Commonwealth hymn: Commonwealth Hymn [music]

Why is Jerusalem England’s anthem at the Commonwealth Games, and not ‘God Save…

2 August 2022, 12:48 | Updated: 2 August 2022, 16:48

Parry’s ‘Jerusalem’ plays as English cyclist Laura Kenny receives her gold medal after winning the women’s 10km scratch race at the Birmingham 2022 Commonwealth Games.

Picture:
Alamy

By Siena Linton

Hubert Parry’s hymn rings out as English athletes take to the podium to collect their gold medals at the Commonwealth Games. Here’s why…

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The 2022 Commonwealth Games are well underway in Birmingham, and English athletes have been scoring medals left, right and centre.

Alex Yee won the first gold medal of the Games, taking first place for England in the men’s triathlon, with further prime podium positions following for Team England in the gymnastics arena, Dame Laura Kenny in the velodrome, Ben Proud in the swimming pool, and plenty more.

But keen-eared viewers may have noticed that, in place of the expected anthem ‘God Save the Queen’ for English podium wins, the Commonwealth Games are instead playing Hubert Parry’s rousing, anthemic hymn ‘Jerusalem’.

Read more: What are the lyrics to the hymn ‘Jerusalem’, and is it England’s national anthem?

What are the national anthems for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland?

‘God Save the Queen’ is still the national anthem for the United Kingdom, and is used for Team GB wins at sporting events such as the Olympics. However, since the four nations of the UK compete separately at the Commonwealth Games, each country’s win comes with their own individual anthem.

For Scotland, ‘Flower of Scotland’ is played; for Wales, it’s ‘Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau’, or ‘Land of My Fathers’, and for Northern Ireland wins, there’s ‘Londonderry Air’, the melody to which is best known as ‘Danny Boy’.

For England, Hubert Parry’s 1916 hymn ‘Jerusalem’ is played.

Read more: Why Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto is played at the Winter Olympics instead of the Russian National Anthem

Why is ‘Jerusalem’ played as England’s national anthem?

England doesn’t have its own official national anthem, and several popular British hymns are in the runnings, most commonly ‘Jerusalem’, ‘God Save the Queen’, and Elgar’s ‘Land of Hope and Glory’.

This is why you might hear ‘God Save the Queen’ at the opening of an England football game, but ‘Jerusalem’ ahead of a cricket match.

At the Commonwealth Games, however, Team England decided to put the question out to the public. In a 2010 poll, voters chose between the three potential anthems to put ‘Jerusalem’ in first place with 52 percent of the vote, followed by ‘Land of Hope and Glory’ with 32 percent and ‘God Save the Queen’ with 12 percent.

Hubert Parry, composer of ‘Jerusalem’ and ‘I Was Glad’.

Picture:
Alamy

Who wrote ‘Jerusalem’?

The lyrics to ‘Jerusalem’ come from an 1808 poem by William Blake, ‘And did those feet in ancient time’, inspired by the legend that Jesus may have once visited Glastonbury, in Somerset.

Hubert Parry turned the poem’s four verses into a melody, which he titled ‘Jerusalem’, in 1916. King George V was monarch at the time and, as legend has it, remarked that he even preferred Parry’s melody to the actual national anthem for Britain.

Today, the hymn is best known in its 1922 orchestration by Edward Elgar, written in tribute to Parry who had died four years earlier in 1918. Quite fittingly, Elgar’s orchestration is performed by the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, 100 years after its premiere to celebrate English wins at this year’s Commonwealth Games, which take place in Birmingham – a mere 24 miles from the composer’s birthplace in Worcester.

A large puppet depicting Elgar on his beloved bicycle is pushed by a person dressed as a cello at the opening ceremony of the 2022 Commonwealth Games in Birmingham’s Alexander Stadium.

Picture:
Alamy

Why Jerusalem is the anthem for England athletes at Commonwealth Games

English athletes will not hear God Save the Queen when collecting gold medals at Birmingham 2022

By Matthew Mohan-Hickson

6th Aug 2022, 12:51pm

Fans tuning into the Commonwealth Games for medal ceremonies might be in for a bit of a surprise when the anthems are played.

Athletes from England will not hear God Save the Queen when collecting gold at Birmingham.

Instead the hymn Jerusalem has been played instead of the usual national anthem.

Here is all you need to know:

What is England’s anthem at Commonwealth Game?

Instead of God Save the Queen, which is the national anthem, England’s anthem for the Commonwealth Games is Jerusalem.

Why is it the anthem?

Jerusalem was selected as the England anthem for the Commonwealth Games in 2010.

In 2010, the Commonwealth Games Council for England conducted a poll of members of the public to decide the anthem.

The three options were God Save the Queen, Jerusalem and Land of Hope and Glory.

The clear winner was Jerusalem with 52 per cent of the vote compared to Land of Hope and Glory with 32 per cent and God Save the Queen with 12 per cent.

Is it used as anthem for other sports?

At international Test cricket matches, England has, since 2003, used Jerusalem as its entrance anthem.

It is also played prior to kick-off at England rugby matches, but is not the anthem.

At international darts matches, England uses Land of Hope and Glory as the national anthem.

What is Jerusalem and why is it associated with England?

It began life as a poem by William Blake published in 1808 called “And did those feet in ancient time”.

In 1916 it was turned into a hymn with music written by Sir Hubert Parry — remained Jerusalem.

It is claimed that King George V himself said that he preferred Jerusalem over the British national anthem God Save the King after hearing an orchestra version.

England has no national anthem, tending to use the United Kingdom’s anthem of God Save the Queen.

What are the anthems for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland?

Scotland uses Flower of Scotland for international sporting events.

It is also used at the Commonwealth Games, replacing Scotland the Brave which was used up until 2010.

The Welsh national anthem Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (Land of my fathers) is used for the Wales team at the Commonwealth Games.

It is also used in other sports by Welsh national teams.

Northern Ireland will be using Londonderry Air as the anthem for its team at the Commonwealth Games.

The tune of Londonderry Air was used for the song Danny Boy.

What are the lyrics for Jerusalem?

According to Classical-Music.com the lyrics are:

And did those feet in ancient timeWalk upon England’s mountains green?And was the holy Lamb of GodOn England’s pleasant pastures seen?

And did the Countenance DivineShine forth upon our clouded hills?And was Jerusalem builded hereAmong these dark Satanic mills?

Bring me my bow of burning gold:Bring me my arrows of desire:Bring me my spear: O clouds unfold!Bring me my chariot of fire.

I will not cease from mental fight,Nor shall my sword sleep in my handTill we have built JerusalemIn England’s green and pleasant land.

JerusalemBirminghamNorthern IrelandUnited Kingdom

Anthem of the commonwealth of military spiritual traditions — Military, army songs

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  • Anthem of the Commonwealth of Military Spiritual Traditions
 [Intro]: | Em C | Em C | Em C | Em C D | C

Em G D Em G D
Warriors of the spirit, remember the calling, holding the universe with valor and honor.
Em G D Em G D
Warriors of the world, revive the spirit, their land, and glorify the family. 

[Loss]: Em D C

Em C Em Em Em G C G D
Our community, faith and courage, the warriors of the earth will unite all,
Em C Em Em C D Em
Spiritual consonance, a mighty force, will revive the planet and life.
Em G D Em G D Em
A warrior from the path, dispels doubts, acts boldly according to his destiny.
Em G D Em G D
A warrior persistently moves towards the goal, his heart sounds respectful.
[Loss]: (Em D C)
Em C Em Em Em G C G D
Our community, faith and courage, the warriors of the earth will unite all,
Em C Em Em C D Em
Spiritual consonance, a mighty force, will revive the planet and life.
Em C Em Em
Warrior no doubt on your way
G C G D
Decidedly in life, you must go,
Em C Em G D
Are you a warrior or a resident, a wise or a creator,
Em C Em
Consciously and sensitively
G D Em
You carry your crown
G D Em
You carry your crown
G D Em
You carry your crown

[Loss]: | Em C | em | G C | G D | Em C | em | C D Em

Em C Em Em G C G D
Our community, faith and courage, the warriors of the earth cannot be counted here. 
Em C Em Em C D Em
Spiritual greatness, our difference, valor courage and honor.
Em C Em Em G C G D
Our community, faith and courage, the warriors of the earth cannot be counted here.
Em C Em Em C D Em
Spiritual greatness, our difference, valor, courage and honor. Valor, courage and honor,
C D Em
Valor courage and honor.
C D Em
Valor courage and honor.
C D Em
Valor courage and honor.
Completion: C 

AT THE GALA CONCERT THE KATYUSHA FESTIVAL ANTHEM WAS PERFORMED IN THE LANGUAGES OF THE COUNTRIES PARTICIPANTS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

On November 8, the Central Academic Theater of the Russian Army hosted a gala concert and awards ceremony for the laureates of the XII All-Russian Armed Forces Festival of Folk Art structures, veterans of war and military service, members of their families «Katyusha».

Final of the 12th Katyusha Festival, organized by the Department of Culture of the Russian Ministry of Defense, the Main Directorate for Work with Personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Ministries of Defense of the States Members of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Central House of the Russian Army named after M. V. Frunze , became a real celebration of the song, in which, along with the contestants representing various regions of the Russian Federation, the talents of the armies of the countries participating in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan took part.

The solemn ceremony, which began with a bright, colorful musical and choreographic composition «Istok», dedicated to the theme of goodness and an optimistic future, performed by the artists of the Central House of Arts, was opened by Vladimir Buzdygan, Director of the Department of Culture of the Russian Ministry of Defense, who conveyed warm congratulations and good wishes to the participants and spectators of the final of the festival from the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu.

The competition of the final, which was hosted by the soloist of the Central House of Arts Natalia Pomeshchenko and the theater and film actor Ivan Dubrovsky, was held in five categories: the already familiar “Best vocal and instrumental ensemble”, “Best vocal ensemble”, “Best performance of songs by professional authors”, “ Author’s song «and introduced for the first time» Vivat, Victory! (the best performance of army songs and songs dedicated to the victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945), in which the envoys of the CIS countries participated.

As always, the jury was impressed, which included composer People’s Artist of the Russian Federation Maxim Dunaevsky, vocal teacher People’s Artist of the Russian Federation Igor Raevsky, teacher of the Military Institute (military conductors) of the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Honored Artist of the Russian Federation Alexander Khalilov, Deputy Head of the Main Directorate for Work with the Personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Major General Alexei Tsygankov (Chairman), Secretary of the Council of Ministers of Defense of the CIS Member States, Major General Yuri Dashkin, Head of the Department of Cultural Programs of the Department of Culture of the Russian Ministry of Defense Olga Faller, Head of the Music and Drama Section of the Central Academic Theater of the Russian Army, winner of international competitions Ruben Zatikyan, singer, composer Alexei Khvorostyan and others.

The audience heard a lot of the most beautiful song compositions of various genres: from pathos of a patriotic nature, folk motives to lyrical, pop songs and excerpts from operettas, most of which were devoted to the themes of the modern army, exploits in the Great Patriotic War, military fraternity, friendship and love. And the jury had to work hard to identify the best.

As a result, the winners in the nominations were: Colonel Igor Ustinov (Military Educational and Scientific Center of the Air Force «Air Force Academy named after Professor N.E. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin» (Voronezh), junior sergeant Pavel Prudnikov (Military University of the Ministry of Defense of Russia), vocal trio «Astana» (Republic of Kazakhstan), vocal and instrumental ensemble «Molodist» (Military Academy of Logistics named after General of the Army A.V. Khrulev, Volsk), vocal ensemble » Patriots” (Military Academy of Logistics named after General of the Army A.V. Khrulev, St. Petersburg).0021

The vocal ensemble «Patriots» was also awarded the Grand Prix of the festival. In addition, the following were awarded: the «Audience Award» — to Pavel Prudnikov and the prize «For the best performance of a military-patriotic song» — to the vocal group of the Republic of Belarus.

Irina Titova, artistic director of the department of culture of the Central House of Arts, was also highly commended.

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