Puerto rico independence party: Caribbean Elections | Puerto Rican Independence Party (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)
This proposed Puerto Rican country would base its economy in tourism,
Followers of the independence status call themselves «independentistas».
Regarding citizenship, the Puerto Rico Independence Party has suggested
We invite the Puerto Rico
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Mafia, prostitution, EU: a brief history of referendums
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On Thursday 23 June, British voters will have to answer the question of whether they want the UK to remain in the EU or are in favor of leaving it.
The vote was preceded by a long campaign that split the British government and attracted the attention of the whole world. nine0005
This referendum is interesting because, as a result, Britain could become the first country to leave the EU.
Since 1793, when voters in France voted for a new revolutionary constitution, there have been nearly 3,000 national referendums around the world, and many more on local and regional issues.
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Click to see content: all_referendums_history_eng
Since the 1970s, the number of referendums in the world has grown rapidly and peaked in the 90s. For example, in 1995, a referendum was held in Italy on 12 issues, including the question of the applicability of house arrest to members of the mafia. In 1997, a referendum was held in Ecuador on 14 issues at once, including the removal of the country’s president from office. nine0005 Image description,
Italian mafia boss Salvatore Rina was put on trial in 1995.
A referendum is considered to be a voter poll on anything from the nationalization of the gas industry to the introduction of a new electoral system.
In 2009, Switzerland held a referendum on the construction of mosques, and in 2012, Zurich, the country’s largest city, held a plebiscite on the introduction of special sex parking lots for prostitution in cars. nine0005
Switzerland is one of the few countries in the world where direct democracy is practiced, based on the submission of various issues to referendums.
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Although some referendums are exotic, they are widely used to resolve important issues, such as declaring independence, secession from other countries, or ending membership in an international organization. nine0005
Since 1945, more than 50 referendums on independence have been held around the world, with 27 of them having a majority in the affirmative and 25 in the negative.
However, most of the positive outcomes of such referendums were noted in countries with a weak democratic tradition. In the 1990s, 14 countries held referenda on independence; eight of them seceded from the USSR, three from Yugoslavia, one seceded from Ethiopia, and one became East Timor. nine0005
Many of these plebiscites heralded a new, freer era, but some fear that independence referendums are starting an irreversible process.
Since 1967, Puerto Rico has held four votes on independence from the US, all of which have returned a negative answer; Quebec has twice voted against secession from Canada, but calls are being made in both countries for new referendums.
If British voters choose to remain in the EU on Thursday, this may not be the end. nine0005
Image copyright, AP
Puerto Rico’s Independence Party calls for a new referendum on independence from the US
Puerto Rico wants independence from the US
The governor of Puerto Rico demanded that the US grant the island the right to self-determination .
Speaking before the UN committee on decolonization, Anibal Acevedo Vila accused the Bush administration of violating the 1953 treaty to gradually grant Puerto Rico more powers and demanded the right to hold an independence referendum on the island or join the US as the 51st state. At the same time, the integration option was not supported by the local ruling party for the first time, writes RBC daily. nine0005
The «Free Associated State» of Puerto Rico is located in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean. The island, inhabited by American Indians, was colonized by the Spaniards, who brought African slaves there, and since 1898 went to the United States.
Puerto Rico’s economy is sugar cane, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, dollar transfers from a heavily criminalized diaspora, and tourism, which is very popular among single American women.
San Juan Airport is the main hub between the US and the Caribbean. Half of the mixed, mostly Hispanic, population lives in poverty. nine0005
Puerto Rican Nationalists advocate full independence from the United States. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, they were prosecuted, but in 1952, President Harry Truman allowed a referendum to be held on the island. The results have been its own constitution and the current vague status often debated in plebiscites.
Today, Puerto Rico is considered part of the United States with a single citizenship, currency, and defense, but has its own legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Puerto Ricans cannot vote in the US presidential election, but they can vote in the primaries and elect a delegate to Congress — though not eligible to vote .