Puerto rico symbols: Meaning of Coqui Taino Symbol

Meaning of Coqui Taino Symbol

The Coqui Taino symbol is the representation of the Coqui for the Taino tribe and the Puerto Rican national symbol.

All the questions about, the importance of the Coqui Taino for Puerto Ricans, its history, and more will be answered as we delve into Puerto Rican heritage.

The Taino People

A part of the symbology of the Taino was the Coqui Taino, and it was their way to represent the Coqui, but that isn’t the only Taino symbol known. In fact, there are several symbols left by these people all over Puerto Rico and other islands as well.

The Taino were an indigenous people of the Caribbean that were mainly inhabitants of what today is Puerto Rico.

They also were the principal inhabitants of most of what is now Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and the Bahamas. Thanks to this they were excellent fishermen, which was their main livelihood, but also they used what they could find on the islands.

The evidence points out that they populated these islands from around 1200 A. D. until the discovery of America. Unfortunately, after being encountered by Christopher Columbus, diseases, war, and famine left the Taino devastated after merely two decades.

This way the Taino people disappeared from the face of the earth, leaving behind only their symbols. Fortunately, there are numerous pictographs (painted) and petrographs (carved) on caves and rocks that preserve their history.

While some of these symbols are related to deities and nature, others are about expressing their daily life. This is because of the fact that they hadn’t any written language so they used symbols as written communication.

Anyways, some symbols and their meanings stay under debate, yet there are clues and hints that can help decipher what they actually mean.

A good thing that is worth saying is that many Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and Cubans have Taino DNA, and they identify as Taino. This means that the Taino heritage was able to accompany us until these days.

Where to Find Taino Symbols in Puerto Rico

Taino symbols can be found everywhere in the form of tattoos, art, or local souvenirs, but perhaps you’re expecting to see the originals. Well, in Puerto Rico, you’ll find Taino petroglyphs in these four places:

  • Cueva del Indio, Arecibo: this is a cave located along the ocean. It is believed to have been a natural amphitheater and seat of the Taino caciques (chief), used for spiritual ceremonies.
  • La Piedra Escrita, Jayuya: the Taino symbols here are carved into the rocks by the side of the Jayuya river. Here you can get your feet wet in the same place the Taino people did hundreds of years ago.
  • Park at Las Piedras, Las Piedras: this was discovered during excavations in 1982. Once they realized what they found, the site was protected. It’s theorized to be a ceremonial place based on its surroundings. To protect this national treasure, you can only visit it with an appointment.
  • Rio Blanco, Naguabo: to reach these petroglyphs you’ll have to do some hiking, and it’s better to do it with a guide. Once you arrive at the area, you’ll find 7 different sites with carvings in the big boulders.

There are many more petroglyphs throughout Puerto Rico. Many of which are not cataloged or protected yet. Within the El Yunque Rainforest, there are a lot of petroglyphs that aren’t marked to the public. The key to finding them is to keep your eyes open.

The Coqui Frog

Meaning of the Coqui Taino

A lot about the Taino and how they used their symbols as a way to communicate has been said. Yet, nothing about how the Coqui became worth mentioning among them.

The Taino people used these symbols to write about their daily life among other things, and the Coqui frog was one of those daily life things. This way the famous Coqui Taino symbol was born.

The main reason for the Coqui being common in the Taino’s life is because they’re a frog with 17 endemic species on the Puerto Rico island. They are all over the place and can be found everywhere on the island.

You don’t even have to look for them to find them, you just have to wait until sunset. Once the sun goes down, the volume rises as the tiny Coqui begins its evening song by the little male frogs’ call of “Co-kee!”.

This small frog ranges in length from 15mm-80mm. The color of the Coqui has considerable variations (green, brown, and yellowish), occasionally having touches of different colors or two dorsolateral stripes. Sadly few of them are endangered or threatened as a result of deforestation.

Where to See Coqui Frogs in Puerto Rico

Thanks to being a widespread endemic amphibian, to a greater or lesser extent they can be seen everywhere.

However, it isn’t an easy task because they’re really, really tiny, but to increase your chances, stay close to El Yunque Rainforest. Thanks to being the home to 14 of the 17 known species, it is very likely that you will encounter one of these frogs.

Also, this way you’ll be sure to hear his nightly serenade.

The Taino Legend of the Coqui

In the Taino petroglyphs, we can see these frogs and many of their stories.

The legend is about a goddess who fell in love with Coqui, the chief’s son. One evening she showed herself to Coqui in the form of a Taino maiden. They fell in love immediately and they agreed to see each other next moonrise.

However, on the next evening the evil Juracan (Taino word for hurricane), and with his winds took Coqui away. Despite the goddess’s efforts, she couldn’t save her love. Saddened by what happened, she created these little amphibians to call her love’s name every evening for eternity.

Why the Coqui Taino Is So Important for Puerto Ricans

The song of the male coqui has been measured between 90 and 100 decibels, making it the loudest amphibian in existence. This can be seen as an analogy, a small frog with the loudest song among amphibians, the Puerto Ricans despite being short in stature have strong voices.

The Puerto Ricans’ speech seems more like shouting, hence the saying “I’m not yelling, I’m Puerto Rican”.

Due to this peculiar parallelism between the Coqui frog and the Puerto Ricans, it’s why it became their national symbol. Small island, small frog but huge voice, this refers to the fact that Puerto Ricans will always be heard by the rest of the world.

Captain Tim

Captain Tim is the founder of Caribbean Trading Company in Puerto Rico. Many years ago Captain Tim was a normal everyday guy who decided to do what so many people only dream about. He moved to the Caribbean. Traveling throughout the islands, he has the joy of sharing this lifestyle and its flavors with the world.

Taino Symbols And Meanings — PuertoRico Travel Guide

Taino Symbols and Meanings

In recent times, Puerto Rican artists have embraced Taino symbols, many of which are displayed at local art supplies stores, or can be seen in Taino art, Puerto Rican tattoos, or Taino tribal tattoos. As a result, many people frequently become interested in the significance and meaning of Taino symbols. To understand Taino tattoo collections or Taino symbols, you need to learn more about the written language of the Taino people. This language was first represented by petroglyphs. Petroglyphs represent symbols carved in stone.

Evidence of Taino symbols displayed as petroglyphs can still be seen many places in Puerto Rico. Individual travelers can view petroglyphs, for example, at the Caguana Indigenous Ceremonial Park in Arecibo. The municipality sits next to the Atlantic Ocean in northern Puerto Rico.

Viewing the Petroglyphs in Naguabo

You can also find Taino symbols in the petroglyphs over Naguabo, Puerto Rico on the Rio Blanco. Naguabo is located on the country’s east coast. The aforementioned area features 7 sites that display Taino symbols – most of which are etched in large boulders. If you visit the area, be careful! Because many of the boulders sit close to the river bank, they can be slippery. If you tour the area, it is best to follow a guide and tread slowly.

The Extinction of the Taino

The Taino people were declared extinct in 1565, decimated by sickness from the invasions of the Spanish conquistadors. However, one DNA study found that just over 60% of Puerto Ricans. and about one-third of Dominicans and Cubans, have mitochondrial DNA from Native Americans. Naturally, this can lead to a lot of speculation. However, the fact remains that Taino tattoos and Taino symbols still play a big role in creative Puerto Rican expressions.

Puerto Rico Taino Symbols and Meanings

Anyone who has smoked tobacco, followed a hurricane, or enjoyed a barbecue has used Taino symbols in an indirect sense, as all these words were invented by the Native Americans. Many archaeologists concur that the word “Taino” was probably the term used when the Indians first greeted the Spanish conquistadors. The word means “peace” in the English language.

The Native Americans established a complicated system of government and were used to an advanced culture before the Spaniards invaded Puerto Rico. Therefore, the symbols used by the Tainos often have special significance.

For example, the Taino symbols carved in stone show that the Native Americans respected all living things. The carvings also represent Taino beliefs and religious practices. They frequently highlight Taino gods and the Taino sun god. For instance, the petroglyph, El Sol de Jayuya, or the sun god, can be found in Jayuya, Puerto Rico. The sun was believed to be quite powerful – a god that provided great strength and longevity to both crops and people. Conversely, cemi tainos represented the rain god – a god that fertilized the crops.

In fact, you can find a large number of Taino words that have been integrated into the Puerto Rican language. These words include trees, such as the ceiba, tabonuco, or cupey, or names of wildlife, such as mucaro, iguana, carey, coqui (well-known as a coqui tattoo), cobo, and guabina. Some of the words passed on into the English language, such as huracan (hurricane), barbacoa (barbecue), and hamaca (hammock).

Taino Gods

Modern sociologists as well as Puerto Rican artists are both impressed by Taino symbols – most of which have developed from ritual dances, agricultural practices, and Taino mythology. For example, the Tainos had a hierarchy of Taino gods. While Yocahu was the supreme being, Jurakan, another Taino deity, was always angry, and therefore ruled over the power of the winds, primarily the hurricane.

Other Taino symbols or mythological figures include Maboyas and Zemi. Icons of the gods took the form of animal and human figures. Tainos believed that being in the good graces of their gods safeguarded them from hurricanes and illness. Therefore, they often made elaborate sacrifices to their gods to secure their protection.

Puerto Rican Warrior Symbols

The Taino coqui tattoo, which represents the Puerto Rican coqui, the frog, displays an encircled leaping frog – a symbol of longevity. Similar Puerto Rican warrior symbols include lizards, turtles, and snakes  – each which translated to survival and strength. Today, Puerto Ricans display Taino tattoos to express their pride in their Native American heritage.

Taino artwork richly unifies a wide variety of symbology from documented historical sites throughout the Caribbean.


Yocahu Vaguada Maorocoti: God of fertility. “Spirit of the Yucca and the sea. Mr yucador. ” He was buried in the conucos cassava; main food of the native Taino, to fertilize the soil.


Container used by the Aborigines of Quisqueyana to store water and fermenting the wine produced with the juice of Guáyiga. They were bought by women to men as a declaration of love

God of Labour

Recreation brothers Guillen, based on Taino art. The potiza carrying on his back, representing the hard work you were subjected aboriginal Americans as a result of conquest.

Itiva Tahuvava

Goddess Mother Earth. Mother of twins representing the four cardinal points or “the four winds.”


“Witch Doctor”, Shaman. It represents the wisest character in the Taino tribe, knowing all the plants and medicinal substances responsible for curing diseases, director of the rite of cohoba. If left to a dying patient, the relatives of the dead killed clobbered.

Cemi Boinayel

God of Rain. Large tears emerging from their eyes as a sign of water that will govern the field to fertilize the cultivation of cassava.


Hand mortar used for rituals in the spraying of the ingredients of cohoba (seeds, shells, leaves).

Dimivan Caracaracol

“Mr Roñoso.” Unico child with the name of Mother Earth goddess. It represents a chieftain to which his brothers discovered a tumor, which operate and draw a turtle alive.

Moon Goddess

Sale of a cave of the country chieftain Mautiatibuel (son of dawn) or “Lord of the Dawn”, which returns to hide, while the sun rises from there.

Maquetaurie Guava

Inhalers used by the Taino in the rite of cohoba for inhaling dust hallucinogen during the magical-religious ceremony.


Ceremonial seat used by warlords to preside over the ceremonies and rituals.


“God of Snuff.” This figure was used as funerary urn for major characters and loved ones of the tribe.

Sun God

Sale of a cave of the country’s chief Mautiatibuel (son of dawn) or “Lord of the Dawn”, which returns to hide, while the moon comes out of there.


It represents a god in the ceremonial position that took the chieftain or behique in the rite of cohoba.

God of force

Recreation brothers Guillen, based on Taino art. The trunk that rose, represents the willpower of the people for being free.


Representation of the face of characters and mystical animals or real world Taino.

Glass Effigy

Glass antropomorfo sedentary, for his position, is known as the representation of “God’s thinking.” It was used to consume liquid at the ceremony of marriage.

Seal or Rattle

Part representing toad or turtle with geometric design subsection, used to make prints on clothing or skin.

Opiyel Guobiran

God-dog, remained tied until the evening when it was released into the jungle. Its position suggests that it is ready to jump and escape to freedom.


Vessel used in cooking and for ceremonial occasions.

Cacique Marocael

Aboriginal that, according to mythology Taino, stand guard in a cave called cacibajagua; place where people came to populate the island. One day it took to reach his post and was turned into stone by the action of the sun.

God of Cohoba

Main deity Taíno. The plate of his head was used to move the dust that was inhaled hallucinogen in ceremonies regligiosas (rite of cohoba).


Recreation brothers Guillen, based on Taino art. The container carrying in his hands is a symbol of prosperity and peace, which each man achieved as a result of work.

Reference – tainomuseum.org

Knowing something about Taino symbols will also give you a richer understanding of the Puerto Rican culture as a whole. Also, learning more about Taino symbols will add more meaning to your Puerto Rican travels.

“🇵🇷” Meaning: Flag: Puerto Rico Emoji

🇵🇷 Meaning and Description

This emoji often represents the flag of the Free Associated State of Puerto Rico. It consists of five horizontal stripes: the top, central and bottom are red, between them are two white stripes. On the left is a blue triangle with a white five-pointed star. The red color symbolizes the blood shed for the independence of the country, the white symbolizes freedom, the blue symbolizes the sky and the sea 🌊, and the stars represent the Puerto Rico peninsula.
🇵🇷 is a country/region flag emoji whose meaning is flag: Puerto Rico. The emoji 🇵🇷 is made up of two regional indicator letters, namely 🇵 and 🇷. The two-letter country/region code for Puerto Rico is PR, so the letters corresponding to the two letters of the region indicator are P and R. 🇵🇷 appears as a single flag on most platforms, and as a two-letter character on some platforms.

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🇵🇷 (PR) = 🇵 (P) + 🇷 (R)

Meaning of emoji symbol 🇵🇷 flag: Puerto Rico, it is related to the flag, it can be found in Emoji Category: «🏁 Flags» — «🇬🇧 country flag».

Wikipedia: 🇵🇷 Flag of Puerto Rico

The Flag of Puerto Rico is the official symbol of the freely associated state of Puerto Rico.
The modern flag of Puerto Rico was created in 1895 based on the Cuban flag, with the color of the triangle and stripes reversed, and was used as the flag of the Puerto Rican section of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, which fought for the liberation of Cuba and Puerto Rico from Spanish rule.
On July 25, 1898, during the Spanish-American War, American troops invaded Puerto Rico, landing in the municipality of Guánica (Spanish: Guánica). As a result of the war, Spain was forced to cede to the United States of America Puerto Rico, as well as Cuba, the Philippines and the island of Guam under the Treaty of Paris 1898 years old
From January 1, 1899 until 1952, Puerto Rico’s only official flag was the flag of the United States.
On July 24, 1952, the 1895 flag was officially proclaimed the state and national flag of Puerto Rico, which can only fly simultaneously with the US flag.
In 1995, the government of Puerto Rico approved the regulations for the flag of Puerto Rico. «Reglamento sobre el Uso en Puerto Rico de la Bandera del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico», which lists the colors of the flag without specifying the color tone, so flags with various color shades of blue and red can be found. 🔗 Puerto Rico Flag
🌐: علم بورتوريكو, Puerto-Riko bayrağı, Zastava Portorika, Portorická vlajka, Puerto Ricos flag, Flagge Puerto Ricos, Σημαία του Πουέρτο Ρίκο, Flag of Puerto Rico, Bandera de Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico lipp, پرچم پورتوریکو, Puerto Ricon lippu , Drapeau de Porto Rico, דגל פוארטו ריקו, Zastava Portorika, Puerto Rico zászlaja, Bandiera di Porto Rico, プエルトリコの旗, 푸에르토리코의 기, Puerto Riko vėliava, Vlag van Puerto Rico, Puerto Ricos flagg, Flaga Portoryka, Bandeira de Porto Rico, Vlajka Portorika, Flamuri i Portorikos, Portorika Outpost, Puerto Ricos flagga, ธงชาติปวยร์โตรีโก, Porto Riko bayrağı, Flag of Puerto Rico, 波多黎各旗帜.

🇵🇷Examples and usage

🔸 Puerto Rico 🇵🇷 refers to a zone with a maritime mild tropical climate, which is characterized by slight temperature fluctuations.

🔸 🇵🇷: Puerto Rico ☎ International dialing code: +1-787 and 1-939 🔗 Top-level domain: .pr

📖Extended Knowledge

Country 🇵🇷 PR — Puerto Rico
Capital San Juan
Area (sq km) 9. 104
population 3,195,153
currency USD — Dollar (Dollar)
Languages ​​
  • en-PR
  • es-PR — Spanish (Puerto Rico)
Continent NA — North America

🇵🇷Basic information


Short name: flag: Puerto Rico
Apple Name: Flag of Puerto Rico
Code Item:

U+1F1F5 1F1F7 copy

  • 1F1F5 — 🇵 regional indicator symbol letter p
  • 1F1F7 — 🇷 regional indicator symbol letter r

ALT+127477 ALT+127479
Unicode version:

Emoji version:

1. 0 (2015-06-09)
categories: 🏁 Flags
Subcategories: 🇬🇧 country flag
Keywords: flag

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🇵🇷In other languages ​​

Language Short Name & Link
Hebrew 🇵🇷 דגל: פוארטו ריקו
German 🇵🇷 bandeira: Porto Rico
Simplified Chinese 🇵🇷 旗: 波多黎各

🇵🇷In other languages ​​

Koki — the symbol of Puerto Rico and the curse of Hawaii

Animals, History, Culture, Planet Earth, Cognitive, Nature, The best

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Coca, a type of leaf frog, has long been considered an unofficial symbol of Puerto Rico. Puerto Ricans often compare themselves to these amphibians, as both the islanders and the frogs are small in stature and surprisingly loud in voice. There are many stories and legends associated with coca, some of them we will tell you in our article.

Meredith Miotke

Millions of coca frogs inhabited the islands of Puerto Rico long before humans existed. The Taino Indians were the first to come to these lands, in the rock art of which many images of wonderful amphibians have been preserved. According to one of the Taino legends, once upon a time a beautiful goddess lived on the island, who fell in love with Koki, the son of the leader. Every time the young man went fishing, the goddess helped him get a rich catch, for which he sang songs of praise to her. One day, she appeared to Koki in the form of a Taino girl, and the guy fell in love with her. The lovers agreed to meet every evening at moonrise, but the very next evening, the demon Yurakan appeared at the place of their meeting and stole the young man. The goddess could not imagine her life without her lover, so she created little frogs that year after year would call him at night: “Ko-ki! Ko-ki!

Coca is endemic to the islands of Puerto Rico. The size of the largest representative of this species does not exceed 5 cm, while males are smaller than females, but it is they who have a surprisingly loud voice. A small «choir» of these amphibians can deafen a person, because the volume of their singing can reach 90 — 100 dB. On the native island, the coca population is regulated by predators — spiders, birds and lizards that eat adult frogs and their eggs. At the same time, their concentration is up to 8000 individuals per 4050 m 2 . In places with the highest concentration of the population, «rains» of coca can sometimes be observed. During periods of high humidity, frogs climb trees, but sometimes hungry tarantulas await them there. To save their own lives, coca prefer not to slide down the trunk, but jump to the ground directly from the branches — due to their low weight, amphibians practically float in the air and do not break.


In the 1980s, coca was introduced to other islands, probably in the transport of various plants. As an invasive species, coca is found in the Dominican Republic, the Virgin Islands, California, Florida, and Hawaii. The Hawaiian Islands suffered the most from the introduction of the new species, as their population concentration was 4 times higher than that of Puerto Rico. The reason for this is the isolation of the Hawaiian Islands. There are no natural predators on the territory of the archipelago, and indeed no species interested in eating noisy frogs.

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So far, coca have been confined to warm, humid coastal forests, but as the climate changes, they may move to warmer mountain regions. There they will have to fight for food with endemic species of birds and amphibians, which have already suffered a lot due to the invasion of foreign species. In particular, Hawaiian flower girls, who became exiles in their native home and left the coastal forests due to introduced predators, may be at risk. In total, the introduction of invasive species in Hawaii has wiped out nearly half of the endemic species.


In addition to a threat to the species diversity of the islands, coquis also cause discomfort to people who are not used to the all-night frog singing under the windows of their own homes. For dozens of years, local authorities have tried to curb the reproduction of noisy frogs. In 2004, the mayor of the Big Island declared a state of emergency, calling on local residents to take action. People had to almost manually catch amphibians and spray citric acid, which killed the frogs by burning their skin. Such drastic measures proved somewhat effective on the islands of Kauai and Oahu, but to this day, local residents have to arrange periodic raids on annoying frogs. Over the years, some people have learned to ignore the late-night coca songs, but for most Hawaiians, they still cause a lot of problems.

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