What about puerto rico: Fast Facts About Puerto Rico

Key findings about Puerto Rico

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the U.S. government granting American citizenship to the residents of Puerto Rico. The island became a U.S. territory in 1898 after Spain ceded control of it following the Spanish-American War. However, Puerto Ricans did not gain U.S. citizenship until Congress passed the Jones-Shafroth Act in 1917.

Today, Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory with its own constitution and government (though the extent of the island’s legal independence from the United States has been the subject of debate). Island residents elect their own governor and members to the island’s legislature, but they may not vote in U.S. general elections for president and they do not have a voting member of Congress.

Here are answers to some key questions about Puerto Rico based on previously published Pew Research Center reports.

How many people live in Puerto Rico?

The population of the island was 3.4 million in 2016, down from a peak of more than 3. 8 million in 2004. It is projected to decline in the coming decades, to about 3 million in 2050.

Puerto Rico’s population has grown steadily since at least the 1700s, and it increased each decade between 1910 (1.1 million) to 2000 (3.8 million). The population grew even during the Great Migration that occurred after World War II and into the 1960s, when hundreds of thousands left the island for the mainland. 

Why is Puerto Rico’s population declining?

A decadelong economic recession has contributed to a historic number of people leaving Puerto Rico for the U.S. mainland. Between 2005 and 2015, Puerto Rico had a net loss of about 446,000 people to the mainland, with job-related (40%) and family or household reasons (39%) cited as primary causes among a plurality of those leaving.

Puerto Rico’s population losses have affected nearly every county, or municipio, on the island. The population of San Juan, Puerto Rico’s capital and largest metro area, declined by 40,000 people (-10%) between 2005 and 2015, to 355,000, by far the largest numeric drop of any municipio.

Many people who leave Puerto Rico move to Florida, where the population of Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin surpassed 1 million in 2014. In recent years, more than a third of people who moved to the mainland from Puerto Rico settled in Florida.

How do Puerto Ricans on the island differ demographically from Puerto Ricans on the mainland?

Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin living on the island have a lower median household income and a higher child poverty rate than Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin living on the U.S. mainland, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of 2015 Census Bureau data.

The median age of Puerto Ricans on the island was 40 in 2015, compared with 46 for the island-born living on the mainland. By comparison, the median age was only 22 for Puerto Rican-origin Hispanics born and living on the mainland.

The median household income of Puerto Ricans living on the island was $18,626 in 2015. It was more than twice as high among Puerto Ricans born and living on the mainland ($47,000) and island-born Puerto Ricans living on the mainland ($33,300).

Nearly six-in-ten Puerto Rican children on the island (58%) lived in poverty in 2015, as did 45% of island-born children living on the mainland. Only 30% of Puerto Rican children born on the mainland were in poverty.

There are some differences on educational attainment between Puerto Ricans on the island and the mainland. Nearly half (48%) of Puerto Ricans living on the island had at least some college education in 2015, a similar share (55%) to that of Puerto Ricans born and living on the mainland. Among island-born Puerto Ricans living on the mainland, 43% had some college education or more.

Puerto Ricans are overwhelmingly Christian. A majority (56%) of Puerto Ricans living on the island identified as Catholic in a 2014 Pew Research Center survey of religion in Latin America. And 33% identified as Protestants, among whom roughly half (48%) also identified as born-again Christians.

Among island-born Puerto Ricans living on the mainland, about half (53%) identified as Catholic in a separate 2013 survey of U. S. Hispanics. Three-in-ten identified as Protestant, most of whom (62%) say they are born-again or evangelical.

About four-in-ten Puerto Ricans born on the mainland (42%) identified as Catholic, while 30% said they were Protestant. Among these mainland-born Protestants, 80% identified as born-again.

How do the views of Puerto Ricans on the island and those on the mainland differ?

Pew Research Center surveys have found some notable differences in public opinion on social issues between Puerto Ricans living on the island and those living on the mainland. Puerto Ricans on the island, for example, are more likely to oppose abortion than those on the mainland. Our surveys found that roughly three-quarters (77%) of Puerto Ricans living on the island said that abortion should be illegal in all or most cases, compared with half (50%) of island-born Puerto Ricans living on the mainland and 42% of Puerto Ricans born and living on the mainland.

When it comes to same-sex marriage, 55% of Puerto Ricans on the island said that same-sex couples should not be allowed to legally wed, a higher share than among island-born Puerto Ricans living on the mainland (40%) and Puerto Ricans born and living on the mainland (29%).

Kelsey Jo Starr  is a research analyst focusing on religion at Pew Research Center.


Aleksandra Sandstrom  is a former former senior copy editor focusing on religion at Pew Research Center.


FACT SHEET: The Biden-Harris Administration Supports Puerto Rico’s Recovery and Renewal in its First Year in Office

From the first day in office and every day since, the Biden-Harris Administration has been fully committed to supporting Puerto Rico’s recovery and renewal. President Biden has long believed that Puerto Rico, and the more than 3 million American citizens who call it home, deserves to be treated with dignity, equality, and respect, with good jobs and a bright future for all of its residents.

One year in, the Administration has delivered real and concrete change for Puerto Rico:

Unlocking Unprecedented Disaster Recovery Funds

The Biden Administration has taken historic action to address Puerto Rico’s ongoing recovery and resilience needs. This includes obligating long-awaited disaster recovery funds and removing unfair and unnecessary restrictions that were uniquely applied to Puerto Rico, such as incremental grant obligations, Federal Financial Monitor review, and more.

In 2021, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) approved nearly $3 billion in funds for 3,542 projects for Hurricane Maria and earthquake recovery – an unprecedented level of support touching every sector of the island. This builds on ongoing work to restore over 1,000 school campuses, 300,000 streetlights, and essential water, sewer, and electrical lines serving 1.4 million Puerto Ricans. Just this month, FEMA canceled more than $371 million in community disaster loans to Puerto Rico, so that local leaders can focus on recovery and not on paying back federal debt. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) obligated ninety percent of promised funds to Puerto Rico, an increase of $16 billion since the start of the Administration, and freed up $1. 97 billion to strengthen Puerto Rico’s electrical grid against future disasters. HUD Deputy Secretary Todman’s visit to the island, along with continued collaboration and technical assistance from FEMA and the Department of Energy, reinforced the Administration’s commitment to partnering with the Puerto Rican government, local leaders, and people to achieve a full, equitable, and resilient recovery.

Additionally, the Economic Development Administration (EDA) announced a $16 million dollar grant to construct a disaster preparedness, recovery, education, and training center, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched a free lead remediation training initiative to support the extensive repair and renovation work happening in Puerto Rico’s schools, homes, and communities.

Providing Historic Relief through the American Rescue Plan

The American Rescue Plan delivered immediate relief for Puerto Rican families and small businesses hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, building a bridge toward economic recovery. Specifically, it provided working families with a $1,400 per-person direct payment, extended unemployment benefits, and enhanced supplemental nutrition assistance for children and school students. It also provided $4 billion in Fiscal Recovery Funds to Puerto Rico’s commonwealth and local governments, and nearly $3 billion in funds to help Puerto Rico’s schools stay open, address learning loss, and support students. To prevent a wave of evictions and foreclosures, Puerto Rican families received $50 million in rent relief – with more funding on the way – and the Department of the Treasury approved Puerto Rico’s plan to distribute millions in mortgage assistance for distressed homeowners.

Tax and Benefit Parity for Puerto Rican Families and Workers

Additionally, the American Rescue Plan made two important permanent changes to federal tax benefits in Puerto Rico First, it permanently extended the Child Tax Credit (CTC) to families of all sizes in Puerto Rico, from families with three or more children to families with one or more children living in their household, so that the credit is the same as on the mainland. Second, it provided substantial funding to expand Puerto Rico’s version of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). This investment will quadruple the EITC for Puerto Rican workers. Together, these measures are estimated to provide over $1 billion in tax relief per year. They stand to benefit hundreds of thousands of families – with the families of over 500,000 children eligible for the 2021 expanded CTC. And with many struggling to make ends meet, the American Rescue Plan provided nearly $1 billion in emergency food assistance for Puerto Rico, and the island will see a permanent, annual increase of over $463 million for its food assistance block grant going forward.

Establishing a White House Working Group on Puerto Rico

In July, the White House hosted the inaugural meeting of the White House Working Group on Puerto Rico, a cabinet-level task force chaired by Domestic Policy Advisor Susan E. Rice, National Economic Advisor Brian Deese, and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs Julie Rodriguez that reports directly to the President and is focused on providing Puerto Rico with the resources and technical assistance it needs to recover and prosper. Since the inaugural meeting, agencies have been consulting with stakeholders and devising strategies to support the island’s economic development and recovery efforts, promote workforce and educational opportunities, and invest in greater transparency and governance efforts.

Making Additional Medicaid Funds Available

The Biden-Harris Administration is committed to addressing the chronic underfunding of Puerto Rico’s Medicaid program and making affordable, quality health care available to its residents. In September, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) determined that Puerto Rico will permanently receive nearly $3 billion per year in additional federal Medicaid funding, indexed to inflation. This additional funding will allow Puerto Rico to continue to invest in its Medicaid program, ensuring access to critical health care services for 1.5 million residents. The Biden-Harris Administration’s funding determination is yet another example of the President’s commitment toward parity for the island.

Repairing Puerto Rico’s Aging Infrastructure

For decades, infrastructure in Puerto Rico has suffered from a systemic lack of investment. The historic Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) will make life better for millions of Puerto Rico residents, create a new generation of good-paying union jobs, and spur economic growth that will grow the island’s economy. In Puerto Rico, the legislation will provide $900 million to rebuild roads and highways; $225 million for bridge replacement and repairs; more than $470 million to improve public transportation; $13.6 million to support the expansion of an EV charging network on the island; a minimum of $100 million to provide broadband coverage across the island; at least $78 million in 2022 alone to improve water infrastructure and ensure that clean, safe drinking water is a right in all communities; and $102 million for airport infrastructure development on the island. Just this month, the Administration announced it will provide $163 million to restore the Cano Martin Pena urban tidal channel and surrounding areas of the San Juan Bay National Estuary – a project that will significantly improve the health and welfare of the surrounding communities in San Juan by reducing exposure to contaminated waters and sediments, improving water quality, and restoring fish and mangrove habitat.

Supporting Recovery in Puerto Rico’s Schools

To-date, the Department of Education has awarded or released $6.7 billion in education resources, including funds from the American Rescue Plan. Secretary Cardona visited the island early in his tenure, and the Department of Education formed the Puerto Rico Education Sustainability (PRES) team to provide comprehensive support for improving educational outcomes in Puerto Rico’s students in coordination with stakeholders. The PRES team is providing technical assistance in fiscal management, program implementation, and school infrastructure rebuilding to the Puerto Rico Department of Education (PRDE) and institutions of higher education across the island. In addition, the Biden-Harris Administration convened an inter-agency working group that is supporting school reconstruction in Puerto Rico through joint technical assistance. The group identifies federal resources that can support ongoing recovery efforts in the education sector and meets with PRDE and their partners.  

Promoting Transparency & Data Accessibility

Strong data collection and analysis is foundational to Puerto Rico’s economic development, improving the delivery of local, commonwealth, and federal government services, and enabling unprecedented federal funds to have generational and transformational impacts for Puerto Ricans. As part of this effort, the Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its first official estimate of GDP for Puerto Rico. This new estimate enables the development of a long-term, strategic understanding of the structure of the Puerto Rico economy, and is comparable to BEA’s national, state, territorial, regional, and local-area estimates, as well as internationally. The Biden-Harris Administration is working to support the government of Puerto Rico to increase federal and commonwealth transparency, improve federal and local data collection, analysis, and sharing on the island, and strengthen the capacity of Puerto Rican officials and institutions to deliver services and improve performance.

Investing in a Clean, Resilient, and Affordable Energy Grid

In 2017, Hurricanes Irma and Maria ravaged the Puerto Rican energy grid and caused 80% of the transmission and distribution system to collapse, leaving parts of the island without power for over a year. The Biden-Harris Administration is committed to facilitating the investment needed to construct a modern, reliable, and cost-effective power system in Puerto Rico that is resilient in the face of future storms and supports the accomplishment of Puerto Rico’s renewable energy goals.

FEMA and HUD are working collaboratively with the government of Puerto Rico to administer over $12 billion of federal recovery funds earmarked for rebuilding and improving the energy sector. In keeping with President Biden’s executive orders on tackling the climate crisis and Puerto Rico’s Energy Public Policy Act of 2019, these funds are being used to minimize greenhouse gas emissions and support initiatives in Puerto Rico that focus on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience. The Department of Energy and FEMA also launched a comprehensive study to evaluate pathways to meeting Puerto Rico’s 100% renewable energy targets in a way that achieves both short-term recovery goals and long-term energy resilience. The study, titled PR100, will be grounded in a commitment to environmental and energy justice and informed by extensive engagement with Puerto Rico stakeholders to reflect the island’s diverse priorities.

Supporting Small Businesses and Job Creators

The Biden-Harris Administration recognizes that small businesses are the backbone of Puerto Rico’s economy, and has prioritized giving these key job creators the support they need to grow and prosper. The Small Business Administration (SBA) delivered a record-setting $5.2 billion in aid for Puerto Rican entrepreneurs to rebuild, recover, and pivot from the effects of COVID-19 and backed over $89 million in working capital loans for small businesses in Puerto Rico, a 68% increase over 2020. Additionally, SBA launched two new Women’s Business Centers in Puerto Rico and selected the island as a hub for its new Community Navigators Program to ensure small businesses have access to federal resources and assistance to start, scale, and succeed in their communities. The Biden-Harris Administration is also investing in the jobs and workforce of the future, awarding Puerto Rico a planning grant to increase innovation and job opportunities in the bio-medical sector through the Economic Development Administration’s Build Back Better Regional Challenge, and continuing to invest in skills training through the Department of Labor’s Registered Apprenticeships, YouthBuild, and Job Corps programs.

Accelerating COVID-19 Vaccinations and Enhancing Reporting

The Biden-Harris Administration mobilized a whole-of-government effort to accelerate COVID-19 vaccinations, with over 90% of Puerto Rico’s population now with at least one shot and 78% fully vaccinated. To date, FEMA has approved over $78 million in federal funding to support vaccinations in communities across the island. To make vaccinations convenient and accessible, the Administration has sent vaccines directly to over 250 local pharmacies and over 40 Community Health Center sites in Puerto Rico, and provided federal funding for more than 1,000 National Guard members to support the overall COVID-19 response—including vaccinations, contact tracing, testing, and more. Additionally, the Administration has worked hand-in-hand with the Puerto Rico Department of Health and partners to get vaccinations reported.


Puerto Rico wants to build a “cryptocurrency utopia”


05 February 2018


05 February 2018

Veronica Elkina

Ex-Story Editor

Veronica Elkina

Dozens of American entrepreneurs who have made a fortune in cryptocurrencies have moved to Puerto Rico this winter. They sold their houses and cars in California to create a “crypto-utopia” on an island in the Caribbean, where all money would be virtual and contracts would be public.

The New York Times published a story about Americans who went to Puerto Rico to build the crypto future. Let’s talk about the main thing.

Veronica Elkina

Blockchain technology can revolutionize society, residents of the future «Puertopia» believe and are going to prove it. For more than a year, a community of enthusiasts has been looking for a suitable location for their city of the future. In September, Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, at the same time the price of bitcoin began to rise sharply. Entrepreneurs saw in these events a unique opportunity and realized that they should not hesitate.

Now they are looking for sites where it will be possible to open airports and docks of «crypto-utopia». So far, entrepreneurs have settled in hotels and a museum building in the historical part of the capital and are negotiating with the local government to open the first cryptocurrency bank.

The historic part of the capital of Puerto Rico. Photo: José Jiménez-Tirado for The New York Times

The main advantage of Puerto Rico is the absence of taxes on personal income and capital gains. There is a business tax, but it is quite small. In addition, US residents do not have to worry about changing citizenship. So far, the local government is friendly to the inhabitants of the future “crypto-utopia” — in March, the governor will speak at their Puerto Crypto blockchain conference.

“Puerto Rico is a hidden gem, a fabulous island that has been constantly forgotten and neglected. Perhaps in 500 years we will put it in order, ”says Matt Clemenson, one of the project participants, co-founder of the Lottery.com blockchain lottery service.

The leader of the «crypto-utopia» movement is 37-year-old Brock Pierce. According to him, community members are driven by «compassion, respect and financial transparency.» Pierce is the head of the Bitcoin Foundation and a significant figure in the cryptocurrency boom. He co-founded the startup Block.One and raised $200 million in EOS during the ICO. The total value of EOS tokens in circulation is approximately $6.5 billion.

Brock Pierce. Photo: José Jiménez-Tirado for The New York Times

Pierce became interested in virtual currency at an early age. In his youth, he was a professional gamer and earned and sold gold in World of Warcraft. The head of «cryptotopia» is a rather controversial personality. Once he was sued for fraud.

«I’m afraid some people might misunderstand us and think we went to Puerto Rico just to avoid paying taxes,» Pierce said. According to the leader of the «cryptotopia», he is going to create a charity token ONE from a billion of his own funds.

Photo: José Jiménez-Tirado for The New York Times

One of the project participants, Reeve Collins, raised $20 million during the ICO of his BlockV blockchain app store (its tokens are worth about $125 million). He was also one of the co-founders of the Tether platform and made a lot of money from it.

“No, I don’t want to pay taxes,” Collins admitted. “This is the first time in the history of mankind that someone else can create their own money, besides kings, governments and gods.”

He moved to Puerto Rico with only a few bags. Now Collins is about to open a Vatom Factory cryptocurrency incubator.

The opinions of the local residents of Puerto Rico about the new arrivals are divided — someone is happy with the influx of new funds and ideas, and someone believes that they are experimenting on the island and building a «crypto-colonial regime».


Materials on the topic:

“I am sitting in a penal colony and trading in crypto little by little”

Russian millionaire wants to build a Russian empire in the Pacific

Extortion, raids and complete secrecy: how bitcoins are mined in Venezuela

“Due to the jump in the price of bitcoin, I became a millionaire at 25”

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Weather in Puerto Rico for 10 days, weather forecast for Puerto Rico for 10 days, Province of Misiones, Argentina.

GISMETEO: Weather in Puerto Rico for 10 days, weather forecast for Puerto Rico for 10 days, Province of Misiones, Argentina.

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