What happened in 1626: Historical Events in 1626 — On This Day

Today in History — May 4

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On May 4, 1626, Dutch colonist Peter Minuit arrived on the wooded island of Manhattan in present-day New York. Hired by the Dutch West India Company to oversee its trading and colonizing activities in the Hudson River region, Minuit is famous for purchasing Manhattan from resident Algonquin Indians for the equivalent of $24. The transaction was a mere formality, however, as the Dutch had already established the town of New Amsterdam at the southern end of the island.

Manatvs gelegen op de Noot [sic] Riuier. Joan Vinckeboons, 1639. Discovery and Exploration. Geography & Map Division

Under the direction of Minuit, New Amsterdam became the principal settlement of the Dutch West India Company’s New Netherland territory. When the British seized the territory in 1664 and divided it into the colonies of New York and New Jersey, New Amsterdam was renamed New York City in honor of England’s Duke of York.

Except for a brief recapture by the Dutch in 1673, New York City was controlled by the British until the American Revolution. After New York ratified the Constitution in 1788, the thriving port city was named state capital, a title it held until 1797. In the late 1700s, New York City also served as capital of the United States (1789-90)and home to Congress (1785-90). By the close of the eighteenth century, it was America’s largest metropolis.

In the 1800s growth on Manhattan Island boomed, first with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which facilitated trading by linking New York with the Great Lakes region, and second, with the arrival of thousands of immigrants, mostly from Europe. In 1898, Manhattan merged with its neighbors Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island to form the five-borough metropolis we know today as New York City. A center for finance, commerce, and culture, New York rose out of a wooded island to become one of the world’s great cities, its Manhattan skyline an icon of the American Dream.

City and Harbor of New York. William W. Silver, c1896. Panoramic Photographs. Prints & Photographs Division

Learn More

  • View more photographs of Manhattan. Search on Manhattan and New York City in the Library’s collections of Photos, Prints and Drawings.

  • See more maps of Manhattan. Search across the Map Collections on New York City.

  • Don’t miss The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898 to 1906, which includes forty-five early films portraying the construction of skyscrapers, the busy waterfront, street parades, markets, horse-drawn carriages, and new automobiles and subways. To find these cinematic treasures, browse the collection’s Film Title List or Subject Index.
  • Visit The Atlantic World: America and the Netherlands, a collaborative effort between the Library of Congress and the National Library of the Netherlands which explores the history of the Dutch presence in America.

On May 4, 1894, Bird Day was first observed at the initiative of Charles Almanzo Babcock, superintendent of schools in Oil City, Pennsylvania. By 1910, Bird Day was widely celebrated, often in conjunction with Arbor Day. Statewide observances of the two holidays inculcated conservation training and awareness in a broad spectrum of the public, especially school children.

Some Overland Friends. Louis Agassiz Fuertes, artist; illustration in The Harriman Alaska Expedition: Chronicles and Souvenirs May to August 1899. The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920.

In 1901, Babcock published Bird Day: How To Prepare for It. The book included a history of Bird Day, suggestions for its observance based on contemporary school practices, and informative material stressing the importance of bird protection. It also offered guidance on how to integrate bird conservation education into the school curriculum.

Bird Day: How To Prepare for It, by Charles Almanzo Babcock. New York, Boston: Silver, Burdett and Company, c1901. The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920.

Babcock suggested that as part of school programs for Bird Day, children should recite “bird facts and proverbs” such as the following:

Birds flock together in hard times.
A bird in the bush is worth two in the hand.
The American robin is not the same bird as the English.
The bluebird and robin may be harbingers of spring, but the swallow is the harbinger of summer.
The dandelion tells me to look for the swallow; the dog-toothed violet when to expect the wood thrush. . . .
A loon was caught, by a set line for fishing, sixty-five feet below the surface of a lake in New York, having dived to that depth for a fish.
The wood pewee, like its relative, the phoebe, feeds largely on the family of flies to which the house fly belongs. . . .
Seventy-five per cent of the food of the downy woodpecker is insects.
The cow blackbird lays its eggs in other birds’ nests, one in a nest. What happens afterwards?

Bird Day: How To Prepare for It, by Charles Almanzo Babcock. New York, Boston: Silver, Burdett and Company. p50-51.
The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

Bird Day reflected the early American conservation movement’s particular concern with birds, both as vivid examples of the natural world requiring protection and as objects of economic, aesthetic, moral, and sentimental interest to people, including children. The era’s extensive literature on birds is suggested by the lengthy list of titles on popular ornithology in the Library of Congress.

For example, in 1897, pioneering ornithologists Mabel Osgood Wright and Elliott Coues and artist Louis Agassiz Fuertes collaborated on Citizen Bird. Written in an entertaining and fanciful style and dedicated to “All Boys and Girls Who Love Birds and Wish to Protect Them,” the popular classic encourages the love of birds and respect for their place in the natural cycle:

Bluebirds have a call-note and a sweet warbling song. . . . He is true blue, which is as rare a color among birds as it is among flowers. He is the banner-bearer of Birdland also, and loyally floats the tricolor from our trees and telegraph wires; for, besides being blue, is he not also red and white?

As a Citizen the Bluebird is in every way a model. He works with the Ground Gleaners in searching the grass and low bushes for grasshoppers and crickets; he searches the trees for caterpillars in company with the Tree Trappers; and in eating blueberries, cranberries, wild grapes, and other fruits he works with the Seed Sowers also. So who would not welcome this bird, who pays his rent and taxes in so cheerful a manner, and thanks you with a song into the bargain?

Citizen Bird: scenes from bird-life in plain English for beginners, by Mabel Osgood Wright and Elliott Coues. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1897. p90+. The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

When the Mocking Birds Are Singing in the Wildwood. External H. B. Blanke, music; Arthur J. Lamb, words; New York: Jerome H. Remick, 1906. Historic American Sheet MusicExternal. Duke University Libraries

Learn More

  • To learn more about the history of Bird Day and Arbor Day and their roles in the The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920, see Arbor and Bird Day Observance, c.1872-1920: Additional Resources in the Library of Congress.
  • See more beautiful bird illustrations by the great bird painter Louis Agassiz Fuertes in The Harriman Alaska Expedition: Chronicles and Souvenirs (1899), in
    The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920. Be sure to click on the links for “Higher Quality Image JPEG” to get the best views of Fuertes’s art.
  • Discover other important dates in the history of conservation. View the special presentation Documentary Chronology of Selected Events in the Development of the American Conservation Movement, 1847-1920.
  • Read observations about bird life by naturalists and find Acts of Congress related to the protection of birds. Search on bird in The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920.
  • View images of birds. Search on bird or birds across the collections of Photos, Prints, and Drawings.
  • Also, be sure to see the Today in History feature on artist and naturalist John James Audubon, famous for his drawings and paintings of North American birds.

What Happened In 1626 | Hisdates.Com

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Monday, 05 December 2022

Jan 01   On this day in history cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant/regent, dies at 68  

Jan 21   John Dowland, English composer (In Darkness We Dwell), dies at 62 on this day in history.  

Jan 25   John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam, landscape painter in the year 1626.  

Feb 06   Huguenot rebels & French sign Peace of La Rochelle in the year 1626.   

Feb 06   In the year 1626 huguenot rebels & the French sign Peace of La Rochelle  

Feb 20   John Dowland, composer, dies on this day in history.  

Feb 27   Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci in the year 1626.  

Feb 28   In the year 1626 cyril Tourneur, English poet/dramatist, dies at about 51  

Apr 05   On this day in history jan van Kessel, Flemish painter  

Apr 09   Francis Bacon, Viscount St Albans, statesman, dies in the year 1626.  

Apr 12   Paul Hainlein, composer in the year 1626.  

Apr 13   Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised on this day in history.  

Apr 25   On this day in history battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld  

May 04   On this day in history dutch exlorer Peter Minuit lands on what is now Manhattan Island  

May 04   On this day in history indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth &buttons  

May 04   Peter Minuit becomes director-general of New Netherlands on this day in history.   

May 06   On this day in history dutch colonist Paul Minuit buys Manhattan for $24 in trinkets  

May 06   In the year 1626 dutch colonist Peter Minuit buys Manhattan Island from local Indians for 60 guilders worth of trinkets  

May 24   In the year 1626 peter Minuet buys Manhattan from Indians for trinkets, valued at $24  

May 27   In the year 1626 william II, prince of Orange/stadholder  

Jun 15   King Charles I disbands English parliament on this day in history.  

Jul 05   Battle at Lenz: Rebel Austrian Boers defeated on this day in history.  

Jul 05   Stephan Fadinger, Austrian boer leader, dies in battle on this day in history.  

Jul 25   Geeraerdt Brandt, Dutch theologist/poet/historian in the year 1626.  

Jul 30   On this day in history earthquake hits Naples; 10,000 die  

Aug 01   Earl Earnest Casimir conquerors Oldenzaal in the year 1626.  

Aug 12   Giovanni Legrenzi, composer on this day in history.  

Aug 14   Daniel Elsevier, book publisher/publisher on this day in history.   

Aug 27   In the year 1626 battle at Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV  

Sep 26   Lancelot Andrewes, English theologist/bishop of Winchester, dies at 71 on this day in history.  

Sep 30   Battle between king Bethlen Gabor & earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends on this day in history.  

Oct 04   In the year 1626 richard Cromwell, lord protector of England (1658-59)  

Oct 05   On this day in history johann Schop, composer  

Oct 09   In the year 1626 john Ferrabosco, composer  

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Famous Birthdays In 1626

Famous People Born In This Year In History

Jan 16   Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699) was born in the year 1626.  

Jan 25   John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam, landscape painter was born in the year 1626.  

Feb 05   Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696) was born on this day in history.  

Mar 12   John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697) was born in the year 1626.  

Apr 05   On this day in history birth of jan van Kessel, Flemish painter  

Apr 12   Paul Hainlein, composer was born on this day in history.  

Apr 13   In the year 1626 birth of aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised  

May 12   On this day in history birth of louis Hennepin, Flemish missionary (d. 1705)  

Famous Deaths In 1626

Famous People Died In This Year In History

Jan 01   In the year 1626 cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant/regent, dies at 68  

Jan 21   On this day in history john Dowland, English composer (In Darkness We Dwell), dies at 62  

Jan 24   In the year 1626 death of samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)  

Feb 07   William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548) died in the year 1626.  

Feb 11   Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552) died on this day in history.  

Feb 20   On this day in history john Dowland, composer, dies  

Feb 28   On this day in history cyril Tourneur, English poet/dramatist, dies at about 51  

Apr 09   Francis Bacon, Viscount St Albans, statesman, dies on this day in history.   

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Important Dates And Events In History — Hisdates.Com

1626 — Battle of Dessau (Thirty Years’ War) — EADaily, April 25, 2019 — History The Catholic League under the command of

Albrecht von Wallenstein defeated the Protestant army commanded by Ernst von Mansfeld .

In the early stages of this long war, success was with the Catholics. After the capitulation of Prague in 1620, the position of the Protestants seemed hopeless, although they continued their armed resistance.

However, in 1625, the Danish-Norwegian kingdom entered the Thirty Years’ War, which gave hope to the Protestants, who began to build new ambitious plans. According to these plans, Christian Brunswick was to attack the forces of Field Marshal Count Johann von Tilly in the Rhineland, and Ernst von Mansfeld was to attack Wallenstein in the Archbishopric of Magdeburg.

In obedience to this disposition, Mansfeld moved to Magdeburg in the early spring of 1626 with 12,000 soldiers. On April 14, on the Elbe, near Dessau, he came across imperial troops under the command of Johann von Aldringen who held the strategically important bridge.

Although the Protestant forces greatly outnumbered the imperial troops, the latter had the advantage. Aldringen had the most powerful artillery for those times (86 guns) and a well-fortified position — his troops were well hidden in trenches.

Mansfeld underestimated all these circumstances and gave the order to attack. However, the attack quickly bogged down under the fire of the Imperial cannons. The Protestants began to prepare a new assault, but missed the time. Aldringen sent for help to Wallenstein, who was stationed with his army in Aschersleben. With the arrival of Wallenstein, the strength of the Catholics increased to 20 thousand people.

The decisive battle took place on 25 April 1626. All Mansfeld’s attacks on the imperial positions were repulsed, and Wallenstein attacked the positions of the Protestants from the flank. During the battle, gunpowder carts exploded in the Danish army, which led to the death of a large number of Protestant soldiers and caused panic. Having lost a third of the army, Mansfeld began to retreat rapidly, pursued on the heels of the imperial vanguard.

Wallenstein pursued Mansfeld to Hungary, where the latter entered the service of the Transylvanian prince Gabor Bethlen . However, Bethlen made peace with the empire, and a disappointed Mansfeld decided to offer his services to the Republic of Venice.

However, on the way to Venice on September 29, Mansfeld died, his army was disbanded, and Wallenstein sent his troops to help Tilly, who was fighting Danish troops in South Germany.

Soon the Catholics again began to gain a clear upper hand, and perhaps they would have managed to win this whole war, which then would not have become Thirty Years. However, in 1630, Sweden actively intervened in the hostilities in Europe, which immediately changed the whole alignment in favor of the Protestants. To the success of the Swedish king Gustav-Adolf contributed to his undoubted military leadership talent, as well as the alliance concluded with the Muscovite kingdom after the Stolbovsky peace.

Also on this day:

1901 — the first car numbers were introduced

1792 — the guillotine was used for the first time in France

August 20, 2020

In Beijing in 1626 there was an explosion in power equal to nuclear

Almost 400 years ago, the capital of the Celestial Empire was almost destroyed by a terrible explosion. As a result, the empire itself perished for a while. Scientists still do not know what was the real cause of this disaster.

This is the same historical event as the fall of the Tunguska meteorite. Moreover, what happened on that May day is recorded in detail in Chinese chronicles.

In Chinese historiography, it is called the «Great Bang of the Tianqi era» (or «Wangongchang disaster»). This is one of the main mysteries of five thousand years of Chinese history.

As they say, nothing foretold. The empire was strong. Confidently dominated in the southeastern part of Eurasia. had a well-armed army at that time and strengthened it in every possible way.

Actually the latter led the empire to a long chaos. Powder magazines exploded. But it is not clear how this could happen. After all, the inventors of gunpowder are clearly not idiots, they knew how to store it safely. None of the scientists believe in negligence or an ordinary terrorist attack.

The fact is that historical evidence has been preserved of what preceded the explosion of gunpowder.

First, there was a roar in the sky above Beijing, which swept through the whole city. Then the earth trembled as in a strong earthquake, the houses were shaking. Immediately, a dust storm swept through the city. And only after that a dazzling flash eclipsed the sun and an explosion of powder magazines occurred. According to eyewitnesses, Beijing plunged into darkness.

The center of Beijing has turned into absolute ruins within a radius of 2-3 kilometers. 3,000 workers restoring the imperial palace were blown away by the blast

The 7-month-old heir to the throne died of shock right in his cradle. Even the emperor’s bodyguard was killed by tiles falling from the sky.

Emperor Zhu Yujiao himself remained intact, but he had nothing to rule. The administrative center of the empire was destroyed. According to historical chronicles, the remains of corpses continued to fall from the sky for six hours.

As a result, the 21-year-old emperor was broken. All his children died. Zhu Youjiao died in 1627 from a common cold.

Of course, there was a fatal mistake in the master plan of Beijing. Powder warehouses and a gunpowder factory were located only 3 kilometers from the imperial palace. But why did they explode? And could the explosion of a gunpowder arsenal be so powerful?

According to modern estimates, the force of the explosion was 10-20 kilotons. This is comparable to the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

Many versions have appeared in 400 years. Aliens, an earthquake, a volcano and, of course, an atomic bomb created by a Chinese genius, over which he lost control.

The latest version is interesting to say the least. Maybe the industrious Chinese still collected a kilogram of enriched uranium four centuries ago? After all, this is exactly how much it takes for a nuclear explosion to occur.

However, enriched uranium is not lying on the road, for its production complex devices that appeared in the 20th century are used. Most modern countries are not capable of such technologies.

As a result, the most provable hypothesis is that a meteorite similar to Tunguska crashed into Beijing. He not only destroyed the city, but also blew up all the stocks of gunpowder.

Another 18 years after that, the empire tried to resist. But the blow was too powerful. As a result, the army of rebellious peasants took the capital. The new active and strong-willed Emperor Zhu Yujian, although he was a Buddhist, refused to surrender, killed his heirs and committed suicide.

After that, the Europeans began to rule China for a long time.

China real stories

December 2, 2022


An electronic database of burial places is being created in Novorossiysk

Previously, this was done in Moscow, claiming that they were creating a convenient service, a kind of perpetual digital memory. There were even statements in the media that this is a step into digital immortality.

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