Puerto rico neighboring countries: Geography of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico: country data and statistics

Presidential democracy (unincorporated territory of the US)




8,870 km²

Local name:

Puerto Rico


San Juan


Puerto Rico is an island state in the Caribbean and is the smallest and easternmost country in the Greater Antilles. The land has a total area of 8,870 km² (3,425 mi²) and a total coastline of 501 km (311.3 mi). This land area is approximately 138% of the area of Delaware. Puerto Rico is thus the 26th smallest country in the Americas and ranked 171st in the world. An exceptionally high proportion of residents (94%) belong to the urban population. Every tenth inhabitant lives in San Juan alone.
Puerto Rico is comparatively low at an average elevation of 261 meters above sea level. The island group consists of 143 islands. Puerto Rico has no direct neighbours. The distance between New York City and the Capital San Juan is about 2,590 km (1,609 mi).

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Population per km²:367.9

Life expectancy males:Ø 76.7 years

Life expectancy females:

Ø 83.6 years


5.6 ‰


9.6 ‰


47.3% : 52.7%

Population pyramid

The currency in Puerto Rico is the US dollar (USD).
1 Dollar is divided into 100 Cents.
Status: 11/17/2022

1 Euro = 1.03 Dollars
1 Dollar = 0.97 Euro

The climate in Puerto Rico

In Puerto Rico, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 29 and 32 degrees. In the colder months, the average night temperatures drop down to 22 °C.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

  • Detailed climate data for Puerto Rico
  • Tsunamis
  • Hurricanes


Official language:


Mother tongue Distribution
› Spanish 51.3 %
› English 47.4 %
other 1.3 %



GDP: 103.14 bn $
Exportations: 73.17 bn $
Importations: 49.01 bn $
› Tourism receipts: 2.92 bn $
› Unemployment rate: 8.3 %
› Corruption index: 63 (moderate)
› Energy consumption: 19. 5 bn kWh

Land use

96% Urban areas: 8,511 km²
22% Agricultural areas: 1,977 km²
56% Forest: 4,964 km²


Roadways: 26,862 km
› Airports: 4

Most important cities

City Region Population
San Juan / Capital Metro 337,000
Bayamón Metro 180,000
Carolina Metro 154,000
Ponce South 141,000
Caguas East 130,000
Guaynabo Metro 81,000
Mayagüez West 79,000
Trujillo Alto Metro 54,000
Arecibo North 49,000
Fajardo East 34,000
Levittown Metro 30,000
Vega Baja North 29,000
Cataño Metro 28,000
Barceloneta North 22,000
Guayama South 22,000
Humacao East 20,000
Yauco West 20,000
Adjuntas Central 19,000
Cayey Central 18,000
Manatí North 16,000
Aguadilla West 16,000
Río Grande East 13,000
Dorado North 13,000
Isabela West 13,000
San Germán West 12,000
Vega Alta North 12,000
Coamo South 12,000
Hormigueros West 12,000

Political indicators

(Based on the «Worldwide Governance Indicators» project of the World Bank)

Political stability:

Rule of law:


Regulatory quality:

Voice accountability:

Death penalty: constitutionally allowed

Puerto Rico Flag Map and Meaning

Colors and the Meaning of the Puerto Rico Flag

Puerto Rico flag consists of five horizontal stripes. Three of the lines are red and the other two are white. To the left of the flag is a light blue triangle with a white five-pointed star.

Each part of this flag has its own meaning. Three red lines represent blood from brave warriors. The two white lines represent the country’s victory and peace after gaining independence. The white star represents the island of Puerto Rico and the blue sky and the blue coastal waters. The triangle represents the three branches of government.

Puerto Rico Flag Map

History of the Puerto Rico Flag

There were three flags on the island of Puerto Rico in the 1490s. The first was the Christopher Columbus flag. It was the flag with the green cross in the middle of the flag on the white background, with the letter ‘F’ on the left and the letter ‘Y’ on the right. There was a crown on the letters.

The second flag used in Puerto Rico was the Burgundy Cross flag. The Burgundy Cross flag was used by the colonies of Spain. The flag consisted of two diagonal lines on the white background. The third flag was the Kingdom of Castile. The flag of Castile was divided into four equal parts. The top left and right bottom rectangle had a golden castle symbol. The other rectangles had a crowned lion figure.

Between 1701 and 1793, the flag in the castles of Spain fluctuated in Puerto Rico. This flag was a coat of arms on a white background. The coat of arms consisted of the crowned Castile flag. The waving flag in Puerto Rico in 1785 was similar to the current flag of Spain.

In 1868, a rebellion against the Spanish was attempted in Puerto Rico. This year the rebels embraced their own flag. The flag consisted of a white cross dividing the flag into four equal parts and two blue and two red rectangles. The upper rectangles were blue while the lower rectangles were red. The blue rectangle on the upper left had white five-pointed stars.

In 1873, a republic was declared in Spain and Puerto Rico. The flag of Puerto Rico has returned to the first Spanish Republic flag. The modern flag of Puerto Rico was designed in 1895 and was created as a symbol of revolution against the Spanish. In 1898, the United States bought Puerto Rico from Spain, and the American flag began to fluctuate on the territory of Puerto Rico. In 1952 Puerto Rico became a nation and the flag designed in 1895 was adopted with slight color changes.

In 1995, minor changes were made in the colors again. The last flag adopted in 1995 has continued to fluctuate on the territory of Puerto Rico unchanged until today.

Neighboring Countries of Puerto Rico

Neighboring Countries of Puerto Rico

It is located in the northeast of the Caribbean Sea, east of the Dominican Republic. It is an island country connected to the United States, free of internal affairs.

Main Characteristics of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico means the rich harbor in Spanish. It is a country preferred by tourists who want to take a sea vacation. San Juan, the capital; is the most developed city in terms of tourism with its favorable climate, beaches and nightlife. There are two official languages, Spanish and English. The currency is US dollars.

Climate also varies by region. A harsh and cold climate prevails in the mountainous areas of Puerto Rico. Forest areas are cold and rainy compared to the coast. The climate is tropical in coastal areas. It has a rich kitchen. Rice is the main food. Pork is consumed a lot.

Country Puerto Rico
Code PR
Calling Code 1 787, 1 939
Capital City San Juan
Currency united states dollar (USD)
Emoji Symbol 🇵🇷
Highest Point Cerro Punta (1,338 m)
Internet TLD .pr
Population(2017) 3,663,131
Total Area 9,104 km2

Puerto Rico.

American outpost in the Caribbean

Vladimir Dergachev, photos by Anton Dergachev

Freely Associated (Accessed) State Puerto Rico is an «unincorporated organized territory» under US administration. Supreme power belongs to the US Congress. Puerto Rico, like the neighboring US Virgin Islands, are Washington’s colonial outposts in the Caribbean. Puerto Rico has its own constitution, legislature, executive and judiciary. But at the same time, the inhabitants of the island have American citizenship, the American currency (dollar). The United States provides protection of the country from external forces.

The official languages ​​are Spanish and English.

Population 3.7 million people, GDP $77 billion or $19.6 thousand per capita.

Puerto Ricans are a Hispanic people of 8.5 million people, of which about 4 million live in Puerto Rico and 4.4 million in the United States. Puerto Ricans are predominantly Catholic and speak Spanish.

Puerto Rico means «rich port» in Spanish. As a result of the Spanish-American War of 189For 8 years, Spain lost Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Philippines and Guam to the USA. In the future, local residents would be given the status of citizens of the United States. Many Puerto Ricans have migrated to the US, where about one million live in New York alone. In a 2012 referendum, almost 65% of the citizens who voted supported the entry of Puerto Rico into the United States as the 51st state.

Puerto Rico is one of the largest recreational centers in the Caribbean. More than 6 million tourists visit the country annually, mostly Americans. The tourism industry brings in more than $ 2 billion annually. Eight kilometers from San Juan is the most famous and largest plant that produces Bacardi rum.

Puerto Rican Senate (Capitol)

The capital of San Juan (433 thousand inhabitants) was founded by the Spanish conquistadors in 1512 and is, along with Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), one of the oldest cities in America founded by Europeans.
San Juan has an exceptionally advantageous geostrategic position. This former Spanish colony was used by the mother country as the first stop in the Caribbean region for military and merchant ships sailing from Europe. Gold and silver were sent to Europe (Spain) via San Juan. Therefore, the city had to be fortified from French, English and Dutch pirates, corsairs and raiders, the navies of other states.
In the capital of Puerto Rico in old San Juan, there is a powerful fortress on the island. In old San Juan, there is Fort San Felipe del Morro (16th century) and Fort San Cristobal (17th century). The forts of the fortress in San Juan Bay stood guard over the main sea gates from Europe to the Caribbean. The fortress, the construction of which lasted for two centuries, was the most powerful in the region. From the bastions of the fortress they saw pirates of all stripes.

Old San Juan retains the look of a Spanish colonial city. Here is the Puerto Rican Capitol (Senate), the old mansion of the governor, the city hall, the Christian church of St. Joseph (1523).

Bas-relief on the monument to Christopher Columbus in San Juan

The modern seaport of San Juan is the largest cruise port in the Caribbean, one of the busiest commercial ports in the Western Hemisphere and one of the top 20 container terminals in the world.
A prominent area in San Juan known as «La Milla de Oro» (The Golden Mile) is home to numerous local and international banks. This offshore center is called the «Caribbean Wall Street». When registering a company in Puerto Rico, an advertisement suggests opening a bank account for your offshore company within an hour in a European bank. Citizens of Great Britain, Switzerland, Belgium and other rating jurisdictions are offered as nominee directors. If you prefer not to register a company, you can buy a ready-made offshore company for $2.3 thousand.

From maritime robbery to financial piracy
Virgin Islands. Offshore under the American flag
St. Thomas. Jews in the West Indies
Puerto Rico. American outpost in the Caribbean
San Juan. Sea pirates did not pass here

Old San Juan and the cruise port
Dominican Republic. Country of upheavals, exotics and tourism
Saint Martin. Island of two masters

Tags: Puerto Rico, USA

Geography of the Dominican Republic

As we said, the Dominican Republic is a fertile land, which is freely spread in the east of the island of Haiti, surrounded by the waves of the Caribbean Sea.

The capital of the country is a sultry city called Santo Domingo. This is the birthplace of reference cigars, the cradle of incendiary merengue.

Santo Domingo

If you look at the map, you can see how ideal the location of the Dominican Republic is. It sits right between the warm waters of the Caribbean Sea and the cool currents of the Atlantic Ocean.

It is these conditions that form the unique climate and stunning landscape of the country.

Dominican Republic on the map

What is nearby?

For example, the western borders of the Dominican Republic are located next to the Republic of Haiti. By the way, this is very interesting and there are hardly any two bordering states in the world that are so close geographically and so far apart in culture, economy, education, language and religion.

Also nearby is Cuba — the island of freedom. You will find it if you look further west on the map. On the east side is another large island — this is Puerto Rico. To get to it, you need to overcome only 150 km from the coast of the Dominican Republic by sea.

Dominican Republic and neighboring countries

And what about the island on which the Dominican Republic is located?

The country shares its territory with Haiti, and this area had many names. For example, the Taino Indians called it «Haiti».

What does it mean? The exotic «Haiti» in the Taino language meant «height». The name is given for a reason, and you will understand why when you visit the island: there are several high mountain ranges. In addition, the Taino Indians still affectionately called this island «Boio», which meant «home».

Now on the world map this place is designated as the island of Hispaniola. It is located in the archipelago of the Greater Antilles.

Map of the Dominican Republic

According to the geographical reference, Hispaniola is the tenth most densely populated island in the world. It belongs to the 22nd largest island in the world in terms of size.

The reference reads: “The island is located in the northern hemisphere, south of the Tropic of Cancer and west of the Greenwich meridian or prime meridian. Its northern point is located at 20° 00′ north latitude, and its southern point is 17° 36′ north latitude. The easternmost point of Isla Hispaniola is at 68° 19′ west longitude, and the most westerly at 74° 31′ west longitude”.

The Dominican Republic on this island is the largest country, it occupies almost 2/3 of the territory. The republic has an area of ​​48,670 square kilometers. This territory includes the islands of Saona, Beata, Alto Velo and Catalina.

In fact, the geography of the Dominican Republic is not limited to beaches. There are three main mountain ranges here. The first is the Central Cordillera, which stretches straight from Haiti through the center of the Dominican Republic. They end in the south, roughly in the San Cristobal area.

Pico Duarte is located in these Cordillera — this is the highest point in the Antilles. The height of Pico Duarte is 3087 meters.

Mountains of the Dominican Republic

The second mountain range is the North. It runs parallel to the central Cibao Valley.

The third important mountain range in the Dominican Republic is the picturesque mountains of Baoruko and Neibe, which are located in the southwestern part of the country.

From a maritime perspective, the Dominican Republic also has advantageous diversity. From the north, the territory of the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, as well as the Sea of ​​the Antilles already in the south.

There is the Mona Strait, which is located in the east. It connects the ocean and the sea. The Dominican city of Cap Cana lies precisely on the shores of this strait.

Mona is the natural border that separates the Dominican Republic from the island of Puerto Rico.

Cap Cana

The best hotels in the Dominican Republic:

Bahia Principe Fantasia Punta Cana 5*

Bahia Principe Grand Bavaro 5*

Bahia Principe Grand Punta Cana 5*

Bahia Principe Luxury Bouganville 5*

Bahia Principe Luxury Esmeralda 5*

Barcelo Bavaro Beach 5*

Barcelo Bavaro Palace Deluxe 5*

Be Live Collection Canoa 5*

Be Live Collection Punta Cana 5*

Catalonia Bavaro Beach, Golf & Casino Resort 5*

Dreams Royal Beach Punta Cana (Ex.

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