Puerto rico information: Fast Facts About Puerto Rico



Country: Puerto Rico (RQ).

Nationality: Puerto Rican(s).

Languages: Spanish, English.

Capital: San Juan.

Population: 3,966,213 (July 2010 est.).

Population growth rate: 0.298% (2010 est.).

Climate: Tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation.
Hurricanes frequently occur between August and October, although less than
Jamaica, Cuba, and the Lesser Antilles. 


Area: Total: 13,790 sq km, land: 8,870 sq km, water: 4,921 sq

Coastline: 501 km.

Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 66 30 W.

Highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,339 m.

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the
North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic.

Size: 180 km from East to West and a 65 km wide.

Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains
precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas.


Tourist Information

Accommodations: Puerto Rico offers a huge variety of lodgings.

Activities: Scuba diving, surfing, bird watching, horse back
riding, golf, fishing, hiking. Casinos are located in many of the large
hotels around the island. We recommend sightseeing in Old San Juan and
a tour to the El Yunque National Forest.

Average tourist arrivals: 1,300,783 (2009).

Crime: Puerto Rico has a crime problem, as of 2002 the island’s
murder rate was twice that of New York City! Most crime is either passional
or drug-related. Violence does not extend into ordinary life. Visitors
should observe the same precautionary measures that would apply anywhere

Electricity: 120 Volts, 60 cycles. Only flat blade plugs are

Entry Requirements: There are no passports or visas necessary
for United States citizens, they only need to have some form of official
government issued picture identification such as a current driver’s license.
Citizens of other countries have the same requirements as for entering
the USA.

Extension of stay: Possible. You must apply for an extension
of stay before your previous stay has expired.

Telephone: Country code — 1-787.

Time: Atlantic Standard Time (EST +1; GMT -4) all year around.

Tourism Office: La Princesa Bldg., #2 Paseo La Princesa, Old
San Juan, P.R. 00902.



Cost of living: Cheaper than in the United States, except for
in San Juan where it is expensive.

Credit cards: Widely accepted for accommodations, dining and

Currency: US Dollar.

Tipping: Tipping is expected, usually 15 % in restaurants, 10
% in bars, and 10 — 15 % for taxi drivers, hairdressers, and other services,
depending on the quality of the service rendered. Tip a porter, either
at the airport or at your hotel, $1 per bag.



Airport: Luis Muoz Marin International Airport (SJU)
is located 14km (9 miles) east of San Juan. Regular buses and airport shuttles
run to San Juan, where there is a ferry service from Pier 2 across the
bay to Catano. There is a ground transportation information desk at the
airport, which gives information and books tickets for all types of travel.
Baldorioty de Castro Avenue runs west from the airport past the Isla Verde,
Ocean Park and Condado sectors (tourist areas) into Old San Juan.

Departure Tax: 5 USD, usually included.

Flight Times: New York  3 hours, Los Angeles 
8 hours. Miami  2 hours, Europe  8 — 12 hours.

Ground Transportation: Cars and mini-buses provide low-cost public
transportation around the island, but w.e suggest to rent a car.

Ferry Service: Ferries del Caribe (www.ferriesdelcaribe.com)
offer ferries three times a week between Santo Domingo in the Dominican
Republic, and Mayagüez in Puerto Rico. On the eastern end of Puerto
Rico, the town of Fajardo runs ferries to both Culebra and Vieques. 

Ports and harbors: Guayanilla, Mayaguez, San Juan.



Ethnic groups: White (mostly Spanish origin) 76.2 %, black 6.9
%, Asian 0.3 %, Amerindian 0.2 %, mixed 4.4 %, other 12 % (2007).

Government type: Commonwealth.

Legal system: Based on Spanish civil code and within the US Federal
system of justice.

Literacy: 94.1 %.

Religions: Roman Catholic 85 %, Protestant and other 15 %.



Agriculture-products: Sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains,
bananas; livestock products, chickens.

GDP per capita: $17,100 (2009 est.).

Industries: Pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products,

Natural resources: Some copper and nickel; potential for onshore
and offshore oil.

Unemployment rate: 12 % (2002).

U.S. Energy Information Administration — EIA

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Information about Puerto Rico. What country is Puerto Rico?

The baseball team regularly competes in the world championships. More than 70 years ago, Puerto Ricans climbed to the top step of the podium. They won silver and bronze four times.

About Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is the easternmost and smallest of the Greater Antilles, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. The Puerto Rico archipelago includes small islands surrounding it, such as Culebra and Vieques to the east and Mona to the west. Mona is a natural park and wildlife sanctuary under government supervision. The total land area, including small islands, is 8,875 sq. km. nine0004

The island of Puerto Rico has an amazing geographic diversity, as about 60% of the island is very hilly. It also has caves, deserts, oceans, rivers and beautiful beaches. There are three distinct physiographic regions: Karst regions, coastal lowlands and mountainous regions.

The mountainous area is formed by the central mountain range, commonly known as the Cordillera Central, which extends inland from Mayagüez to Aibonito and crosses the island from east to west. The highest mountains are Cerro la Punta (1338 m) and Roses (1267 m). The second important physical and geographical feature is the coastal plains, which extend 13-19km inland in the north and 3-13 km in the south. The third important physical and geographical feature is the karst zone in the north. This limestone area is a very attractive area with vast hills covered with sinkholes, caves and limestone cliffs.

Due to its relatively small size and east-west mountain range, Puerto Rico has no major rivers or lakes. The largest river is the Grande de Arecibo, which flows into the northern coast. nine0004

San Juan is the capital and most populous city of Puerto Rico. Today, San Juan is one of the most important ports of Puerto Rico, as well as the industrial, economic, cultural and tourist center of the island.

The history of Puerto Rico began with the settlement of the island by orthoptera between 3000 and 2000 BC. These people are believed to have originated from the Orinoco Valley in South America and migrated from Trinidad and Tobago to Puerto Rico in the Antilles. Other tribes, such as the Arawak Indians and the Saladoids, inhabited the island between 430 BC. and 1000 AD When Christopher Columbus arrived in Puerto Rico in 1493 year, the land was inhabited by the Indians secretly. Columbus claimed that the island belonged to Spain and named it San Juan Bautista, after Saint John the Baptist. Conquistador Juan Ponce de León founded Caparra as the first settlement on the island. He subsequently became the first governor of the colony. After the Spanish-American War in 1898, Puerto Rico became a territory of the United States. In 1917, the people of Puerto Rico gained independence from the United States.

Puerto Rico regions and resorts

Flora and fauna

The island also has 36 nature reserves, 19 state forests and five game reserves, giving travelers the opportunity to immerse themselves in an incredible number of ecologically protected areas.

Puerto Rico is home to several thousand species of tropical plants, including the thick-stemmed kapok tree, punchiana, thorny tropical shrub with bright reddish flowers, breadfruit, and coconut palm. The rainforest in the northeastern part of the island is home to ferns, orchids and redwoods, and part of this rainforest is part of the Caribbean National Forest. Cacti grow in the dry southwest corner of Puerto Rico. Hardwood trees now rare include nutmeg, satin, Spanish elm, and Spanish cedar. nine0004

There are no large wild mammals in Puerto Rico. The mongoose was bred to control rats on sugar cane plantations. There are many iguanas and many small lizards and bats. The island is home to many animals that are not found anywhere else in the world.

Several endemic birds and many migratory birds live here. Birdwatching in Puerto Rico is very easy. Puerto Rico’s most «famous» bird is the Puerto Rican parrot. Hummingbirds abound on the island, so keep your eyes peeled for them. Marine life is extraordinarily rich, including many tropical fish, crabs and corals. Among the numerous fish inhabiting coastal waters are barracuda, kingfish, mullet, Spanish mackerel, tuna, lobsters and oysters. nine0004

Puerto Rico Climate

Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with tropical forests and a predominantly warm and humid atmosphere all year round. Puerto Rico has mostly hot and humid weather with two distinct seasons. The rainy season lasts from April to November and brings over 80% of the annual rainfall. The dry season lasts from December to March, with a slight drop in temperature and humidity.

Average monthly temperatures in Puerto Rico and the outer islands differ little during the year. Temperatures are generally higher in August and cooler in January and February. Puerto Rico is prone to thunderstorms, tropical cyclones, hurricanes, tornadoes, tornadoes and strong winds. From June to November, the Atlantic hurricane season takes place on the islands. nine0004

Summer temperatures in Puerto Rico can exceed 32°C and rarely fall below 21°C. In most parts of the island, it rains in the afternoon, especially in August and September, and the humidity at this time of the year can reach 80%.

Autumn is the main cyclone season, especially in September. The autumn months are very rainy, with frequent heavy downpours and frequent heavy rains.

The climate in Puerto Rico is tropical, maritime, with slight temperature differences in the southern, northern and central parts of the island. The south is warmer than the north, and the central highlands are always cooler than the rest of the island. nine0004

The average annual temperature is +28 ºC. The amount of precipitation is about 800-2500 mm per year. The hurricane season in Puerto Rico lasts from June to November.

Puerto Rico is an island where life is in full swing in every corner. Sparkling ocean waters and magnificent forests surprise with a variety of flora and fauna. For example, Puerto Rico has over 240 plant species, 17 bird species, and 40 amphibian species. Some of them can only be found here. For example, the Puerto Rican constrictor boa constrictor, coca frog and others. It is also home to many fish and mammals. nine0004

Climate and weather

The island is covered with dense evergreen forest. More than 200 species of trees grow here, about 100 species of ferns of all kinds and 50 species of flowers, of which the orchid is the most popular. Puerto Rico has many reserves and national parks that work to preserve the island’s pristine nature.

Puerto Rico is home to many famous historical sites. The walls of the old city of San Juan (Viejo San Juan) keep the unique spirit of that time. Today you can see old houses and monuments that are more than 150 years old. In local museums, you can get acquainted with the daily life of the Taino Indians, as well as with the clothes and weapons of the conquistadors, their old cannons and many other things that the Spaniards brought to the island. nine0004


Puerto Rico attractions include:

One of the most popular attractions in Old San Juan. The construction of the castle began in 1539 and was completed only 50 years later. Since 1983, the castle has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today, the museum and the castle grounds are open to the public daily.


Vieques is the second largest island in Puerto Rico, part of the Virgin Islands. It is located 13 km west of the main island. Due to its geographic location and tropical climate, Vieques is one of the most beautiful bioluminescent bays in the world. Vieques Island is an ideal place for diving or boating. nine0004

This largest rainforest reserve preserves Puerto Rico’s untouched nature. The reserve is located 2 hours from the city of San Juan.

Culebrita is a small coral island in the northwest of Puerto Rico. The island’s white sand beaches are impressive, especially Flamenco Beach. Combined with the deep blue water, they look like a tropical paradise. Another attraction is Turtle Beach (Playa Tortuga), named after the sea turtles that swim here to breed. nine0004

This is the third largest cave system on the planet. The length of the cave complex is more than 16 kilometers, it has 228 caves and 17 entrances. They are connected to m

Holidays in Puerto Rico have their own characteristics. It is a tropical paradise with soft turquoise waters and sandy beaches. The entire island is surrounded by the magical nectar of tropical unusual flowers, and the unique spectacle of a pink sunset on the ocean beach will evoke memories for decades.

Tourists love this island paradise for its tolerance of all nationalities. The policy of the state is aimed at supporting all religions and nationalities, which is very attractive for most tourists, since the friendly atmosphere leads to the fact that many foreigners get to know each other and have a good time. This is something that is no longer possible in other holiday destinations in an age of online communication and political divisions between world leaders.

Many foreign tourists dream of visiting the island, surrounded by legends and stories about bloodthirsty pirates and privateers who settled these lands many centuries ago. nine0004

Panoramic view of San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico.

Peculiarities of tourism in Puerto Rico

Thus, various stories about hidden treasures contribute to the development of a vibrant diving industry on the island.

The wild exotic surroundings combined with cultural amenities such as trendy shops and nightclubs immerse you in a magical, intoxicating atmosphere.

The unusual atmosphere in this country was created by the established culture and history associated with colonization. The modern image of Puerto Rico is inextricably linked with its prosperity, progressive economy and judicial and financial system. nine0004

Puerto Rico occupies a fairly prominent place on the world map. The country is located on an island that the Spaniards once discovered and made their colony. The island is now administered by the United States. Both the culture and nationality of the inhabitants are very diverse. It is a mixture of Spanish, American, African and a small amount of American.

It developed very quickly, taking the best from every nation. The country is quite safe and has a solid legal and social base. However, tourists appreciate the diversity of culture and heritage of all the peoples that once inhabited the island. The island is open to visitors of different races and religions. The island is quite modern. It has the latest technology, affordable medicine and a good education. Everything that a modern person needs for life. nine0004

The advantages of this country are enormous. Therefore, many people dream of moving to the island and settling there forever. Puerto Rico is a normal country with its own constitution, although it is ruled by the United States. The island nation is tied to America by common citizenship rules, military capability, and a common currency. The country is currently being considered for the status of a US state.

Puerto Ricans are highly educated. Over ninety percent of the entire population is educated. The entire education system consists of four levels: Primary, secondary, senior secondary and higher education. nine0004

Public schools are mainly sponsored by various organizations. Usually these are religious denominations or institutions of the Catholic Church. Higher education can be obtained in both private and public educational institutions.

The standard of living and government in Puerto Rico

The most popular universities on the island are:

Judging by the institutions and the direction of education, Puerto Ricans are very pious people.

Island state structure

José Diego University of Puerto Rico

For this reason, they are very responsible for education in general.

Educational system

The island of Puerto Rico is not well known for its jobs. Since there are not enough jobs for all citizens, foreigners cannot count on employment. Many locals emigrate from the island in search of decent work.

In addition, the standard of living is generally lower than in the US, Europe, or Canada, but the country is not a Third World country in terms of economic growth. nine0004

Immigrants can still compete for jobs in industries and technological development, where skilled workers with good work experience are always needed. The tourism industry is also always in need of fresh, new talent.

  • Ana G. Mendes University, very popular with migrants;
  • Inter-American University;
  • Catholic University;
  • Sacred Heart University.

The flag of Puerto Rico was developed at the end of the 19th century from the flag of Cuba and symbolizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party. Some changes have been made. The triangle and stripes were painted in different colors. nine0004

As a result of the war between the Spaniards and the Americans in 1898, the American flag was raised over the island. It was the symbol of the state until 1952. After that, the old Cuban flag became the official flag. However, on ceremonial occasions, it is raised only together with the American flag.

Puerto Rico — what country can compete in beauty with this island nation! Looking at photographs of the capital city of San Juan today, you can see how deeply colonial history is inscribed in the life of the city. It was built on the site of the Caparra settlement, founded by Juan Ponce de Leon at the beginning of the 16th century. nine0004

Employment on the island

Puerto Rico is a land of tropical rainforests, mostly wet or dry, with mangrove-covered seashores.

The rainforest is teeming with birds and reptiles. Endangered species such as the Koki frog can be found here. This animal makes a surprisingly loud rattling sound. When a group of these amphibians perform a concert, they can stun people nearby.

In the Guanica dry rainforest you can admire mango groves, waterfalls, the Kamui cave system, colorful limestone peaks and coral reefs. nine0004

Flag of Puerto Rico

The Puerto Rico Fault is a well-known sightseeing spot. With a depth of 8380 meters, it is the deepest oceanic trench in the Atlantic. The trench is the deepest oceanic trench in the Atlantic Ocean, its depth is 8380 meters.

Capital of Puerto Rico

Nature of Puerto Rico

Air tickets Almaty — Puerto Rico | Tickets.kz

Cheap flights from Almaty to Puerto Rico

Do you want to buy a cheapest flight tickets from Almaty to Puerto Rico at the lowest price? We compare prices of Almaty — Puerto Rico direct flights and flights with stopovers among 750 airlines and agencies. Why waste your time searching, if there is a more convenient opportunity to take advantage of discounts, promotions and sales of low-cost airlines via the Internet. With the help of the full schedule of flights from Almaty to Puerto Rico you will quickly find the desired flight option, check the days of flights and the availability of air tickets for a specific date. nine0004

For an online purchase or booking, you need to decide on only a few points: type of flight, number of passengers, class and date of departure and arrival. Then proceed to pay for the ticket, and the deal will be done. You will receive an email with order information.

Airfare from Almaty to Puerto Rico

How much does a plane ticket to Puerto Rico from Almaty cost and how to buy it cheaper? We have several recommendations taken from the calendar of the best prices for flights on this route:

1) Pricing depends on the month of departure, we advise you to book first and business class in advance. Buying an economy class ticket is also not worth delaying — do it 2-4 months in advance.
2) The cheapest flights ALA – PCC are available on Wednesday and Thursday. As a rule, they are more expensive on weekends.
3) It is more profitable to buy tickets in both directions at once than to go back and forth separately.

Useful information before booking your travel from Almaty to Puerto Rico. nine0007

On our service you can find out:

  • Distance and duration of the flight (how long is the flight from Almaty to Puerto Rico)
  • Which airlines fly direct to Puerto Rico from Almaty
  • Which airlines provide the cheapest tickets from Almaty to Puerto Rico? Rico
  • How long does a flight from Almaty to Puerto Rico
  • How long does it take to fly from Almaty to Puerto Rico from Almaty

How far is Almaty from Puerto Rico? nine0004

There are 14267 km from Almaty to Puerto Rico.

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