Puerto rico independence party: Caribbean Elections | Puerto Rican Independence Party (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)

Caribbean Elections | Puerto Rican Independence Party (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)

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Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP)
The Puerto Rican Independence Party (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño, PIP) is a Puerto Rican political party that campaigns for the independence of Puerto Rico from United States suzerainty.

The party was founded on October 20, 1946, by Gilberto Concepción de Gracia (1909–1968) and his colleague Fernando Milan Suarez. They felt the independence movement had been «betrayed» by the Partido Popular Democrático, whose ultimate goal had originally been independence.

Those who follow the PIP ideology are usually called independentistas, pipiolos, or sometimes just pro-independence activists in the anglosphere.

During the 2008 elections, the PIP lost official recognition for the second time, obtaining 2.04% of the gubernatorial vote. Loss of recognition was official on January 2, 2009. The minimum vote percentage to keep official recognition is 3.0% as per the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico law. The party also lost both of its seats in the legislature, where they had had one seat in each house.

In May, 2009, the party submitted more than 100,000 signed petitions to the Puerto Rico’s elections commission and regained legal status.

During the 2012 elections, the PIP lost official recognition for the third time, obtaining 2. 5% of the gubernatorial vote. Loss of recognition will be official on January 2, 2013. The minimum vote percentage to keep official recognition is 3.0% as per the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico law. For the 2016 election, Senator María de Lourdes Santiago was the party’s nominee. She obtained 33,452 votes and came in fifth place, with 2.1% of the vote.

Leader Rubén Berríos MARTINEZ
Founded 20 October 1946
Party Colour Green and white
Ideology Social democracy,
Puerto Rican independence
Political Position Centre-left
Youth Wing Juventud PIP
Seats in the Senate 1/30
Seats in the House of Representatives 1/51
Seats in the Municipalities 0/78
Status Active
Political Parties in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Elections
PIP 2012 Programa
PIP 2008 Programa
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Puerto Rico Independence Party Point of View

Puerto Rico Independence Party

Point of View


The Puerto Rico Independence Party believes in full independence from
the United States to form a new completely separate country with full

This proposed Puerto Rican country would base its economy in tourism,
manufacturing, agriculture, service industries and a new foreign trade
without all the trade and tariff restrictions imposed by the U.S.
Government. Its largest trade volume will be, as it is today, with free
trade with the United States. Part of the income of the proposed new
country would come from rental income from considerable amounts of
property used by the Federal Government including among others several
military bases, and will attempt to maintain some of the economic grants
Puerto Rico receives today. The new government will also apply for
numerous funds available for underdeveloped or developing nations. These
funds are granted today to a number of other countries around the world.

Followers of the independence status call themselves «independentistas».
They usually identify themselves by their party’s green flag with a white
horizontal cross, or by waving a sole Puerto Rican flag. This latter as a
symbol of Puerto Rico alone, without the U.S. relationship.

Regarding citizenship, the Puerto Rico Independence Party has suggested
the possibility of negotiating dual citizenship. Puerto Rico citizens
would have the option to maintain a second American citizenship.

John A. Regis Jr, July 1998.  

We invite the Puerto Rico
Independence Party to submit its own official position of American
Citizenship and the relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States
for inclusion in this page.

ADDITIONAL articles on independence and/or PIP are coming soon…

English Home |
Spanish Version ]

[ American Citizenship |
History of American Citizenship in P.R.

[ View of Congress, the Courts and the
Federal Government ]

[ View of the Political Parties: PNP |
| PIP ]

[ American Citizenship in the
process of Self Determination ]

[ Much has happened since July
25, 1898 | Notable Quotes

[ Suggested Links and
Bibliography | Conclusions

This web page is maintained by John A. Regis Jr.

For more information please contact us at [email protected].

Copyright 1998, Puerto Rico USA Citizenship Foundation.

Mafia, prostitution, EU: a brief history of referendums

Subscribe to our newsletter «Context»: it will help you understand the events.

On Thursday 23 June, British voters will have to answer the question of whether they want the UK to remain in the EU or are in favor of leaving it.

The vote was preceded by a long campaign that split the British government and attracted the attention of the whole world. nine0005

This referendum is interesting because, as a result, Britain could become the first country to leave the EU.

Since 1793, when voters in France voted for a new revolutionary constitution, there have been nearly 3,000 national referendums around the world, and many more on local and regional issues.

  • About Brexit, Seagulls, Passport Lions and Driving on the Left
  • The «Great Debate» on EU membership took place in London
  • Irish stew, or what «Brexit» threatens the Irish
  • Adventures of Miss Britain and Her European Orchestra

Click to see content: all_referendums_history_eng

Since the 1970s, the number of referendums in the world has grown rapidly and peaked in the 90s. For example, in 1995, a referendum was held in Italy on 12 issues, including the question of the applicability of house arrest to members of the mafia. In 1997, a referendum was held in Ecuador on 14 issues at once, including the removal of the country’s president from office. nine0005 Image description,

Italian mafia boss Salvatore Rina was put on trial in 1995.

A referendum is considered to be a voter poll on anything from the nationalization of the gas industry to the introduction of a new electoral system.

In 2009, Switzerland held a referendum on the construction of mosques, and in 2012, Zurich, the country’s largest city, held a plebiscite on the introduction of special sex parking lots for prostitution in cars. nine0005

Switzerland is one of the few countries in the world where direct democracy is practiced, based on the submission of various issues to referendums.

Skip the Podcast and continue reading.


What was that?

We quickly, simply and clearly explain what happened, why it’s important and what’s next.


The End of History Podcast

Although some referendums are exotic, they are widely used to resolve important issues, such as declaring independence, secession from other countries, or ending membership in an international organization. nine0005

Since 1945, more than 50 referendums on independence have been held around the world, with 27 of them having a majority in the affirmative and 25 in the negative.

However, most of the positive outcomes of such referendums were noted in countries with a weak democratic tradition. In the 1990s, 14 countries held referenda on independence; eight of them seceded from the USSR, three from Yugoslavia, one seceded from Ethiopia, and one became East Timor. nine0005

Many of these plebiscites heralded a new, freer era, but some fear that independence referendums are starting an irreversible process.

Since 1967, Puerto Rico has held four votes on independence from the US, all of which have returned a negative answer; Quebec has twice voted against secession from Canada, but calls are being made in both countries for new referendums.

If British voters choose to remain in the EU on Thursday, this may not be the end. nine0005

Image copyright, AP

Image caption,

Puerto Rico’s Independence Party calls for a new referendum on independence from the US

Puerto Rico wants independence from the US

The governor of Puerto Rico demanded that the US grant the island the right to self-determination .

Speaking before the UN committee on decolonization, Anibal Acevedo Vila accused the Bush administration of violating the 1953 treaty to gradually grant Puerto Rico more powers and demanded the right to hold an independence referendum on the island or join the US as the 51st state. At the same time, the integration option was not supported by the local ruling party for the first time, writes RBC daily. nine0005

The «Free Associated State» of Puerto Rico is located in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean. The island, inhabited by American Indians, was colonized by the Spaniards, who brought African slaves there, and since 1898 went to the United States.

Puerto Rico’s economy is sugar cane, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, dollar transfers from a heavily criminalized diaspora, and tourism, which is very popular among single American women.

San Juan Airport is the main hub between the US and the Caribbean. Half of the mixed, mostly Hispanic, population lives in poverty. nine0005

Puerto Rican Nationalists advocate full independence from the United States. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, they were prosecuted, but in 1952, President Harry Truman allowed a referendum to be held on the island. The results have been its own constitution and the current vague status often debated in plebiscites.

Today, Puerto Rico is considered part of the United States with a single citizenship, currency, and defense, but has its own legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Puerto Ricans cannot vote in the US presidential election, but they can vote in the primaries and elect a delegate to Congress — though not eligible to vote .

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