Jose ph hernandez poemas: Poemas de Jos P. H. Hernndez Poeta Boricua nacido en Hatillo, Puerto Rico

El poeta puertorriqueo Jos P.H. Hernndez

Jos P.H. Hernndez
biografa; poema «A unos ojos astrales»

por Luis R. Negrn Hernndez

(c) CopyRight — Prohibido copiar, reproducir

NICIA «PEACHE» Hernndez sus estudios primarios y musicales
en Hatillo, su pueblo natal, con el maestro Manuel
Lacomba. En el 1907, se
muda a San Juan donde
refina sus habilidades
con el bombardino
(un instrumento de viento,
de metal) junto
al msico Liborio Milin.

Estudia francs, latn,
ingls, y ms tarde
griego con su amigo de
siempre, el poeta
Padre Juan Rivera. En la
secundaria escribe
sus primeros versos y composiciones
musicales,
enamorado de la que sera
su esposa, Carmen
Snchez (hija de don Felipe
Snchez Goita,
farmacutico y dueo de
una botica en el
pueblo de Hatillo).

Por las noches, asista
a las tertulias literarias
de Evaristo Chevremont
y Luis Llorns Torres,
entre otros poetas de la entonces nueva escuela modernista, que
domina la mtrica al estilo
de Rubn Daro.
Cultiva su estilo entre
amigos periodistas
y literarios.

Foto a la izquierda: Bombardino, instrumento
de viento, de contrabajo, similar al que
tocaba el poeta Jos P.H. (Polonio Hernndez)
Hernndez.

Su aspiracin era ser mdico, pero escaso
de recursos econmicos no logr alcanzarla.
Se grada de farmacutico en el 1912, profesin
que ejerci en Corozal y ms tarde en Hatillo,
donde dirigi la banda musical. Ya casado,
pasa a Ro Grande, donde tambin ejerce como
cirujano menor. Es en este pueblo donde nacen
sus tres hijos.

En el 1919, falleci uno de ellos, Jos Polonio.
Sus versos comienzan a reflejar el dolor
interno que el poeta experimentaba, a la
vez que se deterioraba su salud vctima de
la tuberculosis.

A sus temas de amor y la naturaleza, va incorporando
el de la muerte. En el 1921, se percibe en
el umbral de su muerte una melancola que
recuerda a Bcquer y a Gautier Bentez, y
cuya angustia recoge su poemario.

Debilitados sus pulmones expir en Ro Grande,
a slo 29 aos de edad, uno de los ms puros
y autnticos lricos de nuestras letras.

En el 1925, apareci por primera vez en su
libro pstumo «Cantos de la Sierra»,
el sutil madrigal A unos ojos astrales, que incluyo a continuacin:

Foto: Luis R. Negrn Hernndez

OJOS ASTRALES

i Dios un da
cegara toda fuente de luz,
el universo se alumbrara
con esos ojos que tienes t.

Pero si — lleno de agrios enojos
por tal blasfemia— tus lindos ojos
Dios te arrancase,
para que el mundo con la alborada
de tu pupila no se alumbrase;
aunque quisiera, Dios no podra
tender la Noche sobre la Nada….

Porque an el mundo se alumbrara
con el recuerdo de tu mirada!

José P. H. Hernández — EnciclopediaPR

Poeta modernista cuya obra presenta aspectos líricos románticos. Cultiva los temas del amor, la naturaleza y la muerte. En su poesía, se destaca el uso de los arcaísmos, los neologismos, la hipérbole y el dominio de la métrica eneasílaba.

José Polonio Hernández Hernández nació en Hatillo el 22 de mayo de 1892. En este municipio cursó sus estudios elementales y parte de los superiores. También, allí estudió música con los maestros Manuel A. Lacomba y Tomás Millán. Practicó la flauta y el bombardino, siendo este último su instrumento musical. Como intérprete, se trasladó a San Juan en 1907 junto con una banda musical.

En San Juan, terminó la escuela superior y tomó lecciones de francés, inglés, latín y griego. Sus primeros versos datan de esta época, dedicados, mayormente a la que sería más tarde su esposa, Carmen Sánchez. Asistió a las tertulias literarias de otros poetas como Evaristo Ribera Chevremont y Luis Llorens Torres, interesados en la poética modernista rubendariana.

Obtuvo el título de cirujano menor, pues su interés en estudiar medicina se vio truncado por falta de recursos económicos. En 1912, se graduó de farmacéutico y en 1913 se trasladó a Corozal. Posteriormente, se estableció en su pueblo natal de Hatillo, donde ejerció como farmacéutico y cirujano menor en la Farmacia Hernández. También, dirigió la banda musical de Hatillo. En 1914, contrajo nupcias con Carmen Sánchez y, unos años más tarde, se mudó a Río Grande donde nacieron sus tres hijos. Tras la muerte, en 1919 de José Polonio, uno de sus hijos, incorporó el tema de la muerte a su obra.

Su poética se inclina hacia el simbolismo, en la que predomina la mirada hacia el interior del poeta, más que el escapismo hacia los lugares exóticos. Su obra, también, anuncia las vanguardias de la segunda década del siglo XX, ya que revela la búsqueda de nuevas formas de expresión como la incorporación en los versos de interpretaciones acústicas de base onomatopéyica que recogerá el diepalismo, primer movimiento de vanguardia puertorriqueño iniciado en 1921.

Produjo numerosos poemas, unos cincuenta, dispersos en revistas y periódicos. Publicó, además, dos libros: Coplas de la vereda (1919), primer poemario en donde se revela su sencillez poética y una fina melancolía que permeará toda su obra, y El último combate (1921), prologado por Juan Vicente Rafael –Padre Rivera- en el que se refleja un tono de angustia más intenso e intimista. Un tercer poemario, El páramo de los petreles, se extravió en manos del poeta español Francisco Villaespesa, quien iba a prologarlo y publicarlo en España.

Póstumamente, se publicó Cantos de la Sierra (1925), poemario que recoge los mejores poemas del autor, entre los cuales se incluye el más conocido, el madrigal “A unos ojos astrales”, de métrica y ritmo propiamente modernistas. En 1936, la revista Alma Latina recoge sus poemas dispersos y los publica en un número dedicado al poeta.

La lírica de José P.H. Hernández abarca los temas del dolor, la muerte, la belleza y la naturaleza. Al ser intimista, carece de elementos geográficos precisos, es decir, sus descripciones no aluden a ningún lugar, sino a un estado de ensoñación, vana esperanza y triste melancolía. En sus poemas, demuestra un gran dominio del lenguaje, la técnica del simbolismo y una perfección métrica que permite la fluidez rítmica en la lectura de los poemas.

Tras sufrir tuberculosis por tres años, murió en Río Grande el 2 de abril de 1922.

Nació:

22 de mayo de 1892

Lugar:

Hatillo

Falleció:

2 de abril de 1922

Lugar:

Río Grande

Publicado: 16 de septiembre de 2014.

Quiz dedicated to Jose Hernandez. Quiz.

Vorozhki at the school number 5

Pages of military glory

Day of memory of A. S. Pushkin

seconds

Victorian dedicated to Jose Ernandes

The Class included a beard …

Russia — as in the palm of your hand!

The journey never ends

Paper boat

Equal to the great?

Day of fun

The boat is sailing, sailing

Fiction

Secrets of poetry

TIME FOR CARNIVALS

Interfering with the management of the SHIP

Discovery of the Universe

Inner Fire

When was the PORTRAIT painted?

Liverpool in the country of mammoths

Morning detective

Where the wind is blown by

Technician Illusions

edible poison

Curric Victorin

Victorin is dedicated to the classics of Argentine literature — Jose Ernandes, one of the greatest poets of South America. You need to find a keyword — the name of the native
pampas. Pampa is a geographical area in South America, located east of the Pampino Sierras and the Andes, between the rivers
Rio Salado and Rio Colorado. And in the language of the Indians, «pampa» is the steppe,
a large plain covered with grass. The encrypted words are the names of the animals that live in the pampas.

DUNAN 1. José-Rafael Hernandez was born in 1934. His homeland was a farm near Buenos Aires, where he was raised by Aunt Victoria, his mother’s sister. Boy
affectionately called my aunt «Mama Toto». By the age of 4, the kid read and wrote smartly,
and later successfully studied at the San Telma Lyceum. But at the age of 12, Jose fell ill, and the family
decided to pick him up from school and send him to nature, to his father’s homeland.
So the boy «got into the people.» As befits a real man, he learned
he was excellent in the saddle, grazed cattle, dexterously wielded a combat knife and lasso, played
guitar. José, following local customs, wore wide trousers trimmed with fringe,
a large-brimmed hat and a traditional Argentine cloak, which replaced its owner at night with a blanket. From the name of the raincoat, the fourth letter is needed.

NOSETSBROYEN 2. Rural shopkeepers in those days had such a typical list
ordered goods: twelve dozen matches, a keg of beer and
twelve copies of Martin Fierro. This book, written
José Hernandez, has become the bible of the simple Argentine people. Hero
books, Martin Fierro is a wandering singer. He talks about his
life, wandering from village to village. He sings about everything
close and understandable to the heart of a simple person. And we remember the first
letter from the name of a musical instrument, Martin Fierro’s faithful companion.

NAKOGUA 3. Hernandez in his book defended the simple class, whose life was spent in the saddle. At first they were «kings of the prairies». But civilization
advanced, pushing them further and further. There was no money to buy land, people became vagabonds. And the government sent vagrants to fight against the Indians. They went into battle armed instead
guns … And those who tried to escape from the detachment were hanged for desertion.
From the missing word, the second letter is needed.

GUYAR 4. Martin Fierro is taken to the army, and when he escapes and returns home, he
finds instead of his … «only a pile of chipped ruins.» No wife, no children, no
at home. Fierro becomes a wanderer, wandering from village to village. Take the last letter of the missing word.

NAIGUA 5. Poverty, injustice, oppression, unhappy love, prison and border
detachments.» This is what happens to the common people. Fierro gives the young people this order:
“It’s bad for you — don’t ask for help. If it’s bad for your …, don’t leave him in trouble.” The missing word needs a third letter.

Year of Culture of Argentina in Russia
and Year of Culture of Russia in Argentina

ANSWERS TO THE SEVEN SEALS QUIZ
(JANUARY, 2015)

1. Anvil, letter — «H», city — Posadas.

2. Buenos Aires, the letter — «O», the city — Neuquen.

3. Egg, letter — «O», city — Salta.

4. Kulechek, letter — «Ch», city — Rosario.

5. Peso, letter — «P», city — Cordoba.

The boy, like his dog, was named PONCHO .

The following page

Artist Evgeny Morozov Page of the artist

Competitions in 2022

«Already the sky in the fall breathed in the fall …»

Poems about the fall

«The case was in January …»

Poems about winter

Poems for the New Year

Happy New Year! Poems and stories

Journal of international life — Spanish poems in the Russian embassy school

00:00 12/13/2010 • Alexander Fomichev, director of the school at the Russian Embassy in Spain, Madrid

At the end of February this year, during a long weekend, traveling by car along the east coast of Spain, we decided to look for a couple of hours in the town of Orihuella, where, according to the guidebook, the Museum of the Inquisition and several medieval churches were waiting for us, one of which houses the originals of Diego Velázquez and José Ribera.

Having parked near the center, we quickly found all the Orihuella sights, but, alas, we failed to get anywhere, because it was Monday — a day off for Spanish museums. All cultural points were locked up, the beauty of Spanish painting and the horrors of the Spanish Inquisition were inaccessible to us.

But Orihuella still managed to surprise. Typically, Spanish towns of this magnitude are touched by silence and tranquility. Here everything was different. The city was a large construction site. Jackhammers rattled everywhere, lime dust hung in the air, and the facades of many houses on the main streets were covered with scaffolding. The purpose of this repair was not hidden from the residents and guests of the city: posters and streamers were visible everywhere, announcing that Orihuella was preparing to adequately celebrate the 100th anniversary of the famous fellow countryman, the poet Miguel Hernandez. And although there was still more than six months left before the significant date (October 30, 2010), the Orihuelles worked with true Spanish obsession.

How did this poet, almost unknown to us before, deserve such respect from his fellow countrymen? Already in Orihuella, we purchased a popular book about his life and work, and upon returning from the trip, we called on Internet resources for help (it must be said that information in Russian was minimal).

Miguel Hernandez turned out to be one of the most popular Spanish poets of the 20th century. Born in a distant province, in a poor family, without receiving any education, he began to write poetry in his youth, which amazed the sophisticated Spanish public of the 1920s. Hernandez immediately stood out from the brilliant poetic pleiad of that time by the fact that he was able, in our opinion, to combine nationality and elitism in some incomprehensible, but completely organic way. His poetry was difficult to understand, full of deep and original metaphors, but at the same time it literally breathed love for Spain, glorified its simple people, traditions, nature.

But the Spaniards love Hernandez not only as an outstanding poet, but also as a man who devoted his whole life to a sincere and selfless struggle for the ideals of freedom and equality. He was a committed communist, and during the Civil War he fought in the ranks of the Republican army. When Franco won, Hernandez preferred the arrest of emigration and died in prison of tuberculosis, before he reached the age of 32.

We were also interested in the fact that in 1937, as part of a small Spanish delegation, he spent a whole month in the Soviet Union, visited Moscow, Leningrad, Kyiv and Kharkov. In Moscow, he saw Spanish children who had been evacuated a little earlier from his warring country to the USSR, and was deeply touched by the care with which the Soviet people treated them. Returning to Spain, Hernandez published a series of enthusiastic essays about the Land of the Soviets in the communist newspaper Nashe Znamya.

We wanted to tell the high school students about Hernandez. And to do it in such a way that they are not only passive consumers of information, but also participate in its collection and processing. A poetic evening dedicated to the anniversary of the outstanding native of Orihuela took place at the end of November. Pupils of grades 8-11, sitting in a circle in a small school library, talked about the life of the poet, listened to songs based on his poems. Many students themselves read Hernandez’s poetic works in Russian and Spanish. Daniil Padalko, Masha Gutkovskaya, Olya Yakusheva, Lesha Loktev, Nastya Cuellar, Nastya Yudina and Vika Sverlova did it with sincere enthusiasm. Our teacher of literature, member of the jury of the Big Book competition, E.I. Slavgorodsky, acted as the host.

The evening summed up the results of the poetry translation competition, which was held at the school on the initiative of a mathematics teacher and author of a series of Spanish textbooks, popular in Russia, G.A.Nuzhdin. In this most difficult literary genre, five students ventured to try their hand, all of them received honorary diplomas at the evening.

Here is how Kirill Surikov translated Hernandez’s poem “Tristes guerras”:

Terrible battles are not for love0003

They are senseless, pitiful, sad.

And if they are not guided by words

They are meaningless, pitiful, sad.

Losses and deaths not for the sake of love

They are senseless, pitiful, sad.

And here is Danila Yolshin’s translation:

The first one came, he loved.

I saw death, but I lived.

The second one comes,

Who loved but killed.

Now I…

I live, I am mortal and I love.

It was clear that the pragmatic and, alas, little-reading teenagers of today were touched by this unusual poetry and the bright, tragic fate — the fate of a true poet. The evening ended, but its participants were in no hurry to disperse. “It impressed me so much,” eighth-grader Vika Sverlova expressed her opinion, “that I am already looking forward to the next evening dedicated to poetry.

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