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We have received no reports of travel restrictions in Puerto Rico. For the latest travel status, please check the official page for Puerto Rico.

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For the latest travel status, we recommend checking the official page for Puerto Rico.

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Currently, we are unable to provide international travel restriction information for Puerto Rico relating to Coronavirus (COVID-19). For the latest travel status in Puerto Rico, please check government recommendations.

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Last updated: December 27 | Data sourced from: ACAPS, OXFORD

Questions & Answers

What is the most cost-effective way to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas?

The cost-effective way to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas is to drive, which costs €5 — €9 and takes 46 min.

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What is the fastest way to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas?

The quickest way to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas is to taxi which costs €120 — €150 and takes 46 min.

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How far is it from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas?

The distance between San Juan Airport (SJU) and Cabezas is 40 km. The road distance is 55 km.

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How do I travel from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas without a car?

The best way to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas without a car is to taxi which takes 46 min and costs €120 — €150.

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How long does it take to get from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas?

It takes approximately 46 min to drive 55 km from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas.

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Can I drive from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas?

Yes, the driving distance between San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas is 55 km. It takes approximately 46 min to drive from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas.

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Where can I stay near Cabezas?

There are 121+ hotels available in Cabezas. Prices start at €87 per night.

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What companies run services between San Juan Airport (SJU), Puerto Rico and Cabezas, Puerto Rico?

You can catch a taxi from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas with Puerto Rico Taxi, Michael’s Taxi Service, Santana Taxi Service, Rochdale Radio Taxi or Metro Taxi.

GO Puerto Rico Shuttle


(787) 400-2100


[email protected]


Ave. Duration

1h 10m


On demand

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Schedules at

puertoricoshuttle. com

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Jayride Private Transfers

Ave. Duration

46 min


On demand

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€120 — €150

Taxi from San Juan Airport (SJU) to Cabezas

Ave. Duration

46 min

Estimated price

€120 — €150


+1 787-969-3260


+1 787-661-9694


+787 562-9836




+787 721-1900



+787 725-2870


Want to know more about travelling around the world?

Rome2rio’s Travel Guide series provide vital information for the global traveller. Read our range of informative guides on popular transport routes and companies — including South Korea: Travelling from Seoul to Busan , Travelling to the US: What do I need to know? and 4 stunningly beautiful Philippines islands you need to visit — to help you get the most out of your next trip.

Why You Should Visit Las Cabezas Nature Reserve in Puerto Rico

Visit Las Cabezas Nature Reserve.

Top Things to do in Puerto Rico.

Visit Las Cabezas Nature Reserve. It’s one of the top Things to do in Puerto Rico. Situated on the northeast corridor of Puerto Rico in Fajardo, Las Cabezas Nature Reserve is a great way to spend a few hours. From trails and boardwalks you can explore sensitive eco-systems with trained guides.

Visit Las Cabezas Nature Reserve

It’s one of the top things to do in Puerto Rico.

Red Mangroves at Las Cabezas Nature Reserve Fajardo Puerto Rico

Via a tram and an informative guide, you are given an educational experience about the surrounding mangrove swamps as you hike over and through them by boardwalk.You’ll find out that the red mangrove trees make this body of water red.

You will then stop at a rocky beach where you will come face-to-face with fossilized coral.







The last stop is the Lighthouse – Cape San Juan Light House –  built in 1882 it is located on the highest point of the Reserve. You will be taken into a darkened room where you will get to hold bioluminescent dinoflagellates in your hand as they glow blue in the dark. The dinoflagellates, or phytoplankton, which are in the nearby bio bay, glow when subjected to vibration. They sense they are being pushed and pulled and respond by producing light in response to stress.


See the Views from the Top of the Lighthouse

Climb the iron staircase to the observation deck of the lighthouse and take in stunning sweeping views of the preserve, bio bay, and El Yunque Rain Forest on one side, and the islands of Vieques, Icacos, and St. Thomas islands on the other.

I have yet to get tired of the exquisite beauty and natural resources on this island. That’s what makes Puerto Rico so special. Adventure and beauty are everywhere!

The Preserve is run by the nonprofit organization,  Para La Naturaleza. com and book your tour online and for more information about their organization and the wonderful programs they offer.

Travel Tip: It gets hot on the tour.  Bring water, a hat, suntan lotion, and of course don’t forget your camera. You can buy this fun hat here:

We are a participant in the Amazon Associates, LLC program, an advertising program allowing us to receive fees when you purchase the product above. It does not in anyway add to your cost.

Las Cabezas Nature Preserve

 Car 987, Km. 5.9 Las Croabas, Fajardo 00738,

+1 787-722-5834

Para la Naturaleza

Read here for The Best Things to do in Old San Juan

bio bay, Las Cabezas Nature Reserve, Lighthouse, Puerto Rico, things to do

  • ← 5 Puerto Rico’s Best Kept Secrets
  • 6 Must-See Stops When Visiting El Yunque Rainforest →

1961 Gusanos in the Bay of Pigs …

April 17, 1961 — Operation in the Bay of Pigs . ..

From Maxim Makarychev’s book «Fidel Castro»: They went to the Bay of Pigs region through the Nicaraguan port of Puerto Cabezas and were personally escorted to Nicaragua by the dictator Somoza.0003

At dawn on April 15, American B-26 aircraft with Cuban markings, based in Central America, Florida and Puerto Rico, bombed the airfields of Santiago de Cuba, San Antonio de los Baños and Havana. As a result, several Cuban aircraft were destroyed on the ground and dozens of civilians were killed.

As if on cue, the American media spread information that pilots «dissatisfied» with the Castro regime had rebelled in Cuba. In Miami, an interview was staged with one of these «rebels», who was actually one of the mercenaries being trained in Guatemala. US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson, whom John F. Kennedy called «my official liar,» shook pictures of planes with Cuban markings inside the walls of the United Nations, assuring foreign diplomats that «the Cuban people have rebelled against the regime in Cuba. » nine0003

Cuba is under martial law. 250 thousand Cubans joined the people’s militia. Fidel Castro personally led the mobilization and formation of battalions. “… At the time of the invasion, hundreds of thousands of people, thousands and thousands of artillerymen were prepared and armed with us. They didn’t have much experience, but they had a fighting spirit, and they knew how to handle it,” Castro recalled.

The next day, Fidel spoke at the funeral of the victims of the bombing. He spoke directly to Kennedy, calling him a «liar» and demanding that the names of the pilots who allegedly fled Cuba be made public. This rally went down in history also by the fact that Castro for the first time proclaimed the Cuban revolution socialist: “Comrade workers and peasants! Our revolution is a socialist, democratic revolution of the disadvantaged, carried out by the disadvantaged for the disadvantaged. We are ready to give our lives for her!” nine0003

Cuba was bombed a few days after the historic flight of Yuri Gagarin, whose popularity on the Island of Freedom will soon know no bounds. And Fidel did not fail to mention at the rally about the great achievement of Soviet cosmonautics: “At that moment, when the echo of admiration caused throughout the world by the achievement of the Soviet Union, precision, high technology, which characterize the just accomplished scientific feat in the name of mankind, has not yet died down, when the wave of admiration throughout the world has not yet subsided, simultaneously with the feat of the Soviet Union, the Yankee government accomplished its “feat” — it bombarded a country that has no air force, no ships, no armed forces capable of preventing this attack. nine0003

There is an opinion that Fidel, having come to power, only waited for the moment to announce his intention to build socialism in Cuba. At one of the rallies, he asked the peasants: «Are you for socialism?» In response, people who had heard a lot of “horror stories” about socialism answered in unison: “No!” Then Fidel asked a few more questions: «Are you for agrarian reform?» at the university?”, “Are you in favor of doctors working in your places, so that you can be treated for free?”. Each time, the peasants shouted in unison: “Yes!” Then Fidel Castro took a short pause and said: “This is all socialism!” nine0003

On April 19, 1961, the government of the USSR issued a statement in connection with the armed intrusion of American bombers into Cuban airspace: “<…> the Cuban people have not threatened and are not threatening anyone <…> They demand to be left alone, not prevented him from building his life in accordance with his national ideals. Can small Cuba, with its six million population, threaten anyone, and even more so such a large state as the United States? Of course no. Nevertheless, from the first days of the victory of the national revolution in Cuba, the USA became the center where counter-revolutionary elements thrown out of Cuba flocked, where they formed into gangs and armed themselves to fight against the people’s government of Fidel Castro <...> Why did the USA organize this criminal attack on the Cuban Republic ? Yes, because after the overthrow of the tyranny of Batista, the Cuban people put an end to the robbery and exploitation of their homeland by foreign companies. These monopolies do not want to cede anything to the people of Cuba, the peoples of Latin America. They are afraid that Cuba, building its own independent life, will become an example for other Latin American countries.” nine0003

At five o’clock on the morning of April 17, detachments of mercenaries on American ships, covered by American naval formations and aircraft, began to implement the Zapata plan. A battalion of Cuban militia noticed invaders approaching in boats. The «Liberation Army» in the amount of one and a half thousand people landed in the town of Playa Giron. As a result of heavy fire opened from boats, several dozen Cuban policemen were killed, and the survivors were forced to retreat. nine0003

Havana was immediately aware of the landing, but Fidel was in no hurry to throw all his forces into the Bay of Pigs. The fact is that by that time a lot of information about provocative attacks was flowing to the headquarters of the commander-in-chief. So, several American ships concentrated off the coast in the province of Pinar del Rio. Their maneuvers indicated aggressive intentions: boats were launched from the ships, marines were immersed in them. Both Fidel and Che really believed at first that the attack in the Bay of Pigs was a distraction, and that the real battle would begin in the province of Pinar del Río. That’s where Che Guevara went. However, it soon became clear that the actions of the Americans were provocative. The Americans remained in neutral waters, not a meter approaching the Cuban coast. By that time, Fidel’s headquarters received intelligence information that the «government», formed from members of the «Cuban Revolutionary Council», was at one of the Miami airfields, waiting for a flight to Cuba. It was necessary to understand where the invaders intended to strike the main blow — in the Bay of Pigs or in Pinar del Rio, in order to correctly choose the direction of the counterattack. nine0003

The situation cleared up when enemy planes dropped paratroopers in Playa Giron and Playa Larga. Fidel on the T-34 tank immediately advanced to repel the attack in the Bay of Pigs.

Meanwhile, the mercenaries themselves, who believed that the rapid retreat of the Cuban police battalion was a harbinger of an imminent victory, faced serious problems, reminiscent of those experienced by the Fidel detachment, which landed from the Granma in the mangroves. But if the landing of the rebels happened by chance, then the counter-revolutionaries acted in accordance with a plan that seemed ideal on paper. As a result, the Rangers were forced to attack on a narrow stretch of land, unable to disperse. In addition, three landing craft ran into coral reefs. nine0003

The mercenaries were supplied with 30 types of weapons, which were purchased from different places in small batches. The fighters were given a small amount of ammunition for the march, in the hope that they would be supported by the Cuban counter-revolutionary forces, on which American planes dropped a large amount of ammunition ahead of time. However, due to organizational confusion, they were not informed not only about the date and place of the landing, but even about its very fact!

Fidel gave the order to strike at the enemy ships approaching the island, and also to impose an air battle on the American B-26 bombers that were bombing the road leading to Playa Giron. A great merit in the defeat of the army of mercenaries belongs precisely to the pilots of the Cuban RVS, who did not allow enemy aircraft to reach the runway, which was located several kilometers from the coast. nine0003

By the evening of April 17, the mercenaries were surrounded, and instead of attacking, they were forced to go on the defensive. The decisive moment came when the main landing ship Houston was hit by Cuban air fire, and the T-34 tanks, supported by the SAU-100, that arrived on the battlefield, managed to shoot down six American B-26 bombers. The same tanks managed to knock out two ships of the convoy, hurrying to help the mercenaries. Mercenaries in a panic jumped from ships and swam to the shore, where they drowned in the swamp. And on a few patches of land, units of the Cuban revolutionary forces were already waiting for them. nine0003

Fidel from time to time «applied» to the SAU-100 self-propelled artillery mount, firing at an enemy ship that he especially liked, which was eventually sunk. (Now this installation stands on a pedestal in front of Batista’s former presidential palace in the very center of Havana, not far from Granma.)

Enemy planes fled in the direction of Florida. And soon the defenders of Cuba achieved superiority in firepower on land thanks to the tanks and artillery pieces that arrived in Cuba as Moscow’s «fraternal aid» to Havana. nine0003

It was not until the morning of April 19 that the CIA realized that the operation had failed and issued an evacuation order. But out of one and a half thousand mercenaries, the Americans managed to save only … 14 people. About 1,200 mercenaries surrendered or were captured, and the rest died. As trophies, the Cubans got thousands of small arms, leaving no doubt about the involvement of the Americans in the intervention. The losses on the Cuban side amounted to 87 people, most of them died during the heroic defense of Playa Giron in the first hours after the attack. nine0003

Fidel took part in the interrogation of prisoners. Among them were four Catholic priests. 800 mercenaries came from wealthy Cuban families who lost their property and capital after the revolution in Cuba, 135 were former soldiers of Batista’s army, 75 were simple fortune hunters and declassed elements.

In March 2001, documents of Cuban intelligence about the landing of mercenaries on the island in the Bay of Pigs forty years ago were declassified. They recorded a very important episode: there was a moment when Castro was on the verge of death. For some unknown reason, the two mercenaries who were in ambush did not shoot at Fidel, although they were only 10 meters away from him. nine0003

Ernesto Che Guevara was in the province of Pinar del Río during the operation in the Bay of Pigs. There, Che had an accident: he accidentally dropped the pistol from his hands, and it, having fallen, fired and wounded the commander. Upon learning of this, ill-wishers in Cuba and abroad began to spread fables and put forward their own «versions» of this accident: Che allegedly «shot himself» and wanted to commit suicide because of «disagreements with Fidel Castro.»

The Cuban people saved the lives of the captives. Fidel tried to make the most of such a sensitive defeat for the Americans. To begin with, he offered them to exchange prisoners for political prisoners languishing in the prisons of Nicaragua, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. The United States categorically rejected this proposal. Then Castro demanded financial compensation from the Americans for the damage caused to Cuba. nine0003

At first, the Americans categorically refused to acknowledge the very fact of involvement in the landing of mercenaries, but under the pressure of irrefutable evidence, President Kennedy publicly took full responsibility for the intervention. And US Secretary of State Arthur Schlesinger later wrote in his memoirs about the failure of this operation: “The truth is that Castro turned out to be a much more prominent person and leader of a much better organized state than one could have imagined.” nine0003

This blunder cost the Americans dearly. For the first time, the United States was forced to make amends to a Latin American state. The Bay of Pigs «cost» them 500 tractors, a large amount of medicines, household goods in the amount of 63 million dollars … «


From the book of Nikolai Leonov «Fidel Castro»:

8 « On April 3, 1961, the US State Department issued the so-called «White Paper» on Cuba, which was intended to justify the military actions being prepared against the Cuban Revolution. The book was chock-full of vicious material with one purpose: to stir up public opinion in the US and other countries against Cuba. It became, as it were, the final chord of the psychological war against the Cuban revolution on the eve of a military strike. nine0003

Herbert Mathews describes this State Department opus by Arthur Schlesinger as follows: “As a political and polemical document it was effective, and if you look at it from the point of view of the reliability of texture and historical accuracy in assessing the situation in Cuba, then it is best to forget about it” .

April 14, 1961, a brigade of mercenaries on six ships set off for the Nicaraguan port of Puerto Cabezas, from where the invasion was to begin.

There the expedition was greeted by the Nicaraguan dictator Luis Somoza, who mockingly announced that he was expecting a piece of Fidel’s beard as a gift. nine0003

At 06:00 on April 15, American B-26 bombers with freshly painted Cuban markings bombed the main airfields, where few Cuban military aircraft were located. Several Cuban planes were killed under the bombs.

In the meantime, through its «free» press and through official channels, the United States spread a monstrous lie that the planes that bombed Cuban airfields were Cuban Air Force planes and were piloted by rebel Cuban pilots who then fled abroad. To divert attention, the CIA sent one of the mercenaries on a B-26 plane from Nicaragua to Miami to confirm the fake version with his appearance. Everything was prepared in advance: the statements of the pilots, and photographs of the aircraft, and the answers of the «migration» officials. nine0003

The next day, April 16, Fidel Castro gave a big speech at the funeral of the victims of the enemy bombing and, speaking directly to Kennedy, called him a liar, because not a single plane took off from the territory of Cuba and not a single pilot fled. Fidel demanded that the US government submit both pilots and aircraft to the UN in order to immediately prove that this idea was stupidly planned for simpletons. Adlai Stevenson, whom Kennedy called «my official liar,» was shocked. Neither he nor the US government could even name any of the pilots. At this solemn and mourning meeting, April 16, 1961, Fidel first called the Cuban revolution socialist. He ended his speech with these words: “Comrade workers and peasants, our revolution is socialist and democratic, a revolution of the poor, which is being carried out by the forces of the poor and in the interests of the poor. And for this revolution… we are ready to give our lives.

Workers and peasants, the poor of our country, do you swear to defend to the last drop of blood this revolution of the poor, which is being carried out for the sake of the interests of the poor?” And the entire crowd of thousands answered with one sigh: “Yes, we swear!”. nine0003

By order of Fidel Castro, the country announced the introduction of increased combat readiness, the police personnel received weapons, moved to the barracks in anticipation of military orders. Unfortunately, this time only the nascent armed forces of the republic expected not training alarms, but bloody battles.

In the early morning of April 17, 1961, a small detachment of the people’s militia, which was serving in the town of Giron, on the southern coast of the province of Las Villas, saw landing boats approaching the shore in the darkness. At the first attempt to illuminate them with car headlights for identification, heavy fire was opened from the boats. The superiority of the enemy in forces and weapons was extremely large, and the militiamen who remained alive began to retreat, having managed to inform Havana by phone about the invasion that had begun. Fidel immediately ordered the units to be put on full alert. At the same time, a command was given to the committees for the defense of the revolution to begin a preventive operation to isolate all counter-revolutionary elements and suspicious persons. nine0003

Not having exact information about the number of mercenaries who landed in Chiron and the weapons they had, Fidel was in no hurry to throw all the forces of the army against them. He had enough reason to assume that the enemy could deliver a diversionary blow, and the main one to prepare in another place. Moreover, a detachment of American ships was cruising near the coast of the province of Pinar del Rio, which even imitated an operation to prepare for the landing. Boats were lowered into the water, the marines in full combat gear took their places in them. True, all this happened outside the territorial waters, but in such proximity that it was freely visible to the naked eye from the shore. Another detachment of ships was suspiciously cruising at the other end of the island, near the city of Baracoa. nine0003

By the time the mercenaries landed on the shores of the Bay of Cochinos, the armed forces of Cuba had not yet been reorganized, they retained a semi-guerrilla structure. There were no formations higher than a battalion; heavy weapons began to arrive from the Soviet Union just a few months ago. The first aircraft that arrived were in a disassembled state and, naturally, could not be used in combat operations. Artillery and tanks were stored in camouflaged parking lots. Crews barely learned how to drive tanks. There were no skills in the calculations of large-caliber mortars. For these reasons, the infantry formations of the people’s militia, armed only with small arms, took the first blow. nine0003

One of the first to fight was a battalion of cadets of the school, which trained officers for the people’s militia. The battalion was commanded by Jose Ramon Fernandez, a former career army officer who had gone over to the side of the revolution. He recalls how difficult it was in the first hours, when it turned out that in front of them was a heavily armed enemy, who had heavy tanks, recoilless rifles, mortars and the latest automatic infantry weapons.

At first, the air was completely dominated by the enemy. His B-26 bombers continuously attacked the two highways that led to the battlefield through many kilometers of tropical swamp. The enemy accurately calculated the choice of the landing site. Around the Bay of Cochinos, a strip of four or five kilometers was solid land covered with forest. Small resort-type settlements were scattered along the coast. The airstrip was nearby. In short, it was an ideal foothold, cut off from the rest of the country by a wide, impassable zone of marshes, and only two lines of highway connected the coast of the Bay of Pigs with the main territory of Cuba. It was possible to control these two narrow strips of land with small forces. Any gain in time allowed the enemy to land in the Playa Giron area from ships or planes a group of political adventurers who could be passed off as the «legitimate» government of Cuba, and then begin to provide him with open assistance from the United States and other dictatorial countries of Latin America. After all, the main thing for the enemy was to get a formal lead to expand aggression. nine0003

Therefore, Fidel, having made sure by the middle of the day on April 17 that the landing in the Bay of Pigs was not a diversionary maneuver and it was there that the main blow was being delivered, ordered the main forces to be immediately transferred there from the central part of the country. Mobilization was carried out in the shortest possible time. From the morning of April 17, Fidel personally directed the course of hostilities. His plan for conducting the battle was to first of all strike at the enemy ships, sink them or drive them away from the coast, deprive the landing force of material, and most importantly, psychological support from the sea. nine0003

This task was superbly performed by the tiny aircraft of the revolutionary armed forces. On April 15, several military aircraft survived from enemy bombardments, which were prudently diverted to shelters. These were two T-33 jets, several old B-26s and British Sea Furies.

The appearance of revolutionary aviation in the air was a bolt from the blue for the mercenaries. The pilots showed miracles of heroism, making several sorties a day. With precise missile and bomb strikes, they managed to damage and set fire to the main transport and headquarters ship Houston, which, avoiding air strikes, ran aground and tilted. The mercenaries, who did not have time to land on the main bridgehead, left the ship in a panic and, completely disorganized, swam to the opposite shore, overgrown with swampy forest. Without being distracted by any other targets, in strict accordance with the orders of Fidel Castro, the pilots continued to hit other vessels of the expedition until this task was basically solved. nine0003

Then the pilots were tasked with clearing the sky of enemy planes. They brilliantly coped with this task. Several B-26s were shot down during April 18 and 19, the Cubans themselves lost only two aircraft.

And after that, Fidel ordered aviation to support the actions of ground forces and strike at the enemy entrenched in Playa Giron.

By this time, the pulled up artillery began to carry out barrage fire on the water area of ​​the bay, preventing the enemy from taking measures to rescue the mercenaries cut off at the bridgehead. In essence, a classic encirclement operation was carried out with the help of landing firepower, the elimination of which was predetermined. nine0003

Most of the time while the fighting was going on in the area of ​​the Bay of Pigs, Fidel spent directly in the combat zone. He personally participated in the interrogation of the first prisoners, went on the attack on the T-34, and, as the Revolution newspaper of 04/22/62 reported, Fidel recklessly fired from the SAU-100 gun at the enemy transport ship, which was eventually sunk.

In total, out of 1,500 people trained by the CIA for this expedition, 1,200 people were captured, about a hundred were killed, and only a few managed to escape in the first hours on the departing ships. nine0003

The operation in the Bay of Pigs ended in complete military and political failure for the United States. Even the President of the United States did not find it possible to lie in such a catastrophic situation. Kennedy took full responsibility for the collapse of the operation, saying: «Victory is the child of many parents, and defeat is always an orphan.»

Arthur Schlesinger just shrugged his shoulders, not understanding anything about what had happened. In his book, A Thousand Days, on the history of the Kennedy administration, regarding the disaster at the Bay of Pigs, he wrote: “The truth is that Castro turned out to be a much more eminent person and leader of a much better organized state than one might have imagined.” nine0003

Fidel Castro offered to exchange the captured mercenaries for the same number of political prisoners who were in prisons in the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico and other countries. The United States could not agree to this, and the negotiations took a different path: Cuba demanded compensation from the United States for the damage that was caused to the country’s economy by the invasion of mercenaries. For about a year, the US authorities maneuvered and dodged in order to somehow save their face, but they had to pay the required compensation in the form of 500 tractors, a large batch of medicines and other national economic goods totaling $63 million …»

Goodbye Haiti. Hurricane Matthew put millions of Americans to flight —


The elements have already claimed the lives of more than four hundred people

Photo: stranyplanety. ru


Read time

Wind, wind, you are powerful, you drive clouds of clouds … «And also — animals, trees and entire buildings. Hurricanes, tornadoes and tornadoes are one of the most destructive natural phenomena. Hurricane Matthew, which is about to reach coast of the United States — has already become the most powerful tropical cyclone in the last nine years in the Atlantic, with several hundred deaths to its credit.0003

Prior to Matthew, Hurricane Felix in 2007 held the record. Then «Felix» hit the Caribbean coast of Central America. As a result, 38 people were killed in Nicaragua, more than 200 are missing. Thousands of houses were destroyed, 50 thousand people were left homeless. The coastal city of Puerto Cabezas was virtually razed to the ground.

Hurricane Matthew is already catching up with its predecessor. In Haiti alone, the death toll from the hurricane exceeded three hundred people. In some cities of the country, the hurricane destroyed up to 80% of buildings. Moreover, the bridge connecting the two parts of the island was destroyed — the only road to the capital Port-au-Prince turned out to be blocked. According to the UN, about 350,000 people need help in Haiti — the poorest country in the region is facing a humanitarian catastrophe. nine0003

In the neighboring Dominican Republic, four people were killed by a hurricane, in Cuba there were no deaths, but the city of Baracoa, which is considered the most ancient in the country, was significantly destroyed.

A few days ago, the strength of the wind began to subside, but not for long. The danger level of «Matthew» was previously raised again to the fourth category out of five possible. Now the hurricane is moving towards Florida — the National Hurricane Prediction Center has warned that waves up to five meters high can rise as a result of the storm. An element of such force has not approached the shores of Florida since 2004. According to weather forecasts, «Matthew» is about to fall on the central and northern regions of the coast of Florida, and then move towards Georgia and South Carolina. President Barack Obama has declared a state of emergency in three states. Educational institutions and state institutions do not work, people massively buy water and food. In fact, flights from Miami airport have been completely stopped, the Disney World amusement park has closed. More than three million people have already been evacuated from coastal areas. nine0003

Hurricane Matthew was first a cyclone with tropical storm strength. It formed off the coast of Africa at the end of September and has already managed to cause severe floods in Mexico and Central America. As a result of the activities of «Matthew» in Mexico, 11 people were killed. The elements destroyed houses, roads, bridges. But «Matthew» only gained strength.

Where does the wind blow from? In addition, a hurricane is the name of a tropical cyclone in the Americas. According to legend, the word «hurricane» comes from the name of the Mayan wind god Hurakan — «one who throws down.» It was Hurakan who created the earth. According to another legend, Hurakan is the god of fear among the Indians of the South American Quiche tribe. nine0003

In the western Pacific Ocean, hurricanes are called «typhoons» (from the Chinese «tai fung» or «tai feng», which means «big wind»), in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal — «cyclones», off the coast of Australia — «willy willy «, in Oceania — «willy wow», and in the Philippines — «baguio».

Duration of a hurricane on average reaches 9-12 days. The main thing for the occurrence of a hurricane is the appearance in the atmosphere of an area of ​​low pressure. Air masses in the tropics are very warm and humid, resulting in powerful updrafts that lead to a pressure drop in this area. Air currents immediately rush into this area of ​​low pressure. The process is similar to how, as a result of draining water from a bathtub, a whirlpool is formed in the drain hole. nine0003

Due to the rotation of the Earth around its own axis, the winds in the hurricane are not directed towards its center, but tangentially to a circle circumscribed around this center. Under the influence of the daily rotation of the Earth, this air swirls counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. Hurricane strength is measured on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which has five categories. Fifth is the strongest.

In 2015, Hurricane Patricia literally blew an 11-car train off the bridge. The hurricane, which formed in mid-October 2015, became one of the strongest in the history of meteorological observations: the wind force inside the hurricane reached 325 kilometers per hour with individual gusts up to 400 kilometers per hour. nine0003

In the Atlantic, hurricane season begins June 1st. The average hurricane season is considered to be the hurricane season, in which 11 storms occur, six of them become hurricanes, and only two hurricanes reach the third category or exceed it.
The most destructive season for the Atlantic was the 2005 season, when 28 severe storms were recorded, 15 of which turned into hurricanes. Hurricane «Katrina» then claimed the lives of more than 1.3 thousand people in the southern states of the United States. nine0003

The most destructive hurricane in history is the Great Hurricane of 1780, or «San Calixto». It raged in the autumn of 1780 near the Caribbean archipelago. According to the documents of that time, the elements claimed the lives of 22 thousand people. Part of the French and English flotillas, which took part in the US Civil War, went under water.

Hurricane Andrew in 1992 brought destruction and death to the northwestern Bahamas, southern Florida, and southwestern Louisiana. 26 people died directly from the impact of the hurricane, and 39man from its consequences. Andrew officially caused $26.5 billion in damage.

The most powerful hurricane in Hawaii was called Iniki (September 1992). At its peak, wind speeds reached 235 km/h. Six people died, but the destruction was catastrophic for the small island. Damage totaled over $1.8 billion.

Hurricane Mitch (October 1998) raged in the southern Caribbean. Wind gusts reached 320 kilometers per hour. The hurricane affected the territories of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador. As a result, about 20 thousand people died, more than a million were left homeless. nine0003

Hurricane Katrina (August 2005) was the most destructive of all that hit the coast of America. Approximately 80% of New Orleans was flooded. The damage amounted to $ 80 billion, the hurricane claimed 1836 lives, 705 are still considered missing. In addition, looters took advantage of the natural disaster, before whom the police were powerless.

What do you call the boat

At first, hurricanes got their names randomly. For example, Hurricane Santa Anna hit Puerto Rico on July 26, 1825, St. Anna. The name could be given according to the area that suffered the most from the elements. Sometimes the name was determined by the very form of development of the hurricane. So, for example, the hurricane «Pin» No. 4 got its name in 1935, the shape of the trajectory of which resembled the mentioned object. Australian meteorologist Clement Rugg named the typhoons after MPs who refused to vote for weather research loans. nine0003

During World War II, US Air Force and Navy meteorologists began naming typhoons after their wives or girlfriends. As a result, the assignment of female names to hurricanes entered the system. The first hurricane of the year began to be called a female name, starting with the first letter of the alphabet, the second — with the second, and so on. The names were chosen short, easy to pronounce and easy to remember. For typhoons, there was a list of 84 female names. In 1979, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), in conjunction with the US National Weather Service, expanded this list to include male names. nine0003

Since there are several basins where hurricanes form, there are also several lists of names. There are 6 alphabetical lists for Atlantic Basin hurricanes, each with 21 names, used for 6 consecutive years and then repeated. If there are more than 21 Atlantic hurricanes in a year, the Greek alphabet will come into play. In the event that a hurricane is particularly destructive, its name is struck off the list. So, for example, the name «Katrina» will no longer be used by meteorologists.

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