Lares bandera: Bandera De Lares — Etsy.de
Localizan históricas banderas del Grito de Lares – Periódico El Sol de Puerto Rico
Inter News Service
San Juan, 9 de marzo de 2022 .- El Archivo Digital Nacional de Puerto Rico (ADNPR) ha localizado las dos banderas rebeldes capturadas en 1868 por el capitán Manuel Iturriaga en el barrio Piedra Gorda de Camuy.
Se trata de las dos banderas, una tricolor y otra blanca, que estaban enterradas en la finca de José Antonio Hernández y que se mencionan en el libro de José Pérez Morís.
Se desconocía el paradero de estas banderas y hoy salen a la luz en el Museo del Ejército de Toledo.
Las bandera encontrada es tricolor pero es muy distinta a la que hoy se asume fue la bandera de Lares que se encuentra en el Museo de Historia, Antropología y Arte de la Universidad de Puerto Rico (UPR) en Río Piedras.
De esta bandera que hoy conserva la universidad no hay evidencia documental para validar que haya sido utilizada en la insurrección o que haya estado en el altar de la parroquia San José de Lares, indicó el ADNPR.
Según la entidad, las fuentes primarias establecen que la bandera encontrada fue diseñada por Ramon Emeterio Betances.
Según la declaración de Manuel Cebollero en casa de Manuel Rojas se leyeron varias cartas de Betances conteniendo una de estas: “Un modelo de la bandera de la proyectada república puertorriqueña que tenía tres colores”, pero de la cual Cebollero solo se acordaba de los colores “azul y punzo’”.
Por su tamaño está bandera era considerada “La Coronela”, la bandera más importante que era utilizada por la primera compañía mandada por el coronel de los ejércitos. “Contrario a la bandera que hoy conocemos en esta bandera los colores de sus cuarteles rectangulares están distribuidos de otra manera. En la bandera actual los cuarteles azules se encuentran en la parte superior del paño de la bandera y los rojos en la parte inferior. Sin embargo, en esta bandera los cuarteles azules están en el lado izquierdo al lado del asta en y los rojos hacia el batiente o lado derecho” señaló la institución.
La segunda bandera encontrada es de color blanca del tipo corneta.
La bandera corneta es rectangular y termina en dos puntas.
Estas banderas eran utilizadas comúnmente por las caballerías y recibían el nombre de estandartes y guión.
En el ejército español el primer escuadrón siempre utilizaba un guion de color blanco que era llevado en un guardamano por el jinete.
Las banderas fueron tomadas por el coronel Manuel de Iturriaga el 26 de septiembre de 1868.
Según historiadores, las banderas se encontraban enterradas en “dos cajitas de madera envueltas en yaguas como de media vara de largas cada una, una cuarta de alto y cuarta y media de ancho”.
“La una de estas cajas contenía cuatrocientos cartuchos como para fusiles de milicias; la otra contenía balas y tacos de algodón: contenía asimismo algodón en rama que al primer examen nada ofrece de particular. Así es que el coronel dio parte de aquellas municiones solamente. Pero después, reconociendo el algodón, halló un bulto y dentro de este bulto cuidadosamente envuelto y cocido, las banderas que hemos descrito y que conserva el coronel Iturriaga en su poder como trofeo quizá del mayor, más ignorado y menos premiado de los servicios que hizo a España”, señala José Pérez Moris y Luis Cueto y Quintero en “Historia de la Insurrección de Lares”.
Las banderas fueron documentadas en el Museo del Ejército por el historiador español español Luis Sorando Muzás.
“Es necesario agradecer al Dr. Eduardo Rodríguez Vázquez y del arqueólogo e historiador José Antonio Sevilla Mompó por las gestiones para localizar y documentar las banderas”, sostuvo el Archivo
Puerto Rico — Historical Flags
Puerto Rico — Historical Flags
This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website
Last modified: 2021-08-25 by rob raeside
Keywords: puerto rico | burgundy cross | lares |
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- Bandera de Fortificación
- Flag of 1873
- Puerto Rico Maritime Province 1845-1898
- Flag According to Steenbergen Book
- Flag According to Steenbergen Book
- Grito de Lares Flag (1868)
- Flag from the Spanish-American War (1899)
- WRONG Flag in
Romanian Dictionary (1958)
- «Cross of Burgundy»
- Puerto Rico
On 25 April 2006, representatives of the Spanish government
delivered in San Juan the «Bandera de Fortificación»
to the «Regimento Fijo». This flag was the first to
bear the shield of arms of Puerto Rico. The shield was granted by
King Charles IV of Spain to the first Spanish regiment to
incorporate local soldiers, that contributed in 1797 to the
expelling from San Juan of the English troops (68 vessels and
3,000 men) commanded by General John Abercrombie. The
«Regimento Fijo», which is involved in the
commemoration of historical acts, required the return of the flag
at the Spanish Embassy in Washington, which contacted the Spanish
Ivan Sache, 1 May 2006
image by Nelson Román and Blas Delgado, 19
Coat of Arms
image by Nelson Román and Blas Delgado, 19
During a very short period of time, from 1873 to 1875, a
Republic was proclaimed in Spain, after the dethronement of
Isabella II (1833-1868) and the following abdication of Amadeus,
Duke of Aosta, as King (1870-1873). The change from Kingdom to
Republic was apparently felt, at least vexillologically, in
Puerto Rico with the incorporation of a new Coat of Arms and
flag. Both images can be seen in the small museum at Arecibo’s
Museo del Faro (Lighthouse Museum). Nobody is sure how long they
were used, if ever.
Source: photos taken by Nelson Román.
Blas Delgado, 19 January 2005
This is the Puerto Rican flag
photo under Spanish rule1873 to 1898.
Nelson L. Román, 26 September 2011
Eric Delgado provided photos with flag of Puerto Rico 1873-74. (Image
1), (Image 2),
Nelson L. Román, 26 July 2014
Nice to see it in the flesh. Looks slightly different that shown above
Pete Loeser, 27 July 2014
This is a replica. I suspect that the original flag was with WHITE CROSS
(also in the arms) but was of yellow apparence after many years, and by
association of Spanish colours born this R-Y flag.
Jaume Ollé, 01 August 2014
image by Jose’ Carlos Alegria
Obsolete Colonial Registration Ensign. The difference between
the European provinces and those from overseas territories are
that the previous were rectangular, while the later were
swallotail flags. Ratio: 3:5.
Jose C. Alegria, 5 November 1999
Flag According to Steenbergen Book (1862)
image by Jaume Ollé, 16 August 2003
No. 848 — Portorico [This is the matricule province flag
for Puerto Rico].
Jaume Ollé, 16 August 2003
pale yellow star version
image by Rick Wyatt, 5 August 1998
white star (Lares flag)
image by Blas Delgado
This is the Grito de Lares flag, used 23 September 1868
during an unsuccessful revolt against Spanish government. The
flag is still preserved at the University of Puerto Rico. Even
though all written material speaks of the star as white,
according to Whitney Smith, who has seen the flag, the star is
unmistakably pale yellow.
Dave Martucci, 6 March 1998
Francisco A. Scarano in «Puerto Rico Cinco Siglos de
Historia» a generally recognized textbook, on p. 432 has a
B&W photo of a man and woman holding the flag. They are not
identified, but on p. 442 there is a photo of a woman (older) who
is almost certainly the same and she is identified as Mariana
Braccetti with the mention «Bordó la bandera de
Lares.» That is, «She embroidered the flag of
Anna Stone Jimanez, 31 October 1998
An inland town wherein an unsuccessful rebellion was
prematurely staged against the Spanih government in September 23,
1868. The Lares flag, intended to become the national flag of the
Republic, was designed by Dr. Ramon Emeterio Betances and
embroidered by Mrs. Mariana «Golden Hand» Bracetti.
This layout in turn honors their liaison to the Antillean
Confederacy and nationalist forces in the Dominican Republic,
where Dr. Betances had been exiled to.
Juan Vaquer Jr, 26 Febuary 1999 and Peter J. Torres,
26 March 2002
3 — Springfield», 25 July 2008, Miranda Grossman reports
the discovery of a flag from the Spanish-American War:
«Its faded, and has a few stains, but the battle flag in
Westfield is in good condition. Considering it dates back to the
Spanish-American War of 1899.
«The flag had a label on it that said captured at the battle
of San Juan Hill,» said Dr. Robert Brown, a local historian.
The flag was found at the Westfield Athenaeum. In an attic,
folded up in a box.
«It appears to have belonged to the equivalent of a national
guard unit that may have very well fought in the Spanish-American
war,» explained Dr. Brown.
Local Historian, Dr. Robert Brown is chair of an historical task
force, who has spent the last few years looking at items people
have donated over the century. They’ve determined it’s the oldest
Puerto Rican national flag in existence, and pre-dates Puerto
Rico becoming a U.S. territory.
The flag will be given to the National Puerto Rican Cultural
Historical Museum in San Juan during an official ceremony in
November. Until then, the flag is on display at the Athenaeum on
As shown on a colour
photography, the flag is vertically divided red- yellow-red,
c. 1:2:1, with an emblem in the middle, surrounded by the black
lettering «BATALLON PROVISIONAL» (top) / «PUERTO
RICO No 3» (bottom).
There is also a video capture of the scene on the same page. Part
of Dr Brown’s explanations on the TV channel have been deleted
from the written version I have quoted. Brown says that the flag
is most probably authentic because it was found together with
other authentic items of the same period.
Ivan Sache, 29 July 2008
If this is basically the Spanish flag with the battallion
crest in the middle, wouldn’t one expect it to have been flown
with the red and yellow bars horizontal?
In this case, the battallion crest would have appeared on its
side, which seems to be unlikely.
It would appear, therefore, that this «flag» was
designed to be hung vertically and is, therefore, not an item
which would have been carried or flown in action.
I would also quibble with the description of this item as
«…the oldest Puerto Rican national flag in
existence». This «flag» is clearly that of a
military detachment and, as such, cannot be said to have any
«national» characteristics other than those of Spain.
Peter Johnson, 30 July 2008
image by Alex Danes, 20 July 2009
In the Dictionary of Modern Romanian Language isssued by the
Romanian Academy in 1958 there are several (wrong) flags,
including one for Puerto Rico.
Alex Danes, 20 July 2009
Bandera. “Only Galician occupiers can erect monuments to freaks” — Miroslava Romanenko
The network appreciated the news that a court in Lviv sentenced a student who participated in the “desecration” of a monument to the leader of the OUN (an organization whose activities are banned in the Russian Federation) Stepan Bandera. The student was sentenced to four years in prison with a two-year probationary period.
June 17, 2021, 10:59 — REGNUM In Lviv, a court sentenced a student who participated in the «desecration» of the monument to the leader of the OUN (an organization whose activities are banned in the Russian Federation) Stepan Bandera. As specified, the monument to Bandera in Lviv was desecrated in February this year. As the investigation established, the perpetrators were two residents of the Khmelnitsky region, who are students of one of the Lviv universities. The motive for committing this offense was material gain. nine0003
Ivan Shilov 297 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine «Desecration of a monument erected in memory of members of the partisan movement, underground fighters, as well as persons who defended the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine»).
See also: Lvov: student received 4 years in prison for “desecrating” a monument to Bandera
Readers of the Ukrainian publication Shariy.net discussed the news on social networks Facebook and VKontakte. Many noted that for the demolition of monuments associated with the Soviet period in the history of Ukraine (to Lenin, Marshal Zhukov), no one is punished in Ukraine.
“But no one was punished for the demolition of monuments to Lenin, Artyom and other figures from the times of the USSR Well, yes, this is different!” — Eduard S. wrote.
“Lviv is a hotbed of fascism,” Igor I. reacted.0003
Monument to the Combat Glory of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Lvov
“Soon they will make you pray for him. Disgrace! — writes Svetlana M.
“You shouldn’t expect anything else. For the ridges of the administration. For paint — time. It is clear who this state supports and what ideology this state has. Donbass and Crimea “dream” of returning to a state with such orders,” said Oleg N.
“I already thought the term for the glorification of Bandera!” Oleg M. responded.
“They gave medals for monuments to Soviet soldiers,” writes Victor D.
“And how many years in prison were given to those ghouls who painted the OP (office of the President of Ukraine — M.R.) with a fascist swastika?” asked Andriy Ya.43 years, how long did they give the «activists»? asked Alexander K.
“It’s good that at least they didn’t shoot me. These freaks could…” — Vladimir B added. No way,” wrote Irina D.
“Go to hell with your Bandera. I’d rather be separatist than recognize this Nazi as my hero. It was necessary to finish them all immediately after the war, so that there would be no trace, no memory of them … evil spirits, ”Esma A-y reacted. nine0003
“It’s called selective justice. For the same, many had nothing. The country of pedestals from the monument,” added Vyacheslav Viktorovich E.
Cornelis Saftleven. A satire on the trial of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt. 1663
“Why was a citizen of Austria-Hungary so baked for the recognition of Ukraine that he killed Polish officials and hid from justice in Germany, but at the same time wrote his libels against the state, which increased the size of the Ukrainian SSR three times. Only the Galician occupiers can erect monuments to such freaks,” writes Pavel Z.
“For all the atrocities, he and the gang were promised Gauleiters in western Ukraine, and in the end they were leaked like any other shit. Nobody likes traitors and punishers, just look at the modern Atomic Forces, whom people in Ukraine are beginning to hate. Those people who have already begun to sober up and come to their senses, ”a reader under the pseudonym Don Juan summed up Pavel Z.
See also: “And when is the monument to Hitler in Kyiv?” — a monument to Petliura will be erected in Poltava0001
Original taken from lonelinesssail in DID BANDERA SIT IN THE CONCENTRATION CAMP?
In the concentration camp «Sachsenhausen» Stepan Bandera, Yaroslav Stetsko and another 300 Bandera were kept separately in the «Zellenbau» bunker, where they were kept in good conditions. Bandera members were allowed to meet with each other, they also received food and money from relatives and the OUN-b. Not infrequently, they left the camp in order to contact the «secret» OUN-UPA, as well as the Friedental castle (200 meters from the Tselenbau bunker), which housed the school of OUN agents and sabotage personnel. Bandera was sitting in the cell of the 73rd Zelenbau bunker, reminiscent of a hotel suite. It is no coincidence that their conclusion was characterized by the word «erengaft», that is, an honorable arrest. nine0003
THE CONDITIONS IN ZELLENBAU DO NOT CONSIDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE CONCENTRATION CAMP
Many Bandera archives have been digitized and are open to the public. Both in Russia and in Germany. Edward Prus Zmarł Edward Prus book »Heroc: spod rnaku tryzuba», Memories of Skopzeny O. Meine Kommandoun ternehmen: Krieg ohne Fronten-wiesdaben, Munehen: Limes-Ve-r/ag 1975. They say that Bandera was recruited, collaborated, studied at a special school and signed the Oath of Allegiance to the ministry, and this: according to the Commission of the House of Commons of Great Britain, 12 neighbors who have apartments in the Sachsenhausen camp, it was in the Zellenbau bunker (flat √73 was assigned to Bandera) were denied monetary compensation , as victims of Nazism after studying the memorandums submitted to the commission with the wording that the conditions in Zellenbau were not considered the conditions of a concentration camp. nine0003
( Third Report of the Parliamentary Commissioner for administration 1967-68 (54).
«However, in the concentration camp, Bandera received a special status as a so-called HONORARY PRISONER, so he had a large furnished cell with a bedroom and a living room, even paintings on the walls and on the floor — a carpet. »
Im KZ erhielt er allerdings einen Sonderstatus als so genannter Ehrenhäftling , so hatte er eine größere möblierte Zelle mit einem Schlaf- und einem Wohnzimmer, sogar Bilder an den Wänden und auf dem Boden einen Teppich.
Professor Günther Morsch leads the memorial in Sachsenhausen. He told the prisoners about the conditions of detention: “The design of the cells was a special area in the concentration camp, where the walls were torn between the cells, and on the walls hung a bedroom, a living room, furniture, a bedroom and a carpet had nothing to do with the situation in the trap, but for these special conditions were created for honorary prisoners.