Top historical places to visit: The 25 Best Historical Places In The World To Visit
The 25 Best Historical Places In The World To Visit
If you’re looking for an adventure, then consider visiting some of the world’s most historical sites! These locations are steeped in history and offer a unique opportunity to learn about our past. From ancient ruins to palaces and cathedrals, there is something for everyone when it comes to historical places. In this article, we will explore some of the best historical places in the world. So pack your bags and get ready for a journey through time!
The Most Impressive Historical Places In the World
There are some historical places in the world that should be on everyone’s bucket list. These historical sites are so much more than just old buildings or ruins.
They offer a glimpse into history, and let travelers walk in the footsteps of ancient civilizations and famous people.
The most iconic historical places in the world
1. Petra, Jordan
Our list begins with Petra, Jordan. This ancient city is located in a narrow gorge and was built by the Nabataeans more than 2000 years ago.
This historic place became an important stop on the caravan route between Africa and Arabia. Petra was largely abandoned after a major earthquake in 363 CE. However, shepherds used the ruins for shelter for centuries afterwards.
Petra is carved into the side of a cliff and most of it is still hidden underground. The only entrance is through a narrow gorge, called the Siq, which opens onto the city’s main square, or piazza. Petra was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
It’s now one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Middle East. Many movies have been shot at Petra including Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Mummy Returns and Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.
2. Machu Picchu, Peru
Next up is Machu Picchu, Peru. This Inca city was built around 1500 AD and abandoned just over 100 years later.
The site remained unknown to the western world until 1911 when it was discovered by the explorer Hiram Bingham III. It’s estimated that there were more than 140 structures at one point in time.
These buildings were constructed using dry-stone walls, with no mortar. Although the purpose of this Inca citadel is unknown, some believe that it was a ceremonial site or the estate of the Inca emperor Pachacuti.
Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Machu Picchu, Peru, South America
3. The Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum is one of the most iconic historical places in the world. This ancient Roman amphitheatre was completed in 80 AD and is a marvel of engineering.
This structure was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian in 72 AD and took over a decade to complete. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and other public spectacles.
It is estimated that over 500,000 people lost their lives in the Colosseum. Today, it is a popular tourist destination and one of Rome’s most iconic landmarks.
The Colosseum in Rome at sunset
4. Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Angkor Wat is an ancient temple complex in Siem Reap, Cambodia that dates back to the 12th century.
It was built as a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu. The site later became a Buddhist temple, but today it is visited by people from all over the world regardless of their religion.
Angkor Wat is considered to be one of the most impressive religious monuments in the world and is a must-see for anyone visiting Southeast Asia.
Angkor Wat Temple, Siem Reap in Cambodia
5. The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is an ancient defensive barrier that spans over 13,000 miles. It’s one of the most popular tourist destinations in China and a must-see for anyone visiting Asia.
This series of fortifications was built to protect the northern border of China from invaders. It was constructed in several phases during the Qin dynasty (221 BC to 206 BC) and rebuilt during the Ming dynasty.
The wall has been designated one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites since 1987. You can visit this historical site by taking a guided tour or walking around on your own.
Walking along the Great Wall of China
6. The Taj Mahal, India
The Taj Mahal is an ancient mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahan between 1632-1649 to honor his wife Mumtaz Mahal after her death from childbirth.
The elaborate mausoleum was constructed using white marble and precious stones such as jade, sapphire and turquoise. It’s considered to be one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and a must-see for any traveller visiting India.
The Taj Mahal at sunrise
7. The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
The Pyramids of Giza are some of the oldest and most famous monuments in the world. These ancient Egyptian pyramids were probably built in the 26th century BC.
They were part of a funerary complex and were constructed as tombs for three pharaohs: Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Great Pyramid) is the largest and oldest of these pyramids. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing.
There are many mysteries surrounding this structure, such as how the ancient Egyptians were able to move such large stones and how they managed to build the pyramids so precisely.
The Pyramids of Giza in the desert by day
8. Stonehenge, England
Stonehenge is an ancient stone circle located in Wiltshire, England. It’s one of the most mysterious and popular tourist destinations in the United Kingdom.
There are two prehistoric stone circles surrounded by chalk pits known as Aubrey holes. The stones are thought to have been brought here from Wales and Cornwall.
The stone circles are thought to have been erected between 3000-2000 BC and their purpose is still unknown to this day. It is thought that astronomical rituals may have taken place here.
Sunset over Stonehenge, Wiltshire, UK
9. The Great Sphinx of Giza, Egypt
The Great Sphinx of Giza is an ancient statue that was built between 2500 BC and 2400 BC. It’s located near Cairo in Egypt and is one of the oldest known monumental sculptures from antiquity.
The massive structure stands 73 metres high and is thought to have been built for Pharaoh Khafre. Based on a mythological creature, it was carved from one giant piece of stone.
The Great Sphinx at Giza plateau, Cairo, Egypt
10. The Forbidden City, Beijing
The Forbidden City was the Imperial Palace of the Chinese emperors from 1420 to 1912. It’s located in central Beijing and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There are 980 buildings and over 8,000 rooms, making it the largest palace complex in the world. In fact, this colossal structure is spread over 7.75 million square feet.
This is one of the best preserved wooden buildings in the world, and a must-see for anyone visiting China. As access was barred to most citizens, it was named The Forbidden City. However, it is now a museum and you can visit with a tour guide or explore on your own.
Entrance to the Forbidden City in Beijing, China
11. The Acropolis, Athens
The Acropolis is a hilltop complex in Athens that contains some of the most famous historical sites in Greece. The most famous structure on the Acropolis is the Parthenon, an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Built between 447 BC and 432 BC, it’s considered one of the greatest achievements in classical architecture. The Parthenon has been admired throughout history by many renowned architects such as Le Corbusier.
Other structures on the Acropolis include the Propylaea (a gateway), and The Erechtheion (also known as the Temple of Athena Polias). One of the best ways to see these historic sites is by taking a guided tour.
The Parthenon temple and Athenian Acropolis
12. Easter Island
This ancient site in the southeastern Pacific Ocean is famous for its huge statues. Known as moai, they were carved by early inhabitants.
Easter Island, whose native name is Rapa Nui, measures around 64 square miles. Estimates on when the island was settled range from around 300 to 1200 CE by people from Polynesia. The moai are almost all carved from tuff, a volcanic tuff rock native to the island.
Most of the statues are around 13 feet high (four meters), although the tallest completed moai was 33 feet high (12 meters). The moai statues that you see today have been re-erected by archaeologists.
Today, Rapa Nui National Park is a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The famous Easter Island statues
13. The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of Italy’s most famous landmarks. Construction began on a marshy site in 1173 and only finished in 1399!
After the first three stories were built out of the 8 that were planned, it was noticed that the tower was leaning. This was due to the soft ground on which it was constructed, and the tower has been leaning ever since!
The tower leans at an angle of about five and a half degrees, which is enough to make it seem like it might topple over any moment, although it’s perfectly safe. You can visit this historical site in the city of Pisa, which is located in Tuscany.
Pisa Leaning Tower and Cathedral Basilica at sunrise
14. The Terracotta Army, China
The Terracotta Army in China dates back to 210 BC, when Emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered more than 700,000 men to build his army. It is thought that he believed the warriors would one day protect him in the afterlife.
The site was discovered in 1974 by a group of farmers who were digging a well on their land. This famous archaeological site is now a popular tourist attraction. There are over 8,000 known terracotta figures here.
The world famous Terracotta Army
15. The Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
The Hagia Sophia is an ancient structure that was built between AD532-AD537 as a Greek Orthodox cathedral in Constantinople, which is present-day Istanbul. It was converted into a mosque after the city was conquered by the Ottomans in 1453.
In 1935, this famous Turkish landmark became a museum and has since been open to visitors from all over the world. The interior of this historical site is covered in mosaics that depict the Virgin and Child and other religious figures.
Hagia Sophia at night
16. The Palace of Versailles, France
The Palace of Versailles is considered to be one of the most spectacular palaces in Europe. It was built in the French Baroque style of architecture.
Louis XIII originally built a hunting lodge on the site of the Palace of Versailles in 1623. It was replaced with a chateau which was expanded by Louis XIV in the late 17th century to become one of the grandest palaces in Europe.
The palace grounds include a maze, parkland and several other historical sites such as Marie Antoinette’s Hamlet (a rustic retreat). Versailles is located just outside Paris and can be visited on day trips from the city.
The Palace of Versailles near Paris, France
17. The Great Mosque of Djenne, Mali
The Great Mosque of Djenne is the largest mud-brick building in the world. On this site, an ancient mosque was built in the 13th century by King Mansa Musa.
The mosque has been rebuilt around a dozen times. It is made from sun-dried earth bricks coated with plaster.
The architecture features three towers with mud brick domes and a spacious prayer hall inside. The local community takes part in an annual festival to help to repair any erosion to this unique UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A front view of the Djenne mud mosque in Mali
18. The Palace of Westminster, London
Also known as the Houses of Parliament, parts of the Palace of Westminster have been used for legislative purposes since the 13th century. A fire destroyed much of the original complex in 1834, and the new palace was constructed in its place.
The most well known part of the palace is the Big Ben clock tower, which was named after Benjamin Hall (the first commissioner of works). This famous London landmark was renamed Elizabeth Tower in honor of Queen Elizabeth II in 2012.
Visitors can take guided tours of the Houses of Parliament or simply enjoy the views from outside. However, these tours don’t include Big Ben. It’s a fun activity for couples in London.
Big Ben and the Palace of Westminster in London in Spring
19. Old City of Jerusalem
If you visit Jerusalem, you can’t help but be amazed by the number of historical places. The Old City and its Walls have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.
Located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains, Jerusalem has also been home to many faiths, such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall is where many people come to place prayer notes in the cracks of the wall.
According to the Bible, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is where Jesus was crucified and buried. Temple Mount is another important historic site, where the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque are located.
Old City of Jerusalem, Israel – best historical places to visit
20. The Eiffel Tower, Paris
The Eiffel Tower was constructed for the 1889 Paris Exposition Universelle. Originally intended to be temporary, this iconic French landmark was never removed from its site due to popular demand.
It has since become one of the most recognizable buildings in France and one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites since 1989.
Designed by engineer Gustave Eiffel, the groundbreaking structure was the tallest building in the world at the time. Made from wrought iron, La Tour Eiffel is 300 meters high.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France
21. Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza is one of the most famous historical places in Mexico. It’s not known exactly when it was built but it’s thought to be at least 1,500 years old.
Built by Mayan people, it also has elements from other cultures including the Toltecs and the Aztecs. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is best known for its Pyramid of Kukulkan which is also known as El Castillo.
The Mayans practised astronomy at Chichen Itza and the pyramid is thought to have been used as a solar calendar. Also on the site, there are several cenotes, sinkholes that are found in Mexico.
The ancient Pyramid of Kukulcan in Chichen Itza, Mexico
22. The Alamo, Texas
The Alamo is a famous historical site located in San Antonio, TX. It was originally built as the chapel of a Spanish mission in the 18th century.
However, it’s most famous for being the site of a major battle during the Texas Revolution. A small group of Texans fought for independence against the Mexican army. This led the rest of Texas to fight and eventually declare victory at the Battle of San Jacinto.
The Alamo Mission in San Antonio, Texas
23. Pompeii, Italy
Built around 2,000 years ago during the Roman empire, Pompeii was rediscovered in 1748. The preserved ruins are protected as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Near Naples, Italy, this historical site was buried under rock and ash by the eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Around 20 feet (6m) of ash fell on Pompeii, causing roofs to collapse under its weight but leaving walls intact.
The eruption preserved everything from jars of preserved fruit to paintings on the wall to bodies believed to be of the victims. Despite this, only two thirds of the site have been excavated and much remains buried beneath the ash to this day.
The ancient city of Pompeii – historical places of the world
24. Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona
Located on Navajo land near Chinle, Arizona, Canyon de Chelly is one of the best historical sites in the world. It was protected by the Navajo tribes for centuries. During the American Civil War, the Navajo refused to leave their ancestral home. The US Army forced them out of these canyon lands in 1864. The Navajo were finally allowed to return to their lands in 1868.
Nowadays, Canyon de Chelly National Monument preserves more than 5,000 years of human occupation. The Monument protects over 800 archaeological sites! This includes cliff dwellings like Mummy Cave, Antelope House, and White House.
Former cliff dwellings at Canyon de Chelly
25. Efes, Turkey
Efes is a historical place near Izmir on the western coast of Turkey. Once an ancient Greek city known as Ephesus, it is one of the best preserved classical sites in the world today.
Built in the 10th century BC, the site has many impressive ruins, including an amphitheater which had seating for 25,000 people. Originally a thriving community, Ephesus was eventually abandoned when silt clogged up the harbor and no ships could reach the city.
In 1863, a British architect began searching for the Artemision or Temple of Artemis at Efes. He discovered the pavement of the temple, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, in 1869.
The preserved ruins are protected as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Efes is open today for tourists with guided tours allowing them to visit the amphitheater, theater, stadium and other ruins. Along with the Ephesus Archaeological Museum that has artifacts from Efes’ long history in their collection, this makes it one of the best historical places in the world.
Celsus Library at Ephesus ancient city in Izmir, Turkey
In Conclusion: Best Historical Monuments in the World
There are so many amazing historical places in the world to visit that it’s hard to know where to start. These are just a few of our favorite ancient structures.
We hope that this article will inspire you to travel and experience some of these amazing places for yourself! Traveling is the best way to learn firsthand about different cultures and traditions around the globe. Which site do you think should be next on this list?
You might also enjoy:
- The Best Gothic Cities in the World
- The Most Beautiful Cities in the World
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The Best 15 Historical Sites in the World (Updated 2022)
Last Updated: 2/2/2020 | February 2nd, 2020
The world is filled with mind-blowing man-made historical sites and wonders out there. Over the thousands of years of human history, we’ve produced some pretty amazing stuff, even if, sadly, not all of it has lastest until today.
With many breathtaking and incredible historical sites built by ancient civilizations, it’s sometimes hard to narrow down the best. Think of all the lists of historical wonders out there and how different they. What criteria do you judge on? What makes a good historical site? What makes the best?
Everyone has their own criteria in deciding what historical places are good or aren’t good – including me. I’ve spent the last decade traveling around the world and have visited more than ninety countries. I’ve seen a lot of the best historical sites and monuments in the world.
Below are my favorite historical sites that I think every traveler should try to visit at some point. The story these ruins tell is part of humanity’s story. They guess a deep understanding of our history, power, commonalities, and shared experiences. They show us how we’ve developed as a species. Don’t miss them!
Here’s the best to see this year:
Favorite Historical Site #1: Machu Picchu
Located in southern Peru, this ruined city lies on top of a mountain that’s only accessible by train or a four-day trek. Rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911, it was an important cultural center for the Inca civilization but was abandoned when the Spanish invaded the region. (It is famously referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas,” though that is actually Vilcabamba). The location was made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983, and it was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. Concerns over growing numbers of tourists have led to limitations on how many people can enter the site, though only by a fraction of what is necessary. Hopefully, they will limit it even more so this site can last for hundreds of years more.
How to get there
Machu Picchu is open year-round. The easiest way to get to from Cusco to Machu Picchu is to take the train to Aguas Calientes (the town located a few miles from the site). It’s a scenic 3.5-hour trip each way along tracks that run right along the Urubamba River in the Sacred Valley, with dramatic canyon walls on either side. The other way to get from Cusco to Machu Picchu is to walk as part of a multi-day Inca trail tour, which is the far more scenic and rewarding way. My preferred tour company for that is Intrepid.
Favorite Historical Site #2: Tikal
This Mayan city-state is one of the largest and best-preserved ruins of that civilization and was a dominant force in the Mayan world during the Classic Period (200-900 AD). Located in Guatemala, this place lets you experience your inner Indiana Jones early in the morning or late at night when the tourists go home and it’s just you and the jungle. It is very serene, and that made for one of the best travel memories I have. Be sure to spend the night in the park, as you then really get to see it without the crowds. I particularly enjoyed seeing the sunrise from atop the temples. (Random trivia: The city at the end of Star Wars: A New Hope? Tikal!)
How to get there
Tour companies have mini-buses that will pick you up from your hotel in Flores and cost 100 GTQ return or 70 GTQ without the guided tour. Regular public buses leave from the Santa Elena bus station every 30-60 minutes and take two hours. They do not run on Sundays. If you’re coming from Belize, you may find a bus at the border for 100 GTQ per person. Otherwise, the best way to get there from Belize is to do a tour from San Ignacio or drive yourself (watch out for border officials overcharging you for visas!). The park’s main gate opens at 6 am and officially closes at 6 pm. Adult tickets for foreigners are 150 GTQ.
Favorite Historical Site #3: The Pyramids at Giza
They’re over 3,000 years old, and we still don’t have a good idea as to how they were built or how the Egyptians made them so precise (were aliens involved?). The three pyramids align to the stars and the solstices and contain tons of chambers that still haven’t been (and cannot be) opened. I mean, how did they create those little chambers where people can’t even crawl through? The largest one, called the Great Pyramid, was built by the Pharaoh Khufu and has limited access to it. The Pyramids are truly a marvel of human engineering that was fit for kings. (You will also find the Sphinx nearby, another historical site whose mysteries baffle researchers and are the subject of many conspiracy theories.)
How to get there
Take a bus from Midan Tahrir. The large buses that go to the pyramids are #800 and #900. The small bus that makes the trip is number 82. When you arrive, you can take a ride on a camel or horse to the pyramids themselves. They are open Monday to Sunday from 7am to 5pm. General Admission is 60 EGP. To go inside the pyramids, it’s an extra 100 EGP.
Favorite Historical Site #4: Angkor Wat
This ancient city in Cambodia was the center of the Khmer Empire that once ruled most of Southeast Asia. This empire fell into decline, but not before building amazing temples and buildings that were later reclaimed by the jungle for hundreds of years.
Though Angkor Wat is packed with tourists, it’s still breathtaking to see. And the temple regions to the north and south see far fewer tourists than the main temple grouping. (Though admittedly, some of them are simply piles of stone rubble now.)
The most popular temples are Angkor Wat, Bayon, Ta Phrom, and Angkor Thom, and they always have crowds. In order to really experience the temples, you’ll need to purchase the three- or five-day pass. The best time to visit is early in the morning before the big tour groups arrive and stay late after they have gone.
How to get there
The temples are about a 20-minute drive from Siem Reap. A 1-day pass is $37 USD, 3-day is $62 USD, and 7-day is $72 USD. There’s no real need to carry the local currency, Cambodian Riels (KHR), unless you paying for really small things on the street. You can rent a tuk-tuk driver for about $20 for a day to take you around or bike around yourself. The area is too big to walk.
For more travel tips on Angkor Wat, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #5: Petra
Carved into a canyon in Arabah, Jordan, Petra was made famous by the third Indiana Jones film when he went to find the Holy Grail. The site was “discovered” in 1812 by a Swiss explorer who followed some local tribesmen there; prior to that, it had been forgotten to the Western world. Though its founding is unknown, it appears this place had settlers as early as the 6th century BC. Under Roman rule, the site declined rapidly and was abandoned by the late 4th century. In 1985, Petra became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was recently named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
How to get there
Tour companies run full day tours that include entrance fees, horse ride, and an English speaking guide. Intrepid also offers multi-day tours. If you are driving, Petra is a 3-hour drive from Amman. The site is open from 6 am to 6 pm. The entrance fee is 50 JD.
Favorite Historical Site #6: Stonehenge
Located near Salisbury, this megalithic structure is over 3,000 years old, and its stones come all the way from Wales. Scholars still are not sure how the builders got the stones there and have tried to replicate the feat, with dismal results. Moreover, we only have a vague idea of its purpose (we’re basically just guessing). Stonehenge is now fenced off, and you can no longer go into the circle; visitors can only walk around the attraction. But it’s worth visiting for the mystery behind it and an excellent and detailed audio tour.
How to get there
Trains leave from London to Salisbury every thirty minutes from 6.30am. Stonehenge is open from 9:30 am to 7 pm from March 30 – May 31, 9am-8pm from June 1 – August 31, 9:30am-7pm from September 1 – October 15, and 9:30am-5pm from October 16 – March 29. Prices start at 17.50 GBP for adults, and 10.50 GBP for children.
For more travel tips on England, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #7: The Colosseum and Forum
The Colosseum and the Forum are right next to each other in Rome, so I included them together. Remnants of a civilization that once controlled the known world, these sites are breathtaking not only for their beauty but also for their history and age. You’re standing in the spot Caesar walked and gazing into the arena where gladiators battled to the death. The Colosseum has slowly crumbled throughout the ages, and much of it is restricted now, especially the floor and basement where everything was organized. The Forum is great to walk around (and it’s free), though a ticket is required for Palatine Hill. I would definitely get a guided tour because the information presented by the authorities doesn’t go into much detail.
How to get there
Take “B” line Metro station Colosseo. Bus lines 51, 75, 85, 87 and 118 go to the Colosseum as well. You can also take tram line number 3. The Colosseum opens at 8:30 am year-round and closes depending on the season. Admission is 12 EUR. There is free entry on the first Sunday of the month so expect long lines.
For more travel tips on Rome, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #8: The Parthenon
Though it’s currently (and seemingly has been forever) getting a face-lift, the Parthenon is still astounding and breathtaking. This ancient temple to Athena stands as a symbol of the power of Athens and a testament to Greek civilization. Moreover, it provides a sweeping view of Athens and nearby ruins, whose temples and buildings are equally as wondrous. Over the centuries, much of it and the surrounding structures have been destroyed by war and thieves. Luckily, the structure still stands… at least for now. Note that there is scaffolding along the right side of the structure; considering it has been there for over five years, I doubt it is going anywhere anytime soon. They do things slowly in Greece.
How to get there
The easiest way is to follow Dioysiou Aeropagitou, the large pedestrian street that starts near Hadrian’s Arch and goes around the north of the Acropolis. You can also take the metro line 2 to “Akropolis” and when you get out of the station walk to your right and follow the people. Many bus routes service the area. You can also take trolleys 1, 5, or 15. Admission is 13 EUR for adults, and children enter free.
For more travel tips on Athens, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #9: Easter Island
Located out in the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island, a special territory of Chile, is home to Moai statues that are the only thing left of a culture that once lived here. These gigantic and impressively carved heads are just another reminder that primitive people were not really all that primitive. The stones that attract visitors to this island are made out of volcanic ash; many still remain in the quarry, left behind by the inhabitants as diminishing resources on the island left their tribes doomed to wars that finally killed them off.
How to get there
The island is accessible by regular commercial air service from Santiago. Easter Island is relatively small so it is possible to get around fairly easily.
For more travel tips on Chile, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #10: Taj Mahal
Built in the 1600s, this building in Agra, India, is a testament to undying love. This white marble tomb built for Emperor Shah Jahan’s deceased wife is a must-see for everyone. In 1983, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage site, and also has been named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. The Taj sees between two and four million tourists annually, so there have been recent restrictions on tourism in an effort to help protect the site. However, the greatest threat is the air pollution that is destroying the marble.
How to get there
The site is open from 8am-5pm from Saturday-Thursday and closed Fridays. Adults cost 1,000 RS. Children are free.
Favorite Historical Site #11: The Alhambra
The Alhambra is Granada’s — and Europe’s — love letter to Moorish culture, a place where fountains trickle, leaves rustle, and ancient spirits seem to mysteriously linger. Part palace, part fort, part World Heritage site, part lesson in medieval architecture, the Alhambra has long enchanted a never-ending line of expectant visitors. During the Napoleonic occupation, the Alhambra was used as a barracks and nearly blown up. What you see today has been heavily but respectfully restored. This is a beautiful site with so many various gardens and buildings, and its view of the historic area of Granada is second to none.
How to get there
Using public transport take line C3 and get off Generalife. The site is easily walkable from the downtown area of the city too. It is open daily from 8:30am – 8pm (April 1-October 14), and 8:30am-6pm (October 15-March 31). Due to high demand and visitor restrictions, I highly recommend booking in advance. Adult tickets are 14 EUR. Children under 12 are free.
For more travel tips on Granada, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #12: The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China actually consists of numerous walls and fortifications. It was originally conceived by Emperor Qin Shi Huang (ca. 259–210 BC) in the third century BC as a means of keeping out the Mongol hordes invading the country. The best-known and best-preserved section of the Great Wall was built in the 14th through 17th centuries, during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Though the Great Wall never effectively prevented invaders from entering China, it’s still a massive engineering and construction feat and human accomplishment.
How to get there
From Beijing, you can access the wall at Badaling, Juyongguan, Mutianyu, or Jinshanling. Badaling is just 47 miles from Beijing. You can easily take the public bus there for just 12 CNY. It takes less than 2 hours each way. Ticket prices for the wall are between 30-60 RMB. Visiting hours vary depending on which part of the wall you visit.
For more travel tips on China, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #13: Chichén Itzá
Chichén Itzá, meaning “at the mouth of the well of Itzá,” is the second most visited archeological site in Mexico and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It’s one of the most important Mayan historical structures in the Americas and has been restored greatly in the last few years.
How to get there
Chichen Itza is located 125 miles from Cancun and 75 miles from Merida. It can be visited as a day trip from either location. The admission fee is 188 MXN per person and free for children 12 and under. The site is open daily from 8am-5pm.
For more travel tips on Mexico, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #14: Volubilis
A major trading center and the southernmost settlement during Roman times, Volubilis in Morocco is one of the best preserved (and least frequented) ruins of its kind in the world. I found it empty of tourists, not built up, and open in a way that really lets you get up close and see the structures without being behind ten feet of barriers and jostled by crowds. Most of the city is still unexcavated, so the site has a very raw feel to it. I’ve been to a lot of Roman ruins in my travels, but I love this one the best. It’s a lovely day trip away from the crowds and noise of Fez. Entrance is 20 MAD (Moroccan dirhams), or about 5 USD.
How to get there
Volubilis is located about 19 miles north of the city of Meknes. It can be reached from Meknes by taxi, by car, or by organized tour. My preferred tour company is Intrepid. Volubilis is open daily and costs 20 MAD to enter.
For more travel tips on Morocco, check out this detailed planning guide.
Favorite Historical Site #15: Sukhothai
Located in a beautiful in north-central Thailand, Sukhothai was the capital of Thailand for a couple hundred years. This is site is often overlooked by travelers, as few stop there on the way to Chiang Mai. The central area contains 21 temples enclosed by a moat. Its many temples showcase the unique Sukhothai style of decoration, which incorporates Khmer (Cambodian) and Sri Lankan influences. It’s a huge, huge site and takes a good day or two to see. Most of it is exposed to the sun, so bring sunscreen or you’ll get massively sunburned.
How to get there
Buses from Bangkok’s northern bus terminal run daily between 7am-11pm. Prices start at 500 Baht. The journey takes about 7 hours. Buses run between Chiang Mai and Sukhothai from 7 am to midnight and fares start at 400 baht. The park is divided into five zones. Admission to each zone is 100 Baht or you can purchase a pass to all five zones for 350 baht.
For more travel tips on Thailand, check out this detailed planning guide.
The world has many amazing historical sites and these ones are the best but, even if you don’t make it to these, there are plenty more out there worth seeing. Just look some up where you are going! Make your own list! The more you know and understand the past, the more you can understand why people act the way they do in the present. Visiting these attractions and learning our history helps us get there!
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top 10 coolest places in the world
Our planet is full of unexplored corners, each of which we would like to visit. But even experienced travelers can’t experience everything, so we decided to compile a list that will help you decide on the places that you can visit in the near future.
You can not only read information about these wonderful places, but also see prices for tours, as well as find out which hotel is better for you to stay.
If you want professionals to pick up a ticket for you, then fill out the application form and Geography managers will contact you. You can buy a tour online, or you can consult with specialists in one of the 300 offices of our network.
In the meantime, here’s just the Top 10 most interesting places in the world.
We all love our holidays in Turkey. We are attracted to by the excellent service of , the variety in the choice of hotels, the wonderful climate and the chic excursion program. One of the most remarkable places in Turkey is the ancient the city of Troy, which is located in the province of Canakkale on the coast of the Aegean Sea . Therefore, if suddenly you are lucky enough to visit Bodrum or Izmir, then be sure to visit this historical Mecca.
2. Vietnam. Son Doong Cave
Holidays in Vietnam usually attract lovers of Southeast Asia. Here you will find worthy beaches, warm sea, as well as the world’s largest cave Son Doong, which is located on the territory of the Phong Nha Kebang National Park in Quang Binh province. The height of the cave is 200 meters, and the width is about 150. In this huge underground kingdom, you can see unique stalactites and stalagmites, and touch the rocks, the total age of which is about 38. 5 million years!
3. Mexico. Teotihuacan
The ancient city of Teotihuacan, located 50 km from Mexico City , impresses with its mysterious history. Once it was one of the largest cities in Mesaamerica, which developed in parallel with the ancient Roman civilization, but was able to last longer. Here everything is subject to logic — the streets are located at right angles, and in the center is the square. In addition, there are several pyramids, the most famous of which are Pyramid of the Sun and Pyramid of the Moon . Hundreds of scientists are still working on the mystery of the death of the city, because it was abandoned by the inhabitants almost in its prime, and during the archaeological analysis no facts were found proving that someone attacked the city.
4. Thailand. The royal residence in Bangkok
The attitude towards the royal family in Thailand is special: they are not just revered, but sacredly loved. That is why Royal Palace , which is located in the capital of the country, arouses the pride and adoration of locals, as well as the interest of tourists. In addition to the picturesque park, you can visit several temples, listen to the service, and also get acquainted with the history of the ruling dynasty.
5. Greece. Monasteries of Meteora
For those who go on a trip to mainland Greece, this miracle is a must see. Soaring on the rocks in the mountains of Thessaly the houses-monasteries are simply mesmerizing, and the views from such a height are breathtaking. Since ancient times, ascetic monks came here, and later monasteries were formed in these parts. Now here you can visit 4 male and 2 female monasteries to learn more about the life and way of life of local residents.
6. Czech Republic. Charles Bridge
In the Czech Republic , almost every house is unique , here you can walk for hours in the center of Prague, enjoying the atmosphere of old Europe: castles, clocks, old pavement. But the symbol of the city, is considered to be the Charles Bridge, passing through the Vltava River and connecting the districts of Mala Strana and Staroe Mesto. The bridge is supported by 16 powerful arches and decorated with various sculptures. Well, after you walk along this bridge, go try fresh beer brewed right in front of you and enjoy fragrant sausages.
7. Egypt. Pyramids of Giza
The fact that the pyramids, located on the Giza plateau in Egypt , is the only Wonder of the World out of 7 that has survived to our time, even schoolchildren know. Therefore, when I buy tours to Hurghada or Sharm al-Sheikh, we always remember these pyramids and their silent guard Sphinx. Of course, to see it with their own eyes is worth all to pay tribute to the civilization that built them, and also to try to solve the mystery of their construction.
8. Brazil. Statue of Christ the Redeemer
You can visit the legendary Rio da Janeiro all year round, because the local beaches are always hot. Or you can choose the time to get to the carnival and at the same time enjoy one of the most breathtaking views of the city from the observation deck at the foot of the statue of Christ the Redeemer . The huge figure of the savior rises 38 m into the sky, and the arm span of the statue is 28 m. You can get to the mountain on which the statue is installed by a small railway or by a car.
9. India. Golden Triangle
India, one of the most exotic and mysterious countries in the world, has a lot of interesting places waiting for you. You won’t be able to visit all of them in one short vacation. But you can see the main sights of the country on a tour of «golden triangle». Three beautiful cities are waiting for you: Delhi, Agra and Jaipur, each of which has prepared something different for you — unusual and beautiful. You will be able to see the Gate of India, appreciate the power of love embodied in Taj Mahal, feel like a part of the royal family near the Palace of the Winds and a warrior in the Red Fort.
10. China. The Great Wall of China
China is a country with a centuries-old culture that deserves great attention. Particularly interesting is the Great Wall of China, which is considered the New Wonder of the World. The wall was erected by several dynasties of rulers in order to protect their borders from foreign invasions. The total length of the wall is about 21 km, but most of it, unfortunately, has already been destroyed, and the thickness in different places reaches 9meters. But in order to take away a memorable souvenir — be careful, for stealing stones from the wall you can face a fine of up to 5,000 Chinese yuan.
10 must-see places in Moscow
Where to go in Moscow. Moskvish Moskry
Assistant and guide
In interesting places
and the best events
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There are hundreds of interesting places in the capital of Russia, but there are iconic places that everyone who comes to Moscow simply must visit. We present to your attention a selection of ten places that you must visit in Moscow.
1. Red Square
Russia’s main square near the walls of the Moscow Kremlin. Red Square annually hosts the main military parade of the country and is the site of all-season activities and festivals. St. Basil’s Cathedral, the monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the Mausoleum of V. I. Lenin and the Historical Museum, as well as many cafes and shops are located on Red Square.
2. Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin State Museum-Reserve is located on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin and includes seven museums: the Armory, Cathedral of the Dormition, Cathedral of the Archangel, Cathedral of the Annunciation, the Patriarch’s Chambers, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe and the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great. The Moscow Kremlin is one of the most visited museums in the world.
The Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy was first opened in 1939. From VDNKh you can see all the iconic sights of Moscow, such as the Ostankino TV tower and Stalin’s high-rise buildings. It is at VDNKh that the famous sculptures «Worker and Kolkhoz Woman» and «Fountain of Friendship of Peoples» are located, and 49 objects located at VDNKh are recognized as monuments of cultural heritage.
4. Tretyakov Gallery
One of Russia’s largest state collections of paintings, sculptures and articles made of precious metals. The collection of the Tretyakov Gallery includes more than 180,000 items that are exhibited in two exhibition centers: in the old building of the Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane, and in the building of the New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val.
5. Moscow Zoo
The renovated Moscow Zoo is a corner of exotic nature in the heart of the capital. In the Moscow Zoo you can see such representatives of the world fauna as lions, tigers, polar bears, wolves, elephants. A greenhouse has been opened on the territory of the zoo, where you can see more than 100 species of exotic plants.
6. Moscow City
The first complex of high-rise buildings (skyscrapers) in Russia, Moscow City is the largest business center in Moscow. On the territory of the complex there is a metro station, a shopping center with a food court. The museum of the complex of skyscrapers is available for visiting, as well as several viewing platforms with a height of more than 200 meters. In total, 23 high-rise buildings are planned to be built on the territory of Moscow City.
7. Moscow cable car
Cable car in Moscow
One of the youngest cable cars in Russia, the Moscow cable car was built for the World Cup held at the Luzhniki Stadium. The cable car connects the left and right banks of the Moskva River, and allows you to get to the Luzhniki Stadium in eight-seater gondola cabins.
8. Ostankino television tower
Ostankino television tower is a symbol of Russian television and radio broadcasting. The tower was the tallest structure in the world at 541 meters. From the glazed viewing platforms of the Ostankino TV Tower, you can see a breathtaking panorama of the capital.
9. State Academic Bolshoi Theater of Russia
The Bolshoi Theater is one of the most significant opera and ballet theaters in the world. During the existence of the theater, more than 800 works have been staged here.