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Classroom Management | Edutopia

George Lucas Educational Foundation




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  • 6 Ways to Create and Sustain Community

    Interviews with teachers reveal the importance of relationship-building and student voice and choice. Here’s how to incorporate these in classroom routines.

    Cara Furman


  • 4 Ways to Reduce Smartphone Distractions

    If students are allowed to have their phones at your school, you can set parameters to help them focus on their work.

    Sarah Said


  • Balancing Friendliness With Firmness

    By setting clear expectations for behavior early on, teachers can have fun with their students without losing control of their classrooms.

    Crystal Frommert


  • 8 Proactive Classroom Management Tips

    New teachers—and experienced ones too—can find ideas here on how to stop disruptive behavior before it begins.

    Youki Terada


  • A Student-Centered Model of Blended Learning

    When educators at a Washington, DC, high school ditched their lectures and devised a self-paced blended learning model, their students thrived.


  • Classroom Management Strategies That Build Relationships

    For minor behavioral challenges, these techniques can help you restore order while keeping students in the classroom. 

    David LaMaster


  • The First 5 Days: The Key to Success

    Make the start of the new school year go smoothly by preparing for students’ questions and anxieties before the first day of class.

    Cheryl Abla


  • Educators Turn to Bitmoji to Build Community and Engagement

    Both fun and practical, Bitmoji classrooms are adding some levity to fall planning this year.

    Emelina Minero


  • Using Hand Signals for More Equitable Discussions

    Whether your class discussions are online or off, hand signals enable students to engage in multiple ways.


  • 4 Proactive Steps to Avoid Misbehavior From the First Day of Class On

    Carefully working on relationship building right from the start of the school year can help teachers avoid discipline issues.

    Patrick Mooney


  • 10 Powerful Community-Building Ideas

    Strategies for ensuring that students in every grade feel like they’re part of the classroom community.

    Emelina Minero


  • 60-Second Strategy: Pom-Pom Jar

    Explicitly teaching and celebrating kindness is a simple yet powerful way to build a positive classroom culture.


  • Building Classroom Community Through Daily Dedications

    When students share stories about those who have inspired and impacted them, the whole classroom feels more connected.


  • 7 Attention-Getters to Use Instead of Raising Your Voice

    These visual and audio cues can help middle and high school teachers quickly get students back on track.

    Rachel Fuhrman


  • Tapping Into Compassion When Students Push Your Buttons

    Our brains are wired for knee-jerk responses—so how can you keep compassion and empathy front of mind?

    Andrew Boryga


Math | Edutopia

George Lucas Educational Foundation




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  • Making the Transition From Dependent to Independent Learning 

    Teachers can guide students to becoming independent learners with scaffolding that provides strategies for mastering material.

    Joseph Manfre


  • Creating an Environment Where All Students See That They Can Be Good at Math

    When teachers guide students to look beyond narrow metrics of success in math, more students will see their potential for learning.

    Crystal Frommert

  • 5 Ways to Stop Thinking for Your Students

    Too often math students lean on teachers to think for them, but there are some simple ways to guide them to think for themselves.

    Crystal Frommert


  • Using Test Corrections as a Learning Tool

    Assigning corrections as classwork and then retesting students allows a teacher to accurately assess if they have mastered the material.

    Margaret McDade


  • Don’t Underestimate the Power of Estimation

    These entertaining online tools will engage upper elementary math students in learning how to estimate, a useful skill now and later in life.

    John Young


  • Build Strong Math Vocabulary Skills Using These Simple Strategies

    Learning new vocabulary is a fundamental part of understanding math concepts. Use these strategies to build both fluency and engagement.

    Stephen Noonoo


  • An Alternative to Warm-Up Problems

    Starting math class with a warm-up problem is common. Here’s how one teacher starts with a little chat instead, before moving on to the math.

    Jay Wamsted


  • Reinforcing Elementary Math Lessons With Movement

    Combining simple exercises with math instruction can help ensure that elementary school students remember these lessons.

    Elizabeth Peterson


  • Why Students Should Write in All Subjects

    Writing improves learning by consolidating information in long-term memory, researchers explain. Plus, five engaging writing activities to use in all subjects.

    Youki Terada


  • Are We Teaching the Math Kids Need?

    Every child possesses vast mathematics potential, says Jo Boaler, Stanford University mathematics professor and best-selling author—but for them to access it, we need to rethink how we teach math.

    Sarah Gonser


  • 4 Ways to Make Math Fluency Activities Fun

    Effective fluency activities can offer students a moment of play, and their active engagement helps cement math facts in their minds.

    Kurt Stielow


  • 11 Teacher-Recommended Math Apps and Online Tools

    Whether you teach online or in person this fall, these digital math tools may come in handy for grades pre-K through 12.

    Emelina Minero


  • 3 Phrases That Can Demotivate Students in Math Class

    Seemingly innocuous statements can exacerbate math anxiety among learners—and avoiding these phrases can help all students see themselves as “math people.”

    Rachel Fuhrman


  • 5 Tips for Culturally Responsive Teaching in the Math Classroom

    Teachers can help all students feel like they belong in math classes by creating connections between course material and students’ lives.

    Elizabeth Canavan


  • 3 Grading Practices That Should Change

    By ensuring that their grading methods accurately report content knowledge, teachers can promote and reward student growth.

    Alexis Tamony


Index Investing This is a continuation and addition to investing in funds. The essence of funds in


November 16, 2021 at 9:39

Index investing
This topic is a continuation and addition to investing in funds. The essence of the funds is that the composition of the fund is chosen by the management company (MC), taking into account the policy of the fund, it sells assets, buys assets, that is, in fact, speculates. For example, everyone is talking about the ARK invest show fund from Katty Wood, which contains shares of the growing $TSLA, but the management company is obliged to «speculate» by presenting it under the rebalancing sauce, since the policy of the funds (and laws) determine the ratio of one company, that is, it in fact, it cuts the profitability of its fund, because such rules, it sells a growing asset, and buys a falling one, like $Z, to maintain the proportion in the funds and comply with the legislation, so as not to lose the license. Do you also sell growing companies in your portfolios and buy falling ones? If your approach to trading and investing is the same, then funds are the way to go. I have already talked a lot about funds, look for posts earlier.
With indices, everything is not quite the same, the management company simply issues shares for the index, but does not affect the composition of the index. An index is simply a group of securities, as a rule, changes in this group are very rare. There are several hundred thousand securities on the market, they are combined into groups (indices), they can be combined by ten $RUSE , or there may be thousands of $iwb companies (sp1000 only for quals). Who compiles the indexes? Yes, as well as private agencies or exchanges (read the same UK). Who do they include? The question is actually interesting, in the same $ SPGI there are several dozen outsiders who lost 40-60-70% in capitalization during a year (for example, for 2020), and if we ourselves looked at individual companies, then more than half of these 500 would be weeded out with minimal knowledge. The same SP500 is considered by the S&P Dow Jones Indices committee, and it also has criteria, it cannot reduce the list of 505 companies (today it seems to be such a number), for example, to 300 issuers. Or not to take some certain industries that are not growing or are already living out their lives. And the same rating agencies in 2008, for bribes, assigned the highest ratings, and based on these ratings, companies are also added to the index.
Conclusion: index investing is a wonderful tool for management companies, and for the issuers themselves, because inclusion in one or another index has a positive effect on stocks, but for a simple investor, if he has a little time and desire to understand the tool, this is not the best choice .
If you have time to look at the list of the same SP500 (or any other index), see what the companies are doing, their performance, and you will like everything and understand that you would gladly buy each individual company, but there is not enough money, then take shares in the index — it’s yours.
If you understand that something in the fund or ETF does not suit you (at least one issuer), then do not build illusions and choose the companies yourself.
Honestly, I will never understand people who invest in funds and ETFs, but I didn’t even look at the list of companies, what they do, I didn’t study issuers’ reports . … But here, of course, to each his own.
DmInvest (c) #index investing

What is a cryptocurrency index fund

Beware! Lots of text.

The Cryptocurrency Index Fund transforms the idea of ​​a traditional index fund (an investment vehicle designed to track the performance of a specific market index) by using tokens as underlying assets instead of company shares.


To better understand cryptocurrency index funds, it is necessary to study market indices. In short, a market index is calculated by using data to track and measure the performance of a stock market or a specific group of companies and their stocks. nine0003

Cryptocurrency index fund, in turn, transforms the idea of ​​a traditional index fund, using tokens as underlying assets instead of company shares. However, such funds are a relatively new development and there are currently very few of them.

What is a traditional index fund? An index fund is an investment portfolio designed to track a specific set of underlying assets.


A traditional index fund is usually described as a type of mutual fund structured to match the composition and performance of a particular financial market index (such as the S&P 500 or the Dow Jones Industrial Average).

But what is a mutual fund and a financial market index?

A mutual fund is a financial instrument that allows investors to pool their funds into one managed fund and earn a profit by investing in different assets such as stocks and bonds. The portfolio of such a fund is formed in accordance with the investment goals that are set by the fund and its managers. nine0003

A market index is calculated by using data to track and measure the performance of a stock market or any of its sections. The S&P 500, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and the FTSE 100 are all examples of market indices.

  • The S&P 500 tracks 500 large publicly traded companies in the US.

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average tracks the performance of the 30 largest US companies.

  • FTSE 100 tracks the performance of the top 100 companies by market capitalization on the London Stock Exchange. nine0003

In the case of an index fund, the investment portfolio is formed in such a way as to reflect the composition of a certain market index (according to the purpose of the fund). The main task of the fund is simply to match the performance of the market index.

At the same time, a portfolio in a mutual investment fund is formed by a manager who selects an asset for investment. The goal of such a fund is to outperform the market.

Advantages and disadvantages of traditional index funds

Index funds are considered to be a passive investment strategy, the income from which depends on the performance of the stock market. The purpose of such a fund is not to outperform the market, but simply to repeat the movement of the market index. Research shows that passive funds tend to perform better over the long term than active funds.

Thus, one of the main advantages of index funds is long-term and better results compared to actively managed funds. For example, the average annual return on the S&P 500 index from 1957 (when the index was first expanded to 500 shares) through the end of 2021 was 11.88%.

The index fund also guarantees portfolio diversification, as it includes a portion of each company included in the index. As a result, the investments of fund participants do not depend on the success of an individual company, but track the performance of the entire index as a whole. In other words, an index fund provides greater market access.

Because the index fund simply replicates the composition of the tracked index, the portfolio remains almost unchanged, resulting in lower transaction and trading costs, and lower fees. nine0003

However, the main disadvantage of such a system is its lack of flexibility. With good management, the fund will be able to weed out underperforming stocks and outperform the market. If the index falls, then the index fund will suffer losses, while an actively managed fund will be able to make a profit even during a downturn.

What is a cryptocurrency index fund

So, having understood the features of a traditional index fund, you probably already understand what a cryptocurrency index fund is. Many developments in the field of cryptocurrencies can be seen as Web3 upgrades of traditional markets and products, and the cryptocurrency index fund is no exception. It transforms the idea of ​​a traditional index fund by using cryptocurrency tokens as underlying assets instead of company stocks and bonds. nine0003

For example: An S&P 500 index fund invests its pooled funds in a basket of 500 stocks in the S&P 500 market index. A crypto-currency index fund, in turn, invests the money placed in it in several different cryptocurrencies.

In other words, a cryptocurrency index fund is an investment vehicle through which you can invest in a specific cryptocurrency index. At the same time, a cryptocurrency index fund provides access to a diversified portfolio of digital assets without the need to buy each token separately. nine0003

Features of a cryptocurrency index fund

The main difference between traditional and cryptocurrency index funds is the type of assets they invest in.

Another important difference is that crypto markets can be more volatile than traditional ones. Cryptocurrency index funds often experience strong price fluctuations, so participants in such funds can both make large profits and suffer significant losses.

In addition to potentially high risks and high returns, traditional and cryptocurrency index funds also differ in the number of supported products and accessibility for users. There are hundreds, if not thousands, of traditional index funds that track all kinds of market indices, while cryptocurrency index funds are a relatively new product and there are very few of them at the moment.

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