Barrios de yauco: Barrios of Yauco, Puerto Rico

Yauco

Yauco, Puerto Rico

Yauco, fundado en 1756, es conocido como el “Pueblo del Café”, la “Capital Taína” y el “Pueblo de Los Corsos”. Su patrona es la Virgen del Santísimo Rosario. Su nombre proviene del taíno “Coayú” o “Coayuco”, con el cual se conocía dicha región y cuya etimología se relaciona con la palabra ‘yuca’.

El territorio de Yauco se extiende a través de 69.16 millas cuadradas. Está organizado en los barrios: Yauco-pueblo, Aguas Blancas, Algarrobo, Almácigo Alto, Almácigo Bajo, Barina, Caimito, Collores, Diego Hernández, Duey, Frailes, Jácana, Naranjo, Quebradas, Rancheras, Río Prieto, Rubias, Sierra Alta, Susúa Alta, Susúa Baja y Vegas. Su población es de 46,384 yaucanos (Censo 2000).

La economía de Yauco se basa en la agricultura, principalmente, en el cultivo del café que es reconocido mundialmente. Además, se cultiva el tabaco, la caña de azúcar y otros frutos menores. En este municipio operan algunas fábricas en las cuales se manufacturan instrumentos científicos y productos alimenticios derivados de la harina de trigo.

Geografía

Yauco limita al norte con los municipios de: Maricao, Lares y Adjuntas; al este con Guayanilla; al oeste con Guánica y Sabana Grande y al sur con el mar Caribe. Pertenece a la Llanura Costanera del Sur, aunque la zona norte del municipio forma parte del sur de la Cordillera Central. En esta área se encuentran sus mayores elevaciones: el monte Membrillo, el pico Rodadero y el cerro Curet. Parte del territorio montañoso yaucano, pertenece al bosque de Guilarte y al bosque de Susúa. Su sistema hidrográfico está compuesto por los siguientes cuerpos de agua: los ríos Yauco, Loco, Chiquito, Naranjo y Buey y las quebradas Grande, La Granja, Quebradas, Berrenchín, Fría, Mango Prieto y Susúa. Además, cuenta con dos embalses: el Luchetti, de una capacidad original de 16,500 acres/pies, y el Loco de 1,950 acres/pies.

Entre sus otros accidentes geográficos, se encuentran la bahía de La Ballena, así como las cuevas: El Convento y El Negro, localizadas en el barrio Duey.

En la región de Yauco, estaba localizado el yucayeque de Agüeybaná, uno de los caciques más importantes de la Isla. Se dice que Coayuco, como era conocida esta región por los indios taínos, fue visitado por Juan Ponce de León en el 1508; éste fue recibido por el cacique Agüeybaná, quien proveyó al conquistador de guías para explorar la Isla.

Más tarde, Guaybaná, el cacique que asumió el poder luego de la muerte de Agüeybaná, dirigió una insurrección contra los conquistadores a causa del sistema de encomiendas. En dicha insurrección, murieron muchos españoles, entre ellos, Cristóbal de Sotomayor, alguacil mayor de la Isla. A consecuencia de este ataque, Juan Ponce de León ordenó una enorme cacería de indios en Coayuco. Guaybaná murió en uno de estos ataques.

Después del 1512, la Isla fue dividida en dos secciones territoriales: el partido de Puerto Rico y el de San Germán. Yauco pasó a formar parte de este último. A mediados del siglo XVIII, Yauco ya contaba con una ermita, la misma fue erigida en honor a Nuestra Señora del Rosario. Por esta época, estuvo a cargo del capellán fray Pablo de Santiago.

En el 1755, Fernando Pacheco encabezó el grupo de vecinos que solicitó al gobernador y capitán general, Felipe de Estenós, autorización para fundar el pueblo. El 29 de febrero de 1756, la corona española autorizó su fundación. Fue, entonces, que se llevó a cabo el trazado de los edificios principales, tales como el cabildo, la iglesia, el hospital, la plaza y las calles. Pacheco pasó a ser su primer alcalde. A partir de la Real Cédula de Gracia de 1815, el poblado de Yauco prosperó notablemente, gracias a la introducción del cultivo del algodón, del azúcar y del cafeto. Los numerosos inmigrantes corsos que arribaron a la zona montañosa del suroeste de la Isla se dedicaron a cultivar la tierra. El cultivo del café en Yauco se emprendió, originalmente, en los barrios Rancheras y Diego Hernández y luego se extendió a los barrios: Aguas Blancas, Frailes y Rubias.

En 1872, el pueblo yaucano ya tenía 11 casas de mampostería, 166 casas de madera, 77 ranchos o bohíos y dos edificios públicos (la iglesia y la alcaldía), A fines de siglo, el territorio estaba organizado en veinte barrios: Algarrobo, Almácigo Alto, Almácigo Bajo, Aguas Blancas, Barina Alta, Barina Baja, Collores, Diego Hernández, Duey, Frailes, Guánica, Jácana, Naranjo, Quebradas, Rancheras, Río Prieto, Sierra Alta, Susúa Alta, Susúa Baja y Vegas.

En Yauco se levantó el ‘último grito de rebeldía’ en contra del gobierno español. El 24 de marzo de 1897, alrededor de sesenta insurrectos, bajo el mando de Fidel Vélez, se levantaron en armas contra el régimen colonial. Otros de los líderes de dicha revuelta fueron: Manuel Catalá, Antonio Mattei Lluveras y Agustín Morales, quienes intentaron apoderarse del ayuntamiento y alzaron la bandera puertorriqueña, bordada por la esposa de Fidel Vélez. Muchos de estos líderes fueron arrestados y llevados al Morro. El 27 de julio de 1898, arribaron a Yauco las tropas estadounidenses del General Miles. Para esta época, el municipio ya contaba con varias instalaciones de manufactura: fábricas de muebles, galletas, pastas alimenticias, chocolates, entre otras.

Símbolos

Bandera
La bandera de Yauco está dividida en dos rectángulos horizontales. El superior es de color negro y simboliza el café. El inferior, de color dorado, representa la caña de azúcar. Ambos colores han sido incorporados en los uniformes deportivos de los equipos yaucanos. En el centro de la bandera, se destaca el escudo del pueblo.

Escudo
El escudo está cuartelado por una cruz central que representa la cristiandad. El primer cuartel, así como el cuarto, exhibe el escudo de la familia Pacheco, en honor a Fernando Pacheco, fundador y primer alcalde de Yauco. El segundo y tercer cuartel, en campo de oro, posee dos flores de cafeto de cinco hojas de plata y cuatro puntos en gules que simbolizan granos de café. Estos representan la importancia de la industria cafetalera para la municipalidad yaucana. El borde del escudo representa las cuentas del rosario y la corona mural de tres torres, establece su categoría de pueblo.

La descripción heráldica del escudo lee como sigue:

‘En campo de plata, hay una caldera jaquelada de oro y sable, gringoladas de siete cuellos y cabezas de sierpe de sinople en cada asa, linguadas de gules, tres a la diestra, afrontadas con cuatro a la siniestra. Bordura jaquelada de oro y sable en dos órdenes’.

Lugares de interés

• Casa Agre
• Casa Cesari
• Lago Luchetti
• Lago Vegas
• Ruinas Ermita Nuestra Señora del Rosario
• Teatro Ideal
• Tozza Castle

Personajes ilustres

Loida Figueroa – Poeta, historiadora y novelista de mediados del siglo XX.

Francisco Lluch Mora – Poeta y ensayista. Escribió “Canto a Yauco” y “Canto a Eugenio María de Hostos”, entre otros poemas, al igual que prosa. Reconocido Humanista del año en 1994 por la Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades.

Ismael Vélez
– Investigador científico y botánico de fama internacional.

Amaury Veray –
Compositor contemporáneo del periodo nacionalista de música boricua. Compuso el clásico navideño titulado “Villancico yaucano”.

Eventos

• Festival del Café – febrero
• Fiestas Patronales – octubre
• Fiestas Navideñas – diciembre

Nota
: Estos artículos han sido editados y cotejados por académicos y especialistas en Historia. Pueden existir discrepancias entre historiadores con respecto a algunos datos.

Texto tomado de la enciclopediapr.org

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Yauco

Yauco (Spanish: [ˈʝawko]) is a town and municipality in southwestern Puerto Rico. Although the downtown is inland, the municipality stretches to a southern coast facing the Caribbean Sea. Yauco is located south of Maricao, Lares and Adjuntas; east of Sabana Grande and Guánica; and west of Guayanilla. The municipality consists of 20 barrios and Yauco barrio-pueblo. It is both a principal town of the Yauco Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Ponce-Yauco-Coamo Combined Statistical Area.

It was founded by Fernando Pacheco on February 29, 1756, and developed for commodity crops of tobacco, sugar cane, and coffee. Yauco became a center for Corsican immigration to Puerto Rico in the 19th century due to its geographical similarity to their homeland. Corsicans have contributed to many areas of life in Yauco, particularly to its coffee industry. This has played a role in the town’s nicknames of El Pueblo del Café (Town of Coffee), and Los Corsos (The Corsicans). It is also known as La Capital Taína (the Taíno capital) after the native peoples of Puerto Rico.

History

Yauco was named after the river Yauco, which the indigenous Taíno called coayuco, meaning «yucca plantation».

The Taino natives considered the area of Yauco the capital of Boriken (Taíno name for what is today called «Puerto Rico») and was governed by Agüeybana, the most powerful Taíno «cacique» (chief) in the island. All the other caciques were subject to and had to obey Agüeybaná, although they governed their own tribes. Upon Agüeybaná’s death in 1510, his nephew, Güeybaná (also known as Agüeybaná II), became the most powerful cacique in the island. Agüeybaná II doubted the «godly» status the Spaniards were rumored to have. He came up with a plan to test these doubts: he and Urayoán (cacique of Añasco) sent some of their tribe members to lure a Spaniard named Diego Salcedo into a river and drown him. They watched over Salcedo’s body to ensure that he did not revive. Salcedo’s death convinced Agüeybaná II and the rest of the Taíno that the Spaniards were not gods. They rebelled against the Spanish in 1511 but were defeated.

In 1755, the Spanish settlers of the region built a small chapel and named it Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (Our Lady of the Holy Rosary). The settlers sent Fernando Pacheco as their representative to the Spanish Government, to request the establishment of a municipality, since they had satisfied one of the requirements for the establishment of a municipality, namely, to establish a place of worship. On February 29, 1756, the King of Spain granted the settlers their request and the town of Yauco was founded. Fernando Pacheco was named First Lieutenant of War of the new town.

From the mid-19th to the early 20th century, hundreds of Corsican, Italian, French, Portuguese, Irish, Scots, and German immigrants arrived in Puerto Rico, attracted by the Spanish Crown’s offer of free land. They settled mostly in the south central region.

19th century Corsican immigration

The island of Puerto Rico is very similar in geography to the island of Corsica and appealed to the many Corsican immigrants. Corsica was part of the Republic of Genoa for centuries until 1768. Corsicans descend from a combination of ancient Corsi people from northeastern Sardinia and people who came over later from northern and central Italy (including Tuscans, Etruscans, Ligurians, and Romans) along with, to a lesser extent, Greeks and Carthaginians. It’s been part of France since 1768, but retains a distinct Italian culture. Corsica was ruled by the Republic of Genoa from 1284 to 1755, when it became a self-proclaimed Italian-speaking Republic. In 1768, Genoa officially ceded it to Louis XV of France as part of a pledge for debts and in 1769 France forcibly annexed it.

Hundreds of Corsicans and their families immigrated to Puerto Rico from as early as 1830, and their numbers peaked in the 1850s, after European unrest following the Revolutions of 1848, and environmental problems of lengthy drought. The Corsicans tended to settle in the mountainous southwestern region of the island, and Yauco attracted the majority of them. As noted, the three main crops were coffee, sugar cane and tobacco. The new settlers first worked on the farms, and some saved money in order to own and operate their own grocery stores. They began to specialize in cultivation of coffee as a commodity crop.

Coffee was first cultivated in the Rancheras and Diego Hernández sectors; it was expanded to the Aguas Blancas, Frailes and Rubias sectors. The Mariani family adapted a cotton gin in the 1860s to use in mechanical dehusking of coffee. This improved the appearance of Puerto Rico’s coffee beans and helped it stand out in the international coffee market. By the 1860s the Corsican settlers were the leaders of the coffee industry in Puerto Rico, and seven out of ten coffee plantations were owned by Corsicans.

Intentona de Yauco

The pro-independence movement raised the second and last major revolt here against Spanish colonial rule in Puerto Rico, known as the Intentona de Yauco, a. k.a. the «Attempted Coup of Yauco.» The revolt, which occurred on March 26, 1897, was organized by Antonio Mattei Lluberas, Mateo Mercado and Fidel Vélez. They were supported by leaders of «El Grito de Lares», the first major independence attempt, who were in exile in New York City as members of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee. During this uprising, Vélez raised for the first time what became the current flag of Puerto Rico on local soil. Local Spanish authorities had heard rumors of the revolt and acted swiftly to suppress it.

Spanish–American War

In 1898, upon the outbreak of the Spanish–American War, Guánica was a small barrio within the town of Yauco. It had 60 houses in all and was defended only by eleven members of the 4th Volante de Yauco, a Puerto Rican militia unit, under the command of Lieutenant Enrique Méndez López. When the convoy with General Nelson A. Miles, approached the barrio, Guánica lighthouse keeper Robustiano Rivera immediately alerted its residents. Nearly all the residents abandoned their homes and joined Rivera to go to Yauco, where he broke the news of the invading forces to the town’s mayor. Only Agustín Barrenechea, Vicente Ferrer, Juan María Morciglio, Simón Mejil, Salvador Muñoz, Cornelio Serrano and Pascual Elena stayed to welcome the invaders.

The first skirmish between Spanish/Puerto Rican and American armed forces was fought in that barrio between the Puerto Rican militia and twenty-eight sailors and Marines, under the command of Lieutenants H. P. Huse and Wood. They had come from the on rafts and landed on the beach, where Lt. Méndez López and his men opened fire on the Americans. During the small battle which followed, the Americans returned fire with a machine gun and the Gloucester began to bombard the Spanish position. Lt. Méndez López and three of his men were wounded, and the militia unit retreated to the town of Yauco.

This was also the site of the first major land battle in Puerto Rico during the war between Spanish/Puerto Rican and American armed forces. On July 26, 1898, Spanish forces and Puerto Rican volunteers, led by Captain Salvador Meca and Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Puig, fought against American forces led by Brigadier General George A. Garretson. The Spanish forces engaged the 6th Massachusetts in a firefight at the Hacienda Desideria, owned by Antonio Mariani, in what became known as the Battle of Yauco of the Puerto Rico Campaign. The casualties of Puig’s forces were two officers and three soldiers wounded and two soldiers dead. The Spanish forces were ordered to retreat.

Earthquake in 2020

Multiple residences and structures in Yauco were damaged in a series of earthquakes with increasing magnitude that started on December 28, 2019 and culminating with a 6.4-magnitude earthquake that struck the island in the morning hours of January 7, 2020. More than thirty-two residences collapsed and hundreds were structurally unsound after the earthquake struck near Yauco. To aid residents who were left without power or homeless, the National Guard was mobilized. A center for emergency operations was set up in the municipality’s auditorium parking area, with air-conditioned tarps and tents for evacuated hospital patients and with food being cooked by World Central Kitchen.

Hurricane Maria

Significant rainfall from Hurricane Maria, on September 20, 2017, triggered numerous landslides in Yauco, leaving entire communities cut-off. The Yauco River caused flooding that decimated entire neighborhoods.

Geography

Yauco is a mountainous municipality which is bisected by the Río Yauco. Other rivers in the municipality are the Río Chiquito, Duey Loco and Río Naranjo. Hills in the area include Mount Membrillo, the Rodadero Peak and the Curet Hill.

Barrios

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Yauco is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as .

  1. Aguas Blancas
  2. Algarrobo
  3. Almácigo Alto
  4. Almácigo Bajo
  5. Barina
  6. Caimito
  7. Collores
  8. Diego Hernández
  9. Duey
  10. Frailes
  11. Jácana
  12. Naranjo
  13. Quebradas
  14. Ranchera
  15. Río Prieto
  16. Rubias
  17. Sierra Alta
  18. Susúa Alta
  19. Susúa Baja
  20. Vegas
  21. Yauco barrio-pueblo

Sectors

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions) and subbarrios, in turn, are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.

Special Communities

(Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Yauco: Diego Hernández, Frailes, Ranchera, Sector Primitivo Irizarry in Quebradas, El Pozo, Sector Cantera, Pueblo Norte (El C…

Text taken from Wikipedia — Yauco, Puerto Rico under the CC-BY-SA-3.0 on July 29, 2021

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Karpukas from Lokomotiv and Barrios from Zenit made the most tackles in ten rounds

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News -league (RPL) by the number of selections, the press service of the tournament said.

The 20-year-old railroad player has played eight games in the RPL this season, played a total of 581 minutes and made 37 tackles.

Zenit midfielder Vilmar Barrios scored the same number of tackles with two games more. Third on the list is Krylya Sovetov defender Glenn Bale (31).

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Zenit leads the RPL table after ten rounds with 26 points, Rostov is second (22), CSKA is third (20).

In the 11th round, Zenit will play Rostov at home on October 2.

Fonbet accepts bets on the victory of the St. Petersburg club with a coefficient of 1.40, on the victory of Rostov — with a coefficient of 7.60.

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Nicaraguan President intends to win his fifth election

Nicaraguan elections start, which is expected to win again incumbent President Daniel Ortega, who has led the country for the past 14 years. His wife, Rosario Murillo, is running for the vice-president position, reports Business Kazakhstan .

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Ortega, who in 1979, together with the rebel movement, took part in the overthrow of the dictator Anastasio Somoza, first became president of Nicaragua in 1985. Then he won the elections three times in a row — in 2006, 2011 and 2016. In order for Ortega to participate in the 2011 elections, changes had to be made to the country’s constitution, BBC reports.

Thus, 75-year-old Ortega is running for his fifth presidential term. Although less than a fifth of voters are going to vote for Ortega in a recent poll, he is expected to win.

No competition

There are five other candidates for the presidency, the most prominent of which are Walter Espinosa of the Liberal Constitutionalist Party and Guillermo Osorno, leader of the Nicaraguan Christian Way Party, who ran in the 1996 presidential election.

Candidates admitted to the elections are called «collaborators» in the opposition-minded media, who participate in the «pre-election farce». Those who, according to the opposition, could be a real competitor to Ortega, were not allowed to run.

In the summer, several opposition politicians were detained in Nicaragua, who declared their intention to fight for the post of head of state. Among them were the journalist and daughter of former President Christian Chamorro, diplomat Arturo Cruz, political scientist Felix Maradiaga, economist Juan Sebastian Chamorro and journalist Miguel Mora Barberena.

The daughter of former President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Cristiana Chamorro, who, according to some public opinion surveys, could become the favorite in the election race and Ortega’s main rival, was accused of money laundering and a number of other crimes.

On the eve of Election Day, opposition organizations and activists called for an election strike and a boycott of the elections. Authorities announced that 15,000 troops would be deployed to provide security on election day throughout the country.

The last time major protests took place in Nicaragua was in 2018. Their participants demanded, among other things, the resignation of the president and the organization of early elections. After the protests were crushed by the military, there were practically no demonstrations in the country, and many opposition politicians were forced to leave the country.

International response

After the crackdown on protests in 2018, the US and EU imposed sanctions on those responsible for «human rights violations or repression of society and democratic opposition» in Nicaragua.

It is expected that after the current elections, pressure on the government of Nicaragua may be increased. So, on the eve of Reuters reported that the administration of US President Joe Biden, together with foreign partners, is working on the preparation of new sanctions against Managua.

EU foreign ministers called for new sanctions against the Nicaraguan government and its officials. The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said last week that he considers the vote in Nicaragua «totally fake», and before that called the Ortega regime «one of the most terrible dictatorships in the world. »

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken issued a statement accusing Ortega and his wife and Vice President Murillo of «preparing fraudulent elections that do not inspire confidence.»

The Sandinista Revolution

Ortega’s political career began in 1967, when he joined the leadership of the pro-Soviet Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and led an urban resistance campaign that consisted mainly of robbing banks: money was needed for revolutionary activities . Soon Ortega was arrested and imprisoned.

In 1974 he was released in exchange for hostages held by the Sandinistas. After that, he went to Cuba, which provided the Nicaraguan revolutionaries with all the necessary assistance, and returned to the command of the rebels.

Five years later, in 1979, the Sandinistas overthrew the dictatorial regime of the Somoza dynasty, and Ortega became one of the five members of the new leadership of Nicaragua, and soon the de facto ruler of the country.

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