Blue triangle white star flag: Flag of Puerto Rico | United States commonwealth flag

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Our Puerto Rico flags are produced in the traditional 2:1 ratio used for National flags in the UK so this flag will match others of the same size if you are flying several flags together. We use a MOD grade Knitted Polyester which has been tested for its durability and suitability for production of flags.


The flag was originally designed in 1895.

Technical Specifications

Proportion 2:3
Five red-white horizontal stripes with a light blue triangle and white five-pointed star.

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Brief History

There were three flags flown on the Island of Puerto Rico around 1492. The first was the standard of Christopher Columbus that claimed Puerto Rico under Spanish Control in 1492, a white field with a green cross surrounded by green crowned F and Y. The second flag was the Burgundy Cross of the Spanish military featuring a field and two red crossed roughly pruned branches.

The Flag of Christopher Columbus (1492)

The Flag of the Burgundy Cross (1492 -1843)

The third flag flown around 1492 was that of the Kingdom of Castile. This was the Royal flag that features two red squares with gold castles top left and bottom right, and two white squares with lions’ top right and bottom left.

Between 1701 and 1793 the Flag of Spain in Fortresses and Castles was also flown in Puerto Rico. This flag was a plain white field with an off-centre crowned coat of arms made up of the flag of the kingdom of Castile.

The flag of the Kingdom of Castile (1492 onward)

The flag of Spain in Fortresses and Castles (1701 – 1793)

In 1785 the flag flown in Puerto Rico was the Flag of Spain. It was a red-yellow-red triband flag with royal coat of arms featuring a crowned red-white shield with castle and lion in the left corner.

There was an attempted revolt against the Spanish in 1868. The flag of the revolution was a blue-red horizontal bicolour and white cross with white five-pointed star in the top left corner.

The Flag of Spain (1785 – 1873) (1875 – 1931)

The Lares Revolutionary Flag (1868)

In 1873 Spain and Puerto Rico was declared a republic. The flag changed to that of the first Spanish Republic. It is similar to the previous flag with the crown removed.

A new colonial flag was also adopted at this time. The flag features a yellow-bordered red field with yellow cross. At the centre was a new coat of arms that featured a crowned green shield with a lamb holding the new flag surrounded by various Spanish symbols. At either side of the shield are crowned F and Y.

The Flag of Spain (1873 – 1874)

The Flag of the Spanish Republic (1873 – 1875)

The modern flag of Puerto Rico was designed in 1895. It was created as a symbol of revolution against the Spanish and features five red-white horizontal stripes with a light blue triangle and white five-pointed star. The red symbolises blood, white is revolutionary victory, blue the sea and the white star is the island.

In 1898 the United States acquired Puerto Rico from Spain. The the 45-star, 13 red-white bar American flag was the only flag allowed to be flown.

The Original Design of the Flag of Puerto Rico (1895)

The Flag of the United States of America (1898 – 1908)

As more states were added to America more stars were added to the flag, first in 1908 and finally totalling at 50 in 1912.

The Flag of the United States of America (1908 – 1912)

The Flag of the United States of America (1912 – 1959)

In 1952 Puerto Rico became a commonwealth.  The flag designed in 1895 was adopted with a darker blue triangle. The three red stripes represent the blood nourishing the government, the white stripes represent liberty, the dark blue triangle is the government and the white star is the commonwealth of Puerto Rico. In 1995 the triangle colour was changed again to sky blue.

The Flag of Puerto Rico 1952 – 1995

The Flag of Puerto Rico 1995 to Present Day

The current version of the coat of arms of Puerto Rico was adopted in 1976. It features a crowned shield surrounded by a crowned F and Y and a banner at the bottom stating “JOHN IS HIS NAME”.  The shield depicts the lamb of god sitting on the book of revelation holding a Saint George’s cross surrounded by symbols of Crown of Castile and León.

The Great Seal of Puerto Rico is a circular design made up of elements of the coat of arms.  It is used to authenticate legal and governmental documents.

The Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico

Then Seals of the Governor of Puerto Rico all feature the coat of arms at the centre with different words in the boarders. Examples of the seals are below.

The Municipal Flags of Puerto Rico

Each Municipal of Puerto Rico has an individual flag. Here are some examples below.

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Estelada | Vexillology Wiki | Fandom

File:Estelada blava. png

Estelada Blava



28 June 2021

Wikipedia article


  • 1 History
  • 2 Current use
  • 3 Valencian nationalist Senyera
  • 4 Variations
    • 4.1 Other Spanish Estelades
    • 4.2 Other Estelades


Blue estelada (1918)

Red estelada (1972)

The 3rd Article of the provisional Constitution of the Catalan Republic, written and approved in 1928 in Cuba by the Assemblea Constituent (Constituent Assembly) of Catalan separatism, specifically provided that the official flag of the Catalan Republic should consist of four red bars on a yellow field, superimposed with a white five-pointed star in a blue triangle.

The star in the flag comes from the early days of nationalism, the lone star symbolising national freedom and independence. Cuba’s fight for its independence was watched closely by the Catalanists of the nineteenth century and in 1906, when the Cuban War of Independence ended, the Centre Catalanista de Santiago de Cuba (Catalanist Centre of Santiago de Cuba) was created. An embryonic Catalan estelada flag could already be seen: in the middle of a senyera there was a white star with five points.

The first star with a clear nationalist intent known in Catalonia is from before 1904, associated with the Unió Catalanista (Catalanist Union). It is a stamp commemorating the acquisition of the Pi de les Tres Branques (Three-Branched Pine) by the Catalanist Union.

Later, in 1906, a star appeared in the nameplate of the magazine Fora Grillons! (Breaking Chains!), published in Santiago de Cuba by Catalan exiles — a publication that had already clearly proclaimed the independence of Catalonia.

During the late 1910s, once World War I was over, Europe saw a wave of new nation-states being created, with the assistance of President Woodrow Wilson.

The politics of the League of Nations (and later the United Nations) allowed many nations to seize the opportunity of independence, and Czechoslovakia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Iceland did so in 1918; other nations like Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belarus and Georgia, were declared independent, but were then immediately annexed by the Soviet Union. The aspirations for independence of Catalonia (as with those of the western Armenians and the Kurds) were ignored, contradicting the 1918 «fourteen points» of US President Wilson’s and the Allies’s principle of «peoples’ right to self-determination» a.k.a. «national self-determination.» (reiterated in the 1941 Atlantic Charter and in 1945 by the Article 1 (2) — «Equal rights and self-determination of peoples» of the United Nations charter).

From the nations that hoped for independence, pressure groups began to mobilize internationally. In the Catalan case, the Comitè Pro-Catalunya (Pro-Catalonia Committee) was one of the most active. It was in this context that a need was perceived to have a flag as a symbol of Catalan aspiration; and, of course, a star appeared on it. Since then the estelada flag began to be spoken of. It was probably designed by Vicenç Albert Ballester, with the blue triangle signifying the blue sky of humanity, and the white star symbolizing freedom.

There are several kinds of estelada. One is in the last number of La TrallaThe Whip«, a radical separatist magazine from the 1920s), before the coup d’état by Miguel Primo de Rivera. The other is in a document published by the Comitè Pro-Catalunya written in Catalan and Arabic, to greet and encourage one of the Moroccan leaders who revolted against Spain.

In Cuba, it appeared for first time in the nameplate of the magazine La Nova Catalunya (1920), (The New Catalonia). The estelada flag went on to appear in other Catalan separatist publications.

An estelada was owned by Francesc Macià during the failed invasion of Prats de Molló in 1926; it appeared between the imprisonment of the Catalan volunteers and their transfer to Paris to be put on trial. There are photographs of the volunteers with the estelada in several other places.

During this period a new practice began, and continues to the present day; whenever a prominent Catalan nationalist dies, as a sign of mourning, his comrades will cover the red bars of the estelada with a black cloth, leaving the star visible to signify that they will continue pursuing the same ideals.

Later, during the period from 1931 to 1936, the estelada still appears numerous times. Some of these flags only have two colours due to the shortage of money, but the traditional estelada with the blue triangle and white star was kept.

After the Francoist dictatorship came to power, the Front Nacional de Catalunya (National Front of Catalonia), or FNC, which used the Catalan flag and the estelada, was formed in response to the new Spanish nationalist regime.

During the sixties, in the university section of the FNC, there was a faction called the Partit Socialista d’Alliberament Nacional dels Països Catalans, (Socialist Party for the National Liberation of the Catalan Countries), or PSAN. Because this party wanted to make its own socialist and Marxist ideas clear, it decided to change the colour of the star to red; in 1969, this new version of the estelada started to appear at PSAN meetings.

In the mid-seventies, the PSAN had, in turn, its own splits. They led to the creation of a new movement, the Moviment d’Unificació Marxista (Movement of Marxist Unification), which started to use the red star inside a white triangle, while the PSAN kept the red star inside a yellow triangle.

The unification of the two versions of the flag could only take place when the Movement of Marxist Unification and the Bloc d’Esquerra d’Alliberament Nacional (Left National Liberation Bloc), or BEAN, both disbanded. At that time the flag with the red star and the yellow triangle were a symbol of both socialist and communist separatists.

Current use[]

As of 2005 both kinds of Estelada flag (the classic and the red) are used at the same time.

After the Fall of Communism in Europe the red star of the Estelada groga (yellow estelada) has steadily lost some of its original leftist meaning, but not totally. It is sometimes currently flown just as a simpler and less cluttered version of the Estelada in the traditional Catalan colors. Template:Citation needed

The estelada is ubiquitous as a simplified symbol — four vertical bars topped by a star, sprayed or daubed on walls, lampposts or mailboxes all over Catalonia. These simple graffiti are most often in one basic color, either in black or red. More elaborate large pro-independence graffiti use often the red-star Estelada as a symbol.Template:Citation needed

In 2016, the Spanish government prohibited football fans from bringing esteladas to the Copa del Rey final match between Barcelona and Sevilla, held in Madrid. The government applied the article 2.1 of the Law on Sports, which prohibits the display of symbols that «incite, foment or help violent or terrorist behavior.»[1] A Madrid judge overruled the ban after Barcelona complained, citing freedom of expression.[2]

Valencian nationalist Senyera[]

The Valencian nationalist Senyera, also known simply as Estrelada, is a flag of Valencian Community that evolved from the regional flag based on the former Catalan Estelada. However, has never been used, since Catalan independence support in the Valencian community is below 0.1%.

The white star version has been used by Valencian nationalist groups since the early 20th century. Some of these groups may be blaverist (Valencian separatist, as opposed to Catalan nationalist) in their ideology, especially those with more pro-sovereign positions.

The oldest extant document showing this Estrelada — with a red star — is a war poster of the Valencian Left.


Since its creation, various Estelades, or Estrelades (such as the Andalusian, Aragonese or Galician separatist flags) have been adopted by separatist movements within Spain. Some Estelades have also been used for other purposes than separatism.

Other Spanish Estelades[]




Canary Islands





La Mancha


Other Estelades[]

Version used by the PCE(i)

Estelada verda, green version used by ecologists and animalists

The first Estelada,with a blue rhombus,old version of the current blue design

Old type of blue estelada with red star. Used by the Socors Català

Estelada used by the PSAN (1968-1977), Marxist Unification Movement (1977-1978), Catalan Workers Bloc (1978-1982) and Left Bloc for National Liberation (1979-1982).

Estelada with blue star seen in Catalan student demonstrations in the 1970s

This estelada inspired by the flag of the United States was proposed unsuccessfully in the late 60s.

Anarchist estelada, with an eight-pointed star, each representing the 8 regions of the Catalan Countries

This flag was intended in the past to become the flag of the independent Catalan Countries

Flag proposed (June 2017) by the Fundació Reeixida as the official flag of an independent Catalonia.

  1. ↑ Template:Cite web
  2. ↑ Template:Cite web

Flag of Cuba — colors, origin, what it means

Flag of Cuba

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Cuba is an island nation located in the Caribbean group of islands off the Gulf of Mexico in the Atlantic Ocean. Territory — 110,860 km2, population — 11,239,004 people. (according to the 2015 census).

Description of the flag

The flag of Cuba is a rectangle, its width is half its length. Its field is horizontally crossed by 3 blue and 2 white stripes separating them, their width is the same. A red triangle with a white star adjoins the pole.


  • The blue stripes are the 3 divided parts of the island during the Spanish rule.
  • White stripes represent independence.
  • The red triangle is a symbol of the revolution. Red color in memory of the blood shed for freedom.
  • The white star means freedom.


The Lone Star flag was created in 1848, but it did not become official until 1902.
There are two authors of the flag — the Cuban poet, playwright and writer Miguel Tolon and General Lopez, who tried to raise a rebellion against Spanish domination with the support of the United States. It is because of the sympathy for America of its creators that the flag of Cuba resembles the American one.

Narciso López

Legend has it that the idea for the flag came to Narciso López in exile while watching the sunrise in New York. Noticing a red triangle with Venus in the center in the blue sky lined with clouds, Lopez decided that this should be the flag of an independent Cuba. It was drawn by Lopez’s friend Miguel Tolon, who at that time worked as the editor of the Cuban newspaper La Verdad. The first flag was sewn by Tolon’s wife Emilia, and for the first time it was raised in 1850 over the city of Cardenas, where General Lopez landed with his supporters, who was later captured and executed by the Spaniards. In support of the general, flags also flew over newspaper offices in New Orleans and New York.

In 1895 José Martí’s uprising began. Soon the rebels captured almost the entire island. The Spanish-American War, which began in 1898, ended in victory for the United States. On May 20, 1902, the flag of the Republic of Cuba was raised. Several dictators were replaced at its head. In 1933, Batista overthrew the dictator Machado y Morales and established a democratic regime, but in 1952 he became dictator himself. The very next year, the Moncada barracks were stormed, from which the revolution began, ending with the escape of Batista on January 1, 1961 years old. Cuba became independent from the USA.

As a result of the revolution, a socialist republic arose. At the same time, the country’s flag remained the same, since Fidel Castro liked the freedom-loving symbols of the Cuban flag. The island is informally called «Freedom Island».

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Flag of Cuba: photo, colors, meaning, history

Cuba is an island government located in the Caribbean Sea. In truth, its heyday began at the end of the 1959 revolution.

This is what the modern flag of Cuba looks like:


  1. History of the flag
  2. Description
  3. Construction of the flag of Cuba
  4. Colors of the flag 9
  5. 0034
  6. Similar flags
  7. General information about Cuba

History of the flag

that at that time were still under the rule of Spain. World powers represented by the United States and Spain have been fighting for the right to own the peninsula for many years. From 1898 to 1902, Cuba was under the rule of the United States, and then the official sign of America was used (there were 45 states at that time).

In 1902, Cuba achieved its independence, and a variant of the flag with a star became the municipal sign. Its design was taken from the sign of the state of Texas (USA), also called the «Lone Star».

During the 19th century, many inhabitants of the island of freedom longed for the peninsula to be connected to America. This event may have been the event that the colors of the Cuban sign coincide with the colors of the flag of America, and the stripes and the star are used.

Previously, the flag was not much more remarkable:


The flag of Cuba is a rectangular panel, the sides of which are related as 1 to 2. It depicts 5 uniform horizontal stripes alternating between themselves: two white and three blue.

On the left side (near the flagpole) there is an equilateral red triangle. One of its sides converges with the width of the cloth. In the center of the triangle is a five-pointed white star.

Construction of the flag of Cuba

Colors of the flag

Three colors are used in Cuban symbols: blue, white, red.

The meaning of the colors and sign of the flag

The official version explaining the meaning of the colors of the flag is as follows:

  • blue stripes — divided by the Spaniards into three parts of Cuba;
  • white stripes — zeal for independence;
  • red triangle — blood shed for the independence of Cuba, and freedom, brotherhood, equality;
  • the white star symbolizes freedom.

For the blue stripes, a modern explanation is periodically used, which testifies to three historical periods of the country: before 1902; from 1902 to 1959; at the end of 1959

Other flags

During the struggle for independence, various movements and Cuban societies had personal variants of symbols.

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