Old festivals: 10 Traditional Festivals Around the World: A Good Excuse to See New Architecture

10 Traditional Festivals Around the World: A Good Excuse to See New Architecture

10 Traditional Festivals Around the World: A Good Excuse to See New Architecture

  • Written by Victor Delaqua | Translated by Rory Stott

We experience our cities daily through ordinary acts, whether it’s commuting, looking for a quiet place, having lunch downtown, or even exercising. However, one of the most exceptional ways to experience the different roles of a city’s urban space is through traditional festivals, rooted in local cultures presented through different clothing, culinary arts, dances and other arts.

Through these festivals, one can see the uses and the demands of the urban public space, in which cultural actions offer new ways to take over the city — at a time when the streets are no longer just a transit space and become a space of leisure and residence, overtaken by a different atmosphere.

New cultures are built on new practices. Through travel, architects can expand their repertoire and gain new influences for their projects. Here, we take a look at some traditional festivals around the world that serve as a good excuse to unveil new ways of thinking about a city and, as a result, to see great architectural works.

Read on to see ten amazing festivals to visit on your next trip.

Harbin International Ice Festival

January 5 / Harbin, China

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By Shanghai killer whale (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

China hosts the world’s largest ice festival. Based in Harbin, during winter you may come across the largest sculptures—and even buildings—made of ice on the planet.

While you’re there, take the opportunity to visit the incredible Harbin Opera House and the China Wood Sculpture Museum, both by MAD Architects.

Harbin Opera House / MAD Architects. Image © Hufton+Crow

Carnival

February 28 / Brazil

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By Foto:Antônio Cruz/ABr (Agência Brasil [1]) [CC BY 3.0 br (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/br/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons

Carnival originated in Greece between 600 and 520 BC. The feast of «carnis levale» marked «farewell to the flesh» and came before a great period of abstinence and fasting: Lent. After two millennia the festivities have become extravagant, and the largest carnival in the world grew up across the ocean in Brazil.

Carnival celebrations are distinctive, from parades of internationally famous samba schools to clubs, parties and—most interestingly for those who seek to experience urban space—blocks of processions in the streets.

Each city has a unique carnival, and we recommend five: Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Salvador, Ouro Preto and São Paulo.

Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro / Affonso Eduardo Reidy. Image © Centro de Documentação e Pesquisa do MAM.

Mardi Gras

February 28 / New Orleans, USA

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Speaking of Carnival, we can’t forget «Mardi Gras»—which means «fat Tuesday» in French, reflecting the practice of eating rich and fatty foods before fasting during Lent. The most traditional party takes place in New Orleans, bringing color and fun to the streets of the city.

In addition to celebrating, you will have the opportunity to see how the city rebuilt itself after Hurricane Katrina, understanding the role of architecture and urbanism in this reconstruction. A good tip is to check out the residential projects made by Make It Right.

The Float House / Morphosis, Make It Right. Image © Iwan Baan

Holi

March 13 / India

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Also known as the Festival of Colors, Holi celebrates the arrival of spring in India. Between drinks, food, and a lot of music, in this festival colors are given great prominence: the people throw colored powders and paints at each other. Despite the festive tone, this is an important event in Hindu culture because it is the moment that celebrates the legend of Radha and Krishna, which recounts the pleasure that Krishna felt when coloring Radha and Gopis. Holi Hai!

If you are traveling in India, don’t miss the chance to see Chandigarh, planned by none other than Le Corbusier.

Palace of Assembly / Le Corbusier. Image © Fernanda Antonio

Falles

March 19 / Valencia, Spain

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This party was born from burning leftover wood from carpentry workshops in Valencia, Spain. The Valencians transformed this burning into a huge event that occupies the whole city. The festival features the «Falles,» large wooden sculptures whose name derives from an old Catalan word meaning torches. These are often designed after satirical themes or show traces of their culture and local history, and are burned on the last day of the party, the day of the cremà, on the day of Saint Joseph.

The festival begins a few days before, but the must-see day is the 14th when la planta takes place. On the 17th there’s a beautiful flower offering and on the 18th is the great nit del foc, when there is an unforgettable spectacle of Fireworks on the River Turia — a river that also hosts the City of Arts and Sciences, the controversial project by Santiago Calatrava.

Diego Delso [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Boryeong Mud Festival

July / Boryeong, South Korea

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By Stinkie Pinkie (originally posted to Flickr as Mud Fest 2008) [CC BY 2. 0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

The Mud Festival takes place annually in the city of Boryeong during the summer, attracting more than two million visitors to the city. The event began as an advertisement for the cosmetics that carried the mineral-rich Boryeong mud as an ingredient.

The fun seems guaranteed and in addition to improving your skin, you can take advantage of a trip 200 kilometers north to Seoul to see the city’s incredible buildings and urban landscape.

Paisagem transparente / UnSangDong Architects. Image © Fernando Guerra | FG+SG

Oktoberfest

September and October / Munich, Germany

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You’ve probably already heard of Oktoberfest, the biggest beer festival in the world. Created by the Bavarian king Ludwig I to celebrate his marriage in 1810, it currently receives approximately six million visitors a year. The festival also celebrates Germanic traditions and has become international, happening in several cities across the world. The second largest Oktoberfest celebration is in Blumenau, Brazil, with an average audience of 700,000 people per year.

Visiting Munich offers a chance to see one of the greatest works designed by 2015 Pritzker Prize Winner Frei Otto, the Olympic Park.

Estádio Olímpico de Munique / Frei Otto & Gunther Behnisch. Image © Victor Delaqua

Nuit Blanche

End of summer (around October) / Paris, France (and many other cities)

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The main idea behind this event is to bring contemporary artistic creation to the citizens and invite everyone to spend the night immersed in an exchange of experiences.

«White Night» is a Parisian cultural initiative that was created in 2002. Its great success has caused several other cities including Brussels, Madrid, Riga, and Rome to adopt the event and adapt it to their local contexts. The event arrived in Latin America for the first time in São Paulo, under the name of «Virada Cultural,» and then in Lima, La Paz and Bogota. It certainly is an event not to be missed in any of these places, but here we recommend the original city: Paris. In 2017 the artistic direction will be realized by Charlotte Laubard.

In all cities the events are free and allow citizens to experience and occupy urban spaces throughout the night with the artistic avant-garde.

Centro Georges Pompidou / Renzo Piano + Richard Rogers. Image © Victor Delaqua

Day of the Dead

November 02 / Mexico

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The celebration of the lives of ancestors has long been present in Mexican culture, starting more than three thousand years ago. The Day of the Dead was inscribed on UNESCO’s List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2008.

November 2 became a festive day because, as they say, it is when the dead have divine permission to visit their relatives and friends. And as good hosts, Mexicans decorate their homes with flowers, candles, and incense, celebrating this visit with food, music and their favorite sweets. In the streets there are parades of people who dress up in skull masks, wear clothes with painted skeletons, or fantasize about death. This is also a great time to bring to the surface one of the characters of Mexican popular culture: the Catrina Skull.

If you are in Mexico, among other tips, do not miss the chance to see the works of the great Mexican architect Luis Barrágan, ​​or to go deeper into surrealism by visiting Las Pozas.

Las Pozas. Image © Victor Delaqua

FESTIMA: International Festival of Masks and Arts

2018 / Dédougou, Burkina Faso

The use of masks was part of a culture that was in danger of being forgotten in Burkina Faso, so the Asama decided to create the FESTIMA: an event that seeks to enhance the tradition of masks in Africa, fostering their expression through dances, parades, exhibitions and a mask market. The festival takes place only in even years, so its 21st edition will take place in 2018.

Want another beautiful reason to visit Burkina Faso? There you will have the opportunity to visit the works of Francis Keré and see how good architecture influences the day-to-day life of a community.

Primary School in Gando / Kéré Architecture Image © Siméon Duchoud

Correction update: This article originally stated that the «Fallas» of Valencia’s festival are named after the Spanish word for «failures.» In fact the word in Valencian is spelled «Falles» and derives from an old Catalan word meaning «torches. » In Castilian Spanish the festival name is spelled «Fallas.»

Cite: Delaqua, Victor. «10 Traditional Festivals Around the World: A Good Excuse to See New Architecture» [10 Festivais tradicionais ao redor do mundo: um bom motivo para conhecer novas arquiteturas] 13 Jan 2017. ArchDaily. (Trans. Stott, Rory) Accessed . <https://www.archdaily.com/803074/10-traditional-festivals-around-the-world-a-good-excuse-to-see-new-architecture&gt ISSN 0719-8884

From Woodstock to Coachella: 50 Historic Music Festivals

Owen Franken // Getty Images

From Woodstock to Coachella: 50 historic music festivals

Before Woodstock and Coachella, the earliest recorded festivals date back to ancient Greece. The Greeks honored the gods by holding competitions in drama, poetry, music, and athletics. To honor Dionysus, the God of wine and ecstasy, the Greeks would hold the festival of Dionysus, which consisted of tragedy and comedy performances. Well-known Greek playwrights, such as Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, participated in these festivals.

Fast-forward to modern-day, and festivals have survived the test of time to evolve into a mainstream business. Since music is practically free with a minimal subscription-based fee through streaming services, artists can have a hard time making money in record sales. Instead, they financially depend on ticket sales for live performances. This also works in the fan’s favor as more people are looking to spend their money on experiences, such as travel and festivals instead of material goods.

Perhaps the most sought-after music festival experience was Woodstock in 1969. To this day, festival producers and organizers attempt to recreate the peaceful atmosphere of love and music. That event directly shaped the way we experience music: Attending a music festival has become a cultural phenomenon and right of passage that serves as a timestamp of popular music of the moment.

Stacker compiled a gallery of 50 historic music festivals, linking to video coverage of the shows when available. Read on to see if any of the music festivals you attended (or wish you had) made the list.

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1958: Newport Jazz Festival

As the headlining artist, Chuck Berry’s rock ‘n’ roll performance of «Sweet Little Sixteen» and «School Days» at the 1958 Newport Jazz Festival was a major clash with the festival’s jazz genre. His set was filmed in Bert Stern’s documentary, «Jazz on a Summer’s Day.»

[Pictured: The Hotel Viking stands ready to serve as headquarters for the American Jazz Festival (later renamed the Newport Jazz Festival) in July 1958 in Newport, Rhode Island.]

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Alice Ochs/Michael Ochs Archives // Getty Images

1965: Newport Folk Festival

The 100,000 attendees at the 1965 Newport Folk Festival were ready and excited for Bob Dylan’s acoustic hits, but found themselves outraged when Dylan premiered a new, electric sound. After only three songs, the crowd booed Dylan offstage.

[Pictured: Bob Dylan plays a Fender Stratocaster electric guitar for the first time on stage as he performs at the Newport Folk Festival on July 25, 1965, in Newport, Rhode Island.]

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Michael Ochs Archives // Getty Images

1967: Monterey Pop Festival

It was the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival that was a major turning point for rock ‘n’ roll in the 1960s. The lineup included The Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, and The Who, but it was Jimi Hendrix whose groundbreaking performance made rock ‘n’ roll history when he set his guitar on fire and smashed it to pieces on stage.

[Pictured: Jimi Hendrix performs on stage at the Monterey Pop Festival on June 18, 1967, in Monterey, California.]

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Bob Campbell/San Francisco Chronicle // Getty Images

1967: Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival

The 1967 Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival took place just one week before the Monterey Pop Festival. At the ticket price of $2, 36,000 attendees had access to the arts and crafts fair as well as listening to artists Dionne Warwick, The Doors, and Canned Heat at the adjoining Sidney B. Cushing Memorial Amphitheatre in Marin County, California.

[Pictured: Mount Tamalpais Fantasy Fair Music Festival put on by KFRC.]

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1968: Miami Pop Festival

There were actually two Miami Pop Festivals in 1968. Twenty-six thousand people attended the Miami Pop Festival in May to see The Jimi Hendrix Experience. Hendrix even made a memorable entrance via helicopter. One hundred thousand people attended the Miami Pop Festival in December to see Fleetwood Mac, Joni Mitchell, and Marvin Gaye.

[Pictured: Fleetwood Mac in 1968.]

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1968: Northern California Folk-Rock Festival

Produced by Bob Blodgett, the 1968 Northern California Folk-Rock Festival was held at the Family Park in the Santa Clara County Fairgrounds in San Jose, California. Twenty-eight thousand tickets were sold for a gross income of $100,000. The musical acts included The Doors, Jefferson Airplane, and The Steve Miller Band.

[Pictured: Jim Morrison of The Doors performs at the Northern California Folk-Rock Festival on May 19, 1968.]

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1969: Woodstock Music & Art Fair

Half a million attendees gathered at a dairy farm in Bethel, New York, to hear leading and emerging artists in the pop music scene including The Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, The Who, Janis Joplin, and The Jimi Hendrix Experience. The festival is the most monumental event in music history and set the bar high for proceeding festivals, even today.

[Pictured: Fans at the Woodstock Music & Art Fair held at Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in August 1969 near White Lake a hamlet of Bethel, New York.]

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1969: Toronto Rock and Roll Revival

Promoters had to scramble when The Eatons pulled out of the 1969 Toronto Rock and Roll Revival. John Lennon agreed to attend the event on the condition that he could play with his new band, «The Plastic Onos,» which consisted of Yoko Ono, Eric Clapton, Klaus Voormann, and Alan White. The band covered well-known hits including Elvis Presley’s «Blue Suede Shoes» because they had never played a gig as a band before this festival.

[Pictured: The Toronto Rock and Roll Revival at Varsity Stadium Sept. 14, 1969.]

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1970: Isle of Wight

With 600,000 attendants, the 1970 Isle of Wight Festival was at the time one of the largest human gatherings in the world. Artists of the festival included Chicago, The Who, Joni Mitchell, and The Jimi Hendrix Experience. The festival was captured by future Academy Award-winner Murray Lerner.

[Pictured: Joni Mitchell performs at the Isle of Wight Festival on Aug. 9, 1970.]

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1970: New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival

Commonly referred to as Jazz Fest, the 1970 New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival featured artists including Duke Ellington, Pete Fountain, and Louisiana native, Mahalia Jackson. The festival still runs to this day as a cultural experience to showcase Louisiana music, art, and cuisine.

[Pictured: Kennedy Gospel Choir performing at the New Orleans Jazz Festival 1994.]

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1971: Glastonbury

Free to the public, the 1971 Glastonbury festival featured artists including Fairport Convention, Joan Baez, and a young David Bowie. It was the first music festival to feature a pyramid stage, which was inspired by the Great Pyramid of Giza.

[Pictured: Hippies at the second Glastonbury Festival.]

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1973: Astrodome Jazz Festival

The second Astrodome Jazz Festival took place in Houston, Texas, and featured iconic jazz and soul artists, including Ella Fitzgerald, Stevie Wonder, Aretha Franklin, and Ray Charles. Ticket prices ranged from $5. 50 to $10. Even though there were only two Astrodome Jazz Festivals, the jazz tradition continued at proceeding Kool Jazz Festivals.

[Pictured: Aretha Franklin during a performance onstage at the Astrodome Jazz Festival, Houston, Texas.]

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1973: Summer Jam at Watkins Glen

With over 600,000 attendees and virtually no security, most concert-goers got in without paying the $10 ticket price. The festival was located in Watkins Glen Grand Prix Raceway and overwhelmed the small town with an overflow of people. Artists included The Allman Brothers, The Band, and The Grateful Dead.

[Pictured: The Grateful Dead perform at the Iowa State Fair, Des Moines, Iowa, June 16, 1974.]

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1974: Ozark Music Festival

An estimated 350,000 people attended the 1974 Ozark Music Festival at the Missouri State Fairgrounds in Sedalia. The headlining artists included rock bands America and The Eagles, and emerging acts included Aerosmith, Blue Oyster Cult, and Boz Scaggs.

[Pictured: Stage Left at the Ozark Music Festival, Sedalia, Missouri.]

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1975: Schaefer Festival

The Schaefer Festival was held at Wollman Skating Rink in New York City’s Central Park. For the 10th anniversary in 1975, feature artists included Bob Marley and the Wailers, Journey, and Aerosmith. The Festival lasted from June 18 to Sept. 14.

[Pictured: American Jazz musician, composer, and bandleader Miles Davis plays trumpet during a performance in the Schaefer Music Festival series at Central Park’s Wollman Rink in New York City Sept. 5, 1975.]

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1976: San Francisco Kool Jazz Festival

The first annual San Francisco Kool Jazz Festival happened in 1976 at the Pontiac Metropolitan Stadium. The lineup featured Marvin Gaye, Smokey Robinson, and The Staple Singers.

[Pictured: American vocal group The Chi-Lites perform on stage at the Kool Jazz Festival in 1976.]

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1978: Texxas World Music Festival

The 1978 Texxas World Music Festival is a showcase of the best in rock music at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas, Texas. Twenty thousand people congregated to see Journey, Heart, Van Halen, Nugent, Aerosmith, and Sammy Hagar perform.

[Pictured: Texxas Music Festival, Cotton Bowl, Dallas, Texas July 1, 1978.]

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1979: World’s Greatest Funk Festival

Rick James and the Stone City Band, The Brides of Funkenstein, Bootsy’s Rubber Band, and Parliament Funkadelic played at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum for the 1979 World’s Greatest Funk Festival. The crowd was an estimated 65,000 people and it cost $12.75 to attend.

[Pictured: The Mothership of the funk band Parliament-Funkadelic lands onstage on June 4, 1977, at the Coliseum in Los Angeles. ]

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1980: Heatwave

The 1980 Heatwave festival was held just outside of Toronto at Mosport Park in Bowmanville, Ontario. Over 100,000 people attended to see The B-52s, The Clash, Elvis Costello, and Talking Heads perform.

[Pictured: The Heatwave Festival at Mosport Park race track near Toronto on Aug. 23, 1980.]

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1983: US Festival

The 1983 US Festival was held at the Glen Helen Regional Park, in Devore, California, and had funding from one of Apple’s co-founders, Steve Wozniak. His goal was to make this event the «Woodstock of the ’80s.» The festival featured heavy metal and rock acts including A Flock of Seagulls, The Clash, Ozzy Osbourne, and Van Halen.

[Pictured: A Flock of Seagulls performs at the US Festival in 1983 in Devore, California.]

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1985: Farm Aid

The Farm Aid festival was created to raise money for American farmers and their families. The event was put together in six weeks and was held in Champaign, Illinois. Willie Nelson, Bob Dylan, Billy Joel, Tom Petty, and Loretta Lynn performed for a crowd of 80,000 people. The concert raised over $7 million.

[Pictured: Bob Dylan and Tom Petty at Farm Aid.]

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1985: Rock in Rio

This was the first Rock in Rio multi-day concert in Rio de Janeiro, lasting 10 days and attracting more than 1 million people. Headlining acts included Iron Maiden, Queen, Ozzy Osbourne, Rod Stewart, and James Taylor.

[Pictured: Freddie Mercury and Brian May on stage during Queen’s performance at the Rock in Rio festival, Brazil, January 1985.]

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1991: Lollapalooza

Perry Farrell founded the traveling festival as a farewell tour for his band, Jane’s Addiction. Other acts included Nine Inch Nails, Living Colour, and Ice-T. Since 2005, the event has been held exclusively at Grant Park in Chicago.

[Pictured: Doug Wimbish of Living Colour performs as a part of at Lollapalooza 1991 at Shoreline Amphitheatre on July 26, 1991, in Mountain View, California.]

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1992: Reading Festival

The Reading Festival is the world’s oldest popular music festival. In 1992, the headlining acts included Public Enemy, The Wonder Stuff, and Nirvana. It was Nirvana’s iconic headlining set that is still remembered to this day.

[Pictured: Kurt Cobain performing live onstage, with Nirvana, playing a Fender Stratocaster guitar at the Reading Festival in 1992.]

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1994: Woodstock

Bob Dylan, who turned down the opportunity to play at Woodstock in 1969, made a triumphant return to the stage at the 1994 Woodstock at Winston Farm in Saugerties, New York. Three-hundred and fifty thousand people paid $125 to attend the festival, which included the musical artists Aerosmith, Traffic, and Peter Gabriel. Musical acts from the original 1969 Woodstock also performed, such as Santana, and select members of Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead.

[Pictured: View of concert-goers in front of the main stage during the Woodstock ’94 music festival at Winston Farms, Saugerties, New York, Aug. 12, 1994.]

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1995: Beale Street Music Festival

Also known as «Memphis in May,» The Beale Street Music Festival is an annual summer event held at Tom Lee Park in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1995, the musical acts Doyle Bramhall, Gov’t Mule, Adam Ant, and Fleetwood Mac performed for a crowd of 50,000 people.

[Pictured: ZZ Top performing on stage at the Beale Street Music Festival in 1997.]

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1996: Warped Tour

Sponsored by the shoe brand Vans, the Warped Tour was a 24-date tour in the summer of 1996. The bands who played included Deftones, Pennywise, Rocket from the Crypt, and Blink-182.

[Pictured: Lars Frederiksen (L) and Tim Armstrong of Rancid perform at the Vans Warped Tour at Pier 30/32 on July 4, 1998, in San Francisco.]

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1997: Bridge School Benefit

Neil Young’s Bridge School Benefit offers a chance for seasoned musicians to play in an unplugged format. The 1997 lineup included Alanis Morissette, Dave Matthews Band, and Metallica. The festival is held at the Shoreline Amphitheatre in Mountain View, California.

[Pictured: James Hetfield of Metallica performs as part of the Bridge School Benefit 1997 at Shoreline Amphitheatre on Oct. 19, 1997, in Mountain View, California.]

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1998: Tibetan Freedom Concert

The Tibetan Freedom Concert in 1998 was a benefit for the Milarepa Fund, which raises money to end China’s occupation of Tibet. Headlining artists included Dave Matthews Band, Beastie Boys, and Pearl Jam.

[Pictured: Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam.]

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1999: Coachella

The first Coachella music festival was held at the Empire Polo Field in Indio, California. Headlining artists were Beck, Rage Against The Machine, and Tool. The festival didn’t make a profit with only 25,000 tickets sold and was canceled in 2000, but was revived in 2001 and has been an annual music event ever since.

[Pictured: The main stage lights up after dark at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival April 28, 2002, in Indio, California.] 

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1999: Woodstock

With high hopes for a successful 30th anniversary of the 1969 Woodstock Festival, concert-goers descended into rioting, arson, and assault. The 1999 Woodstock Festival was held at the Griffiss Air Force Base in Rome, New York. Performing artists included James Brown, Kid Rock, and Sheryl Crow.

[Pictured: Woodstock 30 Years Later.]

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2000: Glastonbury

The musical acts at the 2000 Glastonbury performed on the third rendition of the pyramid stage. Performers included The Chemical Brothers, Moby, Travis, Morcheeba, Basement Jaxx, and David Bowie.

[Pictured: Glastonbury 2000. Pyramid stage with tents in foreground, U.K.] 

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2000: Detroit Electronic Music Festival

The year 2000 was the first year of the Detroit Electronic Music Festival. Detroit is known as the birthplace of electronic music. Over 1 million people attended the festival. Stacey Pullen, Kevin Saunderson, and Derrick May were a few of the artists to perform.

[Pictured: The front display at the first-ever DEMF.]

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2001: Summer Jam

Jay-Z made the 2001 Summer Jam a memorable night by putting his feud with Prodigy in the limelight. He performed his new song, «Takeover,» which ended with Michael Jackson making a surprise appearance.

[Pictured: Jay-Z onstage at thee 2001 Summer Jam.]

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Tim Mosenfelder // Getty Images

2002: Austin City Limits

In its debut year, the 2002 Austin City Limits Festival featured 67 artists that stayed within its musical roots of bluegrass and country. Performers included Ryan Adams, Cross Canadian Ragweed, G. Love and Special Sauce. The success of 2002’s event ensured there would be another event in 2003.

[Pictured: Glen Hansard of The Frames performs as part of the Austin City Limits Music Festival at Zilker Park on Sept. 24, 2005 in Austin.]

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2002: Bonnaroo

The 2002 Bonnaroo Concert was held at the Grate Stage Park in Manchester, Tennessee. It was the first annual Bonnaroo Concert and drew a crowd of 70,000 people. Artists included Widespread Panic, Jack Johnson, Ben Harper, and The Disco Biscuits.

[Pictured: Jack Johnson during Bonnaroo Music Festival in Manchester, Tennessee.]

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2004: Coachella

The 2004 Coachella Valley Music And Arts Festival was held at Empire Polo Field in Indio, California. Radiohead and The Cure headlined the musical event. It was the first time the event had completely sold out. Co-founder of the festival Paul Tollett turned down the opportunity to extend the festival for a third day with David Bowie as the closing act.

[Pictured: Thom Yorke of Radiohead at the Empire Polo Grounds in Indio, California.]

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2004: Dave Chappelle’s Block Party

Dave Chappelle had the idea to put on a city party inspired by the 1972 benefit concert, Wattstax. Dave Chapelle’s Block Party was a spectacle featuring his friends, including The Roots, Erykah Badu, and Kanye West. Tickets to the Brooklyn event were free, but extremely hard to come by.

[Pictured: Comedy superstar Dave Chappelle attended the Los Angeles DVD Block Party at the Best Buy in Culver City, California, to celebrate the June 13 release of Dave Chappelle’s Block Party.]

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Tim Mosenfelder // Getty Images

2005: Sasquatch!

The 2005 Sasquatch! music festival took place at The Gorge Amphitheater in George, Washington. The festival featured a broad range of musical artists including Arcade Fire, Modest Mouse, Kanye West, and The Shins.

[Pictured: Karen O (L) and Nick Zinner of the Yeah Yeah Yeahs perform as part of the Sasquatch! Music Festival at the Gorge Amphitheatre on May 23, 2009, in Quincy, Washington.]

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2006: Street Scene

The 2006 Street Scene was held at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego. In addition to the headlining artists Kanye West and Tool, concert-goers had the chance to taste food from top San Diego restaurants and see circus and burlesque acts.

[Pictured: G Love performs onstage at San Diego Street Scene held at Qualcomm Stadium on August 5, 2006, in San Diego.]

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2007: Pitchfork

The 2007 Pitchfork Music Festival was a three-day weekend bonanza at Union Park in Chicago. A Saturday/Sunday pass cost $35 and a one-day pass cost $25. The event has since gone on to be a yearly staple in the festival scene and draw huge crowds.

[Pictured: Singer/guitarist Craig Finn of The Hold Steady performs onstage at the Pitchfork Music Festival at Union Park on July 19, 2008, in Chicago.]

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2008: Lollapalooza

Three-day passes to the 2008 Lollapalooza Festival cost $190. The lineup included Nine Inch Nails, Kanye West, Radiohead, and Rage Against the Machine.

[Pictured: Singer Kele Okereke of Bloc Party performs as part of Lollapalooza 2008 at Grant Park on Aug. 1, 2008, in Chicago.]

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2009: Bonnaroo

The 2009 Bonnaroo lineup of performers included Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, Phish, Beastie Boys, Nine Inch Nails, and David Byrne. Four-day passes to the concert cost $224.50.

[Pictured: Phish performs on stage during Bonnaroo 2009 on June 12, 2009 in Manchester, Tennessee.]

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Kevin Mazur // Getty Images

2010: Lollapalooza

The final lineup was announced a full two months prior to the festival, which included Lady Gaga, The Strokes, and The Black Keys. Three-day passes were priced at $215.

[Pictured: Lady Gaga performs during the 2010 Lollapalooza music festival at Grant Park on Aug. 6, 2010, in Chicago.]

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Tim Mosenfelder/Corbis // Getty Images

2011: Austin City Limits

For its 10th anniversary, the 2011 Austin City Limits Festival featured the headlining artists Stevie Wonder, Arcade Fire, Kanye West, and Coldplay. The festival was held at Zilker Park in Austin.

[Pictured: Stevie Wonder performs as part of the Austin City Limits Music Festival Day Two at Zilker Park.]

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2012: Coachella

This is the first year that Coachella was a two-weekend festival. The 2012 featured headliners were The Black Keys, Radiohead, and Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. Childish Gambino, Arctic Monkeys, and The Weeknd also performed.

[Pictured: Rapper/actor Donald Glover aka Childish Gambino performs during Day 2 of the 2012 Coachella Valley Music & Arts Festival in Indio, California.]

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Daniel Boczarski/Redferns // Getty Images

2013: Riot Fest

Riot Fest was established in 2005 and caters to fans of punk, rock, alternative, metal, and hip-hop. The 2013 Riot Fest took place in Chicago and featured The Replacements, Brand New, Blink-182, Fall Out Boy, and Pixies.

[Pictured: Pete Wentz and Patrick Stump of Fall Out Boy perform on stage on Day 1 of Riot Fest and Carnival 2013 at Humboldt Park on Sept. 13, 2013, in Chicago.]

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Kevin Winter // Getty Images

2015: Camp Flog Gnaw

The terrorist attacks in Paris had occurred only the night before the 2015 Camp Flog Gnaw. Each artist’s set was an excellent way for fans to escape the harsh realities of the world. Headliners included Snoop Dogg and Tyler, The Creator.

[Pictured: Tyler, The Creator performs on the Camp Stage during day 2 of Camp Flog Gnaw Carnival 2017 at Exposition Park on Oct. 29, 2017, in Los Angeles.]

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MJKIM/MPL Communications // Getty Images

2016: Desert Trip

Dubbed the nickname, «Oldchella,» Desert Trip is a three-day festival with a lineup of artists that transcends generational music. Paul McCartney and Neil Young performed together at the festival.

[Pictured: Paul McCartney and Rihanna perform on Day 3 of Desert Trip Weekend 2 at the Empire Polo Field on Oct. 15, 2016, in Indio, California.]

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Scott Dudelson/WireImage // Getty Images

2017: FYF Fest

A three-day festival held at Exposition Park in Los Angeles. Headlining acts included Missy Elliott, Bjork, Frank Ocean, and Nine Inch Nails.

[Pictured: Singer Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails performs onstage during FYF Fest on July 23, 2017, in Los Angeles.]

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20 legendary festivals you must visit in your lifetime People set fire to huge fires. People start dancing. There is something beautiful about these long-standing human traditions of gathering together in large crowds to celebrate some significant event. If you love festivals and holidays, then you should definitely go to at least a few of those listed in this issue.

1. Holi (Festival of colors).

This is an ancient Indian festival in honor of the victory of good over evil.

2. The celebration begins with the lighting of a fire on the eve of Holi. 3. Then the festival participants start throwing powder paints to spread joy and happiness everywhere. 4. Winter Light Festival — Kuwana, Japan .

With over 7 million LED lights, Nabana No Sato Botanical Garden celebrates winter in this elegant style. nine0003

5. Most of the park is illuminated by lamps charged with solar panels, which reduces the level of environmental impact to a minimum. 6. Carnival — Venice, Italy .

In 1162, the Venetian Republic overcame an invasion attempt. In honor of this victory, the people of Venice went to St. Mark’s Square to have fun.

7. Now the Venice Carnival marks the beginning of Lent. But what hasn’t changed since the very first carnival is the exquisite costumes. 8. Up Helly Aa — Shetland, Scotland .

Up Helly Aa is a fire festival that marks the end of the Christmas season and takes viewers back in time.

9. In Lerwick, the capital of the Shetland Islands, thousands of people take to the streets in themed costumes. The procession ends with the throwing of torches at a replica of a Viking ship. 10. Tomatina — Bunol, Spain.

According to legend, the tradition of tossing tomatoes began in 1945, when locals scared wild animals away by throwing tomatoes at them, but they missed and hit each other. nine0003

11. Now during this festival, more than 20,000 people from all over the world throw more than 150,000 tomatoes at each other in just one day. 12. Albuquerque International Balloon Festival, USA .

At the largest balloon festival in the world, you will encounter over 750 balloons. The festival lasts 9 days.

13. This fiesta began in 1972 when 13 balloons were launched to celebrate the birthday of 770 KOB Radio. By the time the festival ends, your neck will probably numb. 14. Burning Man — Nevada, USA. nine0003

This is an annual cultural and arts event. Artists build dozens of huge installations while musicians entertain a crowd of more than 50,000 people.

15. It all ends with the burning of a huge wooden man over 30 meters high.

16. Lantern Festival — Asia .

The Lantern Festival has been celebrated since ancient times on the 15th day of the first month of the lunar calendar.

17. Natives of China and Vietnam come to the temples, which are decorated with thousands of lanterns of various types. At the end of the night, the lanterns fly into the sky, which symbolizes the process of letting go of a part of oneself. 18. Garm Festival — Australia .

The Garma Festival is a celebration of the Yolngu people, indigenous Australians. The festival was created to support the preservation of the traditional dance, songs, art and ceremonies of this distinctive people.

19. It is also called upon to share the knowledge and culture of the Yolngu people with those who are fortunate enough to be invited. 20. Inti Raimi (Festival of the Sun) — Peru .

In the days of the Inca Empire, the festival of the sun was one of the most important of the year. The ceremony is held in honor of Inti, the god of the sun. nine0003

21. Since 1944, a theatrical performance of a procession in honor of the ancient Incas has been held in Peru every June. It attracts thousands of participants. 22. Sapporo Snow Festival — Japan .

Every February for 7 days, millions of people visit hundreds of huge sculptures. The snow festival resumed in 1950 when six high school students built six snow statues in Odori Park after previous festivals had been canceled during and after World War II. nine0003

23. In 1955, the local army joined in the fun and created the first large-scale snow sculptures. Since then, the festival has taken on epic proportions. 24. Elephant Festival — Jaipur, India .

Elephants are an important part of Indian culture and have their own festival in March every year.

25. It all starts with a procession of elephants dressed in stunning costumes and covered in extravagant jewelry. Other festival activities include elephant polo, horse racing and tug of war. This is definitely a holiday for animal lovers. 26. Day of the Dead — Mexico .

The Mexican name of the festival is Dia De los Muertos. This is a holiday during which people come together to pray and remember friends and relatives who have already left them.

27. The holiday itself is hundreds of years old, its roots go back to the Aztec festival. The celebration includes exquisite costumes and a huge variety of traditional food. 28. White Nights — St. Petersburg, Russia.

White Nights is an international art festival held in the northern capital of Russia in June. Part of this event is the Scarlet Sails floating on the Neva. Naturally, all this is accompanied by fireworks, performances by artists and hundreds of spectators. nine0003

29. This tradition began after World War II when students came together to celebrate the end of the school year. The event soon became a demonstration of freedom. 30. Electric Forest Music Festival — Rothbury, Michigan, USA.

This is a four-day music festival dedicated to electronic music.

31. Held in June, nature and a delightful light show combine to create a surreal atmosphere. Part of all proceeds goes to the neighboring town, where only a few thousand people live. 32. International Sand Sculpture Festival — Portugal.

This is the largest sand sculpture festival in the world. It covers an area of ​​1393 sq. m.

33. Every year, 60 artists use over 35,000 tons of sand to create 50 amazing works of art. 34. Rainforest International Music Festival — Kuching, Borneo .

In the heart of the rainforest, thousands of festival goers gather to listen to world music. nine0003

35. Every year, dozens of bands from all over the world and a wide variety of genres play for a crowd of 30,000 people. 36. Cascamorras — Spain.

Guadix and Baza are two towns located in Granada in southern Spain.

37. These cities are brothers-neighbors, but at the same time rivals. More than 500 years ago, a worker from Guadis found an icon of the Virgin Mary. 38. A group from the Base stole the face before it was returned to Guadis. 39. A battle broke out, but today people have turned it into a festival. Every year they stage a kind of paint battle to take possession of the statue. 40. Glastonbury — England .

Since 1970 Glastonbury has been one of the biggest and best music festivals in the world.

41. In 2014, it was visited by 135,000 people. Hundreds of bands have played here, from the Arctic Monkeys to the Rolling Stones. In addition, there is a place for dance, comedy, theater and circus performances.

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7 best festivals in Russia — Wanderings.

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Contents:

  • 1st place in the rating is taken by the Journey to Christmas festival
  • 2nd place is the International festival of landscape objects «Archstoyanie»
  • 3rd place is taken by the All-Russian festival of author’s song «Greenland» »
  • 4th place is taken by the festival «Teatralny Dvorik»
  • 5th place is given to the ethnographic festival of medieval battle «Great Bolgar»
  • 6th place is the All-Russian Pushkin Poetry Festival in the Pushkin Mountains (Pskov region)
  • 7th place «Shukshin Days in Altai»

Russian festivals make a real holiday out of life and therefore are especially loved and popular by tourists. This article provides a rating of the most popular festivals in Russia, which are held annually in the vastness of our vast. The festival life enlivens not only wonderful tourist places, but also accumulates the best of the festival theme, whether it be music or medieval stadiums: musical ensembles, theatrical works, creative workshops, gastronomic features of the region . Tourists often come to festivals separately to participate in master classes, take a sword in hand, dress up as a warrior or create a picture, paint a cup, compose a poem. New emotions and new knowledge — all this is the life of a festival participant.

Journey to Christmas

The 1st place in the rating is taken by the Journey to Christmas festival

The magical New Year atmosphere of the festival is created by stunning light installations, street theater performances, ice ballets, master classes and winter games. On the occasion of this large-scale celebration, the actions of beloved Russian and foreign fairy tales unfold on the main streets of Moscow. Elegant Christmas trees, original light-dynamic compositions, light installations are installed on the festival grounds. At each of the sites of the Moscow Christmas Festival, shopping arcades are being built, stages, street theaters and pavilions for master classes are open. nine0003 Journey to Christmas

Where: Moscow

When: end of December-beginning of January

Guests of the Christmas festival in Moscow can buy unusual souvenirs, taste homemade cakes, painted gingerbread, gingerbread cookies and other treats traditional for this holiday.

Journey to Christmas

According to the established tradition, Grandfather Frost and Snegurochka come to the festival «Journey to Christmas» from Veliky Ustyug and meet guests in their own home. Each child can communicate with the grandfather and his granddaughter, take a memorable photo and make a cherished wish that will certainly come true. nine0003

The festival is attended by about 3 million people, including not only residents of the Moscow region, but also guests from other cities of Russia and abroad.

Archstoyanie

2nd place — International Festival of Landscape Objects «Arkhstoyanie»

A unique, sophisticated festival is held in the open spaces of the Ugra Reserve. The name of the event is very sonorous — Archstoyanie. Once upon a time, a historical event took place in this place — Standing on the Ugra, but now there is a huge number of amazing works of art, more precisely, architecture, that amaze with their diversity. nine0003 Archstoyanie

Every year in Nikolo-Lenivets the Archstoyanie festival attracts various architects, designers and lovers of contemporary art. On the territory of the natural and historical reserve «Ugra» they create their unusual art objects from environmentally friendly materials, which will subsequently dissolve harmlessly and will not bring any harm to the environment. Almost all of these masterpieces remain available to the viewer even after the festival, and many of them can be penetrated one way or another. nine0003

Where: Kaluga region, Nikola-Lenivets park, near the village of Zvizzhi

When: July 20th

Archstoyanie. Light installation

Nikola-Lenivets is an art park in the Kaluga region, near the village of Zvizzhi. The art park was created on the initiative of the artist Nikolai Polissky . The area of ​​the park is 650 hectares, where numerous architectural and artistic objects are located. Over a couple of days, the unique art objects of the festival are usually visited by more than ten thousand people. nine0003 Greenlandia

3rd place goes to the All-Russian festival of author’s song «Grinland»

Festival «Greenland» is not only one of the oldest Russian forums of art song lovers, but also the largest cultural event of the summer season in Vyatka. For the first time, a festival of live music, named after the romantic writer Alexander Grin, was organized back in 1986.

Greenland

Tourists and festival participants live in a tent camp on the banks of the picturesque river Bystrina. Oleg Mityaev, Sergey Trofimov, Iosif Kobzon and many other wonderful singers perform at the festival. nine0003

Where: Kirov region, the village of Basharovo near Kirov

When: July 20th

Festival slogan: «The shore where you are expected»

Greenland

Annually attracts more than 20 people.

Official website of the festival: https://grinlandia.ru/

Theatrical Courtyard

4th place goes to the Theater Court Festival

Who doesn’t love carnivals, orchestras, puppet theatres, circus art, classical performances – all this attracts the audience festival and residents of Tula to the theater festival. nine0003 Theatrical courtyard. Street theater «Heavenly Carousel» from the city of St. Petersburg

«Teatralny Dvorik» has become the most popular and most visited festival of street theaters in Russia. For six days during the festival, more than 50 groups from different countries show performances to residents and tourists of ancient Tula. More than 500 artists take part in the festival.

Theater Courtyard

Where: Embankment of the Upa River in the city of Tula

When: July 20th

The audience of the festival is 120 thousand spectators.

The Great Bolgar Festival

5th place was given to the Great Bolgar ethnographic festival of medieval combat

The Great Bolgar Festival is a large-scale reconstruction of medieval realities with knightly battles, authentic cuisine and music. Tournaments in historical medieval combat are held with the use of real blunt weapons on specially equipped sites — lists.

Great Bolgar Festival

As a rule, more than 500 fighters from Russia, Israel, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan converge on the festival site. The largest event for historical reconstruction in the Volga region is held on the territory of the Bulgarian State Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Great Bolgar Festival

Where: The territory of the ancient Bolgar (Republic of Tatarstan)

When: August

During the two days of the festival, a historical site is open, where household items of the Golden Horde, Rus’ and Europe are presented. Guests of the festival can try medieval cuisine, see analogues of medieval siege weapons and try to shoot them. Folk groups perform at the festival. Dance groups hold master classes in Irish or sedate historical dances. nine0003 The Great Bolgar Festival

Archery and equestrian tournaments, mass fights, the Donjon Cup in full-contact medieval one-on-one fights (a tournament that is as close as possible to medieval rules) are always held at the festival site.

About 50,000 people visit the festival every year.

Pushkin Poetry Festival

6th place — All-Russian Pushkin Poetry Festival in the Pushkin Mountains (Pskov region)

All-Russian Pushkin Poetry Festival is one of the largest annual cultural events in the country. It has been held since 1967 years old. During this time, the event has gained fame as an experimental platform for young poets, writers, musicians and artists. Each time the holiday opens up new names, gathers thousands of spectators from different parts of Russia and abroad — everyone who cares about Russian culture.

Pushkin Poetry Festival

Where: Pskov Region, Pushkinskiye Gory, Mikhailovskoye Estate

When: beginning of June

Guests of the festival, as a rule, can attend literary and poetry readings with the participation of Russian poets, musical concerts, quests, exhibitions dedicated to Pushkin, scientific conferences and round tables, drama theater performances. All events are traditionally free to attend. nine0003 Pushkin Poetry Festival

Official website of the Pushkin Museum-Reserve where the festival is organized: http://pushkinland.ru/

About 17,000 people visit the festival every year.

Shukshin Days in Altai

7th place «Shukshin Days in Altai»

The main cultural event, which is held annually in July in the Altai Territory in memory of a fellow countryman — a famous writer, actor and director Vasily Makarovich Shukshin. Shukshin days are opened in Barnaul, they are held in Biysk, Belokurikha, Novoaltaysk, Smolensk, Bystry Istok and end with a big holiday in Srostki. The artistic program on Mount Piket is the culmination of the holiday. On this day, thousands of admirers of his talent from the regions of Russia, near and far abroad come to Vasily Shukshin’s native village. nine0003

Where: Republic of Altai

When: July

The history of the festival began with the Shukshin Readings in 1976, two years after Shukshin’s death.

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