Himno puerto rico: Himno nacional de puerto rico

PR.GOV — Himnos Oficiales

​Himno nacional de Estados Unidos «The Star-Spangled Banner» 




 

(«La Bandera de Estrellas Centelleantes»), es el himno nacional de Estados Unidos, es reconocido en el mundo entero. Nació durante las tempranas horas del 14 de septiembre de 1814, luego de un bombardeo de 25 horas al fuerte McHenry, un puesto militar a la entrada del puerto de Baltimore, en la costa atlántica.




 

Inglaterra y Estados Unidos se encontraban en guerra. Izando una bandera blanca en tregua , un joven abogado llamado Francis Scout Key había abordado, varios días antes, el barco de guerra británico Tonnant para concertar la liberación de un medico norteamericano de avanzada edad. Durante las negociaciones, Key se percato de los planes ingleses de tomar por asalto Baltimore. Fue escoltado de regreso a su corbeta por marinos británicos para que no pudiera avisar a los norteamericanos del inminente ataque.




 

Temprano en la mañana del 13 de septiembre, comenzó el bombardeo. Dieciséis barcos de guerra atacaron con sus cañones el puerto durante todo ese día e incluso el día siguiente. Key se paseaba por el puente de su nave, tratando de divisar en una noche sin luna si todavía ondeaba la bandera de Estados Unidos. El cañoneo continuo aun después de la media noche, pero hasta ya amanecido el día y después se disipo el humo de los cañonazos, Key no pudo divisar la bandera roja, blanca y azul que aun ondeaba sobre el fuerte.




 

Key, quien además de ser abogado era poeta, busco en el bolsillo de su chaqueta y encontró una vieja carta. Comenzó a componer un poema que titulo «En Defensa del Fuerte McHenry», en el que hizo alusión cuatro veces a la bandera estrellada. Unos pocos días después de la batalla el poema fue impreso en octavillas que se repartieron en las calles de Baltimore.




 

En la época en que Key compuso su poema, había alcanzado gran popularidad en Norteamérica una vieja canción inglesa de taberna: «A Anacreonte que esta en el Cielo». Key compuso la letra siguiendo la melodía y ritmo de la canción. La composición se canto por primera vez en público el 19 de octubre de 1814, y desde entonces ha sido cantada en desfiles, en actos oficiales, en escuelas y aun antes del inicio de eventos deportivos.




 

El 31 de marzo de 1931, mediante una Resolución del Congreso firmada por el presidente Herber Hoover, el patriotico poema fue designado himno nacional. A través de los anos, el himno ha sido criticado por ser difícil de cantar. Otras canciones han sido sugeridas para suplantarlo, mas, aunque resulte difícil entonar sus notas altas, sigue siendo el himno que emociona a los norteamericanos.




 

The Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say can you see by the dawn’s early light

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?

Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight,

O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?

And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air, 

Gave proof thru the night that our flag was still there.

Chorus: 

Oh say does that star-spangled banner yet wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,

Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes, 

What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,

As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?

Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,

In fully glory reflected now shines in the stream:

Chorus:

‘ This the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

And were is that band who so vauntingly swore 

That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion, 

A home and a country should leave us no more!

Their blood has washed out of their foul footsteps’pollution. 

No refuge could save the hireling and slave’

From the terror of flight and the gloom of the grave:

Chorus:

And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh! Thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand 

Between their loved home and the war’s desolation!

Blest with victory and peace, may the heav’n rescued land 

Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.

Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, 

And this be our motto: «In God is our trust.»

Chorus:

And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. ​

 


 

Puerto Rico Taino Y Himno

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Puerto Rico

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Many consider Puerto Rico the fifty-first state of the United States.

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