Cabañas doña juana: Las Cabañas Doña Juana — Restaurant

°CABAÑAS DOÑA JUANA NONO (Argentina) — desde 241 €

Cabañas Doña Juana Villa — Nono

-31.79466,
-64.98361

Cabanas Dona Juana

Nono,
Argentina

241€

62 fotos

62 fotos

62 fotos

62 fotos

62 fotos

Dirección

Avenida los Porteños,
Nono,
Argentina,
5887,
Cordoba

Ver mapa

Descripción

Situada a 10 minutos a pie del Paso de las Tropas, la villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa ofrece una terraza solárium, un aparcamiento privado gratuito y aparcamiento gratuito. Un patio, TV de pantalla plana con canales vía satélite y climatizador están disponibles en cada habitación de la villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa.

Ubicación

La propiedad se encuentra a 2 km del centro de Nono y en las proximidades del Balneario Los Remansos. Puede encontrar el Museo Polifacético Rocsen a 2,3 km de la propiedad.

El aeropuerto cercano es Córdoba y está a 155 km del alojamiento.

Habitaciones

Los huéspedes podrán disfrutar de las vistas al jardín de la habitación. El cuarto de baño tiene una ducha y un bidé.

Comer y beber

Para la preparación de las comidas se ofrecen también un hervidor eléctrico, utensilios de cocina y un horno.

Ocio y Negocios

La villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa cuenta con una terraza-solárium para la comodidad de los huéspedes. La villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa incluye actividades deportivas como senderismo y pesca.

Internet

Internet inalámbrico está disponible en toda la villa gratis.

Aparcamiento

Aparcamiento privado gratis está disponible en en el alojamiento.

— Menos

Servicios

Instalaciones más populares

Wi-Fi

Wifi

Aparcamiento gratuito

Aparcamiento gratis

Instalaciones de la cocina

Hervidor

Utensilios de cocina

Aire acondicionado

TV

Televisor LCD

Actividades

Excursionismo

Pesca

Comida/ Bebida

Zona de comedor exterior

Mesas de picnic

Piscina

Piscina exterior de temporada

General
  • Wi-Fi
  • Aparcamiento gratuito
  • Instalaciones de la cocina
  • Aire acondicionado
  • TV
  • Actividades
  • Comida/ Bebida
  • Piscina

Actividades y deportes

  • Excursionismo
  • Pesca

Servicios

  • Asistencia en excursiones/ Servicio de entradas

Comida

  • Zona de comedor exterior
  • Mesas de picnic

SPA y Ocio

  • Piscina exterior de temporada
  • Terraza solárium
  • Jardín
  • Instalaciones de barbacoa
  • Piscina con vista

Vistas

  • Vista al jardín

Habitación

  • Aire acondicionado
  • Calefacción
  • Zona de estar
  • Patio
  • Mueble de jardín
  • Mesa de comedor

Cocina

  • Hervidor
  • Utensilios de cocina

Multimedia

  • Televisor LCD

Mostrar más instalacionesOcultar instalaciones

Información útil

Entradadesde 13:30-19:00GRATISSalidadesde 07:00-10:00GRATIS

Niños y camas extraLas habitaciones no están equipadas con cunas para bebés.  

MascotasSe admiten mascotas a petición.

+ Más- Menos

Habitaciones y disponibilidad

Casa Holiday

2 fotos

  • Máx.:

    6 personas

  • Vista a la montaña

  • Ducha

  • Calefacción

  • Aire acondicionado

detalles de la habitación

Bungaló

2 fotos

  • Máx.

    :

    4 personas

  • Vista a la montaña

  • Ducha

  • Calefacción

  • Aire acondicionado

detalles de la habitación

Ubicación

Avenida los Porteños,
Nono,
Argentina,
5887,
Cordoba

  • Lugares de interés
  • Cerca

Museo

Museo Polifacético Rocsen

2.3
km

Playa

el Balneario Los Remansos

680 m

Playa

Balneario Los Remansos

680 m

Balneario El Vado

680 m

Balneario Los Remansos II

850 m

Granja

el Criadero de Truchas Don Clemente

1. 7
km

el Balneario La kiva

1.7
km

Parroquia de San Juan Bautista

1.7
km

Balneario del Centro

1.7
km

Iglesia

Iglesia San Juan Bautista

1.7
km

Feria artesanal de Nono

1.7
km

Nono Church

1.9
km

Balneario Los Robles

2.6
km

Balneario Rio Arriba

3.0
km

Granja

Granja El Aromo

3.1
km

El Mate

3.2
km

Parque temático y de atracciones

Laberinto de Nono

3.2
km

Playa

el Paso de las Tropas

3.6
km

Balneario Paso de Las Tropas

3.6
km

Balneario Costanera Sur

3.7
km

Museo

Museo Comechingón

4.1
km

Balneario Bajo El Molino

3.8
km

Museo Arqueologico Comechingon

4.1
km

Iglesia

4.2
km

Balneario

4.5
km

Balneario Playa Doradas

4.6
km

Rio Ceballos y Los Ceibos

el Museo de Municiones

6.6
km

Playa

Balneario Los Remansos

400 m

Balneario Los Remansos II

450 m

Los alrededores

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¿Necesitas un servicio de traslado?

Puedes reservar un servicio de traslado, una vez que tu reserva esté completa.

Comentarios

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Comparte tu experiencia con nosotros.Escribir un Comentario

Preguntas frecuentes

¿Cabañas Doña Juana Villa dispone de aparcamiento en el lugar?

Sí, Cabañas Doña Juana Villa ofrece un aparcamiento en el sitio.

¿Qué aeropuerto está más cerca de la villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

La villa Cabañas Doña Juana Villa está situada a 155 km del aeropuerto Córdoba.

¿Hay internet gratis en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

Sí, en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa el internet es gratis.

¿Cuál es el precio de una estancia en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

Una estancia en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa cuesta a partir de 300 $.

¿Qué facilidades en las habitaciones ofrece esta villa?

En esta villa las facilidades habitación están representadas por un patio, una zona de comedor y una sofá.

¿Qué métodos de pago aceptáis en esta villa?

Esta villa aceptará Visa, Mastercard y Cabal, así como otros métodos de pago.

¿Hay piscina en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

Sí, hay una piscina en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa.

¿De qué facilidades dispone Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

Cabañas Doña Juana Villa dispone de facilidades como una piscina exterior, una zona de picnic y una terraza solárium.

¿Cabañas Doña Juana Villa tiene una cocina?

Sí, Cabañas Doña Juana Villa tiene una cocina, así como con un hervidor eléctrico, una nevera y un horno.

¿Esta villa dispone de televisión?

Sí, en esta villa hay un televisor de pantalla plana.

¿Cabañas Doña Juana Villa tiene aire acondicionado?

Sí, los huéspedes de Cabañas Doña Juana Villa podrán estar frescos con aire acondicionado.

¿Qué actividades deportivas se organizan en Cabañas Doña Juana Villa?

En Cabañas Doña Juana Villa los huéspedes pueden probar algunas actividades deportivas, como senderismo y pesca.

Dirección

Avenida los Porteños,
Nono,
Argentina,
5887,
Cordoba

Ver mapa

Información útil

Entradadesde 13:30-19:00GRATISSalidadesde 07:00-10:00GRATIS

Niños y camas extraLas habitaciones no están equipadas con cunas para bebés. 

MascotasSe admiten mascotas a petición.

+ Más- Menos

Los alrededores

+ Más- Menos

¿Necesitas un servicio de traslado?

Puedes reservar un servicio de traslado, una vez que tu reserva esté completa.

Consejo: Considera opciones con cancelación gratuita para mantenerte flexible teniendo en cuenta el actual brote de COVID-19.

Gracias

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ᐉ COMPLEJO DE CABANAS DONA JUANA CASA DE VACACIONES ( NONO, ARGENTINA ) FOTOS DE VIAJEROS Y OFERTAS EXCLUSIVAS

Cabañas Doña Juana Villa

 Wi-Fi

Wifi

 Piscina

Piscina exterior de temporada

 Actividades

Pesca

Excursionismo

 Prohibido fumar

Habitaciones para no fumadores

 Aire acondicionado

 Mascotas

Se permiten mascotas


El apartamento Complejo De Cabanas Dona Juana Apartamento proporciona el alojamiento para 6 huéspedes en Nono. Este apartamento de 2 dormitorios cuenta con una terraza-solárium, 3 baños y una cocina completa.

Valle Encantado está a 10 minutos en coche del apartamento y Paseo de los Artesanos se encuentra a 62 km. El centro de Nono se encuentra solo a 2 km.

Los cuartos están equipados con calefacción, televisor LCD y un espejo. Una ducha a ras de suelo y un bidé, así como albornoces suaves y toallas de baño son elementos estándar en el cuarto de baño.

Las habitaciones también tienen un horno de microondas, un hervidor eléctrico y máquina de hielo en la cocina.El aeropuerto Villa Dolores se encuentra a 30 minutos en coche del albergue.En el apartamento, a los huéspedes se les ofrecen una zona de estar.

  • Atracciones locales
  • Nono Church

    1,9 km

  • el Paso de las Tropas

    3,6 km

  • Balneario Rio Arriba

    3 km

  • Parador La Kiva Balneario La Toma

    3,6 km

  • Parroquia de San Juan Bautista

    1,7 km

  • el Criadero de Truchas Don Clemente

    1,7 km

  • Laberinto de Nono

    3,2 km


En el hotel

General

  • Habitaciones para no fumadores
  • Wifi
  • Aparcamiento
  • Se permiten mascotas
  • Extintores
  • Acceso a llaves

Comida & Bebidas

  • Hervidor
  • Utensilios de cocina
  • Zona de comedor exterior
  • Mesas de picnic

Actividades de ocio

  • Piscina exterior de temporada
  • Terraza solárium
  • Jardín
  • Instalaciones de barbacoa
  • Excursionismo
  • Pesca
  • Piscina con vista

Servicios

  • Asistencia en excursiones/ Servicio de entradas

En la habitación

  • Aire acondicionado
  • Calefacción
  • Zona de estar
  • Patio
  • Mueble de jardín
  • Mesa de comedor
  • Televisor LCD

Política del hotel

Entrada: desde 13:30 hasta 19:00

Salida: desde 07:00 hasta 10:00

  • Camas adicionales
  • No hay cunas disponibles en una habitación.

Comprueba las condiciones de tu reserva

Si vas a hacer una reserva a partir del 6 de abril, te recomendamos tener en cuenta las restricciones por coronavirus (COVID-19) y las medidas del Gobierno responsable. Si no reservas una tarifa flexible, quizá no puedas recibir un reembolso. Las peticiones de cancelación las gestiona el alojamiento según las condiciones de la reserva y los derechos del consumidor correspondientes, en caso de que sean aplicables. En momentos de incertidumbre, te recomendamos reservar una opción con cancelación gratis. Así, si cambias de planes, podrás cancelar la reserva dentro del plazo establecido sin ningún coste.


Detalles y precios


Los cuartos están equipados con calefacción, televisor LCD y un espejo. Una ducha a ras de suelo y un bidé, así como albornoces suaves y toallas de baño son elementos estándar en el cuarto de baño.


Por favor, introduce la fecha de tu estancia para comprobar la disponibilidad.

Comprobando las habitaciones disponibles

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Reseña

Contáctanos

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el Loco, el Tirano, el Peregrino (Part VI)

If in the previous parts of the story our story about Lope de Aguirra had an entertaining character, only occasionally seasoned with tragic plots, then with the death of Don Pedro the jokes ended. Psychosis and panic seized the conquistadors, hatred settled in the hearts of the conspirators and a bloody bacchanalia threatened all participants in the event.
But first we will have to make some digression, so that in the future you can fully imagine the overall picture of the crime. In the New World, in a hot and humid climate, iron knightly armor turned, as a rule, into an unbearable burden. And the conquistadors borrowed from the Mayans and Aztecs their protective clothing made of dense quilted cotton three fingers thick — escaupil (Spanish escaupil, in Nahuatl huipilli — shirt). This is something like a jacket with a high collar that reaches to the knees and is fastened in front with large buttons. This armor perfectly protected from arrows, it was also difficult to break through them with a sword. In addition, the Indian «huipili» is light, does not restrict movement, is put on quickly and, although it gets wet and heavy in the rain, at least it does not rust.

Escaupile Indian in flexible armour, 16th century miniature

We needed this educational program, because without it it will be difficult for you to appreciate all the drama of the next episode.

After the murder of Pedro de Ursua, the conspirators rushed to look for the deputy governor of don Juan de Vargas.

«He just jumped out of his BOIO ( GOOD FROM SOLOM, URVAL » Buhio) ) with an outcome in the hand in the hand of the hand in the hand and dressed in an escaupille and faced the rebels, who showered him with swear words, took away the rod and ordered him to take off the escaupille; he himself did not want to undress, then one of the rebels, originally from the Canary Islands, rushed to him, and began to rip off the escaupille from him, pulled one sleeve and began to pull the other when Martin Pérez stabbed the deputy from behind with a sword — the blow was so strong that the sword pierced both Juan de Vargas and the Canarian clinging to him, and ended both at once. «

the Indians cannot be compared with such bloody productivity and self-destruction! so, in a short period of time, a small handful of criminals were able to subdue the vast majority of the army, imposing on the bewildered majority the collective will of a close-knit minority.For their own safety, the rebels took the weapons from the friends of the governor, promising to return them when they «become their friends.»

«On the same night , the general general expedition was proclaimed Don Fernando de Gusman, and his Maera-de-Kamo ( Chief of Staff of the approx. My) Lope de Aguirre».

According to Pedro Simon, it was Lope de Aguirre and Lorenzo de Salduendo who were the most active and determined instigators and perpetrators of this heinous crime. Moreover, under pain of death, Aguirre forbade the soldiers to whisper, even demanding that they communicate with each other in raised tones in order to stop the murmuring and gossip of the dissatisfied.
And, as usual, according to all the laws of the pirate genre, the rebels opened the stocks of wine that the governor kept for masses and other needs, distributed to the soldiers and celebrated their success with a noisy feast.
What about Doña Ines? Her conspirators left her alone so that she could bury her loved one. By her order, the Negroes, the slaves of Don Pedro, dug a deep hole and buried the governor and his deputy in the same grave.
It is noteworthy that individual Negro slaves also became involved in the tragic course of events! Some by action, and some by inaction, but they directly contributed to its execution. So, one of the murderers of Governor Juan Alonso de La Bandera had a Negro named Juan (namesake) as a slave. Somehow, this slave found out that his master and his accomplices had conspired to kill Pedro de Ursua, and shortly before the murder, late in the evening, he came to the governor to warn him of the danger. But he was occupied by dona Ines (a truly femme fatale!) and could not accept him. Then Juan told everything to another black man, the governor’s slave named Hernando , in the hope that he will give everything to the owner. But Hernando did not do this — «either out of distrust, or out of forgetfulness, but most likely out of reluctance» suggest in unison Francisco Vazquez and Pedro Simon. As you can see, the slaves were not very fond of their masters, the conquistadors, and each of them sought, at the opportunity, to substitute the breadwinner-patron. After the death of the governor, Hernando denounced Juan to the conspirators, and he was flogged in the square with a whip, pouring him five hundred0004 (!) beats. He was saved from the imminent death penalty by the skills of «good sailor», always appreciated in any pirate gang. But public demonstrative flogging has become an excellent means of warning and intimidation for those who would suddenly decide to go against the team.

Next, let’s give the floor to Francisco Vasquez:

«Three months and three days passed from the day of sailing to the night of the assassination of the governor. that there were more officers than soldiers.»

On this council, the majority of participants spoke out for continuing the expedition, still wanting to find and populate the desired land (be it Omagua or Drado), so that «For a good service to receive forgiveness of the king.» In this regard, Raymond Ramsey notes that the assassination of the governor cannot be called a genuine rebellion, because. the conspirators «elected another young officer of the regular Spanish army as commander.» Let me disagree with this. The rebels falsely accused the late governor of sabotage and unwillingness to fulfill the will of the monarch in search of El Dorado. And in order to give the deed the appearance of some legality, issue «everything is honorable», they concocted a notarial paper in which they set out the reasons for their action and plans for the implementation of the royal surrender, and forced everyone to sign a new agreement.

The details of this fictitious forgivable procedure were artistically depicted by Francisco Vasquez: words to everyone, said: «You killed the governor, who was appointed by the king, received powers from the king and represented his person — and after that you fools naively hope that you will be forgiven? You are all rebels now, and even if you find a land richer than Peru, the first royal officer sent there will cut off your heads. Therefore, it is better to sell life at a higher price before it is taken away.»

Here, let me make a digression in order to draw an interesting analogy and clarify one confusing situation in the Russian historiography of piracy.
I think pirate experts have already noticed that a similar speech 160 years later (!) in 1724 sounded in the book by Captain Charles Johnson «A general history of robberies and murders committed by the most famous pirates … «. B The Life of Captain Lowther, according to C.Johnson, after the mutiny and capture by the crew of the ship of the Royal African Company «Gambia Castle» («Gambia Castle») George Lowther turned to the team with the following proposal (translated from English. A.K. Efremova , from Captain Charles Johnson’s book «A History of the Famous 18th Century Marines», 2009):

can no longer be justified, i. e. from the point of view of the law, this is a great crime, of which they will all be accused upon returning home; further, he said that he personally did not like it, and therefore, if the crew does not agree with him, have him put ashore in some safe place; but now they have a good ship, a brave crew, and they are not threatened by either starvation or the prospect of becoming obedient slaves; and if they think the same way, then you need to go in search of luck and adventure, as many before them did.»0005 by C. Johnson, but by Daniel Defoe A General History of Pirates. The Life and Pirate Adventures of the Glorious Captain Singleton 2015:




0004 sea hunter.
For those who did not agree with this decision, Lowther offered to land in a safe place. However, the new captain assured, they had a good ship, a brave crew. It is not their fate to starve and become slaves. Therefore, if they are sensible people, they should seek their fortune on the seas, as was done before them by other adventurers. »

Did you notice one significant discrepancy?0005 offers readers an option where George Lowther, in case of disagreement with his proposal, is ready to voluntarily leave the ship and land on shore «in some safe place»; and the translator N. Filimonova interprets this passage in a completely different way: «sea hunter» Lowther suggests that already dissenting sailors should be thrown ashore.
In the latter case, it is painfully the appeal looks daring «second mate» («sub-navigator») to the rebel team.
Nevertheless, the American historian Don Carlos Seitz partially agrees with the version of N. Filimonova in the book «Under the Black Flag: Exploits of the Most Notorious Pirates» 1925 ( in Russian » Under the black flag. Stories of the famous pirates of the West Indies, the Atlantic and the Malabar coast « 2017, according to the translation from English by E. V. Lamanova). In their account, capturing ship Gambia Castle, «Lauter called the whole crew together and said they’d better take care of themselves. He promised that those who didn’t want to go with them would be put ashore in a safe place.» D.K.Seitz omitted all other details.
Another version of the reading of this episode was offered by the Russian educator and translator F.V. Karzhavin (1745-1812) in the manuscript «Biography of Pirates», an excerpt from which is given V.K. Gubarev in book «Pirates of the Caribbean: The Lives of Famous Captains» 2009:

«Here Lovter called everyone on deck and said to them, ‘It’s silly, folks, to think of going back to England, because what we’ve done so far is enough to condemn us to death. And so I ask you to think that you have a reliable ship under your feet, and wouldn’t it be better for us to seek our happiness in the open seas, following the example of many others who have been before us and have found a calm and carefree life!”.

In this version of the reading, no one goes ashore at all.
So many translators, so many opinions! But we are dealing with the adaptation into Russian of an important historical source, without which not a single domestic study on the history of piracy can do today. Only reference to the 1724 original will help us clarify the situation:

under what conditions, and will be considered in the eyes of the Law as a serious crime, and none of them will be able to withstand the charges that they will bring against the authorities at home; in relation to himself, he does not want to allow such a threat, and therefore let [his] be put ashore somewhere in a safe place, unless his next proposal is supported: under them is a good ship, whose brave crew should not starve or become slaves; and therefore, if you think carefully, they should seek their fortune on the seas, as other adventurers did before them. »

In my opinion, A.K. did not want to voluntarily climb into the loop and asked for (!) command in case of not accepting his decision to give him the opportunity to leave the ship. Thus, William Dampier, Alexander Selkirk and many other pirates and privateers were landed in their time. Why is this so important? Such examples give an understanding of the principles of the structure of the egalitarian pirate community, an important component of which has always been equality. Under these conditions, only the team could decide who and where to land on the shore. And there will be many more such parallels between the textbook episodes of the history of piracy and the facts of the Marañon campaign led by Lope de Aguirre. As Karl Marx said, referring to the philosopher Hegel, History repeats itself twice: the first time as a tragedy, the second time as a farce.

« Revenons a nos moutons». Let’s go back to our sheep.
Having dotted all i, Lope de Aguirre took the initiative and offered nothing more, nothing less than «conquer Peru»! Lieutenant General Alonso de Villena, who replaced the murdered Vargas in this position, supported Aguirre’s proposal, warning the others that if anyone disagrees, he is not their friend. Almost all the soldiers, out of fear of the death penalty, signed that they would go to war in Peru, only three firmly and openly declared to the tyrants that «will not go against His Majesty in anything, and flatly refused to swear allegiance and sign the agreement.» Contrary to expectations, the daredevils were not severely punished, but simply took away their weapons.
And what, was it possible? Yes, and now you will understand why. Those daredevils were called Juan de Cabañas, Juan de Vargas Zapata and… Francisco Vazquez. So, at least, Francisco Vasquez himself claimed in his chronicle, presenting himself as a brave man before his readers and law-abiding before the Crown. After all, no one is obliged to testify against himself.

Let’s pay tribute to Franciso Vasquez — he was an interesting storyteller:

«Five or six days after the assassination of the governor, the rebels left the village. There we had to leave another punt, it rotted and fell apart, and remained with us only one, , on which we carried horses, and on the same day we arrived at another village, also abandoned by the inhabitants. Since we had a lot of wood left to make ships for returning to Peru, we stayed in that village for three months and two brigantines were built While the ships were being built, we were terribly hungry, there we ate horses and ate all the dogs, some caught and ate vultures. that travelers really experienced difficult times.We have already written that for the conquistadors, the death of even one horse was considered a heavy and irreparable loss, which cannot be said about people.In the first years of acquaintance with Europeans, the Indians experienced panic fear of horses and horror of horsemen, who they seemed to be a single mythical creature.Therefore, victories in military conflicts with the natives were forged largely thanks to the cavalry.0003 In an atmosphere of general mistrust, exacerbated by the pangs of hunger, the basic moral and ethical criteria have irreparably shifted, human life has depreciated and lost its sacred meaning. The norm in Detachment of the «valiant Maranonians» was killing on the slightest suspicion, sometimes out of sheer whim. The situation in the camp became more and more unbearable. Life in the team beat a bloody key.
In the village where the ships were built, without having time to appoint, the chief mulatto alguacil was executed Pedro de Miranda and chief contador Pedro Hernandez. Reason — suspicion of malicious intent. The next victim was Garcia de Arce. He was pierced with an awl just because he was a friend of the governor.
Toribio de Ortiguera in his chronicle tells about this episode in more detail:

«Garcia de Arce… stood, leaning his chest on a beam, and thoughtfully watched how the brigantine was being built, when Lope de Aguirre passed by, surrounded by his friends, among whom was Anton Llamoso, Portuguese, former shoemaker, holding in his hands a huge shoe needle two palms long; and at a sign from Lope de Aguirre, Llamoso approached Garcia de Arce and quickly plunged a needle into him in one side, then in the other, from which he died before he had time to confess. Lope de Aguirre ordered to tie the corpse to a tree, and to fix a plaque on his chest with the inscription: « For being a servant of the king and governor.»

Aguirre explained his action by the fact that Arce «was thoughtful»! And if he was a friend of the murdered governor, he would not otherwise think about how to take revenge on the murderers of Pedro de Ursua. And the maestre de campo, taking care of a healthy environment in the team, worked ahead of the curve, until Arce thought of something.

Fearing the strengthening of Aguirre and his inhumane methods of education, which threatened to leave the expedition without soldiers, don Fernando appointed his deputy Juan Alonso de La Bandera, captain of the personal guard. And it turned out that he and Lope de Aguirre were on equal command positions. What one ordered, the other immediately canceled, and it was difficult to understand which position was more important and who should be obeyed. Gradually, the conflict of interests and ambitions spread to the soldiers, as a result of which the army split into two camps. The supporters of the moderate Juan Alonso de La Bandera took over. Don Fernando removed from his post maestre de campo Lope de Aguirre, humiliating him (a lame man who, after two wounds in the leg, had difficulty managing a horse) by appointing him captain of a non-existent cavalry, in which horses became less and less every day. The embittered Aguirra was promised that this was a temporary measure for a transitional period, and that he would definitely enter Peru only in the status of maestre de campo. And in order to finally cover up the wrath of the offended troublemaker, realizing that he still has support in the army, the cunning don Fernando promised Aguirre to marry his brother Martin (without the knowledge of the latter), who was in Peru, on his daughter Lope. And in support of his promises, Guzman began to call Dona Elvira sister-in-law, presented her with jewelry and expensive silk clothes, and as a dowry generously wrote off by his decree all the property of the murdered governor.
But this did not make the enmity between Juan Alonso de La Bandera and Lope de Aguirre less. Our hero, fearing an attack, went armed and always surrounded by his friends. One of them, the captain of the guard and an old comrade, Lorenzo de Salduendo, had particular personal motives for eliminating La Bandera, as both were pursuing the love of the murdered governor’s girlfriend, dona Ines. Thus, having a determined friend and a good reason as assistants, Lope de Aguirre and his accomplices once burst into the bugio of Fernando de Guzman, where the captain-general played cards (as is customary among pirates) with Juan Alonso and Cristobal Hernandez. Conspirators under the pretext of jealousy and honor, «armed with swords, pikes and arquebuses», pounced on La Bandera and finished with both (Hernandez also got under the hot hand).
It was rumored in the camp that Don Fernando was aware of the upcoming massacre, and deliberately allowed the murder of Juan Alonso de La Bandera and Hernandez, owing both a lot of money lost the day before in cards. After that, Lope de Aguirre was again appointed maestre de campo.

As we have already said, the Indians of the province of Machifaro were friendly to the Spanish guests, continued to come to them in the new village (Port Brigantine), where travelers moved to build brigantines, but the bandits, who were aground, used to freebies, trade with the natives was a burden. Therefore, without inventing anything more clever, the robbers lured several dozen Indians with food into the camp and staged a massacre, killing fifty 90,004 (!) 90,005 people, and the rest were taken prisoner.

Extermination of Indians, 16th century engraving

The bitter examples of the Orellana expedition taught them nothing! Five days later, the captives managed to escape and spread the news of what had happened around the district. After that the Indians revolted and killed six soldiers, including the captain of flotilla Sebastian Gomez, when the Spaniards went fishing recklessly.

Indians killing conquistadors, 16th century engraving.

«While earlier we used to go out for food in groups of several people, now, fearing an attack, we were forced to gather in crowded detachments; moreover, at night the natives began to steal our canoes.»

One important epoch-making event took place in the same village!
According to Pedro Simon, Lope de Aguirre persuaded the members of the expedition to recognize Don Fernando de Guzmán «Ruler and Prince of Peru, Maina ( Spanish Main — approx. mine) «.

In this regard, Francisco Vasquez even preserved for posterity Lope de Aguirre’s historic appeal to the nation:

«We must give our war more solidity and persuasiveness, and it will be good if you proclaim your Prince Don Fernando de Guzman, so that we crown him in Peru; but for this it is necessary that from now on you do not consider yourself the sons of your mother -Spain, and refused to be subjects of King Don Philip, and continued to say that we supposedly did not see him, do not know and do not want to have him as our king and that we have chosen Don Fernando de Guzman as our master; and, if you agree Let’s all take turns kissing his hand. »

But «Their Lordships» Don Fernando did not shake hands with anyone, but personally embraced each of the signatories, not hiding the pleasure of such an address to himself. Of the 90,004,270,90,005 representatives of the Spanish nation, 90,004,186,90,005 people signed the document. Then, March 23, 1561 «His Excellency» Don Fernando de Guzmán awarded Lope de Aguirre the rank of captain-general.

To be continued…

Guadalajara attractions. Centro Historico (Historic Center). What to see and where to go • Mexico • America • Countries

The splendid architecture of the historic churches and buildings Gualajara Historic Center captivates visitors to the city and one does not want to miss any of them. Despite the active modernization, the dynamic development of the city, the Historical Center is actually preserved in its original form and a walk along it is the best way to immerse yourself in the history of Gualajara.

According to old chronicles, in the place known today as Plaza de los Fundadores (Founders’ Square), on February 14, 1542, sixty-three people, who are considered the founders of Guadalajara, gathered and swore honor to protect the new city.

In special terminology, it is called Frieze of the Founders of Guadalajara and is located behind the Teatro Degollado. The square was organized thanks to a structure consisting of a partition 3 meters high and 21 meters long and a beautiful bronze relief in its background, representing the official founders of the city. Cristobal de Oñate, Miguel de Ibarra, the brave Dona Beatriz Hernandez and others who contributed to the Spanish colonization of Mexico, Andalusians, Estemadurans, Castilians, Portuguese, natives of Santander and so on, whose names have remained in the memory of Guadalajara in the names of streets and districts.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, the idea of ​​building a theater developed. The first stone in the theater building was laid on March 5, 1856 by José Santos Degollado, the military and political leader of Mexico. The theater opened on September 13, 1866 with Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Lucia di Lammermoor, under the name Teatro Alarcón in honor of the seventeenth-century Spanish playwright Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza. Degollado was killed in 1861 during the Reform War. Later in history, he was proclaimed «Benemerito de la Patria» (Worthy of the Nation) and the Alarcón theater was named after him.

Many outstanding performers performed on the theater stage — Angela Peralta, Virginia Fabregas, Anna Pavlova, Juan Gabriel, Pau Casals, Andres Segovia, Placido Domingo, Rudolf Nureyev, Marcel Marceau and many others. It regularly hosts concerts by leading domestic and foreign performers, mariachi, performances of folklore classical and modern dance, opera, presentations, and the theater is also the permanent stage of the Jalisco Philharmonic Orchestra. The building is in a neoclassical style inspired by Italian theaters. On the dome there are frescoes by Gerardo Suarez and Jacobo Galvez (illustration of the fourth Canto of Dante’s Divine Comedy).

Palacio de Gobierno
(Government Palace) is a must see. In addition to the fact that the building has one of the most beautiful facades and the most important historical events took place, it is decorated with frescoes by the famous Mexican muralist, graphic artist José Clemente Orozco.

At the far end of the Plaza de Armas is a monumental structure — Hospicio Cabañas , founded by Bishop Fray Antonio Alcalde of Guadalajara and named after his follower, Bishop Juan Ruiz de Cabañas, thanks to whom the plan of the complex was designed by the architect Manuel Tolso. In the past, a shelter for the sick and orphans, from the end of 19In the 80s, it housed the Cabañas Institute of Culture.

In 1937, at the invitation of the Government of the State of Jalisco, José Clemente Orozco began work on the old chapel, not expecting that his work would become an important part in the history of the country.

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