La escuela del maestro rafael cordero: Museum of Rafael Cordeo — Clio
Museum of Rafael Cordeo — Clio
The home of Rafael «Maestro» Cordero, also purposed as a school, is located at 315 Luna Street, San Juan Puerto Rico and was established in 1810. It is also known as «La Escuela del Maestro,» which translates to the School of the Master. Now a museum, it was where young boys received an education for free. Children of all races and social classes gathered in this home to gain an education their parents couldn’t afford. The once ran down home, including just a table, papers and material, and other classroom furnishings, was remodeled by the Puerto Rican Government before being made into a museum. The home was also registered as a historical site in the National Register of Historical Places of the United States.
“The School of Master Rafael Cordero” by Francisco Oller, 1890
Backstory and Context
Rafael Cordero was born on October 24th, 1790 in San Juan Puerto Rico, to two free African American parents who were both Artisans. Rafael Cordero also had two sister’s whose names are Gregoria and Celesina Cordero. His older sister Celesina was also a self-educator, and later followed in her brother’s footsteps and began teaching as well. Unfortunately, even though his parents were free, African Americans were still unable to attend school, where at the time Blacks were not even allowed to be enrolled.
Nevertheless, Cordero took his love to read, learn, and most importantly teach to help mainly poor Black children receive an education. Rafael taught subjects covering mathematics, reading, calligraphy and religious instructions for the Christian faith. Bishop Juan Alejo de Arizmendi presented Cordero with the Sacrament of Confirmation at the age of fourteen where he dedicated his life to being Catholic, which explains why religious instruction would be a part of his teaching curriculum. As time went on, he opened his curriculum to all people of any race or economic class in 1810.
Rafael Cordero worked as a cigar maker and shoemaker to support himself and his love of teaching the children. In fact, Cordero was presented with an award some-time between 1810-1867 which granted him one hundred pesos for his outstanding job of teaching the less fortunate. He took half of this to buy clothes and books for his students rather than using it for himself. He cared for everyone regardless of their background, shown through his actions as well as the different children he taught who were white, Black, Spanish, and from different cultures and social statuses. He proved they could learn together with no problems or hatred to get in the way. In the 1800s this was a great accomplishment to have so many divergent people learning in a room together especially from a Black man.
The school on Luna Street was maintained and thrived for fifty-eight years, teaching any child who needed assistance. Rafael Cordero passed away on July 5th, 1868 in his hometown of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Also known as the «Father of Public Education» in Puerto Rico, the well respected and devoted self-educator had more than 2,000 people attend his funeral. This alone shows the magnitude of his presence and the love people from around the world had for him and his committed work. There are several schools named after Rafael Cordero to honor him, as well as poems, books, paintings, and awards given to teachers in Puerto Rico, called the National Medal of Rafael Cordero. The house is still available to visit in San Juan today, where you will find a famous painting of Cordero teaching as well as leftover materials in his home that he used to teach with.
Delano, Jack. Delano, Irene. En busca del Maestro Rafael Cordero. Puerto Rico. Universidad De Puerto Rico; 1 edition, May 1,1994.
Enciclopedia De Puerto Rico. April 16, 2009. https://enciclopediapr.org/en/encyclopedia/cordero-rafael/.
Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing Press. http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/eng/Rafael_Cordero_(educator).
Moral, Solsiree Del. Negotiating empire: the cultural politics of schools in Puerto Rico, 1898-1952. Madison: The University of Wisconsin press, 2013.
Swift, M. “Rafael Cordero: The Father of Public Education in Puerto Rico.” Black Then, 18 June 2021, https://Blackthen.com/rafael-cordero-father-public-education-puerto-rico/.
Tuck, Jay N. Gonzalez-Paz, Elisie E. Heroes of Puerto Rico. Fleet Pr Corp, March 1, 1970.
Link to the New York Times website, displaying the famous painting of Rafael Cordero.
Link to Rafael Cordero’s house on Google Maps.
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|||Name in the Register||Image||Date indicated ||Location||Barrio||Description||1||June 21 #07000585 )|| Flamboyan st.
18°23′21″N 66°03′32″W / 18.3892°N 66.0588°W / 18.3892; -66.0588 (Acueducto de San Juan)
|El Cinco||since 1846. Filter installation of Rio Pedras et al.|
|2||Administrative building|| 26, 1983
| University of Holy Heart and Sales, RosAles and Sales -Antonio St.
18°26′33″N 66°03′32″W / 18.4425°N 66.0589°W / 18.4425; -66.0589 (Administration Building)
|Santurce||Also known as Sacred Heart University Portico and Chapel , a classicist building from 1906.|
|3||Antiguo casino in Puerto Rico||
| September 22, 1977
| 1 Ponce de lex Ave.
18°27′58″N 66°06′41″W / 18.4661°N 66.1114°W / 18.4661; -66.1114 (Antiguo Casino Puerto Rico)
|San Juan Antiguo||Fine Arts Building from 1917|
| October 20, 1983 »
|PONSE de Swerra 9003 9003 9003 9003 9003 900 . w 66°06′31″W / 18.4664°N 66.1085°W / 18.4664; -66.1085 (Biblioteca Carnegie)||San Juan Antiguo||Classicist building from 1915|
|5||Hiram Bithorn Municipal Stadium||
|Hato Rey Norte|
|6||Puerto Rico El Capitol||more images0004|| November 18, 1977
| Ponce de Leon and Muñoz Rivera Avenues
18°28′00″N 66°06′21″W / 18.4668°N 66.1059°W / 18.4668; -66.1059 (El Capitol Puerto Rico)
|San Juan Antiguo||Government seat of Puerto Rico; classicist/beaux-arts building from 1929, designed by Rafael Carmega|
|7||Carcel de Puerta de Tierra [a]||
| August 11, 1976
| Ponce de Leon, stop 8, Puerta de Thierra
° 27′49 » 66°05′32″W / 18. 4636°N 66.0923°W / 18.4636; -66.0923 (Karsel-de-Puerta de Tierra)
|San Juan-Antiguo||The Spanish neoclassical building of 1887 ||8||casa de España|| July 5, 1983
| Ponce de León Ave.
18°27′59″N 66°06′29″W / 18.4664°N 66.1080°W / 18.4664; -66.1080 (casa de españa)
|San Huang-Antiguo||House of exotic / Mauritan Renaissance 1932, designed by Pedro Adolfo de Castro|| 9003 .
| 1 Ramon B. Lopez Avenue
18°23′58″N 66°02′06″W / 18.3995°N 66.0350°W / 18.3995; -66.0350 (Casa Klumb)
|Oriente||Modern motion house 1947 designed by Henry Klumb|
|10||Casa Dra. Concha Melendez Ramirez||
| June 30, 2011
|1400 Vilá Mayo St. , on Manuel Rodríguez Serra. nine0038 18°27′10″N 66°04′02″W / 18.4527°N 66.0673°W / 18.4527; -66.0673 (Casa Dra. Counting Melendes Ramirez)||Santurce|
|12||Central secondary school||
| August 4, 1987
| Ponce de León Ave.
18°26′53″N 66°04′11″W / 18.4481°N 66.0698°W / 18.4481; -66.0698 (Central High School)
|Santurce||1925 Spanish Renaissance building|
|13||Church San Mateo-de-Kangos from Santurs||
| January 2, 1985
| Evo-Khorhe and Avenue Eduardo Conde.
18°26′40″N 66°03′48″W / 18.4445°N 66.0634°W / 18.4445; -66.0634 (Church of San Mateo de Cangrejos of Santurce)
|Santurce||Church 1832 designed by Pedro Cobreros|
|14||Church, School, Monastery and Parish House San Agustin||
| December 30, 1985 |
| 265 Ponce de León Ave.
18°27′56″N 66°05′56″W / 18.4656°N 66.0989°W / 18.4656; -66.0989 (San Agustin Church, School, Convent and Rectory)
|San Juan Antiguo||Since 1915|
|15||Colegio de las Madres del Sagrado Corazón|| November 25, 1985
| 951 Ponce de León Ave.
18°27′15″N 66°04′46″W / 18.4543°N 66.0794°W / 18.4543; -66.0794 (Colegio de las Madres del Sagrado Corazón)
more0033 November 25, 2005
| 1055 Ashford Ave.
18°27′31″N 66°04′34″W / 18.4587°N 66.0760°W / 18.4587; -66.0760 (Condado Vanderbilt Hotel)
|Santurce||Mission / Hotel in the Spanish Renaissance Hotel since 1919||16||900||(#100005816 )|| Calle Aurora Esq. Horae Prada 15
18°27′04″N 66°04′51″W / 18.4511°N 66.0809°W / 18.4511; -66.0809 (Raphael Cordero School)
|Santurce||17||Historical District San Juan-Old Historical District San Juan||
| 10 October 1
(October 10 October 1
|Northwest Triangle San Juan Island; also roughly bounded by Munoz Rivera and Ponce de León avenues, Paseo de Covadonga and J. A. Corretejera and Requinto Sur. nine0038 18°27′58″N 66°06′55″W / 18.4661°N 66.1154°W / 18.4661; -66.1154 (San Juan Historic District — Old San Juan Historic District)||San Juan Antiguo||The second set of boundaries is the July 30, 2012 boundary increase|
|18 Ed2 Aboy||
|September 28, 2001 Aboya 603 941 years, designed by Raphael Carmega Morales|
|21||Edificio Patio Español||
| February 18, 2003 |
| 15 CRU.
18°27′57″N 66°06′58″W / 18.465927°N 66.116224°W / 18.465927; -66.116224 (Edificio Patio Español)
|San Juan Antiguo||Mission / Spanish Revival, eclectic building 1937 years old, also known as La Philharmonica , developed by Eduardo Fossas Lopez||EDICIO VICTORY GARDEN|| 9004, 2003 Ponet (#040011149) 9003 9003 9003. ., corner of Elisa Kolberg street.
18°27′13″N 66°04′43″W / 18.453514°N 66.078582°W / 18.453514; -66.078582 (Edificio Victory Garden)
|Santurce||Mission/Spanish Revival building since 1936 years, designed by Pedro Adolfo de Castro|
|23||ESCUELA BRAMBO|| May 5, 1989
| San Juan-Bautistist and Prospekt Ponse-deles.
18°27′55″N 66°05′44″W / 18.465266°N 66.095597°W / 18.465266; -66.095597 (Escuela Brambo)
|San Juan Antiguo||Also known as Puerta de Tierra Public School since 1913. nine0034|
|24||Escuela Graduado José Celso Barbosa|| May 19, 1989
| ponce de león ave.
18°27′57″N 66°06′04″W / 18.465928°N 66.101217°W / 18.465928; -66.101217 (Escuela Graduado José Celso Barbosa)
|San Juan Antiguo||Classical Revival school since 1927.|
|25||El Falansterio de Puerta de Tierra||
More images Juan Bautista.
|San Juan Antiguo||Art Deco, since 1937|
|26||Faro del Morro||
| October 22, 1981
| Verda San Felipa-del Mordorro
18 ° Cool 28) NL 66°07′25″W / 18.471053°N 66.123614 °W / 18.471053; -66.123614 (Faro del Morro)
|San Juan Antiguo||The oldest lighthouse in Puerto Rico; this version burns in 1908|
|27||Figueroa Apartments||Download picture|| September 14, 2000
| 601 Fernández Juncos.
18°27′26″N 66°05′12″W / 18.457184°N 66.086744°W / 18.457184; -66.086744 (Figueroa Apartments)
|Santurce||Art Deco building Armando Morales Cano, since 1935|
|28||La Forzaleza 34||0033
| October 15, 1966
| Between San Juan Bay and Recinto Oeste St., on Fortaleza St.
18°27′51″N 66°07′09″W / 18.464201°N 66.119294°W / 18.464201; -66.119294 (La Fortaleza)
|San Juan-Antiguo||since 1533.|
|29||Fortín de San Gerónimo de boquerón||Santurce||building in the style of classicism since 1910||32||Hotel Normandy||
|San Juan Antiguo||A prime example of a hotel streamlining Art Nouveau architecture inspired by Art Deco — styling of the SS 9 ship0074 Normandie|
|33||House on Concordia Street 659|| October 18, 1991 |
|| Concordia 659, Miramar
900 18 ″ . 66°04′56″W / 18.452497°N 66.082298 °W / 18.452497; -66.082298 (House at 659 Concordia Street)
|| Mission / Spanish Revival House since 1935 designed by Joseph O’Kelly
|34||House at 659 La Paz Street|| January 30, 1992
| 659 LA PAZ ST., Miramar
° 27 lit 66°04′58″W / 18.452857°N 66.082787°W / 18.452857; -66. 082787 (House at 659 La Paz Street)
|Santurce||Mission / House of Spanish Renaissance since 1928, designed by Pedro Adolfo de Castro||House at address 663 La PAZ STRET|| October 18, 1991
|| 663 La Paz St., Miramar
18°27′09″N 66°04′58″W / 18.452633°N 66.082882°W / 18.452633; -66.082882 (House on La-Pass Street 663)
|| Another house of the Mission / Spanish Renaissance, designed by Pedro Adolfo de Castro
| on 665 McKinley Street 9003 9 October 1
| August 4, 1987
| Ponce de Leon and Roberto J. Todd Aves.
18°27′00″N 66°04′28″W / 18.450072°N 66.074406°W / 18.450072; -66.074406 (secondary school of Raphael M. Labra)
|| Georgian school building in the 1916 style
|| Linea Avvanzada
9 9,000 9,99
| September 25, 1997
| Eastern San Juan Island
18°27′53″N 66°05′26″W / 18. 464645°N 66.0
|°W / 18.464645; -66.0
|| (Linea Avvanzada)
|| San Juan-Huang-Antiguo
|| since 1797.
| 868 Ashford Ave. nine0038 18°27′37″N 66°04′50″W / 18.460336°N 66.080441°W / 18.460336; -66.0804441 (Miami building)
|| Art Deco building 1936 according to the Pedro Menes project
|| Luisa Munos Rivera
more than 9000
| Ponce de Leon Stop 8 Puerta de Tierra
18°27′52″ N 66°05′28″W / 18.464406°N 66.0
°W / 18.464406; -66.0
(Luisa Munosa Rivera Park)
|San Juan-Antiguo||Park with BEAUX Arts and Picturesque architecture and / or landscape design|| Frest «La Familia» «La Familia» October 2017
| 2030 Avenida Borinquen
18°26′15″N 66°03′18″W / 18. 437530°N 66.055015°W / 18.437530; -66.055015 (Fresco «La Familia»)
|43||Bridge General Norzagarai||
| July 19, 1995
18°21′07″N 66°05′29″W / 18.351816°N 66.0
°W / 18.351816; -66.0
(General Norzagarai Bridge)
|Caimito and Tortugo||1855 brick vaulted bridge also known as PuEnte-de Losfrales|
|44||Chapel Nueststra Senior de Lourdes||
| September 27, 1984,
(#84003171) 9003 900 PREN And weight.
18°27′23″N 66°05′07″W / 18.456394°N 66.085148°W / 18.456394; -66.085148 (Nuestra Señora de Lourdes Chapel)
|Santurce||Neo-Gothic chapel 1908 years according to the project Antonin Nechodoma|
|45||Martina Peni Martina||
| 27, 2008
|Highway 25, Km 8, Km 8, Km 8, Km 8, Km 8, Km 8, Km 8 ′00″N 66°03′33″W / 18. 433462°N 66.059045°W / 18.433462; -66.059045 (Martin Peña Bridge)||Santurce, Hato Rey Norte, and Hato Rey Central||1939 Art Deco bridge designed by Cecilio Delgado and others|
|46||Polvorín de mirafloores||
| March 9, 1984
|66 Aramania 9003 ″N 66°05′38″W / 18.449514°N 66.093904°W / 18.449514; -66.093904 (Polvorín de Miraflores)||Santurce||A gunpowder magazine since 1776|
|47||Puerta de Tierra Historic District — Puerta de Tierra Historic District||
More images -Juana
|San Juan Antiguo|
|48||Puerto -Rico Ilustrado — Edificio El Mundo||
|San Juan Antiguo||N 1923 G.|
|49||Penitentiary system of Puerto Rico island|| March 7, 2003
| south of highway 21
9003 .w 66°04′15″W / 18.388649°N 66.070756°W / 18.388649; -66.070756 (Puerto Rico Island Penitentiary)
|Monacillo Urbano||Built 1933, closed 2004, demolished 2015|
| July 23, 2018
| Near the intersection of Gándara and Barbosa Aves.
18°24′09″N 66°02′48″W / 18.402542°N 66.046776°W / 18.402542; -66.046776 (Residencia de Señoritas Universidad de Puerto Rico; Rio Pedras)
|Universidad||9000||RESIDENCIA||4386°N 66. 055958°W / 18.394386; -66.055958 (Rio Pedras bridge)||El Sinco and Hato Rey Sur||Brill-shaped boat Mosquitar 1853.||54||Pilot Plant for Roma|| July 26, 2010
| Highway 1, University of Puerto Rico Agricultural Experiment Station
18°23′46″N 66°03′48″W / 18.396115°N 66.063393°W / 18.396115; -66.063393 (Roma Pilot Plant)
|El Sincko||55||San Antonio||, 20038
|San Antonio wrapping channel adjacent to Highway 1 at the eastern end of San Juan Island 66°05′13″W / 18.459340°N 66.086891°W / 18.459340; -66.086891 (railway bridge San Antonio)||San Juan-Antiguo and Santurce||56||National Historical Monument San Juan||
more images 9000
|900. (#66000930)|| Old San Juan [c]
18°28′10″N 66°07′17″W / 18.469444°N 66.121389 °W / 18.469444; -66.121389 (San Juan National Historic Site)
|San Juan-Huang-Antiguo||Dates since 1525.||57||Tropical Medicine School||
||San Juan Antiguo||Neoplateresco building from 1920,|
| October 22, 1981
| San Huang station, La Puntlya
18 27′36″N 66°07′01″W / 18. 460125°N 66.116874 °W / 18.460125; -66.116874 (Lighthouse Keeper)
|San Juan Antiguo||A 1908 hacienda-style building located at the US Coast Guard base at La Puntilla. nine0034|
|59||The Supreme Court building||
| June 14, 2006
| Park Munios Rivera
18 ° C.SHS. 66°05′18″W / 18.463189°N 66.088217°W / 18.463189; -66.088217 (Supreme Court Building)
|San Juan Antiguo||Modern traffic building from 1955|
|60||Templo del Maestro|| April 19, 2016
| Constitución Ave stop 8
18°27′46″ 66°05′24″W / 18.462777°N 66.089976°W / 18.462777; –66.089976 (Tempo Del maestro)
| February 10, 1988 (#8880000) 034
|| St. Puntilla 1
18°27′46″N 66°06′56″W / 18.462822°N 66.115522 °W / 18.462822; -66.115522 (US Customs)
| San Juan-Huang-Antiguo
|| building 1924. According to the project Albert B. Nichols
||62||Court post office||
|The block is bounded by San Justo, Tanka, Commercio and Recinto Sur streets. nine0038 18°27′50″N 66°06′53″W / 18.463839°N 66.114619 °W / 18.463839; -66.114619 (US Post Office and Court building)||San Juan-Huang-Antiguo||since 1914 as Oscar Vendeerot||63||Tower of Puerto-RICO||
| May 17, 1984
| Ponce de León Ave.