La pocita isabela puerto rico: La Pocita de las Golondrinas Beach, Isabela, Puerto Rico

La Pocita Vacation Rentals: house rentals & more

Discover a selection of 244 vacation rentals in La Pocita that are perfect for your trip. Whether you’re traveling with friends, family, or even pets, Vrbo vacation homes have the best amenities for hanging out with the people that matter most, including swimming pools and air conditioning. Prices start at $95 per night, and houses and condos are popular options for a stay in La Pocita. Either way, you’ll find a rental for everyone’s needs.



Stayed Oct 2022


Had a great stay . The grounds are clean and quiet. The house was the perfect set up and secure. Fabio (owner manager) is on-site and super chill and helpful. We normally stay on-base , but this is going to be our new go-to spot going forward. Close …

michael r.

Stayed Oct 2022

Perfect getaway

I brought my two teens, my husband and my cousin with her son. The condo is very spacious. The beds are comfortable. The only kink was the wifi and internet, however, that just we found other creative ways to spend our evening rather than watching TV…

Rozalia S.

Stayed Oct 2022

Great Accommodations, Excellent Service!!!

The stay was a breeze, the place was clean, large and very comfortable. The communication with the host was excellent, he answered our questions within minutes. Highly recommend the place, it is close to everything in Aguadilla. Thank you for everyth…

Hector S.

Stayed Sep 2022

Vacaciones con huracán

La casa y su ubicación estaban muy buenas. La comunicación con el propietario durante nuestra estadía no fue buena. Llegamos dos dias antes del huracán, no nos dieron instrucciones sobre el uso del generador ni cómo usar los shutters. Gracias a una v…

Julian E.

Stayed Sep 2022

Excellent Island Getaway.

I followed the reviews to book, and every single one was correct! The house was beautiful, well kept, clean and has all needed amenities to enjoy a worried free vacation. Al and Ivette were super responsible and responsive. Any issues were resolved i…

Jonnathan C.

Stayed Aug 2022

Amazing Location!!!

This was by far one of the best VRBO rentals I have stayed at! Not only was Cesar checking in, but gave us great suggestions to eat and visit. We were so close to Jobos beach my daughter and myself surfed every morning then do something different eve…

Cherie G.

Stayed Jul 2022


Loved the ocean view from the living room and balcony. The apartment is easily accessible from the parking lot. All ammenities were as described, clean and well-maintained, even two small coolers to use when sight-seeing. We were greeted at the gate …

Christine N.

Tipton, Indiana

Stayed Jul 2022

Beautiful Studio getaway

We stayed for a few nights and absolutely loved it. Elaine was great very attentive and lives on property so if we need anything she was right there. The property has access to a beach was great for walks but not for swimming. Jobo beach is literally…

Eduardo S.




How many vacation rentals are available around La Pocita?

Our 2022 property listings offer a large selection of 244 vacation rentals around La Pocita. From 123 house rentals to 116 condo and apartment rentals, find a unique house rental for you to enjoy a memorable holiday or a weekend with your family and friends.

Can I rent Houses near La Pocita?

Yes, of course. Vrbo has 123 Houses near La Pocita. Our other popular types of vacation rentals near La Pocita include:

  • Condos/Apartments: 116 rentals available
  • Villas: 29 rentals available
  • Cottages: 3 rentals available

But you can also enjoy a great stay in one of our other vacation rentals including Studios and more.

Can I find a vacation rental with pool near La Pocita?

Yes, you can select your preferred vacation rental with pool among our 124 vacation rentals with pool available near La Pocita. Please use our search bar to access the selection of vacation rentals available.

La Pocita Beach / Puerto Rico / USA // World Beach Guide

Puerto Rico

    Standard Map
    Satellite Map

Beaches nearby

  • Playa Montones (1.8 mi)
  • Jobos (2.5 mi)
  • Martinica Beach (5.8 mi)
  • Survival Beach (6.2 mi)
  • Surfer’s Beach (6.9 mi)
  • Borinquen Beach (7.9 mi)
  • Playa La Ruina (8.4 mi)
  • Wilderness Beach, Base Ramey (8.7 mi)
  • Wilderness (8.7 mi)
  • The Mix (8.9 mi)

Nearest town/city


Type of beach


Submit a correction

La Pocita Beach Weather Info

Current weather (Tue Nov 15th 10:00)

(Rain showers)
27.7°C / 82°F

Sea temperature


Wind E
12 mph / 20 km/h
Rain 0mm
Sunrise 11:37
Sunset 22:48
Current La Pocita Beach weather

Hourly forecast



27. 7°C / 82°F

12 mph
20 km/h


Partly cloudy

26.8°C / 80°F

11 mph
17 km/h


Clear sky

25.7°C / 78°F

13 mph
21 km/h


Clear sky

24.7°C / 76°F

13 mph
21 km/h

Week weather forecast

Tue 15th

26.5°C / 80°F

10 mph
16 km/h

Wed 16th

26.2°C / 79°F

16 mph
25 km/h

Thu 17th

26°C / 79°F

14 mph
23 km/h

Weather forecast from Yr, delivered by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute and NRK

5 Day La Pocita Beach UV Index

A UV Index reading of 3 or more means some precautions should be taken. For more information visit our guide to the UV Index.

Temperature Averages

Average Water Temp

  • Tue 15/11 »

    Surf report for Tue 15/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 4ft 9s 14mph
    8:00 4ft 9s 15mph
    11:00 4ft 9s 15mph
    14:00 4ft 9s 14mph
    17:00 4ft 8s 16mph
    20:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    Tide times
    High 12:15am (0. 73m)
    Low 6:21am (0.14m)
    High 1:14pm (1.31m)
    Low 8:13pm (0.30m)
    First light 06:11
    Sunrise 06:34
    Sunset 17:50
    Dark 18:13
  • Wed 16/11 »

    Surf report for Wed 16/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    8:00 5ft 9s 17mph
    11:00 5ft 9s 17mph
    14:00 4ft 9s 16mph
    17:00 4ft 10s 17mph
    20:00 4ft 10s 17mph
    Tide times
    High 1:19am (0. 75m)
    Low 7:26am (0.19m)
    High 2:07pm (1.25m)
    Low 9:01pm (0.28m)
    First light 06:12
    Sunrise 06:35
    Sunset 17:50
    Dark 18:13
  • Thu 17/11 »

    Surf report for Thu 17/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 4ft 10s 15mph
    8:00 4ft 10s 14mph
    11:00 4ft 10s 14mph
    14:00 4ft 10s 15mph
    17:00 4ft 10s 18mph
    20:00 4ft 9s 18mph
    Tide times
    High 2:27am (0. 79m)
    Low 8:32am (0.24m)
    High 2:58pm (1.19m)
    Low 9:48pm (0.23m)
    First light 06:12
    Sunrise 06:35
    Sunset 17:50
    Dark 18:13
  • Fri 18/11 »

    Surf report for Fri 18/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 5ft 8s 16mph
    8:00 5ft 8s 16mph
    11:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    14:00 5ft 8s 18mph
    17:00 5ft 8s 19mph
    20:00 5ft 8s 19mph
    Tide times
    High 3:33am (0. 88m)
    Low 9:40am (0.28m)
    High 3:49pm (1.12m)
    Low 10:33pm (0.18m)
    First light 06:13
    Sunrise 06:36
    Sunset 17:50
    Dark 18:13
  • Sat 19/11 »

    Surf report for Sat 19/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 5ft 7s 15mph
    8:00 4ft 7s 16mph
    11:00 5ft 7s 20mph
    14:00 5ft 7s 19mph
    17:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    20:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    Tide times
    High 4:37am (1. 01m)
    Low 10:50am (0.28m)
    High 4:39pm (1.06m)
    Low 11:13pm (0.11m)
    First light 06:14
    Sunrise 06:37
    Sunset 17:50
    Dark 18:13
  • Sun 20/11 »

    Surf report for Sun 20/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 4ft 7s 17mph
    8:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    11:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    14:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    17:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    20:00 5ft 7s 18mph
    Tide times
    High 5:31am (1. 16m)
    Low 11:53am (0.25m)
    High 5:25pm (0.99m)
    Low 11:50pm (0.03m)
    First light 06:14
    Sunrise 06:37
    Sunset 17:49
    Dark 18:13
  • Mon 21/11 »

    Surf report for Mon 21/11
      Swell Period Swell direction Wind direction Wind speed
      Swell Wind
    5:00 5ft 8s 16mph
    8:00 5ft 8s 16mph
    11:00 5ft 8s 18mph
    14:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    17:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    20:00 5ft 8s 17mph
    Tide times
    High 6:18am (1. 33m)
    Low 12:48pm (0.22m)
    High 6:08pm (0.93m)
    First light 06:15
    Sunrise 06:38
    Sunset 17:49
    Dark 18:12

What did we get wrong?




Queen Isabella II of Spain. And today I want to talk about a very controversial woman with a difficult fate, and not just a woman, but the Queen of Spain. Moreover, this seems to me relevant because the future Queen Leonor is growing up in Spain.

Isabella II (Spanish Isabel II ; October 10, 1830, Madrid — April 19, 1904, Paris) — Queen of Spain in 1833-1868, since 1837 the first constitutional monarch of the country.

Whose full title was: Doña Isabella II, by the grace of God, Queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Mallorca, Seville, Sardinia, Cordoba, Corsica, Murcia, Menorca , Jaén, Algarve, Algeciras, Gibraltar, Canary Islands, East and West Indies, islands and lands of ocean and sea; Archduchess of Austria; duchess of Burgundy, Brabant and Milan; Countess of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol and Barcelona; Lady Biscay and Molina de Argon, etc. etc. After the introduction of the constitution — Queen of Spain.

Isabella II — Queen of Spain with her daughter, the future Princess of Asturias. Franz Xaver Winterhalter. 1852

In the family of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and Maria Cristina de Bourbon-Sicily, queen consort and fourth wife of King Ferdinand VII of Spain, on October 10, 1830, Infanta Isabella, the first daughter and first child of King Ferdinand VII, was born in Madrid, Spain , who at that time was already 45 years old. And on January 30, 1832, another girl, Infanta Maria Luisa Fernanda of Spain, was born in the family.

Daughters of Fernand VII Isabella and Maria Luisa Fernanda.
It was very difficult for the sisters to live in a world without parents, wars for the throne, the establishment of a constitutional monarchy, guardianship by strangers and cruel politics.

King Ferdinand VII of Spain (10/14/1784 — 09/29/1833).

Queen Consort of Spain Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Sicilian (04/27/1806 — 08/22/1878)

The burden of the Spanish crown fell on Isabella as a child. The fact that she was able to ascend the throne at all, she owed not least to her ambitious mother, Maria Christina. Last in 1829At the age of twenty-three, she came to Madrid from the Neapolitan court of her father, Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies, in order to marry her uncle Ferdinand, who was almost twenty years older than her. Her task — to give an heir to the childless after three marriages, Ferdinand, she completed immediately. At the insistence of Maria Christina, a seriously ill husband, even during her pregnancy, provided the child with the throne, even in the event of the birth of a girl. To the indignation of his brother Carlos and his supporters, he ordered the promulgation of the approved in 1789year by the Cortes (parliament of Spain), but the “Pragmatic Sanction” kept secret, which canceled the salic order of succession, limited to male descendants, introduced in Spain in 1713 by Philip V. It was this return to the old Spanish legal relations that was rejected as illegitimate by Carlos, who was the younger brother who acted as the leader of the unshakable traditionalists.

Don Carlos Maria Isidro de Bourbon (03/29/1788 — 03/10/1855)

Isabella became queen at the age of three, which in itself did not promise her a peaceful reign. To make matters worse, her claim to the throne was far from certain. In order to pass the crown to his daughter, Ferdinand VII, by a special decree of 1830, restored the old Castilian law, which allowed inheritance through the female line.

Federico de Madrazo: Retrato de S.M. la Reina Isabel II (between 1845-1852).

The king’s brother don Carlos, who had numerous supporters among the ultra-royalists, protested against the usurpation of his rights and in October 1833 called his supporters to arms. So disputes over the throne became a pretext for civil war. It lasted seven years and was extremely bloody. Isabella’s mother, Queen Maria Christina, had to rely on the liberal part of Spanish society in the fight against Don Carlos.

In 1837, a moderate constitution was introduced in the country. But in the future, a discord occurred between the regent and the progressives. In addition, the popularity of Maria Christina fell greatly due to her secret marriage with Fernando Munoz. In 1840 she had to give up power and left for France. The regency passed to General Espartero, and in 1843 the queen was declared of age.

Queen Maria Christina. 1841.

Espartero forced Maria Cristina to abdicate, sent her into French exile and kept Isabella and her younger sister Louise under supervision as head of government and regent. Maria Cristina allowed herself to be so easily removed from power and from her daughter after the opposition threatened to announce her secret morganatic marriage to the non-commissioned officer of the royal life guard Fernando Muñoz.

Queen Isabelle 1841 .

December 28, 1833, shortly after the death of King Ferdinand VII, Maria Cristina secretly married the ex-sergeant of the royal guard Agustín Fernando Muñoz y Sanchez, who later received the title of Duke of Rianzares. Together they had seven children, yet tried to keep the marriage a secret. However, it soon became widely known about the marriage of Maria Christina with a low-ranking military man. This news made Maria Cristina terribly unpopular in Spain. Her position was undermined by news of her remarriage and by rumors that she was in fact not favorable to her liberal ministers and their policies.

Queen Isabella II.

In particular, the army, still the main support of Isabella II, as well as the liberal-minded Cortes, began to demand the resignation of Maria Christina from the post of regent. In 1840, General Balmodero Espartero forced her to appoint him minister-president with unlimited powers, and on May 18, 1841, he was elected regent of Spain by the Cortes.

Don Agustín Fernando Muñoz y Sanchez, 1st Duke of Riansares, 1st Duke of Montmorot, 1st Marquis of San Agustin, Grandee of Spain (05/04/1808 — 09/11.1873).

The marriage to Muñoz and the tumultuous period of Maria Cristina’s regency drove a wedge between her and her reigning descendants. Neither Isabella II nor Alphonse XII sought to maintain contact with the former regent. Maria Christina died on August 22, 1878 in Le Havre, France. As the widow of Ferdinand VII and mother of Isabella II, she was buried in the royal crypt of the Escorial monastery.

Burial in the royal crypt is a privilege given either to Spanish monarchs or their spouses who were the parents of future monarchs. The first three wives of Ferdinand VII were buried either in less honorable places in the monastery, or in other churches.

Queen Isabella II. 1858.

Isabella was separated from her mother when she was only ten years old. The next three years of Espartero’s regency were the only years in which the court environment that determined her life did not show a pronounced conservative character. The Progressives entrusted the upbringing of the princesses to such notables as the poet Quintana Lorenzo, the rhetorical genius, the liberal Argüelles, and the Countess of Espos y Mina, the widow of a prominent liberal general. They soon discovered that before them too much effort had been made to properly educate the heir to the throne. Moreover, as they believed, innate indifference to spirituality, absent-mindedness and inertia, increasingly condemned by teachers, were even encouraged in girls.

Copper engraving 1845.

Isabella’s daily routine began with an hour-long dressing procedure with the help of the maid, a visit to the dining room and breakfast. There was not much time left for work after long meals, short sports and walks. The girl was fond of dogs, horses and open carriages, which she soon learned to manage herself. In terms of teaching, Isabella’s interest was exclusively in singing and piano lessons. Growing up, she willingly sang at court concerts. Her favorite pastimes were theater and opera visits. With age, these hobbies, fully consistent with her social status and gender, were also added with an emphatically sensitive religiosity. The weakness for clerical advisers that arose on this basis caused great displeasure among the liberals and repeatedly led to serious political complications.

Portrait of Isabella II, 1840, Mariano Quintanilla, Segovia.

Portrait of Isabella II. José Casado del Alisal, 1865.

The new educators were amazed at the frankness and naive credulity that the «little queen» torn from her mother showed towards them. Washington Irving, sent to the Madrid court by the United States ambassador during the Esparteros regency, was fascinated by her childish charm, but described her as «nothing but a symbol of royal greatness in the hands of statesmen» and lamented how much she was embarrassed by the dry officiality and stiffness of state officials. ceremonies. Isabella was subsequently famous for her careless attitude to protocol and court conventions. She always addressed those around her with «you»; she communicated in a direct, «folk» language, which she also used in her letters, which abounded in spelling errors. Temperament and spontaneous breadth of nature, almost careless handling of money, in which she was strikingly different from her self-interested, interfering mother, combined, however, with a weakness for expensive, although sometimes tasteless luxury goods — these were the other outstanding qualities of the growing queen, noted by contemporaries and biographers.

Isabella II.

Although the Progressives guarded the child Isabella as a pledge of their power and gave her well-known teachers, they did not bother to improve the education of their pet. Their task was to show the girl her role and responsibility as a constitutional queen. When in 1843, at the age of thirteen, after the expulsion of her mother and to bring «clarity» to the political situation, Isabella was prematurely declared of age and she took the oath of the Constitution, a girl, who had just stepped on the threshold of youth, ascended to the top of the Spanish monarchy, «with unlimited power, with little understanding and without any experience, both vital and political, as her teacher of the word of God noted, not without reason.

On her sixteenth birthday, at the urging of her mother and Louis-Philippe of France, she was married to her cousin Prince Francisco de Asis of Bourbon, an infantile, effeminate youth who at sixteen still continued to play with dolls and never meant anything to yard.

Francisco de Asis Bourbon (May 13, 1822 — April 17, 1902) — King Consort of Spain, husband of Queen Isabella II. He bore the title of Duke of Cadiz.

Francisco de Asis’ parents were Francisco de Paula, brother of King Ferdinand VII, and Louise Carlota of Bourbon-Sicily, who was her husband’s niece (Luisa Carlotta’s mother was the sister of Francisco de Paula and Ferdinand VII). The name of the prince was given in honor of St. Francis of Assisi.

Francisco de Asis married his twice cousin on October 10, 1846. According to contemporaries, Isbella would have preferred to see her fiancé’s younger brother, Prince Enrique, Duke of Seville, as her husband, but at the insistence of her guardians, she married Francisco de Asis, who had a reputation for being impotent and homosexual. . After the wedding night, the queen complained about the failure of her husband and his womanly behavior. Isabella was not inclined to sacrifice her own pleasure to the interests of the state. Numerous lovers of the queen were predominantly from much lower classes. For the sake of appearances, the queen’s husband recognized all her children as his own. At that time, there were persistent rumors that Francisco de Asis was not the father of at least some, at most all of Isabella’s children.

Queen Isabella with her husband.

This was facilitated by the assumption of the Prince’s homosexuality and his inability to complete sexual intercourse. The Carlist parties claimed that the heir to the throne, who later became Alfonso XII, was born to the chief of the bodyguards, Enrique Puig Molto. Nevertheless, twelve children were born in the marriage, five of whom survived to adulthood:

  • Maria Isabella (1851-1931), Princess of Asturias, wife of Gaetan, Count of Gigento;

  • Maria Cristina (1854-1897),

  • Alphonse (1857-1885), king of Spain Alfonso XII 1874-1885;

  • Maria de Pilar (1861-1879),

  • Maria de la Paz (1862-1946), wife of Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria;

  • Eulalia (1864-1958), wife of Infante Antonio of Orleans.

It is impossible even today to confirm or deny these rumors. Since, due to the close relationship (the fathers of the spouses were siblings, and the mothers were siblings — both nieces of their husbands), the differences in the DNA of the spouses are minimal. In addition, carrying out the test would require the exhumation of both Francisco de Asis and Isabella and their children, which seems too complicated and costly.

In 1868, after the overthrow of Isabella, he went into exile with her. Living in France, the couple separated, but became good friends, which was not the case when Isabella was the reigning queen. Subsequently, Francisco de Asis took the title of Count of Morataya.

In 1870, during a duel, the younger brother of Francisco de Asis Enrique was killed by their cousin Antoine d’Orléans. After the death of his brother, Francisco de Asis took over the care of his nephews, the children of the deceased brother.

In 1874, the second restoration of the Bourbons returned his son Alfonso XII to the throne, but Francisco de Asis chose not to return to Spain, but settled in the castle of Epinay-sur-Seine, where he died on April 17, 1902.

Infanta Luis Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier (39.01.1832 — 02.02.1897) and her husband Antoine Orléans, Duke de Montpensier (31.07.1824 — 04.02.1890) portraits by F.C. Winterhalter, 90 18046

When her older sister Isabella II took the throne, Infanta Luisa-Fernanda was Crown Princess from 1833 until 1851, when Isabella’s eldest surviving daughter was born.

A relative of the Spanish Bourbons, King of France Louis-Philippe I hoped that the marriage of the Spanish queen would be childless, and in order for the crown to eventually go to his grandchildren, he arranged the engagement of his youngest son Antoine of Orleans with the Spanish Infanta Louise Fernanda.

On October 10, 1846, fourteen-year-old Louise Fernanda and twenty-two-year-old Antoine d’Orleans were married in a double wedding, where the second couple was Isabella II and Francisco de Asis Bourbon.

With the revolution of 1848, the royal family was forced to leave France. After stopping in England, Antoine and his wife went to Spain. Arriving, they stopped in Seville, at the San Telmo Palace, and then at the Orleans Palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. In 1859, the Duke of Montpensier received the title of Infante of Spain from Queen Isabella II.

Seville, San Telmo Palace.

Antoine was one of the sponsors of the 1868 revolution led by General Juan Prim that overthrew the queen. Despite this, the new government demanded that the duke leave Spain, and he was forced to leave for a year in Portugal.

Infanta Luisa Fernanda.

Luisa Fernanda’s wife was granted the title of Infante by Queen Isabella. Due to her husband’s constant claims to the throne of Spain, Luisa Fernanda’s relationship with the royal sister was tense. Infanta Maria Luisa Fernanda lived most of her adult life in the Palace of San Telmo, with her husband the Duke of Montpensier. In 1893, being a widow, she gave most of the palace gardens to the city of Seville. These gardens will be open at 1914 as Marie Louise Park.

The Duchess died at the San Telmo Palace on February 2, 1897. Buried at Escorial.

(This photograph, by 1857, preserved in the National Library, is a portrait of Queen Isabella II. The Queen was only 27 when it was taken, and yet it represents the appearance of a much older woman. Rapid aging was usual, in an era in which life expectancy was much shorter than the present, even between the dominant classes.On the other hand, the queen already had six children, four of whom died in the first days of life.The image, of course, is quite different from that offered by the official portraits, in which the artists softened the apparent appearance of the members of the Royal Palace.)

Isabella II in the Senate, «crowns» the writer Manuel Quintana with the «crown of the poet»1855.

Isabella was Spanish to the core: open, sociable, with a great sense of humor. The people of Madrid loved her very much. However, despite her kindness and mercy, she did not possess either a political mind or will, and until her overthrow, she remained a toy in the hands of ambitious people who disputed her favors with each other. In addition, she showed a penchant for intrigue, deceit and was very promiscuous in love affairs. The latter, however, was to some extent excused by her unsuccessful marriage, which was arranged for purely political reasons by the conservative minister Isturis. Isabella’s husband, Don Francisco de Asis, was a sick, frail and worthless man. The queen had nothing but contempt for him, and she was a lady of southern blood, passionate and temperamental, and soon after the wedding she brought close to her the young General Serano, who opened a long list of her lovers. Isabella loved luxury and fun. With her, the old etiquette gradually became less strict, balls and concerts were constantly held in the palace and summer residences. The Queen loved opera and bullfighting. Her extravagance surpassed all reasonable limits.

Portrait of the Queen. Engraving. 1853

Queen’s portrait. 1871.

The period of Isabella’s sole rule (1843-68) was characterized by political instability and a number of uprisings. Queen Isabella often interfered in politics in a wayward and unprincipled manner, which made her very unpopular. During her reign, 60 governments were replaced. Other events of her reign were the war against Morocco (1859) , which ended with a favorable treaty for Spain and some concessions to the territory of Morocco; wars against Peru and Chile; tensions with the United States; the independence uprisings of Cuba and Puerto Rico, and some progress in public works, especially the development of railroads, and some improvement in trade and finance. At first glance, the history of the entire reign of Isabella was a picture of confusion and disorder.

Coups were constantly taking place, transferring power to one or the other general, rebellions broke out, constitutions were introduced and repealed. Military intervention in politics has become commonplace. But these were all superficial phenomena. The medieval face of Spain changed slowly and painfully. The Progressive idol Espartero was soon replaced by the moderate General Narváez. He was an intelligent politician and was also popular among the people. However, over the years his views became more and more reactionary. He managed to achieve stabilization and in 1845 reform the constitution, introducing the principle of complete centralization of power.

Queen Isabella II with her three youngest daughters: Pilar, Paz and Eulalia. Paris 1875.

And with his son Alfonso.

In 1851 he resigned in protest against cuts in military spending. For the next three years, extreme reactionaries held power. The queen was full of prejudice, considered liberalism and parliamentarianism to be heresy, and was not averse to completely abolish the Cortes. But all her attempts to follow this course ran into stubborn opposition from the liberals. In June 1854 they managed to raise an uprising in Madrid. The capital was covered with barricades. Isabella even considered running away, but then decided to make concessions. Elections were held for the Constituent Cortes, which in 1855 adopted a new constitution and a law on the sale of church lands.

Queen Isabel II.

The revolutionary upsurge quickly subsided. Already in 1856, General O’Donnell, who headed the government, suspended the sale of land and returned to the conservative constitution of 1845. Over the next ten years, O’Donnell and Narvaez ruled in succession. At the same time, the first tried to carry out liberal reforms, and the second invariably appeared after him in order to restore order with a tough hand. In April 1868, Narváez died, and it was a great loss for the Queen. For all his shortcomings, the general firmly kept the army in subjection and remained the support of the throne until his death. With his death, things came to a complete breakdown. In September, when the queen, along with her lover Marfori, was in San Sebastian, the sailors of Cadiz rebelled.

Within a few days the revolution swept through Andalusia and spread to Madrid. The temporary junta formed here on September 30 declared Isabella and all the Bourbons deprived of the throne. With a motley crowd of her close associates, the queen retired to France, where Napoleon III gave her the castle of Pau at her disposal.

Isabella settled in Paris, where she abdicated in 1870 in favor of her eldest son, the future Alfonso XII (1874-85). She returned to Spain for a time after Alfonso’s accession to the throne in 1874, but was unable to influence political affairs.

In Paris in March 1904, while recovering from influenza, Isabella paid a visit to another ex-monarch, Empress Eugenie of France. It was a cold day, there was a draft in the room and Isabella’s condition took a serious turn. Eventually, the papal nuncio gave her unction and her last words were: «I think I’m going to faint. » She was seventy-three.

Photo of Queen Isabelle. Paris 1871.

It is curious that the Spanish rules of decency are observed in the arrangement of kings on one side of the tomb, and queens on the other, but only those women who gave birth to heirs to the throne were allowed here. This was their last reward. Isabella II, who died at 1904, buried among kings, because she was the reigning queen, and her husband, just a prince consort, was left behind the doors.

P.S. Queen Isabelle II brought into use the fashion for the mantilla (Mantilla (Spanish: Mantilla) — an element of the national Spanish women’s costume, a veil made of silk or lace, which is worn on a high comb — peineto, injected into the hair). The reign of Queen Isabella II (1833-1868), a lover of tiaras and headdresses, saw the heyday of the popularity of this garment.

Of course, the aristocrats warmly supported the queen, and the mantilla became an indispensable part of the dress at all significant events. After the overthrow of the queen, it seemed that the mantilla was also to be overthrown, but it became a symbol of protest against the power of the new dynasty — Amadeus I of Savoy and his wife Maria Vittoria. This became a historic event known as «La Conspiración de las Mantillas» (The Conspiracy of the Mantillas). Spaniards defiantly wore crests and mantillas instead of hats. After 3 years, King Amadeus surrendered, renounced and left for Italy. And the mantilla remained ….

Monument to Queen Isabella II in Madrid erected in 2011. ..rancisco-i-de-assis-15802.html

http://florentinoareneros.blogspot. com/2012/05/se-…erdiendo-la-raza-ii-parte.html

Preparing the expedition and crossing the Sea-Ocean | Columbus | Light Yakov Mikhailovich

Fonseca’s office in Seville took over the outfitting of the expedition only after the Ovando flotilla had been dispatched to India. However, the Admiral’s armada was being equipped at a rapid pace, in all likelihood, both the royal couple and Fonseca wanted to send the restless Genoese on a long voyage as soon as possible.

The objectives of the expedition were clearly defined in the instruction of the royal couple to the Admiral, signed in the town of Valencia de la Torre on March 14, 1502.

The admiral was to «follow … the direct route … in order to discover the islands and the mainland that lie in Indny, in the part that is part of our possessions»[78]. On the islands and the mainland, if any were discovered, the Admiral was obliged to find out if there was gold, silver, pearls, precious stones and other valuables. Members of the expedition were strictly forbidden to exchange any local valuables for Castilian goods.

On the same day, March 14, Their Highnesses explained to the Admiral that it was not recommended for him to enter Hispaniola unless absolutely necessary. However, «if there is an urgent need for it, then for a short time it is not forbidden to go to Hispaniola on the way back. »

But the royal couple allowed the Admiral to take thirteen-year-old Fernando Colon on board. The admiral was also allowed to take with him «adelanta-do» Bartolome Columbus.

According to the Admiral, he had to complete his voyage in the seas surrounding India and Ethiopia. These seas were part of the Portuguese expansion, and King Manuel had already managed to reap the benefits of Vasco da Gama’s discoveries.

To avoid diplomatic complications, Isabella and Ferdinand provided the Admiral with a letter of introduction to the Portuguese representative in India (whose name was not given).

Of course, this kind letter was not delivered to the addressee; into the seas washing true India, the Admiral could only pass through the Strait of Magellan, which was opened eighteen years later. But it is quite obvious that Their Highnesses shared the Admiral’s hopes for finding a direct route to the Golden Chersonese and Malabar and believed that the fourth voyage would be a round-the-world voyage.

The equipped flotilla consisted of four caravels, «Santa Maria», or «Captain» (flagship), «Gallega», «Santiago de Palos», or «Bermuda», and «Vis Caina». These were small ships like the famous Nina.

Quite detailed information about the participants of this expedition has been preserved. The captains of Santa Maria, Gallega and Santiago de Palos were Diego Tristan, Pedro de Torreros and Francisco de Porras respectively.

Bartolome Columbus did not hold any official post, but was on the lists of the crew of the Santiago de Palos caravel and more than once rescued this ship from trouble.

The «evil geniuses» of the expedition were the brothers Francisco and Diego Porras. Francisco served as captain, Diego was the chief notary of the flotilla. Fernando Colon, who went through an excellent maritime school on this voyage, wrote that these people, who almost ruined the expedition at its most difficult stage, were the creatures of Fonseca and the chief treasurer of Castile Morales, their sister’s lover (58, 315).

But on this voyage, the Columbus family acquired a true friend, volunteer Diego Mendez, who rendered exceptionally important services to the Admiral.

A total of 140 or 150 people set sail. Let us add that never before had so many Genoese accompanied the Admiral. At least a dozen fellow countrymen of the Admiral participated in his fourth expedition.

The situation with the sources reflecting the history of this voyage is much better than with the materials of the second and third expeditions. First of all, because a detailed description of the fourth voyage was given by a direct and very knowledgeable participant, Fernando Colon. A brief report by Diego Porras has been preserved, which provides data on the crews of the flotilla; very interesting information about the tragic events of the last stage of the voyage is contained in the will of Diego Mendez. And finally, the Admiral himself wrote a letter that he wrote to the royal couple in Jamaica on July 7, 1503. Two years later it was published in Italian translation in Venice under the intriguing title Lettera rarrissima — «A most curious letter», and so it is still called by Columbologists[79] .

The flotilla was equipped in Seville and left on April 13, 1502. But not to the shores of the Indies, but to Cadiz, where provisions were loaded on ships. On Wednesday, May 9, the ships left Cadiz and headed for the Canary Islands. Without any incident, the Admiral crossed the Atlantic from east to west for the fourth time and on June 15 anchored off the island of Martinique. From there he headed northwest towards Cuba. Unfortunately, already at the very beginning it became clear that the Santiago de Palos was ill-suited for long-distance navigation. The admiral rightfully called this ship a “faulty ship,” and the Santiago de Palos showed its bad temper off the coast of the island of Puerto Rico.

In order to avoid further trouble, it was necessary to exchange the “faulty ship” for another, more efficient ship, and this could only be done in Santo Domingo. Reluctantly, the Admiral decided to enter this forbidden harbor.

Without entering the mouth of the Osama River, on June 29, the Admiral sent Captain Pedro de Torreros ashore with a note to the ruler Ovando. Just at this time, Ovando was preparing to send a large flotilla to Castile, and meanwhile, according to many signs, the Admiral concluded that a crushing hurricane was about to come. On this account, he warned Ovando and asked permission to bring his ships into the harbor.

Ovando did not give permission and, disregarding the advice of the Admiral, ordered the captains of his flotilla to take the ships out to sea. A hurricane hit the next day and nineteen ships sank. The commander of the flotilla, an old colleague of Admiral Antonio de Torres, died, Roldan died, the former auditor-judge Bobadilla, whom Ovando sent to Castile, died. Of the entire flotilla, only one ship survived — the small ship «Aguha», and on it the gold belonging to the Admiral was delivered to Castile — it was sent from Hispaniola by Carvajal.

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