Himno revolucionario de puerto rico: Himno Revolucionario de Puerto Rico

Más que un himno nacional. Historia detrás de la danza La Borinqueña

Hace unos años, mientras observaba durante varios días una competencia deportiva, me cuestioné porque mientras en otros lugares los himnos eran marchas con fusiles y disparos, el nuestro era una danza que hasta a Cristóbal Colón mencionaba con cierto beneplácito y admiración. Eso me llevo a buscar la información de La Borinqueña, nombre del himno de Puerto Rico, que hoy comparto con ustedes. 

Comienzo por señalar que la versión original de la danza data de finales de los años 60 del siglo XIX y es atribuida por unos al catalán Don Félix Astol y por otros al sangermeño Francisco Ramírez Ortiz. Los versos que se le atribuyen a Félix Astol o Ramírez Ortiz tienen el título de La Almojábana y comenzaban de la siguiente manera: 

Bellísima trigueña 

imagen del candor 

del jardín de borinquen 

pura y fragante flor 

Según menciona Aurelio Tió, la melodía pudo surgir anónimamente pues aparenta ser una melodía española anónima de origen común.  

¿Cómo llega entonces a convertirse en el himno nacional esta danza de origen romántico? 

 

El motivo que convierte esta danza en un himno revolucionario no es otra cosa que el levantamiento ocurrido en Puerto Rico el 23 de septiembre de 1868 y que terminó por llamarse el Grito de Lares.  

Nos dice Pedro Malavet Vega en su libro Historia de la canción popular en Puerto Rico (1493-1898): 

Ramón Emeterio Betances, líder del proceso revolucionario, pedía «un himno que haga salir fusiles, fusiles… que arrastre las piedras y sople fuego sobre los déspotas». Es cuando Doña Lola Rodríguez de Tió se da a la tarea de escribir unos versos revolucionarios que aún resuenan en la memoria colectiva del pueblo puertorriqueño, particularmente en la de sus patriotas. Los versos que terminaron utilizando la estructura verbal y musical de la danza La Almojábana fueron los siguientes: 

Despierta borinqueño 

que han dado la señal 

Despierta de ese sueño, 

que es hora de luchar 

A ese llamar patriótico, 

¿no arde tu corazón? 

Ven, nos será simpático el ruido del cañón 

Nosotros queremos la libertad, 

nuestro machete nos la dará 

¡Vámonos, borinqueños 

vámonos ya! 

Que nos espera ansiosa 

¡Ansiosa la libertad!  

Esta versión revolucionaria fue difundida de manera oral y permanece aún vigente en nuestros tiempos para comenzar y/o terminar algún acto que recuerde a algún héroe que haya luchado por la independencia de la isla o alguna actividad que reclame la independencia para Puerto Rico.  

 

Por último y no menos importante cabe señalar que desde 1952 se utiliza de manera oficial como himno del terruño borincano la versión solemne de La Borinqueña compuesta por Ramón Collado y que la misma estuvo carente de letra hasta que en el 1977 se le adaptan unos versos escritos por Manuel Fernández Juncos. (Ley Núm. 123 del 27 de junio de 1977)  

 

 

La tierra de borinquen 

donde he nacido yo 

es un jardín florido 

de mágico primor 

Un cielo siempre nítido 

le sirve de dosel 

y dan arrullos plácidos 

las olas a sus pies 

Cuando a sus playas llegó Colón 

exclamó lleno de admiración 

¡Oh, oh, oh! 

Esta es la linda tierra 

que busco yo 

es Borinquen la hija 

la hija del mar y el sol.

 

 

 

Francisco Javier Quiñones es profesor de música y dirección coral. Su extensa carrera en el ambiente artistico, educativo y musical de más de 25 años le ha permitido trabajar con un sin número de jovenes y cantantes de renombre presentandose también en grandes escenarios abarcando géneros cultos y populares. 

Puedes buscar mas información en su página: 
www.fjmusicpr.com

 
 
 
 

Himno Revolucionario de Puerto Rico Quiz

Himno Revolucionario de Puerto Rico Quiz

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Before Vanessa Carballido launched Genmoji, an energy development startup in Puerto Rico, all she knew about energy was how big the monthly bill from the Puerto Rico Electricity Authority (PREPA) was.

At prices ranging from 22 to 27 cents per kilowatt-hour, Puerto Ricans pay more in their electricity bills than households in any US state. The average electricity bill for a family of five in Puerto Rico is $300. Given that 45% of the island’s population lives below the poverty line, and the median household income is $19343 per year, such a cost of electricity is not only unacceptable, but also unfair.

Meanwhile, while PREPA serves 1. 5 million customers, the agency is now $9 billion in debt, and creditors reportedly said a week ago they were ready to back down on the electric utility’s debt restructuring offer. To make matters worse, PREPA is the last energy company in the US to generate energy from oil.

These statistics and the desire to create new economic opportunities for Puerto Rico led Vanessa to start working with her husband and co-founder Francisco Laba on renewable energy projects for commercial and industrial clients across the island.

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