Where is bacardi rum made: Bacardi Heritage and History Time Line

Bacardi Heritage and History Time Line

Discover moments in our history

1862-1910
GETTING STARTED
1920-1936
PROHIBITION & ART DECO
1958-1979
CUBAN REVOLUTION TO GOING GLOBAL
1992-2004
BEYOND RUM
2009-2019
150 YEARS OF BRINGING PEOPLE TOGETHER
2019-present day
BACARDI LIFE TODAY

View by theme

The Whole Story
Heritage Highlights
Shaping Cocktail Culture
Growing Our Portfolio
Global Expansion

1862-1910

GETTING STARTED

1862

IT STARTS WITH A DREAM

Bacardi is founded on February 4 by Don Facundo Bacardí Massó in Santiago de Cuba, when he buys a small distillery and revolutionizes the rum-making process to create a smooth, light-bodied spirit – what the world now knows as BACARDÍ® rum.

Facundo’s wife, Doña Amalia notices a colony of fruit bats hanging in the rafters of the distillery and recognizes their importance to the Spanish and Cuban Taíno indigenous people as symbols of good health, family unity, and good fortune. She suggests adopting the bat as the symbol of BACARDÍ rum and soon locals began to ask for “el ron del murcielago” – the rum of the bat.

Facundo Bacardí Moreau (son of Don Facundo) plants a coconut palm at the front of the new distillery. Affectionately known as El Coco, the palm became a symbol to the Bacardí family and company. Withstanding a distillery fire, five earthquakes, and countless hurricanes, El Coco symbolized strength and resilience of the Bacardi company. Eventually, a local prophecy grows around the palm tree:

The Bacardi company will survive in Cuba so long as the coconut palm lives…”

1888

FAVORITE OF THE FAMOUS

BACARDÍ rum’s popularity and reputation for quality spreads like wildfire.

The company wins a gold medal at the Exposición Universal de Barcelona and is appointed ‘Purveyor to the Royal Spanish Household’. BACARDÍ establishes itself as a favorite of the rich and famous.

1898

MIXING UP A STORM

One hot day in Daiquirí, Cuba, American mining engineer Jennings S. Cox invents the BACARDÍ Daiquirí cocktail as a refreshing treat for his copper-mining crews, using freshly squeezed lime juice, sugar, ice shavings and BACARDÍ Superior rum. All we can say is thank you, Jennings!

Two years later in 1900, the world’s first Cuba Libre cocktail is created in Havana when American soldiers mix BACARDÍ rum and Coca-Cola® with lime to celebrate the end of the Spanish-American War. This delicious drink and other BACARDÍ rum cocktails help to spark the golden age of cocktails, as people fall in love with mixing their own drinks.

1910

NEW HORIZONS

Bacardi becomes Cuba’s first multi-national company by opening operations in Barcelona Spain ‒ where BACARDÍ rum is bottled outside Cuba for the first time – and in New York City soon after to keep up with the growing demand for BACARDÍ rum in the United States.

1920 — 1936

Prohibition & Art Deco

1920

BANNED BUT NOT BEATEN

Prohibition goes into effect in the United States, banning the manufacturing and sale of alcohol, and the Bacardi bottling facility in New York shuts down.

The company turns adversity into success with a campaign promoting Cuba as a tropical escape from the “dry” United States. Americans flock to the island to enjoy BACARDÍ rum, triggering growth for the company as cocktail culture booms around the world.

1930

AN ICONIC DESTINATION

As Prohibition carries on in the United States, Bacardi unveils Havana’s first skyscraper: the iconic Edificio Bacardí, designed by the architects Esteban Rodríguez-Castells and Rafael Fernández Ruenes. The elegant black and gold Art Deco lobby bar becomes a favorite hangout for entertainers, tourists, celebrities and even the Spanish royal family!

1930s

International guests arriving to Havana and Americans escaping Prohibition are greeted by Rafael ‘Pappy’ Valiente, nicknamed ‘the happiest salesman in Havana’, who introduces them to the delight of BACARDÍ rum.

His favorite technique is to personally get behind the bar at Edificio Bacardí and personally show his guests how to craft the perfect BACARDÍ Mojito, Daiquirí, Cuba Libre or the BACARDÍ Cocktail.

1930s

DOUBLING UP ON DISTILLERIES

Bacardi sets up facilities in Mexico and Puerto Rico ‒ to date two of the largest production facilities within Bacardi.

Mexico is the first country BACARDÍ rum is produced in outside of Cuba. Today, the facility in Cataño, Puerto Rico, is the largest premium rum distillery in the world.

1936

PROTECTING THE BAT

Today, when a customer orders a BACARDÍ Piña Colada, or another cocktail with BACARDÍ in the name, by law it must be served only with BACARDÍ rum. In a landmark consumer rights court case, in 1936, the New York Supreme Court declared:

“A BACARDÍ cocktail must be made with BACARDÍ rum.”

1958-1979

FROM CUBAN REVOLUTION TO WORLDWIDE RECOGNITION

1958

CATHEDRAL OF RUM

Puerto Rico’s governor christens the new Bacardi distillery in Cataño as the ‘Cathedral of Rum.’

1960

STRENGTH AND RESILIENCE

All Bacardi operations and assets in Cuba are illegally confiscated without compensation by revolutionary government forces on October 14, 1960, just shy of the company’s 100th anniversary. This same year, the prophecy of El Coco becomes a reality when, 98 years since it was first planted by the family outside the Bacardi distillery in 1862, the beloved palm withers and dies.

The Bacardí family remains strong, though many are forced to flee the island in exile. Having cleverly moved the company’s trademarks and yeast strain out of Cuba already, they continue operations in the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Spain and The Bahamas.

1965

A NEW LIFE

Bacardi International Limited moves from the Bahamas to a new home in Bermuda. This strategic move creates a bridge between Europe, where Bacardi sees growth potential, and the U.S. where they are already well established. It turns out to be a brilliant call and sparks a time of spectacular success.

Seven years later, Bacardi International Limited unveils a new office in Bermuda inspired by an original design by renowned architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. These designs were intended for a headquarters in Santiago de Cuba that were never realized as the family and business was forced into exile from the island in 1960.

1979

GOING GLOBAL

BACARDÍ rum recognizes worldwide sales close to 16 million 9-liter cases making it the world’s number one selling premium spirit brand.

1992-2004

BEYOND RUM

1992

BRINGING US TOGETHER

Bacardi Limited is formed, bringing together five separate strategic operating units of the Company (Bacardi International Limited – Bermuda; Bacardi & Company Limited – Bahamas; Bacardi Corporation – Puerto Rico; Bacardi Imports, Inc. – United States; and Bacardi y Compañía S.A. de C.V. – Mexico).

1993

MARTINI & ROSSI JOINS THE FAMILY

Bacardi acquires General Beverage, owner of the MARTINI & ROSSI Group. After more than 130 years as a one-brand company, this acquisition doubles the size of Bacardi and opens up powerful distribution channels overseas. The company becomes one of the five largest premium spirits companies in the world.

1995

ZEST FOR LIFE

Bacardi launches BACARDÍ Limón in the United States and makes a BIG impression. The following year the launch is hailed by the industry as “the most successful new spirit launch of all time.”

1998

A WORLD OF WHISKY AND GIN

Bacardi acquires DEWAR’S® blended Scotch whisky and the BOMBAY® and BOMBAY SAPPHIRE® gin brands. Bacardi is now one of the top four spirits companies in the world.

2003

OUR STORY DISTILLED

Bacardi opens the Casa BACARDÍ Visitor Center at the Bacardi distillery in Cataño, Puerto Rico—a multimillion-dollar, state-of-the-art tourist experience celebrating the Bacardí family, company history, and unique qualities of BACARDÍ rum. It remains a must-see attraction with a range of tour options.

2004

GREY GOOSE® SOARS

Bacardi purchases GREY GOOSE vodka, the world’s number one super premium vodka. Using only two ingredients – the finest wheat and water France has to offer – this exquisite spirit is distilled just once, because if you need to distill vodka more than once, you need better ingredients.

2009-2019

150 YEARS OF BRINGING PEOPLE TOGETHER

2009

SETTING STANDARDS

Bacardi Limited achieves “Triple Crown” certification and leads the industry as the only major spirits company in the world to have all its facilities globally certified to be operating in accordance with the world’s most recognized standards for quality, environment, and health and safety – ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 – putting the company among an elite group of the world’s best-run companies.

2012

BACARDI CELEBRATES 150 YEARS

On February 4, the company and BACARDÍ rum celebrate their 150th anniversary – an extraordinary milestone few companies reach. The historic birthday is celebrated by millions with hundreds of parties attended by consumers and celebrities around the world. A major advertising campaign features the 1950s-era heyday of BACARDÍ rum and a limited edition $2000-a-bottle BACARDÍ rum is crafted by eight Bacardí family master blenders.

2013

MARTINI & ROSSI REACHES 150

Bacardi celebrates the 150th anniversary of MARTINI, the world’s favorite vermouth and number one Italian sparkling wine.

2014

GOOD SPIRITED

Bacardi Limited unveils its global environmental initiative called “Good Spirited: Building a Sustainable Future” with specific goals in sourcing, packaging and operations.

2014

SINGLE MALTS UNLEASHED

John Dewar & Sons Ltd. releases a range of new expressions and never-before-released single malts under the title of the “Last Great Malts”: ABERFELDY®, AULTMORE®, CRAIGELLACHIE®, THE DEVERON® and ROYAL BRACKLA®.

2014

BOMBAY SAPPHIRE OPENS NEW DISTILLERY DOORS

BOMBAY SAPPHIRE gin opens its distillery and brand visitor center in England at Laverstoke Mill. The team transforms a 300-year old paper mill with more than 1,000 years of history into a sustainable distillery that preserves the natural ecology and heritage of the site.

2018

PROGRESS FOR PEOPLE AND PLANET

Bacardi shares the environmental progress made under the ‘Good Spirited: Building a Sustainable Future’ initiative and expands it to encompass all Corporate Responsibility activity. Efforts under this platform are aligned to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

2018

PASSION FOR PERFECTION

PATRÓN®, the world’s top-selling ultra-premium tequila, joins the family.

From hand-harvesting the best 100 percent Weber Blue Agave, to the traditional, time-honored distillation process and individual labeling, numbering, and inspection of each bottle, PATRÓN is crafted with meticulous precision and care.

2019 — Present Day

BACARDI LIFE TODAY

2019

CELEBRATING MOMENTS THAT MATTER

A new corporate strategy launches with the purpose of celebrating moments that matter, one drink at a time. The company unveils its vision to be the world’s leading premiums spirits house, loved for our iconic brands, that bring people together for exceptional drinks experiences.

Good Spirited

Doing the Right Thing

Since its early days, Bacardi has been committed to giving back to communities, marketing responsibly, operating sustainably, taking care of our people, and doing the right thing.

Learn more

BACARDÍ History | BACARDÍ US

Our History

8 min read

A FAMILY HISTORY LIKE NO OTHER

From a family dream in 1800’s Cuba, to celebrating the moments that matter today to our global community, this is the Bacardi story – over 150 years of bringing people together.

1862 – IT STARTS WITH A DREAM
Bacardi is founded on February 4 by Don Facundo Bacardí Massó in Santiago de Cuba, when he buys a small distillery and revolutionizes the rum-making process to create a smooth, light-bodied spirit – what the world now knows as BACARDÍ® rum.
Facundo’s wife, Doña Amalia notices a colony of fruit bats hanging in the rafters of the distillery and recognizes their importance to the Spanish and Cuban Taíno Indians as symbols of good health, family unity, and good fortune. She suggests adopting the bat as the symbol of BACARDÍ rum and soon locals began to ask for “el ron del murcielago” – the rum of the bat.
Facundo Bacardí Moreau (son of Don Facundo) plants a coconut palm at the front of the new distillery. Affectionately known as El Coco, the palm became a symbol to the Bacardí family and company. Withstanding a distillery fire, five earthquakes, and countless hurricanes, El Coco symbolized strength and resilience of the Bacardi company. Eventually, a local prophecy grows around the palm tree:

“The Bacardi company will survive in Cuba so long as the coconut palm lives…”

1888 – Favorite of the famous
BACARDÍ rum’s popularity and reputation for quality spreads like wildfire.
The company wins a gold medal at the Exposición Universal de Barcelona and is appointed ‘Purveyor to the Royal Spanish Household’. BACARDÍ establishes itself as a favorite of the rich and famous.

1910 – New Horizons
Bacardi becomes Cuba’s first multi-national company by opening operations in Barcelona Spain ‒ where BACARDÍ rum is bottled outside Cuba for the first time – and in New York City soon after to keep up with the growing demand for BACARDÍ rum in the United States.

1920 – BANNED BUT NOT BEATEN
Prohibition goes into effect in the United States, banning the manufacturing and sale of alcohol, and the Bacardi bottling facility in New York shuts down.
The company turns adversity into success with a campaign promoting Cuba as a tropical escape from the “dry” United States. Americans flock to the island to enjoy BACARDÍ rum, triggering growth for the company as cocktail culture booms around the world.

1930 – AN ICONIC DESTINATION
As Prohibition carries on in the United States, Bacardi unveils Havana’s first skyscraper: the iconic Edificio Bacardí, designed by the architects Esteban Rodríguez-Castells and Rafael Fernández Ruenes. The elegant black and gold Art Deco lobby bar becomes a favorite hangout for entertainers, tourists, celebrities and even the Spanish royal family!

1930 – DOUBLING UP ON DISTILLERIES
Bacardi sets up facilities in Mexico and Puerto Rico ‒ to date two of the largest production facilities within Bacardi.
Mexico is the first country BACARDÍ rum is produced in outside of Cuba. Today, the facility in Cataño, Puerto Rico, is the largest premium rum distillery in the world.

1936 – PROTECTING THE BAT
Today, when a customer orders a BACARDÍ Piña Colada, or another cocktail with BACARDÍ in the name, by law it must be served only with BACARDÍ rum. In a landmark consumer rights court case, in 1936, the New York Supreme Court declared:

“A BACARDÍ cocktail must be made with BACARDÍ rum.”

1960 – STRENGTH AND RESILIENCE
All Bacardi operations and assets in Cuba are illegally confiscated without compensation by revolutionary government forces on October 14, 1960, just shy of the company’s 100th anniversary. This same year, the prophecy of El Coco becomes a reality when, 98 years since it was first planted by the family outside the Bacardi distillery in 1862, the beloved palm withers and dies.
The Bacardí family remains strong, though many are forced to flee the island in exile. Having cleverly moved the company’s trademarks and yeast strain out of Cuba already, they continue operations in the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Spain and The Bahamas.

1965 – A NEW LIFE
Bacardi International Limited moves from the Bahamas to a new home in Bermuda. This strategic move creates a bridge between Europe, where Bacardi sees growth potential, and the U.S. where they are already well established. It turns out to be a brilliant call and sparks a time of spectacular success.
Seven years later, Bacardi International Limited unveils a new office in Bermuda inspired by an original design by renowned architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. These designs were intended for a headquarters in Santiago de Cuba that were never realized as the family and business was forced into exile from the island in 1960.

1979 – GOING GLOBAL
BACARDÍ rum recognizes worldwide sales close to 16 million 9-liter cases making it the world’s number one selling premium spirit brand.

1992 – BRINGING US TOGETHER
Bacardi Limited is formed, bringing together five separate strategic operating units of the Company (Bacardi International Limited – Bermuda; Bacardi & Company Limited – Bahamas; Bacardi Corporation – Puerto Rico; Bacardi Imports, Inc. – United States; and Bacardi y Compañía S.A. de C.V. – Mexico).

1995 – ZEST FOR LIFE
Bacardi launches BACARDÍ Limón in the United States and makes a BIG impression. The following year the launch is hailed by the industry as “the most successful new spirit launch of all time.”

1992 – BRINGING US TOGETHER
Bacardi opens the Casa BACARDÍ Visitor Center at the Bacardi distillery in Cataño, Puerto Rico—a multimillion-dollar, state-of-the-art tourist experience celebrating the Bacardí family, company history, and unique qualities of BACARDÍ rum. It remains a must-see attraction with a range of tour options.

2009 – SETTING STANDARDS
Bacardi Limited achieves “Triple Crown” certification and leads the industry as the only major spirits company in the world to have all its facilities globally certified to be operating in accordance with the world’s most recognized standards for quality, environment, and health and safety – ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 – putting the company among an elite group of the world’s best-run companies.

2012 – BACARDÍ CELEBRATES 150 YEARS
On February 4, the company and BACARDÍ rum celebrate their 150th anniversary – an extraordinary milestone few companies reach. The historic birthday is celebrated by millions with hundreds of parties attended by consumers and celebrities around the world. A major advertising campaign features the 1950s-era heyday of BACARDÍ rum and a limited edition $2000-a-bottle BACARDÍ rum is crafted by eight Bacardí family master blenders.

2018 – PROGRESS FOR PEOPLE AND PLANET
Bacardi shares the environmental progress made under the ‘Good Spirited: Building a Sustainable Future’ initiative and expands it to encompass all Corporate Responsibility activity.
It now covers Marketplace (responsible marketing and responsible drinking), Philanthropy & Community Investment, and People, as well as the initial focus areas of Responsible Sourcing and Environment. Efforts under these pillars are aligned to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

2019 CELEBRATING MOMENTS THAT MATTER
A new corporate strategy launches with the purpose of celebrating moments that matter, one drink at a time. The company unveils its vision to be the world’s leading premiums spirits house, loved for our iconic brands, that bring people together for exceptional drinks experiences.

RELATED CONTENT

EXPLORE BACARDÍ

history, types and composition of the drink

Bacardi rum has conquered the hearts of millions with its taste and quality since its inception. Hemingway and Churchill loved him, and Admiral Nelson even insisted that he be buried in a barrel of rum. And this is not surprising — after all, it is enough to open a bottle of Bacardi — and you are no longer a fearless pirate, conquering women’s hearts with just a glance.

Contents

  1. Characteristics
  2. History of Rum Bacardi
  3. Features of production
  4. Types of bacardi
  5. How to drink bacardi
  6. How to distinguish real bacardi from a fake

Characteristics

Cubs

countries-manufacturers: Puerto Ricnet, Mexico, Brazil and Bagama

— manufacturer: Bacardi Limited

Alcohol content: 35 to 75. 5%

Aging: 1 — 8 years

Available in bottles of 0.375 l, 0.5 l, 0.7 l, 0.75 l and 1 l.

History of Rum Bacardi

Facundo Bacardi did not create his brand alone and not from scratch. An emigrant who came to Cuba in pursuit of a royal award tried to improve cheap alcohol, which was then massively drunk by the poor (which he was at that moment).

Together with his friend Butelier, Bacardi made a number of discoveries. They found a strain of top yeast, which made it possible to make the fermentation of cane juice continuous. The distillate obtained after distillation, they began to purify with coal from the shell of a coconut or tropical trees. So that the purified alcohol would not be tasteless, the friends calculated the proportion of its mixing with a special distillate (Redestillado). The latest invention was the aging of alcohol in white American oak barrels.

As a result, the experimenters got an excellent rum and in 1862 they set up its production by registering their brand. The success of light and slightly sweet alcohol was deafening, turning a small factory, bought out by Facundo a couple of years later, into an entire empire producing Bacardi rum.

The bat became the symbol of the campaign. It is believed that they bring good — prosperity and fidelity, and there were so many of them at the Don Bacardi factory that his wife offered to make this animal a talisman for new alcohol.

After that, even the illiterate demanded only «rum with a bat». For the elite, the hallmark of Bacardi has become Facundo’s signature on every bottle. And when, in 1892, the young king of Spain, Alfonso XIII, was cured of a fever thanks to a sip of rum, Bacardi began to be called the rum of kings and became a king among the Roma.

The production of Bacardi did not stop even during the American Prohibition — advertising postcards brought about a hundred thousand tourists to Cuba every year, who here enjoyed the taste of royal alcohol without restriction.

Before the outbreak of World War II, the brand’s new owner, José Bosch, opened Bacardi factories in Puerto Rico and Mexico. He allocated a lot of funds to support Fidel Castro, but after the victory, in 1960, the latter nationalized the Cuban Bacardi enterprise, sending the Bosch family to prison. It was the company’s branches that saved Bosch from complete ruin — in 10 years a skyscraper appeared in Miami, and the Bacardi complex appeared in Cataño. During this period, Bosch actively took revenge on Castro, spending about 10 million dollars on provocations over 20 years.

The company has now acquired a number of distilleries, including the Cazadores tequila brand, Havana Club rum and Martini & Rossi. But Bacardi rum is still the main product of the campaign. For its constant improvement and the creation of new species, a research center has been established.

Production Features

Real Bacardi is made from sugar cane. And for this, not the whole plant is taken, but only its lower part, rich in sugars. The cane is harvested by hand. This is done in order to select only high-quality specimens of plants. Heavy male labor is replaced by female — routine. Only women are allowed to sort raw materials because of their attention and patience with each plant specimen.

At the factory, the cane is checked again and passed through a press several times to obtain the maximum amount of juice. After the juice has fermented, it is distilled twice, resulting in an 80% colorless distillate — the basis of any Bacardi.

Types of Bacardi

The variety of varieties of well-known rum is explained by the desire of the manufacturer to please, if not all those who taste it, then many. Therefore, it is possible to say which Bacardi rum is better only by tasting and comparing representatives of this brand. One thing remains unchanged for all its variations — this is the highest quality of the product.

Bacardi Carta Blanca is a classic white rum. This 40% alcohol is often called Bacardi White, as it is completely transparent and colorless. In the bouquet of Bacardi Carte Blanca, thanks to aging in oak barrels for a year and a half, the aromas of vanilla, oak and soft notes of almonds intertwined. Soft fruity and caramel notes are two perceptible in it. However, usually this rum is not drunk in its pure form, since it is in cocktails that it is most fully revealed.

Bacardi Superior is another but stronger pale rum. The alcohol content in it reaches 44.5%. Its expiration date is classified. And this rum is distinguished from the previous type by more pronounced fruit and caramel shades in taste. They also drink it in cocktails.

Bacardi Carta Oro The golden color of this 40% rum is the reason why it is often referred to as «Gold». Its vanilla-caramel aroma with light hints of oak is much more complex and varied than that of white rum. The taste is also richer and more refined. You can catch the fruity notes of ripe bananas and sweet oranges, the warm sweetness of milky toffee, cream and molasses, which remain in the light aftertaste. This rum is aged for only 2 years. And they are most often used in simple cocktails, combining it, for example, with juices, coconut milk or cola.

Bacardi Carta Negra , or Bacardi black (Black) — owes its name, like the previously mentioned species to its color. Bacardi Carta Negra 40% rum is a dark rum classic. It has a deep dark red amber color. The aroma of Bacardi Carta Negra is just as deep. It combines shades of both American oak and other rare woods. The taste of the drink is noble. Here, among the caramel-fruity and woody notes, you can discern rich shades of spices that remain after a sip of Bacardi Carta Negra in a long aftertaste. This rum is aged for 4 years in oak barrels, previously burned inside. Most often, these are old barrels where bourbon was previously aged. They drink such rum without cooling it in advance and without diluting it with anything.

Bacardi Reserva — 40-degree reddish-amber rum eight years old. The aroma of Bacardi Reserva is complex, with exquisite tints of citrus, cloves and cinnamon. At the same time, Bacardi Gran Reserva rum has a chic taste, in which woody-vanilla and fruity-nutty notes are clearly distinguishable, lasting for a long time in a rich and pleasant aftertaste. Being an excellent digestif, this rum will adequately complete any feast. They drink Bacardi Reserva only in its pure form.

Bacardi Gran Reserva Maestro de Ron — This 40% rum should not be confused with the above, despite the presence of the word «Reserva» in both names. Rum Maestro de Ron has full transparency in the absence of color. Although its taste is amazing. In it you will feel the sweetness of ripe pears and red currants, walnuts and honey.

Bacardi 151 — truly masculine, the strongest (75. 5% alc.) rum. Thanks to 8 years of aging, it has a beautiful light amber color, a luxurious vanilla-woody aroma and a rich fruity aftertaste. However, despite this, they drink it only diluted (most often with water).

Bacardi 1873 Solera is another noble representative of the brand. It has a beautiful dark amber color, three years of aging and 40% alcohol. Excellent digestif. Drink it without diluting.

Bacardi Oak Heart is an eight-year-old 35% amber rum with a velvety spicy taste of vanilla, honey and maple syrup. Burnt oak, caramel and dried fruits – raisins, prunes, cherries, dried apricots and orange peel – are clearly heard in the complex aroma. They drink the drink in its pure form, often with ice. This rum has a number of variations, as indicated by postscripts in the title. So, Smoked Cinnamon will give you an unforgettable aroma of cinnamon and languid notes of smoke, Cold Brew Cola — has a flavor of the popular Coca-Cola, Cherry Stout — will allow you to distinguish cherry, malt and smoke in taste.

Bacardi Castillo Spiced Rum — spicy, golden, 35-degree rum, which differs from its own kind with delicate flower-caramel and vanilla-nut overflows in taste and aroma. This unusual taste is complemented by soft shades of pineapple. Withstand it for only a year, drink either neat or in cocktails.

There are other types of the famous rum that do not have complex taste and aroma properties, but one, definite and pronounced. Usually their strength is 35%.

So, Bacardi Limon (Bacardi Lemon) will undoubtedly give you a lemon taste, Raspberry — the taste of raspberries, Coconut — will wrap you in the warmth of coconut pulp, Tangerine — will allow you to enjoy the citrus notes of tangerine, Orange — will create an orange paradise in your mouth, Mango — will dip you to the mango grove of the exotic tropics, the taste of grapefruit will give Grapefruit, and Dragonberry — a rare aftertaste of dragon pear.

But that’s not all. Bacardi producers have also created a separate line of cocktails in which rum is already diluted in optimal proportions, which turned out to be a very good option for youth parties. The most popular of these cocktails are undoubtedly Pina Colada and Pina Colada Light; Mojito and Mojito Light. The fortress of these masterpieces fluctuates around 15 degrees.

How to drink properly Bacardi

Having created an aura of mystery around this alcohol and fairly praising its qualities, taste and aroma, it would be inappropriate not to talk about the traditions of drinking it.

True gourmets drink good rum only from silver glasses or flasks. But it is appropriate to replace silver with ordinary, but thick-walled glass. In this capacity, stacks or glasses for cognac are good (if you are not preparing a cocktail).

If desired, you can splash cola or water into the rum, throw a couple or three ice cubes.

Serve rum with a Cuban cigar for a special touch.

Since rum is a digestif, they drink it, respectively, after a meal, which means they don’t have a snack. But if you really can’t do without snacks, then give preference to a few slices of fruit, if possible — citrus fruits.

Rum should be stored in a cool, but not cold room, placing the bottle horizontally.

How to distinguish a real Bacardi from a fake

Now fashionable fakes have also touched rum. When buying a bottle of alcohol, we cannot visually determine whether its contents are of high quality. Therefore, remember that the original label must not be blurred, evenly pasted. It should have the original name without double letters like Bakkardi or Baccardi. The percentage of alcohol on the label must not exceed 40%. The producer country can only be one of the countries indicated at the beginning of the article — Puerto Rico, Mexico, Brazil or the Bahamas. At the same time, the bottle must have an excise stamp with a hologram. It is best to make a choice of rum in special stores — there the probability of acquiring a fake tends to zero.

history, types and technology of production

The Bacardi brand is in 4th place among the largest producers of alcohol. The company produces light Caribbean rum, which is known on all continents. Rum Bacardi wins every year more and more hearts with its unique taste.

Contents

  1. Brand history
  2. Production technology and aging principles
  3. Species
  4. How to drink?

History of the brand

The history of Bacardi began in the first half of the 19th century. Then there was a prosperous Spanish colony in Cuba. Poor people from the provincial settlements of the kingdom came there for a better life. So in 1830, the brothers Bacardi Masso were invited to Santiago de Cuba by relatives. Relatives helped the brothers open a small haberdashery in this city.

At first, the profit from the store was only enough for food, but after 15 years, the brothers owned the best store in Santiago de Cuba. In 1843, one of the brothers married Amalia Moreau, who had a good dowry. This allowed him to open his own business.

In 1852, the city was hit by an earthquake that destroyed all the buildings. At the same time, a cholera epidemic broke out. Don Bacardi’s children are ill. To escape the family had to leave for Sitges. In 1855, after returning to Santiago, Don Facundo declared himself bankrupt.

A little later, his wife, Amalia, inherited a small estate from her godmother. There, Facundo meets one of the tenants, José Leon Butelier. He was in the service of the manager of the distillery, where cognac was produced. In his spare time, he began experimenting with methods for purifying rum.

In the middle of the 19th century, an uprising took place in Haiti, as a result of which Cuba became the only supplier of sugar to Europe. At that time, sugarcane was grown everywhere. This created a problem, there was an excess of molasses. Almost all houses drove rum from molasses, or it was also called aguardiente, translated as “fire water”.

This drink was drunk mainly by the poor, and its export to the mainland was under royal prohibition. But in the 50s, the treasury of the kingdom was empty. It was announced that the one who learns to purify aguardiente to the point where such a drink would not be shameful for noble people to drink will receive a reward. José Butelier aspired to her.

Bacardi took part in Boutelier’s experiments and within seven years they made 4 discoveries:

  • They found a resistant strain of top yeast. Continuous fermentation discovered by them is used in production today.
  • They proposed a technology for purifying rum using special activated carbon. This charcoal is obtained from coconut shells and the wood of tropical trees.
  • We deduced the optimal mixing ratio of rum from the purified base of Aguardiente and the distillate of Redestillado.
  • Proposed a method by which Bacardi Cuban rum is aged in oak barrels.

In 1862 Boutelier and Bacardi acquire a distillery called Nunez and register their company. A few years later, José Leon retired and sold his share to Don Facundo. Amalia proposed a label with the image of a bat, recognizable even among the illiterate population. After all, most of the population was illiterate, and they could not read the description of Bacardi on bottles, and they began to recognize the bat right away. And for the popularity of the upper-class environment, Don Facundo signed on each bottle.

In 1877 the company passed to the sons of Bacardi. In 1888, the company became the official supplier of the royal court of Spain. In 1944, José Bosch took over the company. He modernized production and opened two more new plants in Puerto Rico and Mexico. In 1960, the production of Bacardi was nationalized, despite the fact that Bosch financed the Castro units. Bosch’s foresight saved the company from complete ruin. He managed to create branches of his company abroad.

In retaliation against the perfidious Castro, the Bacardi clan financially participated in all anti-Cuban provocations. The company spent $3,000,000 lobbying for sanctions laws over 10 years.

Bacardi Limited has acquired some major businesses to expand its range, including Cazadores and Martini & Rossi tequila brands.

Production technology and aging principles

The technology by which real Bacardi rum is produced has not changed since the founding of the company. The basis of the drink is molasses — molasses. When syrup is obtained from molasses, special yeast is added to it and left to ferment for 30-35 days. The secret of this yeast has been kept by the descendants of Bacardi for the second century. The semi-finished product undergoes a double distillation.

During production, the semi-finished product is filtered through a carbon filter. It is filtration that allows you to clean the raw alcohol as much as possible. Particular attention is paid to the stage of aging of the drink. This process takes place in handmade white oak barrels. The inside of the vats is fired, thanks to which the drink, made according to the ancient technology, acquires special taste qualities and the specific aroma of aged alcohol.

Types

A wide range of drinks is produced under the brand. Such diversity makes it possible to please, if not everyone, then most of those who try the eminent rum. There are the following types of Bacardi rum:

  • Carta Blanca is a classic white Bacardi, its strength is 40% alcohol. This drink is sometimes also called White. It is colorless and transparent. Aged in oak barrels for 18 months. The product has a rich bouquet with vanilla, oak notes and almonds. You can also catch hints of caramel and fruit. It is not recommended to drink this kind of alcohol in its pure form, it is better revealed in cocktails.
  • Superior. This light rum has a strength of 44.5%. How long the maturation stage of this drink lasts is kept secret. It differs from Blanca in an unusual caramel flavor with the addition of more pronounced fruit notes. Great for cocktails.
  • Carta Oro , or as it is often called Gold, has a golden color. It has an alcohol percentage of 40. Its aroma contains notes of caramel and vanilla, with the addition of more complex oak notes than White. Ripe bananas, sweet oranges, milky toffee, cream, molasses are felt on the palate, which turn into a soft aftertaste. Carta Oro is aged for 2 years. It is recommended to use it in cocktails with a simple recipe.
  • Carta Negra (Carta Negra) or it is also called Black, this is a classic dark rum of 40% strength. Its color is rich dark red, amber. The aroma has hints of American oak and some other rare trees. Spices are added to the caramel-vanilla taste with notes of wood, which turn into an aftertaste. This spiced Bacardi rum is aged for 4 years in pre-charred oak barrels. Often used to age barrels that used to hold bourbon. It is recommended to drink Carta Negra neither diluted nor chilled.
  • Reserva Superior (Reserve Superior) , reddish-amber rum. Passes exposure for 8 years. Its strength is 40%. It has a complex bouquet in which citruses, cloves and cinnamon are felt. On the palate there are bright shades of wood, vanilla, fruits and nuts. The aftertaste of the drink is rich, spicy. Suitable as a digestif. It is recommended to drink as is, in its pure form.
  • Anejo (Anejo) — golden rum. The drink ripens for 6 years. It is recommended to drink Anejo with ice cubes. This will allow you to enjoy a long aftertaste of the drink.
  • Gran Reserva Maestro de Ron (Grand Reserva Maestro). This drink is clear and colorless. The percentage of the fortress is 40%. The taste is filled with ripe pears, red currants, walnuts and honey.
  • 151 . Strong male rum, 75.5% alcohol. Light amber color. Ripens over 8 years. On the palate there are hints of vanilla and wood. The aftertaste is filled with fruity notes. It is better to drink it diluted with water.
  • 1873 Solera . Dark amber color drink, 40% alcohol. Aged for three years. Suitable as a digestif. It is recommended to drink without diluting.
  • OakHeart . This is a 35 degree drink. Ripens within 8 years. The taste is velvety, spicy with vanilla-honey hints and the presence of notes of maple syrup. The aroma contains hints of burnt oak, caramel, dried fruit and lemon peel. It is better to drink with ice or in its pure form. It has three varieties of rum: Smoked Cinnamon, Cold Brew Cola, Cherry Stout.
  • Castillo Spiced Rum . Golden spiced rum 35 degrees. It has a delicate floral, caramel, vanilla-nutty taste and smell. Pineapple notes are also felt in the taste. Aged throughout the year. It is recommended to drink neat or in cocktails.

How to drink?

Gourmets drink this rum from silver flasks or shot glasses. As an alternative, high glass stacks with a tulip-shaped stem are also suitable. The stack is filled 1/3. You should not drink the drink right away, it is advisable to hold the stack a little in your hand so that the alcohol warms up a little. You need to drink 1-2 sips. Alcohol should be held in the mouth for a while before swallowing in order to more fully experience the taste and aftertaste.

  • What do they drink white rum with? Light varieties are good to drink in pure form or in cocktails.

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