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5 beneficios del orégano — Propiedades

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El orégano se ha convertido en una importante hierba dentro de la cocina internacional. También se ha empleado en el campo medicinal desde hace miles de años. Esta hierba perteneciente a la familia de la menta, proviene de las palabras griegas oros (montaña) y ganos (alegría). A pesar de su excelente olor, el orégano no sólo proporciona sabor a los alimentos, también tiene un gran abanico de propiedades beneficiosas para la salud.

Propiedades

 

Propiedades:
El orégano contiene fibra, hierro, manganeso, vitamina E, hierro, calcio, ácidos grasos omega, manganeso, además de ser una fuente rica en vitamina K.

Antibacteriano

 

Lucha contra las bacterias:
El orégano es un buen aliado contra la actividad microbiana. El aceite de orégano, por ejemplo, es un potente antimicrobiano, debido a que contiene un compuesto esencial llamado carvacol. Sus propiedades son tan intensas que puede incluso aniquilar al Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina y a otros antibióticos.

Alimentos verdes muy saludables

Otras enfermedades y dolencias

 

Otras enfermedades:
El orégano se puede utilizar para tratar trastornos gastrointestinales, dolores menstruales, dolor de oído, bronquitis, dolores musculares, dolor de muelas, alergias, fatiga, dolor de cabeza y trastornos de las vías urinarias. También puede aplicarse por vía tópica para ayudar a tratar una serie de enfermedades de la piel, como el acné y la caspa.

Contra el cáncer

 

Contra el cáncer:
Un equipo de biólogos de la Universidad de los Emiratos Árabes Unidos explicaban en la revista PLoS ONE que la actividad anticancerígena del orégano se basa en que fomenta la detención del ciclo celular y promueve la apoptosis (es decir, el suicidio de las células de cáncer) en las pacientes con cáncer de mama.

Antiinflamatorio

 

Antiinflamatorio:
Científicos de la Universidad de Bonn (Alemania), y la ETH de Zurich (Suiza), identificaron un ingrediente activo en el orégano — conocido como beta-cariofilina (E-BCP) — que puede ser útil contra trastornos como la osteoporosis y la arteriosclerosis.

#alimentación #salud

Sarah Romero

Fagocito ciencia ficción en todas sus formas. Fan incondicional de Daneel Olivaw y, cuando puedo, terraformo el planeta rojo o cazo cylons. Hasta que viva en Marte puedes localizarme en Twitter: sarahromero_ y en [email protected]

MARIE CLAIRE

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Plectranthus amboinicus — Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

El orégano cubano, orégano francés, tomillo español, menta mexicana, oreganón, orégano brujo, orégano orejón, orégano poleo (Rep. Dominicana) o borraja india (Plectranthus amboinicus) es una planta perenne de la familia Lamiaceae.

Flores

Vista de la planta

Índice

  • 1 Descripción
  • 2 Medicina popular
  • 3 Taxonomía
  • 4 Referencias
  • 5 Bibliografía

Descripción[editar]

El orégano cubano puede alcanzar hasta 1 m de altura; presenta hojas con peciolos de 1,5 a 4,5 cm, con láminas suborbiculares, romboides, reniformes, tiernas y carnudas, de 5 a 10 cm de longitud, cuyo sabor y aroma se parecen al del orégano; inflorescencia terminal a lo largo de 10 a 20 cm con brácteas de 3 a 4 mm de longitud y corolas de color azul pálido, lila o rosado.

Medicina popular[editar]

La medicina tradicional le ha atribuido al orégano cubano diversas propiedades y lo ha usado, por ejemplo, para aliviar los ataques de epilepsia, insomnio,como desinfectante, antimicótico y estimulante muscular. Recientemente se han multiplicado las investigaciones científicas sobre su acción[1][2][3][4]​ y toxicidad.[5]​ Se ha demostrado que tabletas 100 mg de P. amboinicus provocaron contracción de la musculatura lisa en cobayos.[6]

Plectranthus amboinicus fue descrita por (Lour.) Spreng. y publicado en Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 66: 141. 1928.[7]

Etimología

Plectranthus: nombre genérico

amboinicus: epíteto geográfico que alude a su localización en la isla de Ambon en el Archipiélago de las Molucas.[8]

Sinonimia
  • Coleus amboinicus Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 372 (1790).
  • Majana amboinica (Lour.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 524 (1891).
  • Ocimum vaalae Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 111 (1775), nom. rej.
  • Coleus aromaticus Benth. in Wall, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 16 (1830).
  • Coleus crassifolius Benth. in N.Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 15 (1830).
  • Coleus suganda Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 483 (1837).
  • Coleus carnosus Hassk., Flora 25(2 Beibl.): 25 (1842).
  • Coleus suborbicularis Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz.: 4 (1846).
  • Majana carnosa (Hassk.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 524 (1891).
  • Majana suganda (Blanco) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 524 (1891).
  • Coleus amboinicus var. violaceus Gürke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 210 (1894).
  • Coleus vaalae (Forssk.) Deflers, Rev. Egypt: 423 (1894).
  • Coleus subfrutectosus Summerh., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 392 (1928).[9]

Referencias[editar]

  1. ↑ Buznego María Teresa, Pérez-Saad H, Carrión L, Garriga E. (1993) Efecto antiepiléptico del Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (orégano francés) en diferentes modelos de epilepsia experimental. Revista de Biología 2-3:161-170.
  2. ↑ Llanio Villate, Mirta; Héctor Pérez-Saad; Miguel David Fernández; Eneida Garriga; Rosa Menéndez y María Teresa Buznego (1999) «Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (orégano cubano): efecto antimuscarínico y potenciación de la adrenalina»; Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales 1(4):29-32.
  3. ↑ Fernández Pérez, Miguel David; M. T. Buznego, R. Menéndez, M. Llanio y Héctor Manuel Pérez Saad (2003) «Perfil Neurofarmacológico de del Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (orégano francés)»; Revista de Neurología 36(1): 98-99.
  4. ↑ Núñez Figueredo, Yanier; Juana I. Tillán Capó; Carmen Carrillo; Rosa Menéndez; Rafael Diego León (2006) «Efecto de Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. tabletas sobre la anafilaxia pasiva cutánea, transmisión histaminérgica y adrenérgica»; Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales11(3-4).
  5. ↑ Vizoso Parra, Angel; Alberto Ramos Ruiz; Aymee Edreira Armenteros; José Betancourt Badell y Mercedes Décalo Michelena (1999) «Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. ) Spreng (Orégano Francés). Estudio toxicogenético de un extracto fluido y del aceite esencial»; Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales3(2):68-73.
  6. ↑ Núñez Figueredo, Y.; J. I. Tillán Capó; C. Carrillo D.; Claudia Montero A.; R. Menéndez C. y R. Diego León (2006) «Actividad de Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. tabletas 100 mg sobre la musculatura lisa intestinal» Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales11(3-4).
  7. ↑ «Plectranthus amboinicus». Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. Consultado el 8 de enero de 2015. 
  8. ↑ (en) Arthur O. Tucker, Thomas DeBaggio, The encyclopedia of herbs : a comprehensive reference to herbs of flavor and fragrance, Timber Press, 16 septembre 2009, 2e éd., 604 p. (ISBN 0-88192-994-8, lire en ligne =http://books.google.fr/books?id=7_KPgxEglHAC&pg=PA403&dq=%22Plectranthus+amboinicus%22&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=UZk-T5HaBPK00QWVqpWhBA&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22Plectranthus%20amboinicus%22&f=false
  9. ↑ «Plectranthus amboinicus». Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Consultado el 29 de marzo de 2010. 

Bibliografía[editar]

  1. AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database — Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D’Afrique.
  2. Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
  3. CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  4. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2012. Rubiaceae a Verbenaceae. 4(2): i–xvi, 1–533. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  5. Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  6. Hedge, I. C., R. A. Clement, A. J. Paton & P. B. Phillipson. 1998. Labiatae. Fl. Madagasc. 175: 1–293. View in Biodiversity Heritage Library
  7. e Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
Control de autoridades
  • Proyectos Wikimedia
  • Datos: Q2359202
  • Multimedia: Coleus amboinicus / Q2359202
  • Especies: Coleus amboinicus

  • Bases de datos taxonómicas
  • African Plant DB: 116828
  • EOL: 486424
  • GBIF: 2926636
  • GRIN: url
  • iNaturalist: 277909
  • IPNI: 168806-3
  • ITIS: 504444
  • NCBI: 204180
  • PlantList: kew-157885
  • W3TROPICOS: 17602719
  • USDA Plants: PLAM2
  • Identificadores químicos
  • UNII: T444G60821

Oregano.

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Oregano — another name — common oregano . Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Lamiaceae family. Oregano is related to marjoram but has a pungent smell and taste.

Rhizome branched, often creeping. The stem is tetrahedral, erect, softly pubescent, branched in the upper part. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong-ovate, entire, pointed at the apex, dark above, grayish-green below, 1-4 cm long. The flowers are small, numerous, collected in corymbose-paniculate inflorescences.

The word «oregano» is a Greek word and means «joy of the mountains». Oregano seasoning has been used since ancient times, in ancient Egypt and Greece in dishes with vegetables, wines, meat and fish.

«Oregano» means «marjoram» in Spanish, and although it is sometimes referred to as « wild marjoram «, it is a very different spice. Oregano is a very good honey plant. Honey productivity 100 kg/ha. In addition, it is a wonderful ornamental plant.

Native to the hills of the Mediterranean region and the Middle East, but was brought by Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and is now found wild in almost all of North America.

Distributed in Europe and the Mediterranean. It grows everywhere (with the exception of the Far North): in glades, forest edges, among shrubs, in dry open grassy places, on hillsides. In the USA, France and some other countries, oregano is cultivated.

Oregano contains 0.3 to 1.5% essential oil, thymol, carvacrol, tannins, flavonoids, phytoncides, coumarins, phenolcarboxylic acids, terpenes, alkaloids, vitamins C, B1, B2, fatty oils.

Essential oil is divided into two types according to its composition: thymol type — the main component thymol (30-70%), carvacrol type — the main component carvacrol (45-70%). Carvacrol gives oregano a pungent, tongue-numbing taste. Essential oils high in carvacrol are superior to many existing antibiotics and antihistamines.

The Roman gourmet Tselius Apicius compiled a list of dishes that the noble Romans used. They included a significant amount of herbs, among which he singled out thyme, oregano and garden cumin.

Oregano is the dried leaves and flowers of the plant. It is characterized by a pleasant, delicate smell and a spicy, bitter taste. It has dietary properties: stimulates appetite and facilitates digestion.

Quite strongly reminiscent of marjoram, so these spices are interchangeable.

In Italian cuisine, oregano is the main seasoning for pizza. Also, the plant is widely used in meat, fish, vegetable dishes, salads and pasta, used in the preservation of olives, capers. Oregano leaves are eaten both fresh and dried.

Oregano goes well with ham, salads, fish sauces. It is an indispensable seasoning for baked pork and lamb, meat soups, baked potatoes. It should be added shortly before the dish is ready. Large leaves are seasoned with fish dishes, crabs and eggs. Poles prefer fish stuffed with white bread, seasoned with crushed oregano. It is also added to meat fried over an open fire (kebabs, sausages, game).

It can be said that just a few decades ago oregano was not known in our country, the taste of a wild plant was underestimated for some reason. This seasoning well complements the taste of many dishes, tomatoes seasoned with oregano are very tasty.

Oregano is in perfect harmony with basil, marjoram, thyme and pepper.

The plant is used in spice mixtures for pâtés, liver or meat fillings, homemade sausages.

In Belarus, in the Caucasus, oregano is added when pickling cucumbers and mushrooms. In Siberia, a fragrant filling for pies is prepared with it, which is mixed with cottage cheese, meat, and eggs. Dried spice is added to pizza, fish, tomato sauces and marinades. We flavor kvass and homemade beer with it, they also add it to soups, salads, meat. And if you add a sprig of oregano to a bottle of vinegar or vegetable oil, then its contents will acquire a refined aroma.

Dry oregano must be stored in a tightly sealed container in a dark place and used within 2 months.

In the perfumery and cosmetics industry oregano essential oil is used to flavor toilet soaps, colognes, toothpastes and lipsticks..

Oregano has a tonic, digestive and expectorant effect, used to treat coughs, sore throats, and indigestion.

Essential oils of oregano are used for toothache, stomach and intestinal cramps, asthma, rheumatism.

Useful properties of oregano have been used by people since ancient times. In ancient times, doctors recommended oregano for headaches. Also, this plant acts on the liver, helps with poisoning. Wine with oregano leaves and flowers is a good remedy for animal bites. This medicine is used for hemorrhoids, it heals the lungs, strengthens the nervous system. In folk medicine, this plant is considered a good medicine for toothache (in this case, a decoction of oregano leaves is used). Its leaves, as well as the leaves of mint, lemon balm, thanks to the essential oils that make up their composition, are used for therapeutic baths that have a sedative and analgesic effect.

Oregano — a herb with a tart aroma

People have long believed that oregano (oregano) is a cure for all diseases. In addition, for a long time this plant has been used as a spice for cooking vegetable, meat and fish dishes, as well as a seasoning for wine drinks. Back in the 1st century AD, the famous Greek scientist Dioscoridos, who wrote a series of books on the properties of medicinal herbs, devoted several chapters to oregano, a plant with a tart aroma. The Greeks and Romans considered this herb a symbol of happiness and joy, using it for aromatherapy. Since the Middle Ages, oregano has taken an important place in pharmaceuticals and cooking.
The name of this fragrant plant with small green leaves is translated as «decoration of the mountains» or «mountain joy». Oregano (from the Latin Origanum vulgare) refers to a perennial herbaceous plant of the Lamiaceae family of the Oregano genus. By the way, in Russia, oregano is called “oregano”. In total, there are about 20 species of this plant. Oregano is often confused with marjoram. Although these plants with a tart spicy smell are similar in appearance, they have different taste and medicinal properties.

HEALING PROPERTIES OF OREGANO
Oregano contains large amounts of tannins and ascorbic acid. Medicines from oregano are prescribed for neurosis, hysteria, insomnia, epilepsy, hypertension, atherosclerosis.
The essential oil obtained from oregano is colorless or slightly yellowish. It has a specific smell, like the plant itself, and has a very tart and bitter taste. And due to the high content of carvacrol in it, it surpasses many existing antibiotics and antihistamines in its properties! For colds, drink 2-3 drops of oregano essential oil twice a day in the morning and evening for 7-10 days, and you will not have to use any artificially made pharmaceutical preparations. For flu or colds, add one drop of oregano essential oil to hot tea. If someone in your home is coughing or sneezing, spray water with oregano essential oil added to it in the air — it kills germs.
Be careful — the essential oil has a very high concentration, it is bitter in taste and slightly burns when it gets on the skin and mucous membranes. Therefore, before use, stir it in a spoon with honey, or dilute it with milk or juice.
Oregano essential oil can be applied to the surface of the skin affected by a fungal disease — after 2-3 months you will get rid of the disease.
Dried oregano is prescribed for colds and broncho-pulmonary diseases as an anti-inflammatory and expectorant. Oregano tea is prescribed for intestinal atony, spasms in the stomach, gastritis, inflammation of the liver, jaundice, insomnia, nervous disorders, whooping cough, and also as an expectorant. The leaves and flowers of the plant are added to baths for scrofula and various skin rashes. Oregano improves tone and, by enhancing the secretory function of the intestines, improves digestion.
Oregano can also cure diseased plants: a decoction of oregano should be sprayed on damaged flowers several times a week, this will save them from wax moths and ants breeding on plants.

OREGANO FOR LADIES
The ability of this herb to have a tonic and stimulating effect on the functioning of the female organs is especially appreciated. Herbal tea made from oregano is able to restore the disturbed menstrual cycle, helps alleviate menstrual pain.
However, oregano has a very strong influence on the functioning of the muscles of the uterus and due to this it can provoke a miscarriage. Therefore, in ancient times, healers used infusions of oregano to rid women of unwanted pregnancies. Nursing mothers, unlike pregnant women, oregano is indicated, as it has the ability to increase lactation.
Oregano is also indicated in menopause, which may be accompanied by a depressed mental state and hot flashes. Thanks to the tonic properties of oregano, it is possible to activate the work of the ovaries and thereby prevent early menopause.
Oregano also has a beneficial effect on those who suffer from sexual disorders. Its infusions have been successfully used to reduce libido, which helps fight sexual intemperance and erotomania. At the same time, oregano acts only on excessive sexual excitability, reducing it, without weakening potency.

OREGANO IN COOKING
This spicy plant has long been popular among cooks. In the kitchen, dried leaves and flower buds are usually used, fresh young leaves of the plant are rarely used. This spice is especially popular in Italian and Greek cuisine. It is important to note that the smell and taste of different types of oregano differ from each other. For example, the taste of Syrian oregano (Origanum syriacum) is reminiscent of a combination of thyme, marjoram and oregano.
Thanks to its spicy taste, oregano is used to make hot drinks, homemade beer and kvass. The preservative properties of oregano are valued, which are due to the tannins included in its composition — the herb is used as an ingredient in pickling vegetables.
The tart and spicy taste of oregano pairs perfectly with fresh salads, fish sauces and ham. This seasoning is also indispensable in the preparation of meat soups, omelettes, baked dishes from potatoes, pork and lamb. You need to add oregano at the very end of cooking, and preferably immediately before serving it on the table.
Dried oregano adds a savory flavor to meat cooked over an open fire. Fresh leaves of the plant are used to season soups, fish dishes, eggs and crabs.
Fresh sprigs of oregano can be put in a bottle with olive oil or vinegar — this will give them a special delicate aroma.
In Siberia, dry oregano is added to the filling for pies made from cottage cheese, meat and eggs. Oregano is also popular in the preparation of aromatic mixtures for pate, liver, and sausages. Many mushroom dishes are prepared with the addition of oregano — so their taste becomes more tender and rich.

CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR USE
Infusions, teas and essential oil of oregano are absolutely contraindicated for pregnant women.
When using oregano, it is important to remember the intensity of the aroma of this spice and use it in moderation.
Men are not recommended to use oregano for a long time and in large quantities — this can adversely affect potency.

OREGANO IN CYPRUS
In Cyprus, you can find wild oregano everywhere: in the mountains, in the fields and even on ornamental lawns. In addition, here this herb is grown commercially for pharmaceutical purposes — in many pharmacies you can buy oregano essential oil and herbal teas based on it.

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