Puerto rican flag opposite colors: Comparing the Cuban and Puerto Rican Flags · SHEC: Resources for Teachers

Cuban Flag vs Puerto Rico Flag

The Puerto Rico flag is similar to the Cuban flag with a few changes. The only difference being the coat of arms in the center. The Puerto Rico Flag has the coat of arms that consists of a radiant Chief and six stars representing the five administrative regions, plus the capital region, that are commonwealths.

History of the Cuban Flag

The Cuban flag was designed by Francisco de Paula Santander, a Cuban general, in 1849. The flag was used during the Cuban War of Independence and was later adopted as the official flag of Cuba.

The Cuban flag is the national flag of Cuba. The current design was officially adopted on May 19, 1902. The Cuban flag is composed of three equal horizontal stripes (white, blue, and red) with a large yellow star in the middle. The Cuban national anthem, La Bayam de Cuba, is played every time the flag is hoisted. The Cuban flag was inspired by the Roman-Dutch Tricolour, an unofficial flag of the Dutch Republic. The Roman-Dutch Tricolour was a tricolor of yellow, white, and blue, and the Dutch Republic used it during the Dutch Revolt, a revolt against Spanish rule. The yellow represented the Netherlands, the blue represented the Mediterranean Sea, and the white represented the lands of the Dutch, who had been freed from the domination of the Spanish during their rule.

The Cuban flag was designed in 1849 by José Martínez and is composed of three equal horizontal stripes: white, blue, and red. The Cuban national anthem, La Bayam de Cuba, is played every time the flag is hoisted. The Cuban flag was created in 1849 and was used until it was changed to the current flag in 1961.

History of the Puerto Rico Flag

The Puerto Rican flag was designed in 1868 by Francisco Martínez del Mazal, a Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee member. The flag’s original design featured a blue background representing loyalty to the Union, a golden eagle symbolizing freedom, and 13 alternating white and red stars representing the 13 original colonies. The colors were changed to blue, white, and red in 1873, at the suggestion of Dr. Blas T. Torres, in honor of Puerto Rico’s first governor, General Juan Ponce de León. The current design was adopted in 1897 after the United States Congress established a separate flag for Puerto Rico.

The Puerto Rican flag was first flown in 1897, years before the United States flag, during Puerto Rico’s first independence celebration. The Puerto Rican flag is a blue flag with a gold Puerto Rico coat of arms. The design is based on the flags of Cuba and the United States, which were used as sources of inspiration by the Puerto Rico independence movement and the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Army, respectively. The blue color symbolized Puerto Rico’s loyalty to the Union, while the use of the stars as opposed to the Stars and Stripes demonstrated Puerto Rico’s desire for self-governance.

The Puerto Rican flag is a unique flag deeply rooted in tradition. The Puerto Rican flag is very similar in design to the Cuban flag. Both flags are red and in the middle is a blue circle with a white star. The circle is called the canton and is where the colors of the Puerto Rican flag are represented.

The Puerto Rican Flag and the Cuban Flag are known for their orange color. This color is based on the Spanish flag, which used the color orange to symbolize the downfall of the Muslim Empire of Cordoba. Over time, the color orange became associated with the Spanish Royal family and was used as a sign of rebellion against their rule. During the American Revolution, the colonists used orange as a sign of resistance against the British.

The Puerto Rican flag and the Cuban flag are both very different flags. The Puerto Rican flag is red, and the Cuban flag is also red, but it is made up of several different colors. The Puerto Rican flag is essentially the same as the Cuban flag, but it was designed later. The Puerto Rican flag was based on the Cuban flag, but it was redesigned later to have a more symbolic meaning.

The Puerto Rican flag is distinctively different from the American flag. In the United States, the flag symbolizes liberty, freedom and the nation itself. On the other hand, the Puerto Rican flag is a symbol of nationalism, and it was originally used as a symbol of Puerto Rican independence.

Representation of the Flags

What does the flag of both Puerto Rico and Cuba represent? The Puerto Rican flag is unique in that it is a symbol of both Puerto Rican nationalism and independence. The colors blue, white and red are the colors of Puerto Rican independence. These colors were chosen to represent the ideals of liberty, freedom and equality. The star in the blue canton symbolizes Puerto Rico’s status as the first Spanish territory in the New World.

The colors of the Puerto Rican flag stand for the three main island groups that make up Puerto Rico: the Puerto Rican people, the Island of Puerto Rico and the sky. The blue represents the Puerto Rican people, the white represents the Island of Puerto Rico, and the red represents the sky. The red stripes also represent the blood that was shed in pursuit of Puerto Rican independence.

The Cuban flag is a horizontal tricolor of blue, white and red. The colors are the Pan-American colors, and they have meaning in the history of Cuba and in the struggle for Cuban independence. The blue symbolizes Cuba and the Caribbean, the white represents peace and neutrality, and the red represents Cuban nationhood. The flag was originally adopted in 1879, before the revolution, and was known as the Flag of the Ten Cities.

Puerto Rico’s flag is red, white and blue, just like the United States flag. But unlike the flag of the United States, the Puerto Rican flag also has a red circle with a white star in the upper left corner. The red circle with the white star is known as the Cuban flag. The Cuban flag was used by Cuban patriots in the 19th century as inspiration for Puerto Rico’s current flag design.

People Also Ask

Why are Cuba and Puerto Rico flags the same?

Eventually, that flag was designated as the official flag of Cuba in 1903. The blue in all those Cuban flags was Navy blue, so it stands to reason that when the flag of Puerto Rico was adopted in 1895 (with the colors of the Cuban flag inverted), the triangle’s shade of blue was dark (Navy).

What is the difference between Puerto Rico and Cuba flags?

The Cuban flag has five horizontal stripes of blue and white. The red triangle and white five-pointed star are in the center. The flag of Puerto Rico is just the opposite. The three blue stripes represent the three departments into which Cuba was divided at that time.

Did Puerto Rico copy the Cuban flag?

The Cuban flag came first when it was designed in 1849 by Narciso López. Later, the flag of Puerto Rico was designed by Dr.Ramón Emeterio Betances in 1868.

Why are the Cuban and Puerto Rican flags so similar?

Why are the Cuban and Puerto Rican flags so similar





The national flags of Cuba and Puerto Rico are very similar. Both feature a combination of stripes and a triangle containing a star, and they share a similar color scheme. But have you ever wondered why this is so?  

In this article, we will dive into the history of both flags. We will discuss how a shared interest in taking down the Spanish Empire in a fight for independence led to an unofficial partnership, including the adoption of similar, yet different, national flags.   

The Cuban Flag  

Flag of Cuba

The national flag of Cuba features five alternating stripes. The three blue stripes represent the three departments, or military regions, that were present at the time. The two white bands represent purity, light, and the loyalist cause.   

The flag includes a red equilateral triangle along the hoist side, a symbol which dates to the French Revolution and represents strength, constancy, equality, fraternity, and livery. The triangle may also have some Masonic origins. Inside the triangle is a white star, representing independence.  

Cuba officially adopted the flag on May 20, 1902, and named it “The Estrella Solitaria,” or The Star Flag. Miguel Teurbe Tolón, a Cuban revolutionary and exile living in New York City, and a poet named Narciso López designed the flag in 1849.  

Tolón carried the Cuban flag during a failed coup in 1850 and hoisted it for the first time after the city of Cardenas was taken by Cuban rebels that same year.  

The Puerto Rican Flag  

Flag of Puerto Rico

The flag of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is a mirror image of the Cuban flag, except with the colors inverted. The flag consists of alternating horizontal stripes, similar to the Cuban flag, except featuring three red and two white stripes. The triangle along the hoist side is blue instead of red and includes the same white star in the middle.   

The three red stripes on the Puerto Rican flag represent the bloodshed that nourishes the three branches of government. The two white stripes represent liberty and the individual rights of man; The blue triangle represents the sky and ocean; The white star represents the Commonwealth itself.    

It is not uncommon for the Puerto Rican flag to feature different shades of blue. Some say the true shade is a dark Navy blue – meant to match the shade of blue used in the flag of the United States of America.   

However, many Puerto Ricans feel the original, lighter blue shade represents the correct design and that the darker shade was adopted after the U.S. gained possession of the island.  

Why Are the Cuban and Puerto Rican Flags Alike?  

The Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee unveiled the current flag during a meeting in New York City in 1892. The committee originally used The Lares Revolutionary flag, named after a short-lived rebellion against the Spanish crown known as “El Grito De Lares.”   

The independence movement designed The Lares Flag to reflect a plan for uniting the three Caribbean islands.  

The current flag’s design is credited to Francisco Gonsalo Marín but is also attributed to several members of the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee. A letter written by Juan de Mata Terreforte names Marín as having provided the inspiration for modeling the flag after the current Cuban flag.  

Other legends tell a different story involving Antonio Vélez Alvarado, another exiled revolutionary living in New York. According to the story, Alvarado was staring at the Cuban flag for several minutes before looking away toward the white wall nearby. This created an optical illusion of the flag with inverted colors on the blank wall, thus inspiring Alvarado to use the design for a new flag.  

Yet another story attributes the flag’s design to the father of Maria Manuela (Mima) Besosa, who claimed to have sewn the flag. The flag was officially adopted by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952, after having been outlawed since the U.S. took possession of Puerto Rico in 1898.  


Regardless of who the original designer was, the Puerto Rican flag was designed by a group of revolutionaries as a symbol of the rebellion against Spanish rule. The same is true of the Cuban flag, which was created for a similar reason. The decision to adopt a similar design, albeit with inverted colors, was likely meant to convey a message of solidarity in the fight for independence.   


Green in Culture — HiSoUR Cultural History

Green is the color between blue and yellow in the visible spectrum. It is caused by light that has a dominant wavelength of approximately 495-570 nm. In subtractive color systems used in ink and color printing, it is produced by a combination of yellow and blue, or yellow and cyan; in the RGB color model used on television and computer screens, it is one of the primary primary colors, along with red and blue, which are mixed in various combinations to create all other colors. By far the largest natural source of green is chlorophyll, the chemical by which plants photosynthesize and convert sunlight into chemical energy. Many creatures have adapted to their green environment by adopting a green hue as camouflage. Several minerals are green, including emerald, which is tinted green for its chromium content. nine0003

During post-classical and early modern Europe, green was commonly associated with wealth, merchants, bankers and nobles, while red was reserved for the nobility. For this reason, Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa costume and the benches in the British House of Commons are green, while those in the House of Lords are red. It also has a long historical tradition as the flower of Ireland and Gaelic culture. This is the historical color of Islam, representing the lush vegetation of Paradise. It was the color of the banner of Muhammad and has been found on the flags of almost all Islamic countries. nine0003

In surveys done in American, European and Islamic countries, green is the color most commonly associated with nature, life, health, youth, spring, hope and envy. In the European Union and the United States, green is also sometimes associated with toxicity and ill health, but in China and most of Asia its associations are very positive as a symbol of fertility and happiness. Because of its connection with nature, it is the color of the environmental movement. Environmental and social justice political groups describe themselves as part of the Green movement, some call themselves the Green Parties. This led to similar advertising campaigns as companies sold green or organic products. Green is also the traditional color of security and permission; green light means go ahead, green card allows permanent residence in the United States. nine0003

Symbolism and associations

Safety and permission
Green can convey safety information, as in traffic lights. Green and red were standardized as the colors of international railroad signals in the 19th century. The first traffic light using green and red gas lamps was installed in 1868 in front of the Houses of Parliament in London. It exploded the following year, injuring the police officer who was operating it. In 1912, the first modern electric traffic lights were installed in Salt Lake City, Utah. Red was chosen mainly for its high visibility and its association with danger, while green was chosen mainly because it could not be mistaken for red. Today, green lights everywhere signal that the system is on and working properly. In many video games, green stands for both health and goals completed, opposite red. nine0003

Nature, vivacity and life
Green is the color most commonly associated in Europe and the USA with nature, vivacity and life. It is the color of many environmental organizations such as Greenpeace and the Green Parties in Europe. Many cities designate a garden or park as a green space and use green dumpsters and containers. The green cross is commonly used to represent pharmacies in Europe.

In China, green is associated with the east, with the rising of the sun, and with life and growth. In Thailand, the color green is considered auspicious for those born on a Wednesday (light green for those born at night). nine0003

Spring, freshness and hope
Green is the color most commonly associated in the US and Europe with spring, freshness and hope. Green is often used to symbolize rebirth, renewal and immortality. In Ancient Egypt; the god Osiris, king of the underworld, was depicted as green-skinned. Green, as the color of hope is associated with the color of spring; Hope represents the belief that things will get better after a period of hardship, such as the renewal of flowers and plants after the winter season. nine0003

Youth and inexperience
Green is the color most commonly associated in Europe and the US with youth. It is also often used to describe anyone young, inexperienced, probably by analogy with immature and immature fruits. Examples include green cheese, a term for fresh cheese without cheese, and greenhorn, an inexperienced person.

Calm, Tolerant, and Pleasant
Polls also show that green is the color most associated with calmness, pleasantness, and tolerance. Red is associated with warmth, blue with cold and green with pleasant temperatures. Red is associated with dry, blue with wet and green, in the middle, with dampness. Red is the most active color, blue is the most passive; green, in the middle, is the color of neutrality and serenity, sometimes used in architecture and design for these reasons. Blue and green together symbolize harmony and balance. nine0003

Jealousy and envy
Green is often associated with jealousy and envy. The expression «green-eyed monster» was first used by William Shakespeare in Othello: «This is a green-eyed monster that mocks the meat on which it feeds.» Shakespeare also used it in The Merchant of Venice, speaking of «green jealousy».

Love and Sexuality
Today, green is not usually associated in Europe and the United States with love and sexuality, but in the history of the medieval period it sometimes represents love and the basic, natural desires of man. It was the color of the serpent in the Garden of Eden that caused the fall of Adam and Eve. However, for troubadours, green was the color of growing love, and light green clothing was reserved for young women who were not yet married. nine0003

In Persian and Sudanese poetry, dark-skinned women, called «green» women, were considered erotic. The Chinese term for cuckold is «wearing a green hat». This was because in ancient China, prostitutes were called the «green lantern family» and the prostitute’s family wore a green headscarf.

In Victorian England, the color green was associated with homosexuality.

Dragons, fairies, monsters and devils
In folk tales and film legends, fairies, dragons, monsters and the devil are often shown in green. nine0003

In the Middle Ages, the devil was usually shown as red, black or green. Dragons were usually green because they had a reptilian head, claws and tails.

Modern Chinese dragons are also often green, but unlike European dragons they are benevolent; Chinese dragons traditionally symbolize powerful and auspicious forces, especially control over water, rainfall, hurricanes, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength and good luck. The Emperor of China commonly used the dragon as a symbol of his imperial strength and power. Dragon dances are a popular feature of Chinese festivals. nine0003

In Irish folklore and English folklore, the color was sometimes associated with witchcraft and also with fairies and spirits. The type of Irish fairy known as the leprechaun is usually depicted wearing a green costume, although until the 20th century it was usually described as wearing a red costume.

In theater and cinema, green was often associated with monsters and inhumans. The earliest Frankenstein films were in black and white, but in the poster for the 1935 version of Bride of Frankenstein, the monster had a green face. Actor Bela Lugosi wore a green shade of makeup for his role as Dracula in the Broadway stage production of 1927-1928 years.

Poison and disease
Like other common colors, green has several completely opposite associations. Although it is the color most associated with Europeans and Americans in good health, it is also the color most commonly associated with toxicity and poison. There was a solid foundation for this association; in the nineteenth century, several popular paints and pigments, notably verdigris, vert de Schweinfurt, and vert de Paris, were highly toxic, containing copper or arsenic. The intoxicating drink absinthe was known as the «green fairy». nine0003

Green skin tone is sometimes associated with nausea and sickness. The expression «green on the gills» means the appearance of the sick. The color, when combined with gold, is sometimes seen as a manifestation of the fading of youth. In some Far Eastern cultures, green is used as a symbol of sickness or nausea.

Social status, prosperity and the dollar
Green in Europe and the United States is sometimes associated with status and prosperity. From the Middle Ages to the 19th century, it was often worn by bankers, merchants, country gentlemen, and others who were wealthy but not members of the nobility. Benches in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, where landowners sat, are painted green. nine0003

In the United States, green was associated with the dollar merchant. Since 1861, the back of the dollar bill has been green. Green was originally chosen because it deterred counterfeiters who tried to use early camera equipment to duplicate banknotes. Also, because the notes were thin, the green on the back was not shown and confused the photos on the front of the note. Green continues to be used because the public now associates it with a strong and stable currency. nine0003

One of the most notable uses of this value is found in The Wonderful Wizard of the Country. The Emerald City in this story is where everyone wears tinted glasses that make everything look green. According to the populist interpretation of history, the color of the city is used by author L. Frank Baum to illustrate America’s financial system in his day, as he lived at a time when America was debating the use of paper money versus gold.

Flag of Italy (1797) was modeled after the French flag. It was originally the flag of the Republic of Cisalpine, and the green one is from the uniform of the army of Milan.

Flag of Brazil (1889). Green was inherited from the flag of the Empire of Brazil, where it represented the color of the House of Braganza.

Flag of Ireland (1919). Green represents the culture and traditions of Gaelic Ireland.

Flag of India (1947). The color green has been said at various times to represent India’s Muslim community, hope or prosperity. nine0011 Flag of Bangladesh (1971). The green field signifies the splendor of the land of Bangladesh

The flag of Saudi Arabia (1973) is the green color of Islam. The inscription in Arabic reads: «There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his Prophet»,

The flag of South Africa (1994) includes green, yellow and black, the colors of the African National Congress.

The former flag of Libya (1977-2011) was the only monochrome flag in the world, without design or details.

Flag of Nigeria (1960 year). The green represents the country’s forests and natural wealth.

Flag of Pakistan (1947). The green part represents the country’s Muslim majority.

Flag of Italy (1797) was modeled after the French tricolor. It was originally the flag of the Cisalpine Republic, whose capital was Milan; red and white were the colors of Milan, while green was the color of the military uniform of the Army of the Cisalpine Republic. Other versions say it is the color of the Italian landscape or symbolizes hope. nine0003

The flag of Brazil has a green field adapted from the flag of Brazil. The green color represented the royal family.

The flag of India was inspired by Gandhi’s earlier independence movement flag which had a red group for Hinduism and a green group representing Islam, the second largest religion in India.
Flag of Pakistan symbolizes Pakistan’s commitment to Islam and equal rights of religious minorities where the majority (3:2 ratio) of the flag is dark green representing the Muslim majority (98% of the total population), while a white vertical bar (3:1 ratio) on the mast representing equal rights for religious minorities and minority religions in the country. The crescent and star symbolize progress and a brighter future, respectively.

The flag of Bangladesh has a green field based on a similar flag used during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. It consists of a red disk over a green field. The red disk reflects the rising sun over Bengal, as well as the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh. The green field signifies the splendor of the land of Bangladesh. nine0003

Green is one of the three colors (together with red and black, or red and gold) of Pan-Africanism. As such, several African countries use the color on their flags, including Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana, Senegal, Mali, Ethiopia, Togo, Guinea, Benin, and Zimbabwe. The Pan-African colors are borrowed from the Ethiopian flag, one of the oldest independent African countries. The greens on some African flags represent Africa’s natural wealth.

Many flags of the Islamic world are green, as the color is considered sacred in Islam (see below). The flag of Hamas, as well as the flag of Iran, is green, symbolizing their Islamist ideology. Flag 1977 years in Libya consisted of a simple green field with no other characteristics. It was the only single color national flag in the world, with no design, insignia or other details. Some countries have used the green flag in their flags to represent their country’s lush vegetation, as in the flag of Jamaica, and to hope for the future, as in the flags of Portugal and Nigeria. The green cedar tree of Lebanon on the flag of Lebanon officially represents resilience and tolerance.

The green symbol of Ireland, often referred to as the «Emerald Isle». The color is especially identified with republican and nationalist traditions in modern times. It is used in this way on the flag of the Republic of Ireland, in balance with white and Protestant orange. Green is a strong trend in the Irish St. Patrick’s holiday.

In politics
The first registered green party was a political faction in Constantinople in the 6th century Byzantine Empire. which takes its name from the popular racing chariot team. They were bitter opponents of the blue faction, which supported Emperor Justinian I and who had his own racing team. In 532, as a result of one race, riots began between factions, which led to the massacre of green supporters and the destruction of much of the center of Constantinople. (See Nika Riotov). nine0003

Green has been the traditional color of Irish nationalism since the 17th century. The green harp flag with the traditional Gaelic harp has become a symbol of the movement. It was the banner of the Society of the United Irishmen who organized the Irish Rebellion of 1798, calling for the independence of Ireland. The uprising was crushed by great power bloodshed by the British army. When Ireland achieved independence in 1922, the green flag was included in the national flag.

In the 1970s, green became the color of the third largest political party of the Swiss Federal Council, the Swiss People’s Party SVP. The ideology is Swiss nationalism, national conservatism, right-wing populism, economic liberalism, agrarianism, isolationism, euroscepticism. SVP was founded on September 22, 1971 years old and has 90,000 members.

In the 1980s, green became the color of a number of new European political parties organized around an environmentalist agenda. Green was chosen for its association with nature, health and growth. The largest green party in Europe is Alliance ’90 / The Greens (German: Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen) in Germany, which was formed in 1993 after the merger of the German Green Party, founded in West Germany in 1980, and Alliance 90, founded in revolution time 1989-1990 in East Germany. In the 2009 federal election, the party won 11% of the vote and 68 out of 622 seats in the Bundestag.

Green parties in Europe have programs based on ecology, grassroots democracy, non-violence and social justice. Green parties meet in over a hundred countries, and most of them are members of the Global Green Network.

Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization that emerged from the anti-nuclear and peace movements in 1970s. His ship, the Rainbow Warrior, often tried to interfere with nuclear testing and whaling operations. The movement now has branches in forty countries.

The Australian Green Party was founded in 1992. In the 2010 federal election, the party received 13% of the vote (over 1.6 million votes) in the Senate, a first for any Australian small party.

Green is the color associated with the Puerto Rico Independence Party, the smallest of the country’s three major political parties, which advocates Puerto Rico’s independence from the United States. nine0003

In religion
Green is the traditional color of Islam. According to tradition, Muhammad’s robe and banner were green, and according to the Qur’an (XVIII, 31 and LXXVI, 21) those fortunate enough to live in Paradise wear green silk robes. Muhammad is quoted in a hadith saying that «water, greenery and a beautiful face» were three universally good things.

Al-Khidr («Green») was an important figure in the Qur’an who was said to have met and traveled with Moses. He was given this name because of his role as a diplomat and negotiator. Green was also considered the median color between light and obscurity. nine0003

Roman Catholic and more traditional Protestant clergy wear green vestments at liturgical feasts at regular times. In the Eastern Catholic Church, green is the color of Pentecost. Green is also one of the Christmas colors, perhaps dating back to pre-Christian times when evergreens were worshiped for their ability to keep their color through the winter season. The Romans used green holly and evergreen as decorations to celebrate their winter solstice, called the Saturnalia, which eventually turned into a Christmas holiday. Especially in Ireland and Scotland, green is used to represent Catholics while orange is used to represent Protestantism. This is shown on the national flag of Ireland. nine0003

Gambling and sports
Casino gaming tables are traditionally green. The tradition is said to have started in gambling rooms in Venice in the 16th century.
Billiard tables are traditionally covered with green woolen cloth. The first indoor tables, dating back to the 15th century, were painted green after grass courts were used for similar lawn games of the period.
Green was the traditional color worn by hunters in the 19th century, especially the shade called hunter’s green. In the 20th century, most hunters began to wear olive grey, a shade of green, rather than hunter’s green. nine0011 Green is the common color for sports teams. Notable teams include AS Saint-Étienne of France known as Les Verts (The Greens). A number of national football teams feature color, with the color usually reflecting the teams’ national flag.
British Racing Green was Britain’s international car racing color from the early 1900s until the 1960s, when it was replaced by sponsoring car company colors.
The green belt in karate, taekwondo and judo symbolizes the level of proficiency in the sport. nine0003

Idioms and expressions
Has a green thumb. Being captivating or talented in gardening. The expression of popularity was started in 1925 by the BBC Horticulture Program.
Greenhorn. One who is inexperienced.
Green-eyed monster. Refers to jealousy. (See the section above on jealousy and envy).
Blackmail. A term used for financing and corporate takeovers. It refers to the practice of a company paying a high price to buy back equity shares to prevent a hostile takeover by another company or businessman. It originated at 1980s on Wall Street and comes from the green dollar.
Green room. A room in a theater where actors rest when not on stage, or a room in a TV studio where guests wait before going on camera. It originated in the late 17th century from a room of this color at the Theater Royal, Drury Lane in London.
Greenwashing. Environmental activists sometimes use the term to describe a company’s advertising that promotes its good environmental practices to cover up its environmental destruction. nine0011 Green around the gill. Description of a person who appears to be physically ill.
Green is coming. An expression commonly used to refer to conservation of the environment and participation in activities such as recycling materials.

Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn — U.S. Controversy Ahead of Congressional Elections

79% of Americans surveyed believe that «things in the country are out of control»
Photo from CBSNews news program

The US midterm elections on November 8 are just a few days away. At stake is the entire composition of the House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the upper house — the Senate. The governors of 36 states and three territories, deputies of legislative assemblies and other officials will also be re-elected.

Now the ruling Democratic Party has a nine-seat advantage in the lower house, and the votes are evenly divided in the Senate. Observers believe that the Republicans, whose unofficial leader is former US President Trump, have every opportunity to get a large majority in the House of Representatives, and, with good fortune, to gain a small majority in the Senate, although the situation there is somewhat more complicated for their candidates. It is expected that the Republicans will be able to oust a fairly large number of Democratic governors, and now they are in the lead even in some liberal states, for example, in New York. nine0003

Mid-term elections to the Congress have always been in the center of attention of the American and the world political beau monde. But this year, their results both across the ocean and in Europe are awaited with particular interest, since the victory of the supporters of the Elephant Party (Republicans) will inevitably lead to at least some adjustment of the foreign and domestic policy of the current administration headed by the aged Biden. For «sleepy Joe» in the remaining two years, the presidential chair turns into a wheelchair, since the Congress, which is opposed to many components of his domestic and foreign policy, will actually tie his actions hand and foot. Not to mention the fact that attempts to impeach the president or remove him from power due to incapacity on the basis of the 25th Amendment to the US Constitution (“inability to perform his duties”) are not ruled out. nine0002 According to one of the fault lines, today the United States is practically two states in one, which was especially clearly demonstrated by the results of the previous presidential elections, when the country was split into two equal parts — into supporters of Republicans and Democrats. Moreover, over the past two years, the situation has not only not changed, but even worsened. That is, this crack has become even deeper.

Republicans still believe they were robbed of their victory in that presidential election. In addition, the Biden administration, with its domestic policy, which led to a record level of inflation in 40 years, as well as adventurous foreign policy, which caused an increase in military tension in the world, managed to scare away a fairly noticeable part of its traditional supporters. That is why no one can accurately predict how they will vote. But during the election campaign, observers could not fail to notice that the candidates from the “donkey party” (Democrats) shied away from the current owner of the White House like the plague. And he himself, contrary to tradition, devoted very little time to supporting Democratic candidates. nine0003

Another deepest wrinkle on the face of the American Statue of Liberty was the sharp aggravation of relations between white and black America, or, more precisely, between European Americans and representatives of national minorities. It came in the wake of protests that swept across the country in May 2020 after the police killed criminal Floyd during arrest. The then emerging BLM (“Black Lives Matter”) movement cynically used the so-called “new political correctness” of a section of the liberal-minded population to essentially turn life upside down in many states, forcing, as the country sadly joked, “white Americans who were never slave owners to apologize to those blacks who were never slaves.» nine0003

In the United States, people are now talking with concern about the emergence of “racism in reverse” or “white racism”, when African Americans demanded not only compensation for their “years of oppression” and various benefits, but also recognition of them almost as “the highest race.» In «specially correct» states in schools, children even began to be hammered into their heads that whites are a criminal nation. The so-called «police reform» in many cities and states led to a reduction in the cost of maintaining it, which, of course, could not but cause a sharp increase in the level of crime, including murders, robberies, and rapes. The most radical representatives of the BLM regarded all this as giving them «carte blanche» for robbery and robbery with impunity. Moreover, such rampant gangsterism, if you call a spade a spade, is especially noticeable in the most “politically correct states” such as California. nine0003

A bad example is known to be contagious. “But what could be done like that?”, apparently, representatives of other national minorities from among the poorest population, including immigrants from Latin America, said to themselves.

So, this confrontation has ceased to be a problem of «blacks against whites», but has resulted in a much deeper, long-standing split between Americans — the descendants of European immigrants and national minorities, for example, immigrants from Africa and Latin America. Although Americans like to call their country «melting pot», i.e. a kind of «vessel» in which representatives of different nationalities are melted into a single nation, but in fact this has never happened. Latinos, Chicanos, African Americans, Asians have always existed and exist as some separate communities within the country with their own customs, religion, culture, and even the English language rewritten in its own way. nine0003

All this «color warp» could not but ultimately cause a backlash of the white majority. It was not by chance that I wrote «yet» because the white population in the United States, according to statistics, is steadily declining. In the United States, for the first time in 200 years, the number of people identifying as white has declined. According to the 2020 census, it has decreased to 204.3 million people. In 2010, this figure was 223.6 million, thus reducing white Americans by 8.6%. For the first time, whites made up less than 60% of the American population. Now they are only 57.8%, while in 2010 this figure was 63.7%. If this continues like this, the Anglo-Saxons will soon become a minority in the country. nine0003

Well, the appearance of BLM could not but cause a counter-reaction on their part. Not only did a kind of armed «people’s squad» appear in the country to protect areas with a predominantly white population from raids by black gangs, but also, especially in the Midwest and South, various far-right movements that put forward openly racist slogans have sharply intensified.

There is another line of deep split. We often generalize indiscriminately, declaring that the United States is in the grip of an epidemic of “immoral neoliberalism” with its perverse LGBT political correctness. In fact, this is far from the case. There are two Americas opposing each other on moral and ethical issues. On the one hand, there are millions of conservative-minded people who adhere to traditional Protestant values. A significant part of the East Coast, provincial «one-story America» ​​and other American states are not only far from this «new» pseudo-ideology, but also refuse to accept it. And then there are Mormons and Quakers, who are extremely strict in observing the basic Christian commandments. More than half of the population of Utah alone, that is, over 1.5 million people, for example, identify themselves as Mormons. nine0003

All these supporters of the Christian faith are opposed by ultra-liberals, concentrated mainly in large metropolitan areas, who have already invented about a hundred new “genders” (do not even ask which ones — it is impossible for a normal person to understand this nonsense), who reject the norms of traditional universal morality, and besides, they actually add fuel to the fire of ethnic strife, rewriting history and declaring the founding fathers of the United States oppressors and slave traders.

In this regard, American observers are increasingly asking the question of how these two completely opposite camps can continue to coexist within the same country? nine0003

Today, this confrontation is increasingly spilling over in the form of sharp conflicts at the legislative and political levels. Moreover, they are, in fact, being provoked from the current White House, which is trying to fix the LGBT+ agenda in the rank of state policy by hook or by crook. President Biden once even called transgender people “made in the image of God,” and just the other day approved the practice of gender reassignment in children. But his administration’s attempts to legalize the perverted agenda are not at all enthusiastic in «deep» America. Attorneys general of almost half of the US states — 20 out of 50 — filed a lawsuit against the administration, demanding to cancel the order of the Department of Education, according to which the country’s educational institutions had to satisfy a number of LGBT requirements that are absolutely unacceptable from the point of view of generally accepted human morality. nine0003

The mouthpiece of American conservatives, the magazine with the characteristic name «The American Conservative» recently published an article in which it stated with alarm that in the United States, in fact, a state «LGBT+religion» was formed, and the «rainbow flag» is increasingly replacing the American Stars and Stripes banner. The choice, according to The American Conservative, is: «either — or. » Either society recognizes this as something “normal” or rebels against it — there is no golden mean in this matter. nine0003

Against this background, one can hardly be surprised that American experts quite seriously consider the possible disintegration of the United States into several independent states, which may occur as early as the 2030s of this century. Some even name the number of countries — six, which can appear in the place of the current United States on a racial, national, religious, territorial and economic basis.

Prerequisites for the collapse really exist. Separatist sentiments have long been strong in many states of the country, and especially in Texas and California. The «California Separatist Party» has long called for an «Independent California Republic.» Polls show that more than half of the people of oil-rich Texas recognize the state’s right to secede or even demand it immediately. GOP supporters in Texas have called for a 2023 referendum on the state’s secession from the United States. nine0003

Similar sentiments were also recorded in South Carolina and Louisiana. Quite tangible separatist sentiment in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. And some politicians in New York remembered the mid-19th century idea of ​​creating a «Free City of New York.»

Washington Post columnist Stephen Marsh, in one of his columns, looked at the forms that a possible division of the United States might take. And first of all, in his opinion, it can happen on a political basis — to the «democratic» and «republican» States of America. This is backed up by public opinion polls. For example, a poll released in September 2021 by the Virginia State University Policy Center found that 41% of Biden voters and 52% of Trump supporters at least «somewhat agree» with the state’s secession from the United States and the formation of a separate state. nine0003

In a number of states of the country with a predominantly black population, calls for the creation of separate states on their basis have also sharply intensified. By the way, in my book in the genre of «political fantasy» «Reincarnation — 50th year of the new era (Crazy Dreams of a Normal Person)» one of the storylines is a military confrontation between the two states — the Northern States of America (USA) and the United African American States (USA). It is clear that I did not have to suck this thought out of my finger. The influential US publication The National Interest recently described this scenario: “The United States will be in the process of a demographic transition from predominantly white to non-white in the 2040s. White Americans, especially conservative ones, will not voluntarily cede power to an emerging majority with a different skin color. Instead, they will try to maintain by force the status quo — their dominant position in society. In the worst case scenario for Washington, civil unrest will lead to the collapse of the state.” Here is such a not even fantastic picture drawn. nine0003

The depth of the socio-political split in the United States on the eve of the current midterm elections can also be estimated from the results of public opinion polls. Thus, a sociological study conducted by Quinnipack University showed that the vast majority of respondents named the main threat to the United States as “internal political instability.” This was expressed by 83% of supporters of the Democratic Party, 66% of Republicans and 78% of independent voters. At the same time, 53% of the respondents agreed with the statement that during their lifetime the political situation in the country will worsen even more. nine0003

A new term has even appeared in American society — «Cold Civil War». In this regard, the English newspaper The Guardian wrote that distrust of democratic institutions is growing in the United States, and at the same time, half of Americans believe that in the United States, theoretically, a real, rather than a “cold civil war,” could begin in the coming years.

According to a survey by Garen Wintemute’s Center for the Study of Gun Violence, one in five Americans believe that «political violence is justified in some circumstances. » In addition, about 40% of those polled said they were “ready to give up democracy in order to get a strong leader at the head of the state.” nine0003

It would seem that in such a situation, the White House would have to do everything possible to find a way to mitigate this opposition of “whites against coloreds”, “believers against atheists”, “Republicans against Democrats”. But so far the administration is doing exactly the opposite. A nationwide manhunt has been announced for protesters on Capitol Hill on January 6, 2021, who have been declared “domestic terrorists.” Those who can be identified are sentenced to long prison terms. By this logic, the same label can be placed on anyone who dares to demonstrate against the policies of the ruling Democratic Party. Which, in fact, was done by President Biden himself, who called supporters of the Republican Party and Trump personally «fascists.» nine0003

In the best spirit of totalitarianism, the White House used all administrative resources to neutralize its main opponent, Donald Trump. Criminal cases are being initiated against his closest advisers under various pretexts, and a search, unprecedented in American terms, was conducted at his residence.

Naturally, such a bizarre state of American society cannot but be reflected in the situation within both parties. The situation in the «donkey party» was best demonstrated by the demonstrative withdrawal from the ranks of the Democrats of the former member of the US House of Representatives, former vice chairman of the National Committee of the Democratic Party Tulsi Gabbard, who nominated in 2019his candidacy in the presidential elections.

“I can no longer remain in such a Democratic Party that I was completely controlled by an elite cabal of warmongers with a cowardly consciousness. They divide us by turning every issue into a racial issue and fueling anti-white racism. They undermine God-given freedoms and are hostile to people of faith and spirituality. They demonize the police and protect criminals at the expense of law-abiding Americans. They believe in open borders, but arm the «national security state» to persecute political opponents. And, in particular, they are pushing us ever closer to nuclear war,” said Tulsi Gabbard, calling on “democratic colleagues with common sense and independent views to join her and leave the ranks of the Democratic Party.” nine0003

In fact, the question of creating a new party in the United States has now been quite openly raised, which until recently seemed completely unthinkable for a country with a rigid two-party system. This proposal was made by a group of prominent representatives of the Republican and Democratic parties, dissatisfied with the policies of their leadership.

Faithful in the distant past, Marxist-Leninists, for sure, remember one of Lenin’s famous quotes: “For a revolution, it is not enough that the lower classes do not want to live as before. It also requires that the tops could not manage and manage, as before. And it is quite obvious that the current American «top» not only failed to solve any of the most acute internal problems of American society, but also provoked their deepening.

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