Blue flag with white star in middle: flag of Somalia | Britannica
The Bonnie Blue Flag — Confederate Flags
On 9 January 1861, the Convention of the People of Mississippi adopted an Ordinance of Secession. With the announcement of the Ordinance, a large blue flag bearing a single white star was raised over the capitol building in Jackson. One of the witnesses to this event, an Irish born actor named Harry Macarthy, was so inspired by the spectacle that he wrote a song entitled The Bonnie Blue Flag, which was destined to be the second most popular patriotic song in the Confederacy. If your computer has an audio system, the tune you are hearing is Macarthy’s The Bonnie Blue Flag.
The first recorded use of a lone star flag dates to 1810. At that time the portion of Louisiana east of the Mississippi River, along with the southern portions of Mississippi and Alabama, made up the Spanish province of West Florida. This area had one been a part of French Louisiana. In 1763, after the French and Indian War, France ceded New Orleans and all of Louisiana west of the river to Spain. That portion of Louisiana east of the river was ceded to Great Britain, which named the region West Florida. West Florida was conquered by Spain during her campaigns as an American ally in the Revolutionary War. When France later re-acquired Louisiana from Spain, there was some dispute about whether or not the transaction included West Florida. Spain refused to relinquish control of the province, and the United States inherited the dispute when they purchased Louisiana from France in 1803.
The inhabitants of West Florida were in large part English speaking people on whom the authoritarian rule of Spain did not wear well. They were disappointed in the failure of the United States to annex the territory, and in 1804 an unsuccessful revolt was lead by the brothers Reuben, Nathan, and Sam Kemper. In the years following the Kemper Rebellion, the English speaking people of West Florida attempted to secure some degree of traditional English liberties within the framework of their Spanish government. This culminated in a convention of the people meeting in 1810 to press for some form of constitutional guarantees. Governor de Lassus pretended to cooperate with the convention while sending to the governor of East Florida for troops to put down this perceived threat to his authority.
Upon learning of the governor’s duplicity, the supporters of the convention turned to open rebellion. On Saturday, September 11, 1810, a troop of dragoons under the command of Major Isaac Johnson set out for the provincial capitol at Baton Rouge. At the head of the column rode a colour sergeant carrying a blue flag with a single, five-pointed white star. This flag had been made a few days before by Mrs. Melissa Johnson. Together with other republican forces under the command of Colonel Philemon Thomas, these men captured Baton Rouge without loss to themselves, imprisoned Governor de Lassus, and on September 23, 1810, raised their bonnie blue flag over the fort of Baton Rouge. Three days later, John Rhea, president of the West Florida convention, signed a Declaration of Independence, and the lone star flag became the emblem of a new republic.
The Republic of West Florida was short-lived. When Spanish rule was removed from the country with neither the use of American troops nor risk to itself, the government of the United States was interested in asserting its claim to West Florida. On October 27, 1810, President James Madison issued a proclamation declaring West Florida under the jurisdiction of the governor of the Louisiana Territory. On December 10, 1810, the flag of the United States replaced the Bonnie Blue flag over Baton Rouge, and the Republic of West Florida passed into history.
The memory of the West Florida movement lived on in Southern tradition. Twenty-nine years later the Republic of Texas adopted a similar national flag, replacing the white star with a yellow star. Another twenty-two years after that, for a few weeks in 1861, the lone star flag of West Florida would rise again as the unofficial flag of the Republic of Mississippi; and Harry Macarthy’s song would spur it on into the romantic lore of the South. When the song was first played in New Orleans before a mixed audience of Texans and Louisianans, it was received with an outburst of approval that was nearly riotous.
The flag’s existence was mostly a factor of Macarthy’s song. It was not much used as a secession flag, being far overshadowed by palmetto flags and by lone star flags in colours other than a white star on a blue field. It was never adopted by the Confederate government, although Mississippi did adopt an official flag on January 26, 1861 that incorporated it as a canton. But as a result of Macarthy’s song, the Bonnie Blue Flag spread across the Confederate nation and into the hearts of its people.
Devereaux D. Cannon, Jr.
- Return to the Confederate Flags Home Page
Bonnie Blue Flag
We carry historical reproductions of the Bonnie Blue Flag, which are proudly manufactured in the United States from durable and light-weight nylon and are printed with vibrant lasting colors. Our outdoor flags are finished with a canvas header and brass grommets.
The Bonnie Blue Flag can be displayed on in-ground or wall-mount flagpoles at the homes of people who are looking to pay homage to our nation’s history. If you are looking for a complete wall-mount flagpole set, our Build Your Own Outdoor Historical Flag Set program will allow you to choose between premium quality 6ft. poles and brackets to display the Bonnie Blue Flag on your front porch.
Regardless of your application, we are looking forward to working with you to provide the required flags, flagpoles, and hardware for your application. If you need assistance, please reach out to us by phone, email, or chat, and we will be happy to help.
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History of the Bonnie Blue Flag
The flag that we know today as the Bonnie Blue Flag features a striking design consisting of a single white five-pointed star upon a deep blue background. The first record of a flag of this design was used in 1810 as an emblem of the Republic of West Florida, though it was not called the Bonnie Blue Flag at this time. The Republic of West Florida was a coalition of English-speakers from Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana who sought independence from the reign of the Spanish Government and overthrew Spain’s Governor de Lassus at Baton Rouge. After their victory, the new country lasted only 74 days as an independent entity, before it was annexed by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The Spanish had long-disputed with the USA over the drainage of the Mississippi basin. After the Spanish were overthrown, The Republic of West Florida was content to join the USA.
In 1836, a coalition of Texans declared independence from Mexico and created a new country called the Republic of Texas, which was a sovereign state for 9 years from 1836 to 1846. The Republic of Texas used a flag bearing the same design, which was referred to as the Burnet Flag. The name Burnet pays tribute to David G. Burnet who was a leader of Texas and served as the new Republic’s first interim president in 1836. Later he served as vice president, secretary of state, and as interim president again.
The Burnet Flag was adopted by the Congress of the Republic of Texas in 1836 and was used as the official flag for three years until 1839. Later, the Republic of Texas changed their flag to the «Lone Star Flag» that we know today, which is comprised of the Burnet flag on the hoist side of the flag, with the fly side of the flag being comprised of a split design with white on the top half and red on the bottom half. The inclusion of the blue background with a single 5-pointed star on the hoist side of the flag pays tribute to the history of the state.
On January 9, 1861, when Mississippi seceded from the Union, they held a ceremony at the capitol building in Jackson, MI, where a blue flag with a single 5-pointed white star in the center was hoisted as a symbol of independence. In attendance at the ceremony, was Harry Macarthy, who later in 1861 wrote a popular song entitled, «The Bonnie Blue Flag.» The name, «Bonnie Blue Flag» was first used in 1861.
The flag served as a rallying point for soldiers and citizens during the American Civil War. Texas and several other states ceded from the Union in 1861, and the Bonnie Blue Flag was one of those flown at Fort Sumter by Confederate forces.
Today, there are differing opinions about the symbolism of the Bonnie Blue Flag. Some view the flag as a representation of Texas and Southern History and as a symbol of independence, while others view the flag as a symbol of Slavery and the Confederacy.
Download Bonnie Blue Flag Images
We offer free images of the Bonnie Blue Flag in four sizes (small, medium, large, and high resolution). These images are distributed royalty free for both personal and educational use and are ideal for use in projects and on websites. If you choose to use one of our images, attribution is appreciated, but not required.
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The blue and white flag: history and modernity
There are several hundred national flags in the world, and most people have difficulty distinguishing the flag of one country from another. Of the entire set of state flags, only a few unique ones can be distinguished, which cannot be confused with anything. The national flag of Israel is one of them.
National flag of Israel. Photo: Wikipedia
Its appearance was preceded by a long history.
Israeli flag: ancient history
In biblical times, the Jews did not have a single banner: the Midrash describes the flags of the 12 tribes of Israel, and the books of the prophets mention the word “nes”, which is very close in meaning to the modern term “flag” and denotes a signal sign that installed on a hill or strengthened on a ship. One of the most ancient documents that has survived to this day, the Dead Sea Scrolls, also contains a description of the flags that were used in military campaigns: before the battles, various inscriptions were applied to them, designed to raise morale (for example, “the people of God”). nine0003
During the long centuries of dispersion, the Jews also did not have their own flag, because there was no state and its attributes. Nevertheless, in various historical sources one can find references to the banners with which the authorities in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance favored certain Jewish communities. In 1254, the Jews of Prague received a special banner with the Star of David on a red background as a gift from Emperor Charles IV. Two centuries later, the Jews of the Balkan city of Buda got a red flag with four stars (two of which are six-pointed), then, in the middle of the 17th century, Prague Jews, in recognition of their merits in defending the city from the Swedes, again received a red flag with a yellow star of David, in which has been inscribed with another star. Another Jewish flag — the flag of David Reuveni — dates back to the first half of the 16th century. This banner was white with the Ten Commandments embroidered in gold (according to another version, the letters that make up the word «Maccabee»). With this flag in 1532, Reuveni, together with Shlomo Molkho, appeared in Regensburg before Emperor Charles V.
And yet, a single national flag, symbolizing the revival of Jewish statehood, appeared only in the last century.
… and new
The Israeli national flag was officially approved a few months after the proclamation of the Jewish state, but in fact the white and blue banner with the Star of David appeared several decades earlier.
When Theodor Herzl was just dreaming of a future Jewish state, he was already thinking about how his national flag should look like. He wrote about this in his book The Jewish State, which was published in 1896 year. If that proposal of the founder of the Zionist movement were realized, then the national flag of our country today would be a white flag with seven golden stars. The white color of the field was, according to Herzl’s plan, to symbolize «a new and pure life», and seven stars — seven working hours (in parentheses, we note that in modern Israel the working day is not seven, but nine hours). Under the influence of the Zionist organization, Herzl agreed to place Magen David on the flag, but insisted that six stars be inscribed in the corners of Magen David, and the seventh placed above it
Design ideas for the flag of the future state were not limited to Herzl’s proposals. Moreover, even a good ten years before the appearance of the above-mentioned work, the flag of the Zionist Organization already existed in its modern form. It consisted of two blue stripes on a white background, with Magen David in the center.
This flag was first hoisted in 1885. in Rishon Lezion, one of the first Jewish cities of the Zionist era. In those days, the exchange of information was many orders of magnitude slower than now, and therefore the delegates of the 1st Zionist Congress did not know anything about the existence of this banner. However, the best ideas, as you know, lie on the surface and very often coincide. nine0003
David Wolfson, who headed the Zionist Organization at that time, based the flag he created on the idea of a tallit — a white prayer blanket, adding Magen David in the middle. It was this version of the flag that was approved in September 1933 by the delegates of the 18th Zionist Congress.
It was this image, by order of W. Churchill, that became the basis of the official banner of the Jewish Brigade during the Second World War. And it was this flag that became the forerunner of the modern state flag of Israel, whose official approval took place at one of the first meetings of the Knesset (Israeli parliament) on October 28, 1948 years — just five months after the Declaration of Independence was announced.
Despite the extremely young age of the state, the choice of the flag was approached with all seriousness. 170 projects were submitted, most of them descriptive. It is worth noting that not all authors were inclined to choose a blue and white palette. Many projects used orange, yellow, and even purple and scarlet — the colors of royalty. Yellow as the main color of the Jewish national flag was the least popular: just three years after the end of World War II, millions of Jews still remembered the yellow stars that were worn by Jews in the Third Reich. nine0003
By the way, the blue and white version of the national flag could look different than it does now. Initially, not two, but three parallel stripes were present on it, and not horizontal, but vertical: two blue at the edges and a white one in the middle with a blue Star of David in the center. But the final version of the artist Richard Arel won.
The modern flag of the State of Israel is a white rectangular panel with two horizontal blue stripes along the edges and a Star of David in the center. The white color symbolizes purity, while the blue stripes symbolize the sky and the sea. (There is also a version that the stripes represent the rivers Nile and Euphrates and thus symbolize the dream of Greater Israel). The Star of David on the flag is a symbol of Jewry, a sign of power and victory. In addition, the six-pointed star recalls the six most important virtues: chastity, selflessness, sincerity, modesty, humility and generosity. nine0003
Operation Ovda and Ink Flag
Ink Flag in Eilat. Photo: Wikipedia
In the history of the young Jewish state, a special place, along with the official flag, is occupied by the so-called «Ink Flag», which is associated with one of the glorious pages of the War of Independence. On March 5, 1949, Operation Ovda began for access to the Red Sea. Five days later, two Israeli military brigades — Negev and Golani — advanced to the southern city of Umm Rashrash and occupied it without firing a shot. Their lightning throw and instant bloodless victory turned out to be completely unexpected, so much so that there was not even a banner at hand that should have been hoisted at the place of victory. And then the fighters hastily built a makeshift flag, drawing the Star of David on a piece of white matter with ink. Now on this site, in the center of the southern city of Eilat, built on the site of Umm Rashrash, there is a monument. He captured the very historic moment of hoisting the «Ink Flag», which became a symbol of the victory of the Israel Defense Forces in Eilat during the Arab-Israeli war 1947-1949.
The Israeli flag in space
Israeli astronaut Ilan Ramon
The Israeli national flag also found its way into space at the beginning of this century. This first happened in January 2003, when Israel’s first astronaut, Ilan Ramon, raised the blue and white flag aboard the space shuttle Columbia. That flight ended tragically: the spacecraft crashed while entering the dense layers of the Earth’s atmosphere, and the entire crew died. It happened on February 1, 2003. Seven years later, the Israeli national flag was once again delivered to Earth orbit. This time it was lifted by Jewish Canadian astronaut Ebor Reisman, who was on the crew of the space shuttle Atlantis. On this flag, in addition to the usual paraphernalia, the name of the first Israeli astronaut Ilan Ramon was also listed. nine0003
Israelis are proud of their flag. Every spring, on the eve of the celebration of Independence Day, hundreds of thousands of Israeli cars are equipped with blue and white flags, and the balconies of city apartments are decorated with life-size flags. Our compatriots do this not at all out of ostentatious patriotism and not for the sake of striving to please the authorities. Israelis are very free and very sincere people. And if they raise a white and blue flag on a flagpole near their house or hang a blue and white flag on their balcony, it means they believe in the present and future of our country. nine0003
Flags on Independence Day
Image source — Wikipedia.
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Emblem and flag of the UN | United Nations
The history of the United Nations flag begins with an emblem prepared by the Presentation Division of the United States Office of Strategic Services on April 1945 years old. It was prepared in response to a request to design an emblem for the San Francisco Conference, which drafted and adopted the Charter of the United Nations. The emblem of the San Francisco Conference was a circular image of a world map extending to the 60th parallel south and the 100th meridian west of Greenwich in a lower vertical position.
Approval of the flag of the United Nations
The Secretary-General indicated that it would be desirable for the Assembly to approve the design as the official seal and emblem of the United Nations, and on 7 December 1946 Assembly approved the sketch. The revised version of the emblem was a map of the world with a polar equidistant azimuth projection, surrounded by two olive branches. These two characters speak for themselves. The olive branch was a symbol of peace in ancient Greece. The world map symbolizes the area in which the Organization is engaged in achieving its main goal — peace.
At the second ordinary session of the General Assembly, the Secretary-General presented a memorandum stating that the need for a United Nations flag was already felt and would certainly be increasingly felt in the future for use by committees and commissions of the United Nations in various parts of the world and at United Nations Headquarters and Information Centres. nine0003
On October 20, 1947, the Assembly adopted a resolution without objection declaring that «the flag of the United Nations is the official emblem approved by the General Assembly, which is placed in the center on a light blue background.» As far as we know, colors do not have a specific meaning.
December 7, 1946, in accordance with resolution 167 (II), the General Assembly approved the sketch. The revised version of the emblem was a map of the world with a polar equidistant azimuth projection, surrounded by two olive branches. These two characters speak for themselves. The olive branch was a symbol of peace in ancient Greece. The world map symbolizes the area in which the Organization is engaged in achieving its main goal — peace. nine0003
Use of the United Nations emblem and flag
While the United Nations flag may be freely displayed to show support for the United Nations and its work, commercial use of the United Nations emblem, name or initials is restricted by the provisions of General Assembly resolution 92 (I). Assembly adopted in 1946. In that resolution, the Assembly decided that, in order to prevent misuse of the use of the seal and emblem of the United Nations, they may not be used without the permission of the Secretary-General. Anyone wishing to use the emblem of the United Nations must make a formal written request to the Executive Secretary. nine0003
The emblem of the United Nations has been included in the logos of a number of organizations of the UN system and is also used on United Nations stamps.
The following is the text of the United Nations Flag Regulations, as amended by the Secretary-General on 11 November 1952:
Whereas, by resolution 167 (II) of 20 October 1947, the General Assembly decided that the flag of the United Nations will bear the image adopted by the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of resolution 92 (I) of December 7, 1946, the official emblem placed in the center of the United Nations blue field, and authorized the Secretary-General to issue the Flag Regulations, bearing in mind the desirability of the regulated use of the flag and the need to protect the dignity of the latter; Whereas on the basis of these powers, the Secretary General issued the Flag Regulations on 19 December 1947; and
Whereas it has become desirable to amend this Flag Regulation to allow organizations and individuals wishing to demonstrate their support for the United Nations to fly the United Nations flag; nine0003
The Secretary-General, by virtue of the authority vested in him, hereby rescinds the Flag Regulations of 19 December 1947 and approves the following Flag Regulations:
in the center of the flag on a field of light blue, the official color of the United Nations. This white emblem is displayed on both sides of the panel, except when otherwise prescribed in the rules. The flag shall be made in such dimensions as may from time to time be prescribed by regulations. nine0003
2. Dignity of the flag
The flag must not be subjected to any degrading action.
3. Flag protocol
1) The flag of the United Nations may not be subordinate to any other flag;
2) The location of the flag of the United Nations in relation to any other flag is determined by the rules.
4. Flag use by the United Nations and United Nations specialized agencies
1) The flag is flown:
a ) on all buildings, offices and other property occupied by the United Nations;
b ) at all official residences, when specified by the rules;
2) The flag shall be used by any body acting on behalf of the United Nations, such as any committee, commission or other group established by the United Nations, in such circumstances as are not provided for in this Regulation, as may be necessary in interests of the United Nations; nine0003
3) The flag may be displayed on all buildings, offices and other property occupied by any specialized agency of the United Nations.
5. General Use of the Flag
The Flag may be used in accordance with these Flag Regulations by governments, organizations and individuals to demonstrate their support for the United Nations and to promote its principles and purposes. The procedure and conditions for flying the flag shall, as appropriate, be in accordance with the laws and customs regarding the display of the national flag of the country in which the flag is flown. nine0003
6. Use of the flag in military operations
In military operations, the use of the flag is subject to specific authorization from the competent authority of the United Nations.
The flag may not be used in any way inconsistent with this Regulation or any rules adopted pursuant to it. Under no circumstances may the flag or its image be used for commercial purposes or in direct association with any trade item. nine0003
The Secretary General will specify by special regulation or otherwise when the flag should be flown at half mast in mourning.
9. Manufacture and sale of the flag
1) The flag may be made for sale only with the written consent of the Secretary General;
2) Such consent is subject to the following conditions:
a ) the selling price of the flag is subject to agreement with the Secretary General,
b ) the manufacturer undertakes to provide each flag purchaser with the text of this Regulation, as well as the text of any subsequently issued rules, and also inform each purchaser that the use of the flag is limited to the conditions contained in this Regulation and in those issued in accordance with rules with him.
Any violation of these Flag Regulations may be penalized under the law of the country in which such violation occurred. nine0003
1) The Secretary General may delegate his powers conferred on him by these Regulations.
2) The Secretary General or his duly authorized representative is the only person authorized to make rules under this Regulation. Such rules may be made for the purposes specified in this Regulation, and generally for the purpose of implementing or clarifying any provision of this Regulation, whenever the Secretary-General or his duly authorized representative considers that such implementation or clarification is necessary. nine0003
As of 1 January 1967, the following rules for the implementation of the United Nations Flag Regulations have replaced the rules as amended by the Secretary-General on 11 November 1952.
The Flag Regulation itself remains as it was when it was amended on November 11, 1952.
I. Dimensions of the flag
a ) United Nations flag width 2,
United Nations flag length 3;
b ) United Nations flag width 3,
United Nations flag length 5;
c ) the same proportional dimensions as the national flag of the country in which the United Nations flag is used;
2) The emblem must in all cases take up half the width of the United Nations flag and must be placed exactly in the center of the flag. nine0003
II. Flag protocol
Pursuant to Article 3, paragraph 2, of the United Nations Flag Regulations, the conditions for flying the United Nations Flag are described below:
1. General provisions Nations may be flown or otherwise used in accordance with the Flag Regulations by governments, organizations and individuals wishing to show their support for the United Nations and to promote its principles and purposes; nine0003
b ) the United Nations flag may be flown alone or in combination with one or more other flags to show support for the United Nations and to promote its principles and purposes. The Secretary General may, however, limit the flying of the flag to special occasions only, either in general or in certain areas. In special circumstances, he may limit the display of the United Nations flag to the official use by the organs of the United Nations and the specialized agencies; nine0003
c ) when the United Nations flag is flown together with one or more other flags, all of these flags must be flown at the same level and must be approximately the same size;
d ) in no event shall any flag flown in conjunction with the flag of the United Nations be held at a higher level than the flag of the United Nations, and in no event shall any flag flown in conjunction with the flag United Nations, cannot be larger than the United Nations flag; nine0003
e ) the United Nations flag may be flown on either side of any other flag without being subordinate to that flag within the meaning of article 3, paragraph 1, of the United Nations Flag Regulations;
f ) as a general rule, the United Nations flag should only be displayed on buildings and fixed flagpoles from sunrise to sunset. On special occasions, the United Nations flag may also be flown in the same way at night; nine0003
g ) the flag must never be used as a drape or garland of any kind, must never be folded back or up, hung in folds, and must always be flown freely.
2. Closed circle of flags
The flag of the United Nations must in no way be displayed among the flags forming the circle. In such a circle, all the flags of the countries represented, other than the flag of the United Nations, must be flown in English alphabetical order, read in a clockwise direction. The flag of the United Nations shall always be flown on a flagpole in the center of the circle of flags or in an appropriate adjacent place. nine0003
3. Flags in a row, group or semicircle
All flags other than the flag of the United Nations in a row, group or semicircle shall be flown in the English alphabetical order of the names of the countries represented, starting from the left. In such cases, the flag of the United Nations shall be flown either alone in a suitable place or in the center of a row, group or semicircle; when there are two flags of the United Nations, they are placed at both ends of a row, group or semicircle. nine0003
4. The national flag of the country in which flags are displayed
a ) The national flag of the country in which flags are displayed is placed in its place according to the English alphabetical order;
b ) when the flagging country wishes to specifically highlight its national flag, this can only be done if the flags are displayed in a row, in a separate group or in a semicircle; in this case the national flag of the country in which the flags are displayed shall be flown at both ends of the row of flags and separated from the rest of the group of flags by a distance which shall not be less than one-fifth of the total length of the row. nine0003
III. Common use of the flag
a ) Pursuant to Article 5 of the United Nations Flag Regulations, the flag of the Organization may be used to show support for the United Nations and to promote its principles and purposes;
b ) flying the flag of the United Nations on the occasion of the following events is considered especially desirable:
i ) on all national and official holidays; nine0003
ii ) on United Nations Day, 24 October;
iii ) on the occasion of any official occasion, especially in honor of the United Nations;
iv ) on the occasion of any official event which may or may be desired to be associated with the United Nations.
a ) Pursuant to article 7 of the United Nations Flag Regulations, under no circumstances may the United Nations flag or its image be used for commercial purposes or in direct association with any trade item; nine0003
b ) notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in article ( a ) of this section, the United Nations flag or any representation thereof may not be stamped, printed, engraved or otherwise depicted on stationery , books, magazines, periodicals or other publications in such a way that this image may be construed to mean that such stationery, books, magazines, periodicals or other publications have been issued by or on behalf of the United Nations, unless it is in fact took place, or in such a way that the specified image was intended to advertise any commercial product; nine0003
c ), subject to the provisions of articles ( b ) and ( d ) of this section, the flag of the United Nations, or any representation thereof, may not be affixed in any form to any object that is not strictly required to fly the United Nations flag itself. Without limiting the general meaning of the foregoing, the flag of the United Nations may not be reproduced on items such as pillows, handkerchiefs, and the like, printed or otherwise displayed on paper napkins or boxes, used as any part of a suit or sports uniform, or any other clothing or depict on jewelry; nine0003
d ) notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this section, the display of the United Nations flag may be in the form of a rosette;
e ) no markings, icons, letters, words, numbers, drawings or images of any nature shall appear on or be affixed to the flag of the United Nations or appear on any display thereof.
a ) In the event of the death of the Head of State or Head of Government of a Member State of the Organization, the United Nations flag must be flown at half mast at United Nations Headquarters, at the United Nations Office in Geneva and at the United Nations offices located in that State;
b ) in such cases, at Headquarters and at Geneva, the United Nations flag must be flown at half mast within one day of notification of death. If, however, the flags have already been flown on that day, then, as a rule, they remain raised, but must be flown at half-mast on the day after death; nine0003
c ) if the procedure described in paragraph ( b ) above is not feasible due to bad weather or other reasons, the United Nations flag may be flown at half mast on the day of the funeral. Under exceptional circumstances, the flag may be flown at half-staff both on the day of death and on the day of burial;
d ) those offices of the United Nations not mentioned in paragraph ( a ) above, in the event of the death of any eminent person of a given country or of a Head of State or Head of Government of a Member State of the Organization, shall act in their discretion with taking into account local practice and in consultation with the Protocol Section of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and/or the local foreman of the diplomatic corps; nine0003
e ) the head of a specialized agency is authorized by the Secretary-General to half-staff the United Nations flag flown by that agency when he wishes to observe the official mourning of the country in which the branch of that agency is located. It may also half-mast the United Nations flag on all occasions when the specialized agency is in official mourning;
f ) the United Nations flag may also be flown at half-mast by special order of the Secretary-General on the death of a person of international renown and close association with the United Nations; nine0003
g ) in special circumstances, the Secretary-General may direct that the United Nations flag, wherever it is flown, be flown at half mast during the period of official United Nations mourning;
h ) When the United Nations flag is flown as a sign of mourning, it must first be raised to the very top and then flown at half mast. Before the flag is taken down at the end of the day, it must be raised again to the very top; nine0003
i ) when the United Nations flag is flown at half mast, no other flags are flown;
j ) during the funeral procession, mourning ribbons may be affixed to the poles of the United Nations flag only by order of the Secretary-General of the United Nations;
k ) when the flag of the United Nations is placed on the coffin, it must not be lowered into the grave or touch the ground.