Rio de pr: Rio de la Mina River, Puerto Rico
El Puerto Rican Passport, El Spirit Republic de Puerto Rico: Luciana Alexandra del Rio de la Serna
ADÁL, El Puerto Rican Passport, El Spirit Republic de Puerto Rico: Luciana Alexandra del Rio de la Serna, 1994, issued 2012, lithography with photograph in staple-bound booklet, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist, 2013.19.2, © 2012, ADÁL
El Puerto Rican Passport, El Spirit Republic de Puerto Rico: Luciana Alexandra del Rio de la Serna
1994, issued 2012
Not on view
closed: 5 x 3 1⁄2 in. (12.7 x 8.9 cm) open: 7 x 5 in. (17.8 x 12.7 cm)
© 2012, ADÁL
- Credit Line
Gift of the artist
- Mediums Description
lithography with photograph in staple-bound booklet
- Graphic Arts
- Object Number
Linked Open Data
Passports reflect the identities of the people who hold them and the nations that issue them. ADÁL adopted this official format to comment on the ambiguous national identity of Puerto Ricans. His passports, which contain out-of-focus portraits of their holders, undermine any clear identification and suggest the multiple allegiances of people with culturally complex backgrounds.
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art, 2013
Description in Spanish
Los pasaportes reflejan la identidad de las personas y de las naciones que los expiden. ADÁL adoptó este formato oficial para hablar sobre la identidad nacional ambigua de los puertorriqueños. Sus pasaportes, que llevan fotografías fuera de foco, no permiten la identificación clara de sus dueños y sugieren las lealtades múltiples de las personas con contextos culturales complejos.
Nuestra América: la presencia latina en el arte estadounidense, 2013
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art explores how Latino artists shaped the artistic movements of their day and recalibrated key themes in American art and culture. This beautifully illustrated volume presents the rich and varied contributions of Latino artists in the United States since the mid-twentieth century, when the concept of a collective Latino identity began to emerge. Our America includes works by artists who participated in all the various artistic styles and movements, including abstract expressionism; activist, conceptual, and performance art; and classic American genres such as landscape, portraiture, and scenes of everyday life.
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art
October 24, 2013–March 2, 2014
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art presents the rich and varied contributions of Latino artists in the United States since the mid-twentieth century, when the concept of a collective Latino identity began to emerge. The exhibition is drawn entirely from the Smithsonian American Art Museum’s pioneering collection of Latino art. It explores how Latino artists shaped the artistic movements of their day and recalibrated key themes in American art and culture.
Musical Thinking: New Video Art and Sonic Strategies
June 16, 2023–January 29, 2024
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Musical Thinking explores the powerful resonances between recent video art and popular music. The exhibition focuses on video art that employs the strategies of musical creation—scores, improvisation, and interpretation—as well as its styles, structures, and lyrics to speak to personal as well as shared aspects of American life.
Best Buy Rio Hondo Mall in Bayamon, Puerto Rico
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Rio de Janeiro, prices for 2023. Selection of the tour
Rio de Janeiro in translation means «January River» — the former capital, the most visited city in Brazil. In 1960, Rio lost the status of the capital, but not the sympathy of Brazilians and millions of tourists from all over the world. Founded in 1502 by the Portuguese, Rio de Janeiro has been the beauty capital and tourism center of South America for 4 centuries.
«God created the world in six days, and on the seventh day he created Rio de Janeiro» — this is how the Brazilians lovingly say about their fabulously beautiful city. The city is divided into Old, New and suburbs. In the Old Town there are customs with docks, an arsenal, a stock exchange, the National Academy of Arts, a town hall, museums, almost all theaters. In the New City — a mint, a prison, a main station, an invalid house.
The visiting card of the city, its symbol is a giant statue of Christ, placed on the highest peak of Rio — Corcovado at an altitude of 704 meters. Spreading his arms wide, Christ seems to be hovering over the city, blessing and protecting it. The statue was made in Paris, then it was delivered to Rio and on October 12, 1931, its grand opening and consecration took place. Another symbol of Rio is the famous crystalline peak — Pan do Assucar (in translation — Sugar Loaf), which is located at the entrance to Guanabara Bay, its height is 395 meters. It is assumed that it got its name due to the shape, reminiscent of the conical outlines of the old packaging of «sugar loaves». According to the version, the origin of the name Pan de Asugar comes from the Indian words «paunh-acuqua», which means «high hill».
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Outstanding architectural monuments of the city are colonial churches, monasteries of San Bento, San Antonio and the Capuchin Order, the former imperial residence. The Church of Our Lady of Lampedos is named after the island of Lampedos in the Mediterranean, where the Virgin Mary appeared. Built in 1929 on the site of the original 18th century neoclassical building influenced by the Mexican school of architecture.
The main attraction of the Church of St. Lucy (1732) is a natural fountain, the water of which is considered to be healing. The streets and embankments of Rio are literally immersed in lush equatorial vegetation — evergreen giant trees, slender palm trees with graceful crowns, a huge number of exotic flowers.
The city has a botanical garden and many parks. The botanical garden, founded in 1808 and one of the best in the world, contains more than 7,000 plant species from all over the world. Here is the famous alley of palm trees, and a collection of exotic animals and birds. Tijuca National Park, which includes Corcovado Peak, is the world’s largest urban forest. Here you will definitely see monkeys. In one of the suburbs there is a zoological garden.
Rio de Janeiro is also the cultural capital of the country. Only in the National Library there are two million of the rarest books and manuscripts. The National Museum of Fine Arts presents an excellent collection of over 800 paintings. And, finally, Rio is also a football «capital» with one of the world’s largest stadiums «Maracana», which was built for the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
The beaches of Rio are probably the most favorite place for Brazilians to live. Here they spend their childhood, youth, and for many, their whole life. This is a place for meetings, recreation, entertainment, walks, this is a news and dating bureau all rolled into one. One of the most beautiful beaches is Grumari, a paradise for surfers and water lovers.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The widely advertised beaches of Leme and Copacabana (Leme, Copacabana), one of the most expensive and prestigious, but for example one of the chain of these beaches, Arpoador (Arpoador) — the extreme point of Copacabana., used to wear title «Damn». Swimming there is quite dangerous due to constantly strong waves, only real professionals surf there, however, the whole Copacabana is distinguished by the presence of strong undercurrents. For three kilometers you can enjoy swimming.
The beaches of Leblon are the habitat of very wealthy residents of Rio (1.3 km.), living in Leblon is prestigious, and sunbathing on the beaches of Leblon and the adjoining Ipanema beach (Ipanema 2. 2 km.) is a good tone, by the way, on these The youngest and most beautiful Brazilian women love to relax on the beaches.
Pepino San Conrado is one of the most beautiful and safe beaches, although it is separated from the city by a huge rock. The beaches of Barra da Tijuca are good for everyone, except for one, they are located near a huge favela. But the beaches of Botafogo (Botafogo) are generally considered the worst due to pollution.
Flamengo Beach: located in Guanabara Bay, so not very clean.
Urca: nice beach, but it’s better to visit it in the morning.
Pepino Sao Conrado. You can get to it along Ave. Nemeyer. Big and beautiful beach. Artists perform here. You can surf.
Recreudus Bandeirantes — Recreo dos Bandeirantes. Surfing. A huge rock separates this beach from the city.
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9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 9000 30 sights of Rio de Janeiro and surroundings: photos, descriptions, map
One of the main symbols of Rio de Janeiro is the 710-meter Corcovado mountain. From here you have magnificent views of the beaches, lakes, Sugar Loaf and the Maracanã Stadium. The top of the mountain is crowned by one of the seven New Wonders of the World statue of Christ the Redeemer. In the evening and at night, the illuminated monument is visible from anywhere in Rio. A motorway and an electric railway, built in 1884, lead to Corcovado. From the end station to the foot of the statue, you can either take an escalator or a 256-step staircase. On the slopes of Corcovado there are rock routes where climbers train. Just below the observation deck are souvenir shops and cafes.
Christ the Redeemer Statue
The statue of Christ the Redeemer rises on Mount Corcovado. On the eve of the 100th anniversary of Brazil’s national independence, the authorities of Rio de Janeiro, then the capital, decided to erect a grandiose statue of Christ the Redeemer. A large-scale fundraising was announced in the country, in which the church took an active part. The project began in 1922 and took 9 years. The Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa became the author of the final version of the sculpture. The details of the statue were made in France. The majestic sculpture 38 m high was installed and consecrated on October 1931 years old. In 1965, it was re-consecrated by Pope Paul VI.
You can climb to the top of Corcovado by miniature electric train or car, then by escalator. The reward for such a long journey will be the dizzying views of the city, the bay, the famous Copacabana beach, opening from the observation deck. In 2007, the statue of Christ the Redeemer was declared one of the New Wonders of the World.
Sugar Loaf Mountain
Pan di Azucar, or Sugarloaf, is the name of a famous mountain in Rio de Janeiro. For the first time, the English climber Henrietta Carstairs climbed the 369-meter mountain in 1817. It was only in 1903 that the Brazilian government initiated the construction of a cable car to make the summit accessible to everyone.
During the ascent on the cable car, two intermediate stops await you — Red Beach and Mount Urka, on which a helipad is equipped and an amphitheater is built. The final point of the air travel is the observation deck at the top of the Sugar Loaf. From here, views of the sea, the statue of Christ the Redeemer and Rio, which is especially beautiful at sunset and in the light of night lights, open up. There is a restaurant at the top of the mountain.
One of the best botanical gardens in the world is located at the foot of the Corcovado mountain. The garden was founded in 1808 on the initiative of the exiled Portuguese king João VI. Spicy plants were planted first — black pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon, which were previously imported to Brazil from Asia. At first, the territory of the park was available only to members of the imperial family, since 1822 the Botanical Garden has become a public space.
Today, over 6,000 plants are cultivated on 140 hectares. Landings occupy 60% of the territory, the rest is a natural Atlantic forest.
A walk through the Botanical Garden traditionally begins with a 750-meter alley of royal palms, which are 30 meters high and 200 years old. The decoration of the park is the Japanese Garden, the plants for which were brought from Japan in 1935. More than 600 species of exotic flowers, including rare species, are collected in the Orchid Garden. The Botanical Garden is decorated with numerous sculptures, the central Fountain of Muses, a sundial, Lake Freya Leandro with giant water lilies. In the southern part of the Garden there is a visitor center where you can get a map of the park, rent binoculars, book a tour.
Snow-white sand, endless ocean and incendiary dances at noisy parties — this is how the main beach of Rio de Janeiro greets guests. Copacabana stretches along the coast for 4 km. One of the features of the beach is high waves that reach 3 meters. The restless ocean is not conducive to swimming, but for surfers it is a real paradise.
Copacabana is a clean well-kept beach where fun reigns around the clock. Numerous cafes and discos lined up along the coastal strip. On the shore you can play football or volleyball, go on a boat trip, admire the bizarre sand figures. A special atmosphere reigns at Copacabana on New Year’s Eve. Hundreds of thousands of people, dressed all in white, come to the open-air party, drop flowers into the ocean and light candles.
You can see the main attractions on your own on a walk, but the trip will be much more exciting if you go on a sightseeing tour of Rio de Janeiro with a local guide.
Cathedral of Saint Sebastian
One of the most original Catholic churches in the world resembles a Mayan pyramid in its design. Cathedral of St. Sebastian, or the Cathedral of the Metropolis, is a vivid example of Art Nouveau. It was opened at 1979, construction lasted 15 years.
Sebastian’s Cathedral is a 75 m high cone with an outer base diameter of 106 m. The total area of the temple is 8000 sq. m. m, at the same time it can accommodate up to 20,000 parishioners. The main design feature is four narrow windows rising from floor to ceiling. The height of the openings is 64 m, each window is decorated with colored stained-glass windows. The impression is complemented by a huge crucifix that hovers above the altar on six steel cables, and a transparent cross built into a circle on the ceiling of the temple. There is a museum at the cathedral. It contains treasures from the ruined churches that once stood in the center of Rio.
Impeccable lines and strict elegance — this is how Ilha Fiscal Castle, located on Fiscal Island in Guanabara Bay, appears. The architectural masterpiece resembles the palace of a fairy-tale princess, although it was originally built for the customs service. The grand opening of the new headquarters took place in 1889.
The Neo-Gothic castle is decorated with graceful spiers and medieval battlements. The central element of the building is a clock tower brought to Rio from Germany. Four dials are oriented to the cardinal points. At night, they are beautifully illuminated and serve as a guide for ships. The stained-glass windows decorating the castle are made in England. The interior is no less rich than the exterior of the building. The parquet floor is tiled with a mosaic of 14 types of wood. Currently, Ilha-Fiskal houses the expositions of the Museum of the History of the Fleet.
Avenida Alfredo Agache, s/n — Centro
Favelas are colorful districts of Rio de Janeiro, which have become one of the attractions of the city. They began to appear at the end of the 19th century after the abolition of slavery. A huge number of freed slaves were left without shelter and livelihood. The unemployed migrated across the country in search of permanent employment and often returned to their former owners on very unfavorable terms. The lack of money forced them to settle in the most inconvenient places, building their own dwelling from improvised means. After some time in Rio, the hills and steep slopes of the mountains were overgrown with poor quarters, where shacks were piled one on top of the other. One of the first to be settled was the Morro da Favela hill.
Today, favelas are not only characteristic residential areas, but also a certain way of life with its own culture and statute. These areas are not controlled by the state, there is their own — bandit power. Each favela is ruled by a local group, providing relative order and security for their wards within the area. At the same time, most of the inhabitants are quite peaceful, respectable people doing ordinary work. Tourists are not liked in the favelas, even the police are not able to provide security in the favela area. True, in recent years, in areas located closer to the center, residents began to organize excursions to their favelas themselves, receiving decent money for this.
Every year, thousands of tourists come to the bright, noisy Brazilian carnival to plunge into the extravaganza of the holiday, which has been one of the symbols of Brazil since the 19th century. Carnival in Rio starts before Lent and lasts five days from Friday to Tuesday. The central event of the carnival is a dance competition, in which six samba schools traditionally take part.
During the holiday, the management of the city is transferred to King Momo — the fattest inhabitant of Rio. He takes an active part in competitions and dances. It is best to watch the contestants at the sambadrome, a specially equipped dance floor with stands for spectators. The number of people wishing to take part in the Brazilian carnival annually exceeds 5 million people.
Imperial Museum in Petropolis
The Imperial Palace in the center of Petropolis houses the Imperial Museum with an impressive collection dedicated to the royal family. The most visited exposition of Rio de Janeiro is located in a majestic building built in the middle of the 19th century and serving as the summer residence of Emperor Pedro II. The exhibition presents rare furniture, dishes, jewelry, paintings, including the last portrait of Emperor Pedro I. The interior of the throne room has been preserved untouched since the reign of Pedro II. The imperial crown is displayed right there, its weight is 2 kg, it is completely made of gold and precious stones. After the tour, you can go down to the garden, relax in the shade of the trees or see the exhibition of royal carriages.
The bright and original Selarona staircase connects two blocks — Lapa and Santa Teresa. One of the city’s most unusual sights was named after Jorge Selarón, an artist from Chile. He moved to Rio in 1980 and settled in Manuel Carneiro Lane next to the stairs. Seeing how the steps were gradually being destroyed, he decided to patch them up. To buy material, he had to sell some of his paintings. Gradually laying out the steps with bright tiles with an abstract pattern, the artist turned the staircase first into a city, and then into a world landmark. Jorge’s plans were to decorate all 250 steps of the 125-meter staircase.
Over time, journalists and tourists learned about the project, people constantly came to the stairs, and guests from other countries began to bring tiles and plates to Selaron, which he used in his work. More than 2,000 tiles from 60 countries adorn the famous staircase today. On the first steps, the inscription «Escadaria Selaron Rio de Janeiro» is laid out — the Selaron staircase of Rio da Janeiro. The artist himself said that his creation is a tribute to the Brazilian people.
You can enjoy solitude in the center of bustling Rio in the Flamengo Park, which covers an area of 120 hectares. Since its foundation in 1965, more than 11,000 trees have been planted here. The author of the project was a local designer Roberto Marks, who managed to create a comfortable recreation area for adults and children. The park has modern playgrounds, jogging and bicycle paths, cozy areas for board games. There is a boat station. The territory is decorated with flower beds and original sculptures. The park houses the World War II Memorial, the stadium, the Museum of Modern Art and the Carmen Miranda Museum.
Santa Teresa District
The area of Santa Teresa is located on the hill of the same name, which offers a beautiful view of the city. The area is famous for its winding streets, which have been chosen by artists. The first building built here is the monastery of St. Teresa of the 18th century. With the development of the coffee industry, businessmen’s mansions began to appear in Santa Teresa, and the opening of the tram line at the beginning of the 20th century significantly accelerated the development of the area.
Today it is a cozy place for walking and relaxing. There is a tram museum in the area. The Raimundo Maia collector’s mansion houses an interesting exhibition of art, antique furniture and Brazilian maps.
Rock of Pedra de Gavea
One of the highest points in Rio is Pedra de Gavea, which has a shape resembling a sail. The 844 m high mountain is located in Tijuca Park. There is a hiking route to the top, which requires good physical fitness. The trail goes through tree roots, slippery boulders and sheer sections. Pedra de Gavea offers a unique view of Rio de Janeiro. Experienced travelers recommend not limiting themselves to one observation deck, but going around the top around the perimeter to see the city from different angles.
AquaRio is one of the largest aquariums in South America. Its opening took place in 2016. The three-story building has 28 pools, next to them there are screens with information about the inhabitants. The collection includes over 3,000 fish, jellyfish, octopuses and other representatives of the fauna of the oceans. On the second floor there is a huge aquarium with a tunnel where large fish swim, in particular, the largest inhabitant of AquaRio is an Atlantic shark named Sharon. The interior of the building is complemented by a huge skeleton of a whale, fixed under the ceiling. The aquarium has a science museum and a surfing museum.
The Sugar Loaf Cable Car is the first of its kind in Latin America. Its construction began in 1903, the grand opening took place in 1912. The road connects the peaks of two mountains — Urka and the once impregnable Sugar Loaf. The length of the cable car is 1.4 km, the maximum height is 396 m. Cafes, shops, an amphitheater and viewing platforms are located on the tops of the mountains. From here you can see the views of the statue of Christ the Redeemer, the beaches of Copacabana and Lemme, the building of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, the Rio Niteroi bridge. A small museum has been opened at the cable station building, where old lifting mechanisms are exhibited. About 1.5 million tourists visit the cable car every year.
Museum of the Future
The Museum of the Future is one of the most interesting places in Rio de Janeiro. Construction was timed to coincide with the 2016 Olympic Games. The grand opening took place in 2015. The decision to build a cultural facility in one of the disadvantaged areas of the city caused an unprecedented stir among local residents. By decision of the authorities, the inhabitants of the surrounding favelas were involved in the construction, and now they rightfully consider the museum their pride.
The futuristic building, designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, looks like a bird soaring over the Maua dock. It is recognized as the «greenest» building in the world. The building runs entirely on solar energy, and uses water from the bay for air conditioning. The waste liquid is cleaned and again merges into the sea by a small waterfall.
Today the museum has 5 exhibition halls with an area of over 5000 m2. The main part of the exposition consists of various interactive exhibits. You will be able to learn about the origin and development of our planet, about the evolution of various animal species, and the impact of man on the life of the Earth. During the experiment, you will see what will happen to the planet if certain animal species disappear, and how your lifestyle can affect the amount of earth’s resources.
Madureira is one of the largest parks in Rio de Janeiro. Its opening took place in 2012 as part of a project for the development and greening of cities. Today, over 800 species of trees and 50 varieties of palm trees grow on an area of 45 hectares. Madureira Park has everything to fully relax — football, volleyball, basketball courts, a skate park, free fitness. Streams, fountains, gazebos, an orchard will appeal to lovers of solitude and silence. The park has a House of Knowledge, where everyone can attend free courses, learn about the history of the park. In the evenings, film screenings are held in the House of Knowledge.
In the heart of Rio de Janeiro, near Mount Corcovado, one of the most beautiful areas of the city, Parque dos Lage, is located. Lands owned by local tycoon Enrique Lage were handed over to the Rio authorities in 1960. At the same time, the park was opened, which became one of the favorite places for recreation of local residents. In the middle of the park is a luxurious Florentine mansion built in eclectic style. The square is a place where citizens walk in the shade of tropical trees, go in for sports, and have picnics. In the morning, there is a cafeteria where you can have breakfast while admiring Mount Corcovado and the statue of Christ the Redeemer.
Portuguese Royal Library
The Portuguese Royal Library was founded in 1837 by a group of political exiles to promote Portuguese culture in Brazil. The new Manueline building built for the library in 1887 is one of the most beautiful in the world.
The interior of the main hall combines Gothic and Renaissance elements, the floor is lined with bright mosaics, the ceiling window is decorated with stained-glass windows, and the bookshelves are decorated with elegant carvings. Luxurious chandelier complements the overall solemn atmosphere. The library has collected more than 350,000 books, publications, photographs. It is the largest collection of Portuguese literature outside the country.
On Piazza Floriano there is a beautiful building — the Municipal Theatre. Its construction was one of the stages of the program to change the face of Avenida Central. The project was selected on a competitive basis, the winner was the mayor’s son Francisco Passos. The opening of the theater took place in 1909. The first hall was designed for 1739 people, the capacity of the theater was increased twice, and today it can simultaneously accommodate 2360 spectators.
The neo-Renaissance building is reminiscent of the Paris Opera Garnier. The facade is decorated with 14 marble columns, statues of Music and Poetry are installed on the entablature, between which the city coat of arms is placed. The theater building is crowned with three domes — a large flat one with a golden eagle and two above the rotundas on both sides of the entrance. The interior of the theater impresses with expensive marble finishes, exquisite stained-glass windows, statues, rotundas and works by the best Brazilian artists.
Museum of Contemporary Art
The Museum of Contemporary Art was founded in 1948 on the initiative of a local collector, Raimundo Maia. At that time, one of the best art collections in Latin America was exhibited in the halls. The glass and concrete building was built in 1955 at the same time as the development of Flamengo Park. Inside the galleries do not have load-bearing walls, natural lighting is regulated by shutters on the north side of the building. The outdoor courtyard features a terrace with a restaurant and seating area.
A rich collection of modern art, including works by Picasso, Dali, Miro, Ernst, Magritte and other famous artists, was 90% destroyed by fire in 1978. Today, the expositions feature 11,000 works of art, which are complemented by temporary exhibitions. Many of the works were purchased with donations. The museum is part of the art center; seminars, celebrations, conferences, concerts, theater performances are held on its sites.
The construction of the Catholic Church of Candelaria is associated with a legend about two Spaniards who, in the 17th century, fell into a sea storm. Their ship, the Candelaria, was already sinking when they cried out to the Lord, promising to build a temple if they survived. The sailors fulfilled their oath and in 1609 built a small chapel in Rio, naming it after their ship. In 1710, the chapel turned into a full-fledged temple, and in 1811 the building was expanded and re-consecrated.
Today Candelaria is a luxurious temple, designed in the Baroque style. In its design there are features of neoclassical and neo-renaissance. A massive bronze door leads into the church, the interior is richly decorated with marble columns, German stained-glass windows, impressive sculptural decoration of two pulpits and the main altar.
Sau Bento Monastery
St. Benedict’s Abbey, better known as Sau Bento Monastery, was founded in 1590 by Benedictine monks. In the middle of the 19th century, a college was opened at the monastery, later a theological seminary. The temple building is a fine example of colonial architecture. The modest facade is decorated with three arches at the entrance and a triangular pediment with a cross. On both sides of it there are towers with spiers in the form of elongated pyramids. Behind the arches is a mosaic portico and iron gates, preserved from the 19th century.
It took more than one century to create a luxurious interior. The stucco decor in the Baroque and Rococo styles is covered with gold leaf, the floor is tiled with mosaics. The walls are decorated with picturesque panels and paintings on divine themes, the altar is decorated with small sculptures and intricate carvings. The monastery of Sau Bento is active; excursions are conducted for tourists daily, except for church holidays.
Ipanema Beach is as popular as the famous Copacabana. It is located in the south of Rio in the Ipanema district, which is considered one of the most prestigious in the city. The coastline is covered with white sand, the entrance to the water is smooth, the coast is quite shallow. The beach is characterized by low waves, which, together with a shallow depth, makes this recreation area ideal for children. Ipanema has a well-developed infrastructure, a water entertainment center, volleyball and football grounds. In the evening, the beach is crowded — people come to Cape Arpoador to admire the beautiful sunsets.
Copacabana Fort Museum
At the beginning of the 20th century, the most reliable fortification in South America at that time, Fort Copacabana, was built to defend the Bay of Rio. Since 1987, the building has been used as a museum of the army and artillery. More than half a million people visit the fort every year. The museum exhibits artillery pieces, the uniform of the Brazilian military from different eras. Barracks, an observation post, an ammunition depot are open to the public. Special mention deserves the Hall of the Republic, where you will learn about the history of the Brazilian army and the military conflicts in which it participated. During the tour, you can catch the performance of the orchestra and the solemn changing of the guard.
Bank of Brazil Cultural Center
The Cultural Center of the Bank of Brazil is a complex of galleries and theaters. It was founded in Rio in 1989, and branches were later opened in several other Brazilian cities. The old Art Deco building was built in the 19th century. Today, the cultural center attracts artists from all over the world. Theater troupes perform here, film screenings, performances by musicians and various exhibitions take place. The most popular is the art museum, which is included in the list of the most famous in the world. More than 2 million people come here every year. The museum hosts exhibitions of local artists and the most famous masters of our time.
Tiradentes Palace built in 1926 for the Legislative Assembly of Brazil and named after independence fighter Joaquín José da Silva Xavier (Tiradentes). At the entrance to the building there is a monument to the national hero. One of the most beautiful buildings in Rio attracts attention with its exquisite architecture and rich interior decoration. A pompous staircase leads to the entrance, the portal is decorated with Greek-style columns, balconies, and sculptures. The roof is crowned with a huge glass dome. The halls are decorated with French mosaics, paintings, expensive furniture with carvings in the Portuguese style.
Maracana Stadium has long been one of the largest sports arenas in the world. The building was designed for 180,000 spectators. Until 2014, the design provided additional standing room for the poorest supporters, increasing the capacity to 200,000. Before the 2014 World Cup, at the request of FIFA, these seats were removed, and the stadium itself was reconstructed, which led to a reduction in the stands. Today, Maracana has a capacity of 78,800 people.
Construction of the stadium began in 1948. After 2 years, the official opening took place, although the work was completed only by 1965. In addition to the football arena and stands, on an area of over 195,000 sq. m there are 60 cafes, 17 elevators, 13 escalators. The Brazilian football team, the Flamengo and Fluminense clubs are training here. The entrance to the stadium is decorated with a monument to the football player, and in the Hall of Fame you can see the footprints of Ronaldo, Pele, Zico and other famous football players.
The Carioca Aqueduct, or Arches Lapa, is a grand structure completed in 1750.