opens directly onto a shared terrace.

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Features and services of Villa Herencia Hotel

General

NOMMUNICATIONS for non -smokers

Smoking Places

9000

Hot tub/jacuzzi

Services

Express check-in/out

Tour desk 9Ol000

Terrace

Sun deck

Outdoor furniture

Swimming pool and wellness services

Sun loungers/beach chairs

Safety

Entrance on Key

Security Speed ​​

Summies Summies

CCTVs in common areas

fire extinguishers

9009

First aid kit available

Physical distancing

Can be paid without cash

Physical distancing rules followed

Cleaning and disinfection

Cleaning products used to protect against coronavirus

Bed linen, towels and guest belongings are washed in accordance with local regulations

3 each new property is disinfected before arrival

Remarks

Please inform Villa Herencia Hotel in advance of your expected arrival time. You can use the Special Requests box when booking, or contact the property directly using the contact details found on your Booking Confirmation.
Guests are required to show a valid photo ID and credit card upon check-in. Please note that special requests cannot be guaranteed and additional charges may apply.
Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this property is currently implementing additional health and safety measures.
Due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), food and beverage services at this property may be limited or unavailable.
Coronavirus (COVID-19)) This property is taking steps to protect guests and staff. Some amenities and services may not be available or may be limited.
Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), this property has reduced reception and service hours.
Due to the Coronavirus (COVID-19), masks are mandatory in all common areas of this property.

What alternatives are there for the Villa Herencia Hotel?

Other hotels near Villa Herencia Hotel:

  • Hotel El Convento
  • Casa Saffra in Old San Juan 1
  • Old San Juan Rentals
  • Decanter Hotel
  • KASA Roof Top 5 1 Bed 1 Bath for 2 Guests Villa Herencia Hotel? Toa Baja Zona Urbana

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★ San Juan’s Top 12 Tourist Attractions ★

Unlike many Caribbean cities where visitors come and then go in search of smaller tourist areas, San Juan is a beautiful capital city with soft sandy beaches, all kinds of cultural attractions and an atmosphere that could easily make it the place for a whole holiday. Beachfront luxury hotels and resorts can be found right in San Juan and surrounding areas, while historic forts, colonial architecture, fine dining, museums and more are within walking distance of downtown San Juan. At the heart of the city is Old San Juan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that blends colonial architecture with modern Puerto Rican culture. The old buildings are now home to many of the city’s landmarks and tourist sites.

The San Juan National Historic Site includes many attractions in the area, including Fuerte San Felipe del Morro and Castillo de San Cristobal, two of the city’s top attractions. The fee for both of them is included for one pass. San Juan is also a major cruise ship and is known for being the world’s largest cruise port. Depending on the number of cruise ships in the port, the city can be very quiet or very busy.

See Also: Where to Stay in San Juan

1 Old San Juan (San Juan Viejo)

Old San Juan (San Juan Viejo) Viejo) are windows into the past, with historic forts and Spanish colonial architecture. This World Cultural Heritage Site is the second largest city in the Americas and the oldest city under the US flag. The seven-square-block area is home to over 400 beautifully restored 16th and 17th century colonial buildings, many containing shops, restaurants, museums, hotels and other public buildings. The most dramatic feature, and the real showpiece of Old San Juan, is Fuerte San Felipe del Morro , better known as El Morro , set out on a plot of land overlooking the sea. But the real charm of the city can be found just wandering the streets, admiring the old architecture and enjoying food on the outdoor patio. Other highlights are Thiri , Cathedral of San Juan , Castillo de San Cristobal , and numerous museums, many of which are worth visiting to appreciate the architecture of the structure that houses the collections. The entire area can be explored on foot, although the walk to Fort El Morro greatly extends the duration of the walking tour.

2 Fuerte San Felipe del Morro (El Morro)

Fuerte San Felipe del Morro (El Morro)

Entrance protection San Juan Bay, usually called El Morro, soared sharply over the sea on land jutting out into the ocean. Designated National Historic Site and UNESCO World Heritage Site, El Morro was built in 1539, with continuous construction for 250 years, and is one of the largest Spanish forts in the Caribbean. There were many buildings between the 1760s and 1780s when many of the actual walls were added. The fort today is a labyrinth of ramps, outposts, barracks, dungeons and tunnels dotted with small circular clock boxes called «garitas». These garitas are unique to Puerto Rican forts and have become a national symbol.

The area approaching the fort is an open lawn and there are incredible views on each side, either towards San Juan, including a view of the famous cemetery, or out to sea. While it’s a fair distance, visitors can easily walk into the fort from the streets of Old San Juan.

3 Castillo de San Cristobal (Fort San Cristobal)

Castillo de San Cristobal (Fort San Cristobal)

While El Morro is gaining fame everywhere, Castillo -San Cristobal is equally fascinating and worth a visit. San Cristobal is larger than El Morro and is the largest Spanish fort ever built in the New World. Spread over 27 acres, it has five independent units connected by a moat and tunnel, each designed to stand on its own should the others fall. The fort was built between 1634 and 1790 years to guard the east gate until today, Old San Juan. It was designed to defend against land attack, which was very different from El Morro, which was built to defend against attacks at sea.

4 San Juan Cemetery (Santa Maria Magdalena de Pazzi Cemetery)

San Juan Cemetery (Santa Maria Magdalena de Pazzi Cemetery)

Install along the coast, next to El Morro , and high above the ocean, is the beautiful San Juan Cemetery. Noted for complex tombstones; statues; and a round, domed neoclassical chapel dedicated to Mary Magdalene, the cemetery is a peaceful place. Situated on a hillside above the sea, it also has great views of the ocean and El Morro. All graves are above ground, as in New Orleans. The chapel in the cemetery dates back to 19th century, and many of Puerto Rico’s early colonists are buried here. There are good views from El Morro that look out over the cemetery in the distance.

5 San Juan Cathedral (San Juan Cathedral)

San Juan Cathedral (San Juan Cathedral)

Starting in 1540, San Juan Cathedral is known as one of the oldest cathedrals in Americas and one of the oldest buildings in San Juan. The interior, with black and white checkered tiles and yellow decor, is surprisingly ornate and cheerful. The body of the great Spanish explorer, Ponce de Leon, has been laid here in a marble tomb since 1913 and San Pio, a Roman Catholic martyr, from 1862. The cathedral still has regular services and tours are available.

Address: Calle del Cristo # 151-153, San Juan

6 Museo de las Américas

The Museo de las Américas, in Old San Juan, explores the history of Puerto Rico with a focus on art, ethnic groups and colonization of the country. The permanent exhibits offer a solid overview of the country’s history, but the temporary exhibits add to the experience, with all sorts of interesting topics that can include anything from contemporary art to traditional practices. This museum is a good place to start before embarking on a tour of the country’s cultural and historical sites.

Address: Calle Beneficencia, San Juan

7 Condado and Ocean Park Beach

Condado and Ocean Park Beach

The Condado area is located on a piece of land between the Atlantic Ocean and Condado Lagoon. The area was originally developed as San Juan’s first tourist area in the 1950s, creating a mini Miami Beach on the city’s doorstep. The main axis of the city is Avenida Ashford, which is lined with a number of luxury hotels and resorts. Condado offers a wide range of rooms and amenities in all price ranges. At the eastern end of the area is Ocean Park, a one-mile wide beach spanning residences and beach retreats. The white sandy beach is clean and very popular with the locals. There are no facilities or changing rooms. Condado is also home to a huge convention center , with shops, theaters, restaurants and a venue for festivals and exhibitions.

8 La Fortaleza

La Fortaleza was completed in 1540 as a defense against the Carib Indians and other foreign invaders. It was occupied twice by invaders; first by the Earl of Cumberland in 1598 and then by the Dutch general Bowdoin Hendrick in 1625 when a fire damaged the building. Fortaleza subsequently lost its military value and became the seat of the governors of Puerto Rico, a role it still retains today. La Fortaleza is the oldest governor’s mansion still in use as such in the Western Hemisphere, with over 150 governors living or staying. The building itself has undergone many changes in its long history. The result is a combination of 16th-century military architecture with 19th-century sophistication.

Address: 52 Calle Fortaleza, San Juan

9 Museum of Puerto Rican Art (Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico)

The Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico is one of the highlights of San Juan and is prominent player on the Caribbean cultural scene. The building, which opened in 2000, was built next to a 1920s hospital building. The older part of the building displays the museum’s permanent collection and is the first thing visitors see when they enter. The newer part (east wing) is a five-story structure consisting of a multi-story atrium, a theater with seating for up to 400 people, a sculpture garden, and a popular restaurant. There are also other rooms for seminars and exhibitions. In total, the museum contains over 130,000 feet of space used to display the excellent permanent collection and temporary exhibitions.

Address: 299 Avenida de Diego, Santurce

Official website: http://www.mapr.org/es

10 Iglesia de San José

Iglesia de San José

Dominican friars built the Iglesia de San José in 1532, making it one of the earliest examples of Spanish Gothic architecture in the Americas. Unlike the Cathedral of San Juan, this church is small, with a modest façade, but the vaulted interior gives it an airy feel. For almost 300 years, the Spanish explorer Ponce de León was buried here until his body was transferred to the Cathedral of San Juan in 1913 year. 18th-century Puerto Rican artist José Campeche is buried here.

Address: Calle San Sebastian, San Juan

11 Puerto Rico Museum of Contemporary Art (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Puerto Rico)

Founded in 1984, this museum is a place where you can see the work of the best contemporary artists of Puerto Rico. Changing exhibits showcase the museum’s collection of contemporary island prints, paintings, posters and sculptures. Located inside University of the Sacred Heart in the Barat Museum building can be tricky. Since the exhibits change frequently, be sure to contact the museum or check out their excellent website for the latest exhibits.

Address: Edificio Histórico Rafael M. Labra, Ave. Juan Ponce de Leon, Eskin Ave. Roberto J. Todd, Parada 18, Santurze

Official website: http://mac-pr.org/

12 Plaza las Americas

Plaza las Americas cogito ergo imago / photo modified

When the culture, beaches and heat of San Juan have taken their toll and it’s time to slip away a bit, Plaza las Americas may be the answer. This modern indoor shopping plaza is the place to go for small retail therapy or pick up what’s left at home or lost at the airport. This is not the place to find traditional souvenirs and trinkets in Puerto Rico; it is a large mall with US chain stores, the latest fashions, American restaurants, cinemas and unique stores.

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