What is puerto rican: Puerto Rican | people | Britannica

Facts on Latinos of Puerto Rican origin in the U.S.

An estimated 5.6 million Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin lived in the United States in 2017, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Puerto Ricans in this statistical profile are people who self-identified as Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin and lived in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia; this includes those who were born in Puerto Rico and those who trace their family ancestry to Puerto Rico.

Puerto Ricans are the second-largest population of Hispanic origin living in the United States, accounting for about 10% of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2017. (An additional 3.4 million people live in Puerto Rico.)

Since 2000, the Puerto Rican-origin U.S. population has increased 65%, growing from 3.4 million to 5.6 million over the period. At the same time, the population of those born in Puerto Rico and living in the 50 states and D.C. grew by 27%, from 1. 3 million in 2000 to 1.6 million in 2017. By comparison, Mexicans, the nation’s largest Hispanic origin group, constituted 36.6 million, or 62%, of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2017.

Puerto Rican-origin population in U.S. states and D.C., 2000-2017
Year Born in Puerto Rico Born in U.S. states and D.C.
2000 1,295,000 2,031,000
2010 1,400,000 3,182,000
2015 1,543,000 3,668,000
2017 1,643,000 3,816,000

Pew Research Center


The following key facts compare demographic and economic characteristics of the Puerto Rican-origin population in the U.S. with the characteristics of U.S. Hispanics and the U.S. population overall. It is based on Pew Research Center tabulations of the 2017 American Community Survey. Key facts include:

  • About 29% of Puerto Ricans who live in the 50 states and D.C. were born in Puerto Rico.


Educational attainment

  • About 16% of U.S. Hispanics ages 25 and older have obtained at least a bachelor’s degree, compared with 19% of Puerto Ricans.
  • Among Puerto Ricans ages 25 and older, 21% of those born in Puerto Rico have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with 18% of those born in the 50 states and D.C.



  • Among U.S. Hispanics, the median annual personal earnings for those ages 16 and older was $25,000, compared with $28,600 for Puerto Ricans.
  • Looking at full-time, year-round workers, U.S. Hispanics earned less than Puerto Ricans ($34,000 vs. $40,000).


  • The share of U.S. Hispanics who live in poverty is 19%, compared with 23% of Puerto Ricans living in the 50 states and D.C.
  • About 24% of Puerto Ricans born in Puerto Rico live in poverty, as do 22% of Puerto Ricans born in the 50 states and D. C.



  • The rate of homeownership among U.S. Hispanics (47%) is higher than the rate for Puerto Ricans in the 50 states and D.C. (38%).
  • Among Puerto Ricans , rates of homeownership are similar for those born in the 50 states and D.C. and those born in Puerto Rico (39% vs. 36%).


  • The Puerto Rican population is concentrated in Florida (20%), New York (20%) and New Jersey (8%).



  • The median ages of U.S. Hispanics (29) and Puerto Ricans (30) are lower than that of the U.S. population (38).


  • U.S. Hispanics ages 18 and older are more likely to be married (46%) than Puerto Ricans (37%).
  • Among Puerto Ricans ages 18 and older, those born in the 50 states and D.C. are less likely to be married than those born in Puerto Rico (33% vs. 44%).



  • Some 7% of U.S. Hispanic women ages 15 to 44 gave birth in the 12 months prior to the July 2017 American Community Survey. Meanwhile, the rate for Puerto Rican women was 6%.



  • About 70% of U.S. Hispanics ages 5 and older speak only English at home or speak English at least “very well,” compared with 83% of Puerto Ricans.
  • Similarly, 64% of Hispanic adults are English proficient, as are 79% of Puerto Rican adults.


Download the data

Download the Excel sheet with data on Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin in the U.S. states and D.C.


Other U.S. Hispanic fact sheets

  • Facts on U.S. Latinos
  • Origin group-specific fact sheets:



Pew Research Center’s fact sheets on U.S. Latinos and the accompanying blog post examine the Latino population of the United States overall and by its 15 largest origin groups — Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Hondurans, Spaniards, Ecuadorians, Peruvians, Nicaraguans, Venezuelans, Argentines and Panamanians. These sheets provide detailed geographic, demographic and economic characteristics for all Latinos and for each Latino origin group. They are based on Pew Research Center tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010, 2015 and 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 2000 U.S. decennial census.

The ACS is the largest household survey in the United States, with a sample of more than 3 million addresses. It covers the topics previously covered in the long form of the decennial census. The ACS is designed to provide estimates of the size and characteristics of the resident population, which includes persons living in households and group quarters. For more details about the ACS, including the sampling strategy and associated error, see the 2010, 2015 or 2017 American Community Survey’s Accuracy Statement provided by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The specific data sources for these fact sheets are the 1% samples of the 2010, 2015 and 2017 American Community Survey (ACS) Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) provided by the University of Minnesota and the 5% sample of the 2000 decennial census. IPUMS assigns uniform codes, to the extent possible, to data collected by the decennial census and the ACS from 1850 to 2017. For more information about IPUMS, including variable definition and sampling error, please visit the “IPUMS Documentation and User Guide.”

Due to differences in the way in which IPUMS and Census Bureau adjust income data and assign poverty status, data provided on these topics might differ from data that are provided by the Census Bureau.

For the purposes of these fact sheets, the foreign born include those persons who identified as naturalized citizens or non-citizens and are living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia. Persons born in Puerto Rico and other outlying territories of the U.S. and who are now living in the 50 states or the District of Columbia are included in the U.S.-born population.

Rich with History and Tradition • FamilySearch

Puerto Rico is an island rich with history and culture. Although Puerto Rico is now a United States territory, it thrives on its historical traditions. Puerto Rican culture is much like its people—passionate and vibrant, with a history filled with celebration.

History of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico takes great pride in its history. Its first inhabitants, the Taino, were an indigenous group that lived on the island 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived.

Upon returning from his second voyage to the Americas in 1493, Christopher Columbus landed at Puerto Rico and claimed it for Spain. He named the island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist), but the name was changed not long after to Puerto Rico, which means rich port, and San Juan became the capital city.

Because of the many interactions between the native Taino people and Spanish settlers, Puerto Rican culture is a blend of Taino, Spanish, and African cultures. Aspects of all three can be seen in modern-day Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rican Music and Dances

Puerto Rico’s musical roots go all the way back to the Taino people. Their music has a predominant Caribbean sound that was played on handcrafted instruments such as the mayohuacán, a wooden slit drum. The güiro is another traditional Puerto Rican instrument used by the Taino people. It is a percussive instrument made from a hollowed gourd. 

Other music traditions were brought to Puerto Rico with the introduction of Spanish and African cultures. These new inhabitants brought varying instruments, including several kinds of guitars with varying levels of strings. One that stands out most is the Puerto Rican cuatro, which has 10 strings!

Percussion instruments go hand-in-hand with stringed instruments in Puerto Rican music. Tambours, which are made from hollowed tree trunks often covered with animal skin, can be heard on the streets frequently.

One of the most recognized musical genres associated with Puerto Rico is the salsa, often called “the rhythm of the islands.” The rhythms from salsa music are often complex and draw people onto the dance floor.

Salsa dancing often accompanies salsa music and is often describes as “flavorful and spicy.” It actually originated in the Puerto Rican and Cuban communities of New York City, but it has become quite popular on the island as well.

Puerto Rican Dances

Like other aspects of Puerto Rican culture, dance traditions come from the Taino people along with Spanish and West African roots. Puerto Ricans love to tell stories through their dances, which often include beautiful and vibrant costumes—women wear long, flowing skirts, and men wear large hats as well as sashes to match the women’s skirts.

The bomba is one of Puerto Rico’s most storied dances and is loved by many. It was started at the end of the 17th century. Those who worked in the sugar cane fields were slaves. They  created the dance and used it to express their frustration about the hardships of their condition.  

While the plena is often thought of as a traditional Christmas dance, it is a dance and a sound that is heard year-round. Like the bomba, the plena is an expression of hardships of the coastal regions of Puerto Rico and is done in 2/4 time.

Holidays in Puerto Rican Culture

The Puerto Rican people like to celebrate! They have over 19 official holidays on their calendar—compared to 10 government-recognized holidays in the mainland United States, 8 in the United Kingdom, and 7 in the European Union. The island has the longest holiday season in the world, and they love it.

La Navidad, the Christmas season, starts right after Thanksgiving Day and extends into the middle of January. It ends with a big celebration called “Fiestas de la Calle San Sebastian,” also referred to as “la SanSe.” People spend the time singing “parrandas,” or Christmas carols; Puerto Ricans often take part in traditional Christmas caroling, gathering around people’s homes and singing as a surprise.

Christmas Eve, or Nochebuena, is more celebrated by most than Christmas Day. A midnight mass often concludes the Christmas Eve celebrations, where the Nativity is often reenacted.

Image by Paul Sableman | CC License 2.0

Three Kings Day, which occurs on January 6, is another unique part of the celebrations. It memorializes the visit from the Wise Men (the Magi) who visited Jesus after He was born. The night before the holiday, children set out shoeboxes or hats under their beds for gifts from the Magi. The town of Juana has held a huge celebration on that day for over 135 years. Over 25,000 people gather for the celebration.

Festivals and celebrations are held throughout the years in different provinces and communities. These festivals are often accompanied by parades with colorful puppets and floats, food, dancing, and song.

Puerto Rican Baseball

Baseball is by far the most popular sport in Puerto Rico. It was first introduced in the country by Americans and Cubans, with the first leagues starting in 1897. It wasn’t popular at first, but it caught on just after the Spanish–American War in 1900, when the Almendares Baseball Club beat the American Baseball Club of the Second Regiment of Infantry 32 to 18. After that, baseball’s popularity in Puerto Rico spread quickly from town to town. It even began to be taught in schools.

Because of Puerto Rico’s warm climate, baseball is a year-round sport. There have been many notable professional baseball players from Puerto Rico, including Roberto Clemente and Carlos Beltran.

Religion in Puerto Rico

Religion has always been important to the Puerto Rican people. The Taino people were deeply spiritual and worshiped multiple gods who they believed lived in nature. When Ponce de Leon arrived in 1508, a little more than a decade after Christopher Columbus, he brought with him the Roman Catholic faith. Today, Catholicism is the predominant religion in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Ricans hold Christianity near and dear to their hearts. It is believed that 75 to 85 percent of the population is either Catholic or has strong Catholic ties. Each city has a patron saint who is celebrated with festivals and religious processionals.

Your Puerto Rican Heritage

The Puerto Rican people have a passionate culture with much to celebrate and cherish. Do you have ties to Puerto Rico? FamilySearch’s free record collections can help you find your Puerto Rican ancestors. Log in or create a free account, and get started today!

about being puerto rican — Translation into Russian — examples English





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about being puerto rican

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They actually think I’m lying about being puerto rican .

They say that I am lying that I am Puerto Rican .

They actually think I’m lying about being puerto rican .

What they really think is that I’m lying about being Puerto Rican .

I’ve known about being part Puerto Rican for a little while now, and I guess I never thought about what it meant until I heard grandma say what she said.

I’ve known for quite some time now that I’m partially Puerto Rican , but I’ve probably never thought what really means. until she heard what Grandma said.

Being Puerto Rican is a big part of who I am.

Being Puerto Rican is part of my life.

Puerto Rican citizenship is also recognized by the Spanish Government, which recognizes Puerto Ricans as a people with Puerto Rican , and not American citizenship.

Citizenship Puerto Rico is also recognized by the Spanish government, which recognizes the people Puerto Rican (and not as «American» citizens).

Subsequently, the Puerto Rican Department of State certified such citizenship, which Puerto Ricans may claim through a protocol established by the Puerto Rican Department of State.

Subsequently, the Department of State Puerto Rico confirmed such citizenship, which Puerto Ricans can acquire in the manner prescribed by the department.

I grew up Puerto Rican with a Puerto Rican mom and a Puerto Rican name.

I grew up Puerto Rican with a Puerto Rican mother and a Puerto Rican name.

Since 2007, the Puerto Rican Rico State Department has developed a protocol to issue certificates of Puerto Rican citizenship to Puerto Ricans .

Since 2007, the State Department of Puerto Rico has developed a protocol to issue certificates of Puerto Rican citizenship to Puerto Ricans .

Several Puerto Ricans prosecuted for their activities in support of Puerto Rican independence live secretly in exile.

Row Puerto Ricans persecuted for their pro-independence activities Puerto Rico are secretly living in exile.

Since the summer of 2007, the Puerto Rican Rico State Department has developed the protocol to grant Puerto Rican citizenship to Puerto Ricans .

Effective Summer 2007 Department of State Puerto Rico developed a protocol to grant Puerto Rican citizenship to Puerto Ricans .

With the Puerto Rican diaspora of the 1940s, Puerto Rican literature was greatly influenced by a phenomenon known as the Nuyorican Movement.

Since the Puerto Rican diaspora of the 1940s, Puerto Rican literature has been greatly influenced by the phenomenon known as the Nuyorican Movement.

Many joined the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, founded on December 8, and continued their quest for Puerto Rican independence.

Many joined the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, founded on December 8, 1895, and continued their quest for Puerto Rican independence.

according to the Puerto Rican Federal Affairs Administration, roughly 1000 Puerto Rican families are moving to Florida every month.

Approximately 1,000 families move to Florida each month, according to The Washington Times, citing Puerto Rico administration data .

During an address to the Puerto Rican legislature in 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt recommended that Puerto Ricans become U.S. citizens.

During an address to the Puerto Rican legislature in 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt recommended that Puerto Ricans become US citizens.

Although many Puerto Ricans lived outside the geographical borders of the island, they continued to take a keen interest in Puerto Rican affairs.

Although the majority of Puerto Ricans live outside the geographical boundaries of the island, they continue to have a keen interest in the affairs of Puerto Rico .

Puerto Ricans had demonstrated their opposition to the annexation and their wish to remain Puerto Rican .

Puerto Ricans showed their opposition to the annexation and their desire to remain Puerto Ricans .

Many Puerto Ricans want to be granted statehood.

A large part of Puerto Ricans want them to become a full state.

Slumping Puerto Rican Economy Finally Showing Sign. ..

After an extended period of decline, the cryptocurrency market is finally showing signs of recovering

No Puerto Rican official was consulted or even advised of the planned exercise.

None of the 90,047 Puerto Rican 90,048 officials were consulted in connection with the planned exercise; they weren’t even informed.

Over 100,000 Puerto Ricans had marched on 14 July against annexation.

Thus, more than 100,000 90,047 Puerto Ricans 90,048 took part in the demonstration on July 14 last year to protest the annexation.

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New York is the month of roses and Puerto Ricans

No matter how the thermometer behaves and no matter what the calendar says, real summer comes to New York along with the city’s most picturesque and noisy parade — Puerto Rican. An ugly hot season begins with it, which rather pleases than upsets all people from a tropical island.

Puerto Ricans, just as reluctantly as our compatriots who are dissolving in America, protect their way of life, their customs, language, culture. Thanks to them, New York acquired a fair amount of ardent Caribbean temperament, which does not always make life in our city quiet and calm.

I know exactly what I’m talking about, because I spent my first American years in the second (after the island of San Juan) Puerto Rican capital — Washington Heights, located on the northern outskirts of Manhattan. Then, a third of a century ago, political correctness had not yet been invented, and my neighbors venomously declared that «cockroaches are the only Puerto Rican contribution to New York culture.» Now it sounds not only insulting, but also stupid. The city’s vast and most celebrated Hispanic community has become indispensable to New York’s cultural landscape. With their museum, bookstores, poetry cafes, their world-class film and music stars, Puerto Ricans have carved out a very special place for themselves in the city. And this, it must be said, was greatly facilitated by the half-century tradition of parades, which were conceived in order to create a positive image of the Puerto Rican community among the townspeople. Her stormy political and cultural activity, one might say, before my eyes, broke the wary public opinion. Best of all for me, as an old-timer, this is noticeable in the same Washington Heights. In a certain sense, its fate resembles Brighton Beach: the area has grown rich without changing. Now in this still purely Spanish part of Manhattan, the facades have become prettier, the signs have become neon, the tables in the restaurants are covered with starched (pink) tablecloths, the mannequins in the shop windows have dressed up in fashion, the newspapers are swollen with advertising, the cars have been updated, they have stopped shooting, but quieter on the streets are still gone. Here, as before, they sing and dance, regardless of the time of day and those unfortunate people who have to get up in the morning for work . ..

On Puerto Rico Day, our parade-wielding special correspondent Raya Weil went to Fifth Avenue.

Carlos — Puerto Rican Taino Indian

June is the month of roses and … Puerto Ricans, of which, according to the American Census Bureau, 873 thousand are registered in New York and the surrounding area. The largest Hispanic ethnic group in New York City, Puerto Ricans proudly call themselves «New Yorkers» and when they stage their traditional annual parade — from 44th Street to 86th Street — traffic stops in Manhattan — no way through. There are police barriers everywhere. The start is at 11 am, but I decided to arrive early to get a comfortable place. Wherever there, the spectators have settled down along Fifth Avenue since the night. In the subway, in the same car with me, a picturesque group of young guys, completely hung with Puerto Rican flags, was hurrying to the parade. Later, I met them on Fifth Avenue, they somehow managed to break into the front rows without a journalistic certificate . .. Says 36-year-old Carlos, who knows his native language, culture and traditions much better than English, although he graduated from the usual high school: “I was born here and my parents are in Puerto Rico. In New York, you can live with only one Spanish, but I still speak, I can even read and write a little, although I don’t even need it for work. I have a good job — a builder, a trade union, all the «benefits». I got married at the age of 20, I have five children, the eldest is already 15, you can take it with you to the parade, they won’t crush it, I have a healthy guy. And before that, one went every year, because there is nothing more colorful than the Puerto Rican parade, and there is no person on earth who would be more proud of their cultural heritage than Puerto Ricans … We went through everything before the first emigrants settled in New York. York. There are Africans among us, there are Taino Indians, whom many ignore, but they inhabited the island before Christopher Columbus supposedly discovered it. Then they began to import slaves from Africa into Puerto Rico, who today, together with the descendants of the Spanish colonists who mixed with the Carib Indians, make up the country’s indigenous population.

Rice and beans

The most beautiful Indians in the world are the Puerto Rican Indians, who created a unique culture that is still considered the main one in Puerto Rico, although most of the indigenous population in the 15th century was destroyed by the conquistadors who captured the island . Only a small part of the Taino managed to survive then, hiding in the mountains. From them, as it turned out, Carlos leads his genealogy: “Columbus thought he discovered Puerto Rico. This is not true, we existed long before its discovery. But then the violence and killings began. Well, okay, what to stir up the old, the main thing is that we have survived as a people who are proud of their roots. And even though now Puerto Rico has the status of a freely annexed territory to the United States, we still consider ourselves Puerto Ricans, New York Puerto Ricans, with our customs, music and food, which we cook the way our ancestors did, for example, rice and beans »

I never thought that this humble dish, which I first tried in Puerto Rico and then ordered in Puerto Rican restaurants in New York, could generate such enthusiasm. The crowd cheered: «Rice and beans, hooray, long live Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico from New York Crico…»

Ruben, who doesn’t like Jennifer Lopez Rican flags, and also in the forefront, came here at 6 in the morning to see up close his idol, superstar Marc Anthony, who this year is the parade marshal, next to him is his wife, the beautiful Jennifer Lopez, the world-famous singer, dancer and an actress. Reuben says: “It’s all true, but I don’t like her. It is somehow not real, not ours, there is no fire, life, soul in it, what distinguishes Puerto Rican singers who are capable of raising the dead, such as Eddie Santiago, or Marc Anthony. This is real Puerto Rican music, lively, groovy, the soul sings. Mark Anthony is now representing a new wave, here he is, he grew up on the New York streets.0003

Ramon is one of those who made it all happen

It must be said that the Puerto Rican parade is the most musical of all the New York parades. About three hundred groups are participating, musicians, dancers, singers performing salsa, rumba, merengue, reggae, calypso, traditional Puerto Rican music.

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