Isabela map: Isabela Map | Map of Isabela Province, Philippines
Large Vintage Map of Isabela Philippines 1959 VERY RARE MAP
Bananastrudel does everything in its power to get your orders to you safely and promptly. We ship via USPS to our US customers; most packages (except small items such as postcards, stamps, etc.) are shipped with tracking. Canadian and international orders are also sent with tracking whenever possible, but many items are routinely sent by regular mail, without tracking. (If you need tracking, please ask before ordering.)
In some rare cases, delivery costs may be higher than quoted, depending on the state/province in the destination country. If the quoted price is insufficient to cover actual shipping cost to your address, we will inform you of the additional cost and await your decision on whether to proceed with the order.
WHEN WILL I GET MY ORDER?
In most cases, orders will be shipped 1-3 days (or up to 4 days during busy periods) after the date of receipt of the order.
If your order is time-sensitive, please say so when ordering, so that we can act appropriately on your order.
Delivery times within Canada are typically one week. For the US, this is 3-5 days. For everywhere else, 2-3 weeks. Actual delivery times are affected by factors beyond our control, including postal inefficiency and strikes, natural calamities, security measures implemented by the government, Customs, etc. Please note that we are not responsible for delays caused by these external factors. Refunds are not issued for items that are delivered late due to these delays by third parties.
NOTE: There may be times when we are on vacation and therefore orders received during this time cannot be fulfilled within the usual period. We will always announce our vacations in advance in our SHOP ANNOUNCEMENT.
WHAT HAPPENS IF MY ORDER IS LOST IN THE MAIL?
If, through no fault of your own, you do not receive the item(s) you paid for, we will cheerfully refund you your full cost, including shipping. However, this excludes cases of theft — where the postal service has properly delivered, but the item was stolen at the destination address.
EXCEPTION: With some countries with which we have consistently had lost-mail issues, we will NOT be able to refund you for lost mail. If your delivery address is to one of these countries, we will write you first before completing your order, to let you know that we cannot refund in case of loss. You can then decide whether or not to proceed with your order.
Because postal or Customs delays can happen randomly, we cannot consider an item «lost in the mail» until after 60 business days from the date of shipment. For international addresses, «lost in the mail» applies only after 80 business days from the date of shipment. IN ANY CASE, IF YOU THINK YOUR PACKAGE WAS LOST IN THE MAIL, PLEASE INFORM US WITHIN 90 DAYS OF THE SHIPPING DATE. LOST-ITEM CLAIMS MADE BEYOND THIS 90-DAY PERIOD WILL NOT BE ENTERTAINED.
Please note, however, no refunds can be issued if the order was lost because you provided an incorrect address. If you were not in at the time of the attempted delivery and your postal service left you a note as to where to claim the package, it is your responsibility to pick up the package on time. Refunds will not be issued if you were sent a postal notice and did not pick up your item on time.
SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT «RETURN TO SENDER» PACKAGES:
If your order is returned to us by the postal system due to any reason not within our control (we were given an incorrect address, or the postal service in your country had difficulty delivering to you), we will inform you that the package was returned to us. Sometimes our delivery company or our post office charges a fee for returning a package; if this is the case, we will inform you about the cost as well.
We will then ask you if you still want the item(s) you ordered. If yes, we will mail it to you again (to the correct address, which you must supply), after you have paid the appropriate shipping charge and, if applicable, the fee that the post office charged us to reclaim your order.
If you would rather not have the item sent to you again, we will refund you for the item cost, but not the shipping fee. If we were charged a fee for the return of the package, the fee will be deducted from the amount to be refunded to you.
The above also applies in the event that a package is returned even if it carried the correct address. Sometimes, postal services return packages for unclear reasons, and in such instances, we can refund the cost of the item, but not the mailing cost, which has already been spent.
IS MY ORDER MAILED WITH TRACKING?
Whenever possible, we ship with tracking, but this does not apply to all items.
For the US:
Most US-bound packages are sent through USPS, with tracking, with the exception of small items such as stamps, postcards, and the like.
Packages that are as parcels (boxes, tubes, etc.) will have tracking, but items mailed in envelopes will be sent by regular lettermail, with no tracking.
Wherever possible, we ship internationally with tracking. However, if you want to ensure that there is tracking, please inquire before finalizing your order.
CIRCUMSTANCES BEYOND OUR CONTROL
Please note that we do everything we can to ensure the safe and prompt delivery of your order. There are some circumstances completely beyond our control, however, for which we cannot accept responsibility. These circumstances include, but are not limited to, the following:
a) the package would not fit in your mailbox and the postman took it back to the post office or some location unknown to mortal man
b) the address in your Etsy account is wrong
c) (if you live in an apartment or condo) your building manager or concierge does not properly inform you that a package has arrived.
d) you were not present when delivery was attempted, and you were left a postal notice telling you when and where to pick up the package, but you did not pick it up in the time allotted
e) your dog ate the package, or somebody stole it
CUSTOMS AND DUTIES
Customers are responsible for any taxes or duties that may be charged on their end.
Large Vintage Map of Isabela Philippines 1959 VERY RARE MAP
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Large Vintage Map of Isabela, Philippines — 1959 VERY RARE MAP — Ilagan — San Agustin — San Mateo — Mallig — Roxas — Palanan — Cabagan
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Map — Isabella County
Isabella County is located in Michigan, United States. Officially formed in 1859. As of 2010, the population was 70,311.
Map — Isabella County
Latitude / Longitude : 43° 38′ 26″ N / 84° 50′ 48″ W | Timezone : UTC-5:0 / UTC-4 | Currency : USD | Phone: 1
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OPENTOPOMAPOMAPOMAPOMAMOMAROMARY Isabella (County)
Country — United States of America
Flag of the United States of America
The United States of America (USA) is a country in North America. Area — 9.5 million km² (place in the world). Population — 320 million people (2013, estimate; place in the world). The capital is the city of Washington. nine0005
The United States borders Canada to the north, Mexico to the south, and also has a maritime border with Russia. It is washed by the Pacific Ocean from the west, the Atlantic Ocean from the east and the Arctic Ocean from the north. Administratively, the country is divided into 50 states and the Federal District of Columbia, and a number of island territories are also subordinate to the United States. Residents of the United States are called Americans, and the general name America is applied to the United States itself. Until the middle of the 20th century, the name North American United States (USA) was also common in Russian.
Map — United States of America
Country, State, Region,…
- Charter Township2 of Union 901
- City of Mount Pleasant
- Township of Broomfield
- Township of Coe
- Township of Coldwater
- Township of Isabella
- Township of Sherman
- Township of Vernon
Isabella County (English) Contea di Isabella (Italiano) Isabella County (Nederlands) Comté d’Isabella (Français) Isabella County (Deutsch) Condado de Isabella (Português) Isabella (Russian) Condado de Isabella (Español) Hrabstwo Isabella (Polski) 伊莎貝拉縣 (中文) County0005
Map of Spain in 1360. \ Photo: raimundoviejo.net.
The ground for the union of Ferdinand and Isabella was prepared shortly before their birth. The Aragonese elite is tired of being vassals of Catalan interests. And when in 1410 they had a chance, they immediately took advantage of it. The death of Martin the Humane, who left no heirs, put an end to the House of Barcelona, and the Aragonese rulers managed to place the Castilian prince Ferdinand of Antequera, supported by the expansionist Castilians, on the throne of Aragon. This event forever changed the course of the history of the two states, which had to solve the global problem associated with constant conflicts. The decision fell on the fictitious creation of a full-fledged dynastic union. But as you know, every plan has its drawbacks. nine0192
Left to right: Isabella in her accession year. \ Isabella I, portrait by Juan de Flandes, c. 1500-1503 Royal Academy of History, Madrid.
Isabella was born at a time when women in the world fought for every ounce of political power. But from an early age, her father John II of Castile saw Isabella as a means to expand Castilian territory in pursuit of the unattainable goal of unifying Spain. She was first engaged to an Aragonese prince at the age of six — her future husband Ferdinand, but unforeseen circumstances intervened in this event. This agreement was broken by her promise to the Portuguese king, and the civil war in Castile forced Isabella to become engaged to a member of the Castilian court. However, her uncle, King Henry IV of Castile, who declared the seventeen-year-old Isabella his heiress, promised that he would never force his niece to marry without obtaining her consent to any marriage. Now that Isabella’s hands were untied and she was able to decide her own fate, the girl decided to return to the idea of marriage with Ferdinand of Aragon. nine0192
Left to right: Wooden sculpture of Ferdinand in the Royal Chapel. \ Ferdinand II of Aragon.
For his part, Ferdinand was also brought up in a conflict-torn court. His early life was characterized both by dynastic conflict between his father and elder brother and by peasant uprisings against their feudal overlords. Ferdinand’s unpopular father was widely opposed by the nobles who supported Ferdinand’s brother when he rose in revolt against his father during the Catalan Civil War. But Ferdinand remained loyal to him, which in turn played into his hands. nine0005
Ferdinand and his wife Isabella after their marriage. \ Photo: i.pinimg.com.
Firstly, it gave him excellent military experience at such an early age (under the age of eighteen) as one of his father’s lieutenants, which made him an experienced leader, who was described as a kind, charming and attractive young man, with amazing intelligence. Secondly, the suspicious death of his brother, who was under the guardianship of his father, made him the one and only legitimate heir to the throne of Aragon. nine0005
SEE ALSO: What Louis XIV’s mistress and Nobel Prize winner Marie Curie have in common >>
Left to right: Henry IV of Castile, Francisco Sainz, 19th century. \ Portrait of King Ferdinand V, c. 1470-1520 years.
Ferdinand and Isabella met just a few days before their wedding in mid-October 1469. The meeting of the two heirs took place against the wishes of King Henry IV of Castile, who now saw Isabella as an inconvenient and stubborn threat to his own plans. Although Henry agreed to allow her to marry at her request, Isabella feared that she would be finished, and so fled court on the pretense of visiting the family graves. Meanwhile, Ferdinand traveled around Castile disguised as a servant. In a relatively small ceremony, Ferdinand and Isabella were married in October 1469.of the year.
From left to right: Ferdinand II — King of Aragon. \ Statue of Ferdinand II, Madrid.
However, there was one very delicate issue that needed to be resolved. Due to complex Spanish dynastic politics, Ferdinand and Isabella were second cousins: they had a common great-grandfather, King John I of Castile. This meant that they fell under the status of consanguinity (being too close relatives) and the Catholic Church could not sanction their marriage. Such taboos have been well established by the Catholic Church in propaganda and practice. But despite all the difficulties, papal permission was achieved. According to one version, it was signed by Pope Pius II, who died five years earlier, in 1464. Consequently, John II of Aragon and the influential church leader Rodrigo de Borja (aka Borgia, future Pope Alexander VI) forged the document, deriving considerable benefit from this. nine0192
Juan (Joana) la Beltraneja. \ Photo: bing.com.
While the ground was set for the unification of the two crowns, the marriage between Ferdinand and Isabella was also the immediate cause for the ongoing civil war in Catalonia. As part of this marriage, an agreement was signed between Ferdinand and Isabella: Castile formally became supreme over Aragon. Isabella will rule all of Castile and Aragon as queen, and Ferdinand will become her husband in exchange for her help in the Civil War. nine0005
Left to right: Depiction of Enrique IV in Libro de la Genealogia de los reyes, Alonso de Cartagena, 1463. \ Enrique IV on a stained glass window in the Alcazar, Segovia.
The document was read during the wedding, highlighting the fact that it was a highly political agreement. Besides, this was not a deal made between Castile and Aragon per se. Although the deal had the covert support of Ferdinand’s father John II of Aragon, Isabella’s uncle Enrique IV of Castile was completely excluded from the process. This again suggests that Isabella sought to create her own independent political power, in many ways the opposite of that of her uncle and his heirs. Upon learning that Isabella’s actions had dragged him into the civil war, her uncle King Henry was furious and disinherited her in favor of his own daughter la Beltraneja. Unfortunately, Juana (Joana) was the subject of much ridicule due to her association with the unpopular king, and it was rumored that she was the illegitimate daughter of the queen’s favorite, Beltrán de la Cueva. nine0005
SEE ALSO: 6 great queens of the Middle Ages, which historians undeservedly forgot >>
Struggle for power
Crown of Isabella of Castile in the Royal Chapel in Granada. \ Photo: blogspot.com.
After Enrique’s death in 1474, Juana was named his successor, but, as Isabella demonstrated throughout her life, cunning politics and precise use of force overcame the ancient right every time. Rushing to Segovia, she convened a court of nobility and, largely by force of will, declared herself queen of Castile, and Ferdinand her lawful husband. Isabella was determined to follow the trend of powerful women in European Renaissance society. nine0005
«Madonna of the Catholic Monarchs» depicts Ferdinand and Isabella with their children standing before the Mother of God, F. Gallego. \ Photo: diletant.media.
Despite the defeat, Juana’s supporters began to regroup and plan an uprising in conjunction with the Portuguese invasion, which was to become the War of the Castilian Succession. Hastening to Segovia, Ferdinand was received in the city as king. However, this did not mean that Ferdinand and Isabella could simply forget all other considerations and rule jointly as Catholic Monarchs: each stood at the head of an extremely complex set of obligations and political interests that often conflicted with each other. After Isabella’s accession to the throne, they signed the Concord of Segovia, which appointed Ferdinand King of Castile along with Queen Isabella, but left Isabella’s heirs the exclusive right to inherit Castile and gave her a sort of royal veto. This in turn led to months of legal and political wrangling between the two camps. nine0005
From left to right: Daughters of Elizabeth and Ferdinand: Juana I the Mad. \ Isabella of Aragon and Castile.
Within months of taking the throne, Juana la Beltraneja’s supporters rebelled against Isabella, and King Afonso of Portugal saw an opportunity to take Castile under his control. Despite the scandal that broke out, Afonso married Juana, his own niece, and supported the uprising with an invasion from the west. Not surprisingly, foreign intervention in the Wars of the Spanish Succession is not a rare historical occurrence. nine0005
The War of the Castilian Succession, as this conflict is known, was ironically the work of Ferdinand and Isabella. The Juanists of Afonso and Juan were militarily ineffective, and despite little progress being made by the Castilian-Aragonese Isabellist army fighting them, Ferdinand and Isabella portrayed the stalemate as a stunning victory. They launched a highly successful propaganda campaign throughout Spain that portrayed them as a new force in Spanish politics. In addition, the war brought the two kingdoms of Castile and Aragon closer, and in 1475 Isabella formally handed over to her husband all her royal power as co-ruler. nine0005
Left to right: Christopher Columbus. \ Portrait by an unknown artist, ca. 1490.
At the same time, Ferdinand’s military skill prevented the French from gaining a foothold in Navarre, so by the end of 1476 the alliance of la Beltraneja broke up, and Isabella firmly took the throne. Isabella displayed considerable political acumen, employing the carrot-and-stick method of offering excuses to nobles who disowned Juana and brutally cracking down on those who continued to resist. In February 1479Ferdinand’s father, John II of Aragon, died and a much more orderly transfer of power took place with Ferdinand’s coronation as King of Aragon.
Coffins of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon in the Cathedral of Granada. \ Photo: historycollection.com.
Afonso failed to get further interest from the French king Louis XI in continuing the war, and in 1479 he received a blow from the pope, who canceled the permission given for his marriage to his own niece. In September of that year, lacking legitimacy, French allies, and Castilian dissenters, Afonso announced his withdrawal and signed the Treaty of Alcás, in which he and the Catholic Monarchs renounced all their claims to each other’s kingdoms. The treaty also established broad spheres of influence for future expansion, and was sealed by the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella’s daughter to Afonso’s son (along with a substantial dowry of one hundred and six thousand gold doubloons). La Beltraneja was sent to a convent and no longer took part in Castilian politics. nine0005
By 1480, the joint rule of Ferdinand and Isabella over a united Spain was an established fact. Ferdinand, through his father, became King of Aragon and Sicily and Count of Barcelona. Isabella, by right of conquest from la Beltraneja and the Portuguese, was queen of Castile and León. The Concorde of Segovia (later expanded by Isabella’s military measures) granted Ferdinand a joint regency over all her lands, and in 1481 Ferdinand granted all the same rights to Isabella. The Catholic Monarchs combined their coats of arms into a single coat of arms depicting the coats of arms of Castile, León and Aragon. Thus, in every way, their reign marked the end of the Spanish kingdoms and the beginning of the Kingdom of Spain.