Fiestas patronales de puerto rico: Anexo:Fiestas patronales en puerto rico

Fiestas Patronales en Puerto Rico

Fiestas Patronales en Puerto Rico


Fiestas
Patronales de Puerto Rico

Las Fiestas Patronales son
festividades que se celebran en nuestros pueblos todos los aos en honor a los
Santos Patrones de cada municipio.




























Municipio Patrn Fecha

Aguas Buenas

Los Santos Reyes

6 de Enero

Corozal

La Sagrada Familia

9 de Enero

Aasco

San Antonio Abad

17 de Enero 

San Sebastin

San Sebastin

20 de Enero

Coamo

La Virgen de la Candelaria

2 de Febrero

Lajas

La Virgen de la Candelaria

2 de Febrero

Mayaguez

La Virgen de la Candelaria

2 de Febrero

Manat

La Virgen de la Candelaria

2 de Febrero

Loiza

San Patricio

17 de Marzo 

Ciales

San Jos

19 de Marzo

Gurabo

San Jos 19 de Marzo

Lares

San Jos 19 de Marzo

Luquillo

San Jos 19 de Marzo

Peuelas

San Jos 19 de Marzo

Patillas

San Benito

3 de Marzo

Guaynabo

San Pedro Mrtir

29 de Abril

Arecibo

Apostol San Felipe 1 de Mayo

Bayamn

La Santa Cruz 3 de Mayo
Trujillo Alto La Santa Cruz 3 de Mayo
Maunabo San Isidro 15 de Mayo
Sbana Grande San Isidro 15 de Mayo

Carolina

San Fernando

30 de mayo
Toa Alta San Fernando 30 de Mayo
Barranquitas San Antonio Padua 13 de Junio
Ceiba San Antonio Padua 13 de Junio


























Dorado San Antonio
Padua
13 de Junio
Guayama San Antonio
Padua
13 de Junio
Isabela San Antonio
Padua
13 de Junio
Maricao San Juan
Bautista
24 de Junio
Orocovis San Juan
Bautista
24 de Junio
San Juan San Juan
Bautista
24 de Junio
Toa Baja San Pedro
Apstol
30 de Junio
Arroyo Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
 Barceloneta Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Catao Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Cidra Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Culebra Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Hatillo Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Morovis  Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Rio Grande Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Villalba Virgen del
Carmen
16 de julio
Aibonito  Santiago
Apostol
25 de Julio
Fajardo Santiago
Apostol
25 de Julio
Gunica Santiago
Apostol
25 de Julio
Santa Isabel Santiago
Apostol
25 de Julio
San
German 
San German 31 de Julio
Comero El Santo
Cristo de la Salud
6 de Agosto
San Lorenzo San Lorenzo 10 de Agosto
Cayey Nuestra Sra.
de la Asuncin
15 de Agosto
Adjuntas San Joaqun y
Santa Ana
21 de Agosto


























Rincn Santa Rosa De
Lima
30 de
Agosto 
Juana Daz San Ramn
Nonato
31 de Agosto
Hormigueros Nuestra Sra.
de Monserrate
8 de
Septiembre
Jayuya Nuestra Sra.
de Monserrate
8 de
Septiembre
 Moca Nuestra Sra.
de Monserrate
8 de
Septiembre
Salinas Nuestra Sra.
de Monserrate
8 de
Septiembre
Cabo Rojo San Miguel
Arcngel
29 de
septiembre
Utuado San Miguel
Arcngel
29 de
septiembre
Naranjito San Miguel
Arcngel
29 de
septiembre
Yabucoa Los Angeles
Custodios
2 de Octubre
Aguada  San Francisco
de Ass
4 de Octubre
Naguabo Nuestra Sra.
del Rosario
4 de Octubre
Vega Baja Nuestra Sra.
del Rosario
4 de Octubre
Yauco Nuestra Sra.
del Rosario
4 de Octubre
Canovanas Virgen del
Pilar
12 de Octubre
Rio Piedras Virgen del
Pilar
12 de Octubre
Quebradillas San Rafael
Arcangel
24 de Octubre
Aguadilla San Carlos
Barromero
4 de noviembre
Guayanilla La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Humacao La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Las Maras La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Juncos La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Vieques La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Vega Alta La Inmaculada
Concepcin de Mara
8 de Diciembre
Ponce Nuestra Sra.
de la Guadalupe
12 de
Diciembre

Las fiestas patronales incorporadas en las tradiciones y cultura de Puerto Rico

Customize Your Weather

Set Your Location:

Enter City and State or Zip Code

Las tradiciones y festividades en Puerto Rico son un elemento bien importante de la cultura puertorriqueña. Entre las diferentes festividades las cuales son una tradición para toda la familia celebrar se encuentran las fiestas patronales.

Interesantemente la historia que está detrás de este tipo de celebración viene de muchos años atrás cuando se fueron fundando los diferentes municipios de Puerto Rico.

Según www.enciclopediapr.org, las fiestas patronales “están ligadas a la fundación de los municipios y la religión católica. La mayor parte de los primeros pueblos de Puerto Rico se fundaron siguiendo las disposiciones de las leyes Indias u Ordenanzas de 1573… en la iglesia católica los santos son considerados intercesores y protectores de los hombres,” de tal modo que además de incorporar al patrón o santo de ese pueblo en especifico religiosamente, también le incorporaron lo secular con el folklor de la Isla.

En la parte religiosa, la iglesia celebra las misas honrando ese especifico santo por varios días, y en la parte secular se llevan a cabo diferentes juegos de apuestas, machinas de feria y por supuesto no puede faltar la música, el baile y la comida, como también artistas invitados para hacer un espectáculo.

Las fiestas patronales se celebran una vez al año donde todos los meses diferentes pueblos celebran a su patrón/santo.

Para este mes de Julio, según www.salonhogar.com, los pueblos que celebraran las fiestas patronales desde el 16 hasta el 31 son «Arroyo, Barceloneta, Cataño, Cidra, Culebra, Hatillo, Morovis, Rio Grande, Villalba, Aibonito, Fajardo, Guánica, Santa Isabel y San German.

Aunque debido a la religión nunca asistí a las fiestas patronales de mi Isla, si sé que es una tradición bien importante ya que también se celebra el talento de los diferentes artesanos y los creadores de mascaras y trajes típicos donde participan haciendo espectáculos de bomba y plena con sus diferentes atuendos.

Esta festividad también trae a conciencia la herencia que tenemos de los Españoles, los Africanos y los Tainos.

Es una oportunidad para que las familias disfruten con sus seres queridos un momento agradable.

Para los pueblos más alejados de la zona metropolitana, estas festividades se llevan a cabo en la plaza del pueblo.

Nunca olvidare cuando Celia Cruz, quien murió el 16 de julio de 2003, visito la plaza de Salinas en una ocasión, y alguien le hizo un comentario sarcástico a ella, y según mi tío, ella le contesto con mucha gracia para atrás a esa persona, (no se dejo meter las cabras en los corrales).

Artistas como ella, como también trovadores, músicos y cantantes de salsa entre otros eran invitados a participar de las grandiosas fiestas patronales.

Es durante estas fiestas que se puede ver y apreciar los talentos de cada participante que quizás ha practicado mucho como un baile folklórico, una canción bien tradicional de los diferentes cantantes que ya han muerto pero que su recuerdo sigue vigente en cada uno de los visitantes.

Hoy en día con el cambio que los diferentes géneros musicales han creado, quizás se incorpora el rap y el reggeton, pero definitivamente que la tradición de la celebración de las fiestas patronales seguirá de generación en generación honrando no tan solo al patrón, pero la cultura festejante que tenemos nosotros los hispanos.

If you purchase a product or register for an account through one of the links on our site, we may receive compensation.

90,000 public holidays, non -working days of banks, school holidays

Thanks (beginning)

Friday 18 November, 2022

School holidays:

Opening Puerto Rico

Saturday 19 November, 2022 9000

Sveta secular secular secular secular secular holiday : Christopher Columbus discovered this city during his second voyage to the West in 1493.

Thanksgiving Day

Thursday 24 November 2022

Secular holiday: This holiday was first observed by the English explorer Martin Frobisher. During the Plymouth Rock Pilgrimage of 1621, this holiday was designated as a three-day thanksgiving feast. The turkey tradition was introduced by Banjamin Franklin, who made the tradition a national symbol.

Black Friday

Friday 25 November, 2022

exceptional events : Day of sales and bargains

Thanksgiving (end)

Monday November 28, 2022

School Vacations:

Christmas holidays (beginning)

Wednesday December 21, 2022

School holidays:

Housing day (from 13,

,

Friday 23 23 Dec, 2022

Banks only:

Christmas Day

Sunday 25 Dec, 2022

Catholic or Protestant:

Banks closed

Monday 26 Dec, 2022

banks only: Some banks may alternatively close on Dec 23rd

New Year’s Day

Sunday 1 Jan, 2023

exchange of congratulations and wishes for the whole current year. Congratulations are accepted throughout the month of January. Paid holiday when falling on Saturday or Sunday

New Year (moved to Monday)

Monday 2 January, 2023

Public holiday : AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, ID, IA, IL, IN, MD, ME, MS, ND, NV, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, RI, SD, TN, UT, VA, VT, WV, WI, WY

Half Day Holiday

Thursday 5 January, 2023

Secular Holiday:

Epiphany

Friday 6 January, 2023

Catholic or Protestant: The origin of this word is from the Greek appearance. This holiday is celebrated on January 6 and it means the day when Jesus was first introduced to the magicians. Paid holiday when falling on Saturday or Sunday

Christmas holidays (end)r

Tuesday 10 January, 2023

School holidays : https://de.pr. gov/calendario/
https://www.sjspr.org
official calendar published by the department of Education
PISA ranking (average 493): 496
Number of teaching days: 181
Schooling is mandatory till age 18
Teaching languages: Spanish, English
schools may open on Saturday
school uniforms not required

We carry confirmed dates till July 2024

Please note that authorities may take last-minute decisions; please double-check if this information is vital to you
Make a Paypal donation of euros 50 to [email protected] to purchase the full calendar for 5 countries or regions, including Puerto Rican schools
Contact [email protected] to purchase a file containing confirmed calendars of 550 countries and regions.

Martin Luther King Day

Monday 16 January, 2023

banks only : Martin Luther King was a U.S civil rights leader and American clergyman. His non-violent demonstrations against racial inequality led to civil rights legislation. He was assassinated in 1968. Banks and administrations are closed. Not a public holiday.

Vuelta a San Juan

Sunday 29 January, 2023

sport : Cycle competition 2023 edition confirmed

President’s Day

Monday 20 February, 2023

banks only : In commemoration of the birthdays of Georges Washington (22/2/1732) and Abraham Lincoln (12/2/1809) Banks, post office and government close, but businesses, more and more, remain open, as well as universities. These banks remain open: Chase Bank, TD Bank, Wells Fargo

American Citizenship Day

Thursday March 2, 2023

banks only:

Emancipation Day

Wednesday 22 March, 2023

Only banks: the Festival of Slaveity*

Easter weekend (beginning)

Friday 31 March, 200005

School holidays:

Passion Friday

9000 Friday April 7 April April 7 , 2023

Catholic or Protestant : The First Council of Nicaea (a gathering of bishops in the early days of Christianity) wanted to find a day to commemorate the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ. This commemoration had to be linked to Jewish holiday traditions, since the last supper of Christ was believed to be a Jewish Passover meal. But the Jewish calendar is based on lunar and solar cycles, so the Easter celebration had to follow the same calendar.

Easter

Sunday April 9, 2023

Catholic or Protestant: PAID HOLIDAY

Easter holidays (end)

Monday 10 April, 2023

School lips:

Administration Closed 9000 9000 9000 9000 —

Monday 17 April, 2023

banks only : José de Diego’ birthday (April 16, 1866 – July 16, 1918), known as The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement , was a statesman, journalist, poet, lawyer , and advocate for Puerto Rico’s independence from Spain and from the United States.

holidays after the second quarter (beginning)

Friday 5, 2023

School holidays:

Mother

Sunday 14 May, 2023

Credtes: Mother’s Day Has Evolved in Many Councils in different ways. This is because mother’s day has different origins in different countries and therefore occurs on different days in the year.
One school of thought claims that this day emerged from the custom of mother worship in ancient Greece. Mother worship which kept a festival to Cybele, a great mother of gods, and Rhea, the wife of Cronus, was held on March 15 to March 18 around Asia Minor. They insist that this custom spread around the world.
Mothering Sunday is the celebration of motherhood in the United Kingdom. It is also known as Mid-lent Sunday, Rose Sunday and Laetare Sunday. It originally comes from the Victorian practice of allowing servants to return home to visit their mothers on this day.
In the United States, Julia Ward Howe (May 27, 1819- October 17, 1910) was a prominent American abolitionist, social activist, and poet. Howe’s Battle Hymn of the Republic was first published in the Atlantic Monthly in 1862 and quickly became one of the most popular songs for the Union during the American Civil War. After the war she focused her activities on the causes of Pacifism and women’s suffrage. In 1870 she was the first to proclaim Mother’s Day, with her Mother’s Day Proclamation. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson approved Mother’s Day in 1914

Mother

Sunday 14, 2023

Sveta holiday:

Holidays after the second quarter (end)

Monday 15, 2023

School holidays:

School holidays ( start)

Friday May 26, 2023

School holidays:

Memorial Day

Monday May 29, 2023

Secular holiday in honor of the dead in most states of the war: Celebrated during the last Monday of the war in most states . This holiday was established after the civil war. This day is celebrated with parades and demonstrations.

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana ) is a country on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola; the other country on the island is Haiti. Its capital and largest city is Santo Domingo. The national language is Spanish.

The country was part of the Spanish Empire until the end of the 18th century. In the 19th century, France, Spain and Haiti controlled it at various times, and later it became independent. From 1916 to 1924 it was occupied by the United States. The Dominican Republic is a presidential democratic republic. The climate in the country is tropical, but altered by altitude and trade winds (winds from the northeast, from the Atlantic Ocean).

History

Hispaniola Island was discovered by Christopher Columbus on December 5, 1492, but he first saw part of the current Dominican Republic on January 4, 1493, when he saw a cape, which he named Monte Cristi («Christ Mountain»). Now this mountain is called El Morro and is located near the city of Monte Cristi.

From Monte Cristi, Columbus went east along the northern coast of the island and on January 6, having visited the Gulf of Samana, returned to Spain. During his second trip to America, he founded the first European city on the continent, La Isabela, near the modern city of Puerto Plata.

Later, Bartholomew Columbus founded the city of Santo Domingo, the oldest permanent European city in the Americas. From here, many Spaniards went to conquer other islands (Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico). Since Cuba was closer to the continent, many people moved there from Hispaniola and then to the continent. Because of this, the population of the island grew very slowly. Under the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697, Spain ceded the western third of the island to France and kept the eastern part, so there were two different colonies on the island: French Saint Domingo and Spanish Santo Domingo . In 1795, France received the entire island, but could only control the eastern part, since Haiti became independent very soon. In 1809, the French government returned the old colony of Santo Domingo to Spain.

On December 1, 1821, the Spanish lieutenant-governor José Nunez de Cáceres declared independence from Spain. The new country was called Estado Independiente del Haití Español («Independent State of Spanish Haiti»). But 9February 1822, the Haitian army occupied the country and remained there for 22 years. Juan Pablo Duarte founded the secret society La Trinitaria to fight for the independence of the Dominican Republic. The Haitian occupation ended on February 27, 1844, when the inhabitants of the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola created a new country called República Dominicana («Dominican Republic»). From 1861 to 1865 the country was again a Spanish colony. August 16, 1863 began Restoration War, when the Dominicans fought to be free again. This war ended in 1865 when the Spanish left and the Dominican Republic became an independent country again.

From 1916 to 1924 the country was occupied by the United States. In 1930, Rafael Trujillo became president of the country in a coup d’état. Trujillo was a brutal dictator who killed thousands of people, including many Haitians. Trujillo was assassinated in 1961. After Trujillo’s death at 1962, Juan Bosch was elected, who in 1963 became the first elected president since 1930. However, Bosch was in power for only seven months. In 1965, a civil war broke out between those who wanted Bosch back in power and those who were against him. Then the United States again invaded the country.

After the end of the civil war, the presidents of the Dominican Republic were:82-1986)

  • Joaquin Balager (1986-1996)
  • Leonel Fernandez (1996-2000)
  • IPolito MECHIA (2000-2004)
  • Leonel Fernandez (2004-2012)
  • Government

    Dominician Dominic democratic republic. The government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch consists of the president, vice president and ministers, who are called secretaries of state . The president is the head of state and head of government and is elected every 4 years. He appoints the cabinet of ministers. The current president is Danilo Medina Sanchez.

    The Legislative Branch makes laws and consists of the Congress, which is located in Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic. The Congress is divided into two groups: the Senate, consisting of 32 members (one from each province and the National District), and the Chamber of Deputies, consisting of 178 members.

    The judicial branch of government consists of the country’s courts, including the Supreme Court.

    Politics

    The Dominican Republic is a constitutional democracy governed by a president. The President is elected every 4 years. The current president is Danilo Medina Sanchez, a representative of the PLD party.

    There are 3 important political parties in the Dominican Republic:

    • PRD : Dominican Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Dominicano ). The PRD is somewhat of a socialist party. The party was founded in 1939 in Havana, Cuba. It was then founded in the Dominican Republic in 1961.
    • PRSC : Social Christian Reform Party (Spanish: Partido Reformista Social Cristiano ). It is a conservative party founded in 1964 by Joaquín Balaguer, who was President of the Republic from 1966-78 and 1986-96.
    • PLD : Dominican Republic Liberation Party (Spanish Partido de la Liberación Dominicana ) was somewhat socialist when it was founded in 1973; it is currently the Liberal Party.

    Earth

    There are several mountain ranges in the Dominican Republic. The four main chains, from north to south, are as follows:

    1. Cordillera Septentrional (translated from English as «Northern Mountain Range»), near the Atlantic Ocean.
    2. Cordillera Central (translated from English as «Central Mountain Range»), which continues into the north of Haiti, where it is called Massif du Nord . The highest mountains of the West Indies are in this chain; Pico Duarte , at 3,087 m, is the highest. The main rivers of the island of Hispaniola originate in this mountain range.
    3. Sierra de Neiba .
    4. Sierra de Bahoruco , known in Haiti as Massif de la Selle .

    There are several important valleys between these mountains, such as:

    • Cibao Valley (Dominican Republic) is the largest and most important valley in the country. This long valley extends from northern Haiti to the Gulf of Samana, south of the Cordillera Septentrional.
    • The San Juan Valley and Azua Plain are large valleys south of the Cordillera Central.
    • Joya de Enriquillo or Neiba Valley is a very dry valley south of the Sierra de Neiba.
    • Llano Costero del Caribe (in English «Caribbean Coastal Plain») is located in the southeast of the country. It’s a big prairie east of Santo Domingo. In this plain there are very important sugar cane plantations.

    There are other small valleys in the mountains: Constanta, Jarabacoa, Bonao, Villa Altagracia.

    The four most important rivers in the Dominican Republic are the Yaque del Norte, the Yuna, the Yaque del Sur and the Ozama. There are many lakes in the country; the largest is Lake Enriquillo at Joya de Enriquillo .

    The climate in the country is tropical, but altered by altitude and trade winds (winds blowing from the northeast, from the Atlantic Ocean). At sea level, the average temperature is 25°C, with little change from season to season. In the highest mountains, temperatures can drop to 0°C in winter.

    There are two wet seasons: April-June and September-November. The driest period is from December to March. Rainfall varies greatly; eastern regions such as the Samana peninsula receive an average of more than 2,000 mm per year, but less than 500 mm falls in the southwest (Joya de Enriquillo).

    From June to November, the island is often hit by hurricanes that can cause great damage.

    People

    Total population of the Dominican Republic as of July 2009year, is 9,650,054 people, the population density is 236. 30 people per km².

    About 64% of Dominicans live in cities and towns, and 87% of people aged 15 and over can read and write.

    The two largest cities are Santo Domingo (capital) with a population of 1,817,754 and Santiago, located in the Cibao Valley, with 908,250 inhabitants.

    Dominicans are about 45% mulatto, 40% black and 15% white.

    • Dominican Mulattos: Mostly descendants of South European colonists and West African slaves.
    • Black Dominicans: They are the descendants of West Africans who were brought as slaves to work on sugar cane plantations. Most of the African roots of the Dominicans go back to the West African countries — Ghana, Cameroon and Angola.
    • White Dominicans: Mostly descendants of Spaniards, Portuguese and French colonists. Most of the European ancestors of the Dominicans come from the Canary Islands and southern Spain, while many others come from the Portuguese, Galicians, Asturians and French.

    Population changes in the Dominican Republic.

    Provinces

    The Dominican Republic is divided into 31 provinces. The country’s capital, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is located in the National District, which, , like the province, elects one senator.

    Provinces include:

    1. Azua
    2. Baoruco
    3. Barahona
    4. Dajabon
    5. Duarte Pinha
    6. Valve — Distrito Nacional

    Map of the provinces of the Dominican Republic.

    Economy

    The Dominican Republic has a mixed economy based mainly on agriculture, services (including tourism and finance), trade and money sent by many Dominicans living in other countries (USA, Europe). Agricultural production (mainly sugar cane, with less coffee, cocoa and tobacco) was the main economic activity, but is now in third place after tourism and manufacturing in free zones («free zones» where industrial enterprises do not pay taxes, and all products are sent to other countries).

    The mining industry is also important, mainly ferronickel (nickel with iron) and gold.

    The Dominican Republic suffers from poverty: in 2012, 83.3% of the population lived below the poverty line. The distribution of wealth is uneven: the top 10% receive almost 40% of the national income.

    Culture

    The culture of the Dominican Republic, as in other Caribbean countries, is a mixture of Taino, African and European (mostly Spanish) cultures.

    There are not many Taino traditions in contemporary Dominican culture; many places have kept their names in secret: Dajabón, Bánica, Haina, Yaque, Samaná, etc. Also, many objects, plants and animals are of Tain origin, and their names have entered other languages; for example: canoa (canoe, small boat), hamaca (hammock, simple bed), maíz (maize, corn), yuca (cassava, which comes from the Tain word casabe , a type of cassava bread , which is eaten in the Caribbean) and batata (sweet potato).

    This mixture of different traditions has created a culture known as Creole (Spanish: Criolla ), common to all countries of the Caribbean, Louisiana and parts of South and Central America.

    Languages ​​

    Only Spanish is spoken in the Dominican Republic, but there are three main languages ​​that are also spoken, such as Haitian Creole, Samana English and the West African Yoruba language known as Lukumi, which is spoken by a few. There is a local dialect or Patois spoken by all Dominicans — see Dominican Spanish Creole.

    Religions

    The official religion is Roman Catholicism, but there is freedom of worship. Of great importance are Protestant groups, which make up about 15% of the total population. Every year major celebrations are held, called fiestas patronales . These are Catholic holidays in honor of the patron saints of cities and villages; it is a Spanish tradition to associate every city with a Catholic saint. The holiday includes church services, street processions, fireworks, dance competitions and other events. Dominican Voodoo or Santeria is also practiced in large numbers, as are Dominican Palo, the Dominican religion of the Congo, and others.

    African culture has a strong influence on Dominican culture, especially in language, religion, food and music.

    Related Pages

    • Dominican Republic at the Olympic Games
    • Dominican Republic Football Team
    • Dominican Republic River List

    Author

    Alegsaonline.com — Dominican Republic — Leandro Alegsa — 21/02/2022 — url: https://ru.alegsaonline.com/art/28301

    Bibliographic references

    — books.google.com — «Historical Dictionary of the Dominican Republic» — www.cia.gov — «CIA – The World Factbook – Dominican Republic» — web.archive.org — «Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States» — www.domrep.org — the original- books.google.com.do — Historia de la República Dominicana — www.diariolibre.com — «12 de julio de 1924, una fecha relegada al olvido» — eldia.

    Добавить комментарий

    Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *